A trace-based debugging library for Clojure and ClojureScript.
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README.adoc

Debux

Debux is a simple but useful library for debugging Clojure and ClojureScript. I wrote this library to debug my own Clojure(Script) code and to analyze other developer’s one.

1. Prerequisites

  • clojure 1.8.0 or later

  • clojurescript 1.10.238 or later

2. Two libraries

In development, use the philoskim/debux library. When you use debux macros and functions from this library, it will emit debugging messages to the REPL window or the Chrome DevTools' console.

In production, use the philoskim/debux-stubs (https://github.com/philoskim/debux-stubs) library. This has the same public API as philoskim/debux but the macros simply expand only to the given original form itself.

With this setup

  • in production, your use of debux macros will have zero run-time and compile-time cost,

  • in development, debux macros are able to be turned off too via the set-debug-mode! function.

Warning
Never use philoskim/debux library in production because it will impose too much overhead on the peformance, especially in using dbgn and clogn, even though (set-debug-mode! false) is run.

3. Installation

First, please be sure to read the "Two libraries" section immediately above for background.

To include debux in your project for development, simply add the following to your project.clj development dependencies:

[philoskim/debux "0.5.1"]

and this to your production dependencies (make sure they are production only):

[philoskim/debux-stubs "0.5.1"]

4. Recent change logs

Note
You can see All change logs since v0.3.0 here.
  • v0.5.1

    • Issue #11 probelm solved. Now you can use debux library on JVM 9 or above.

  • v0.5.0

  • v0.4.12

    • :if-let-type is added to the macro types.

    • dbgm is added for debugging inside the ClojureScript macros.

  • v0.4.11

    • Issue #9 bug fixed: This error occurred when the form including recur has a java.lang.Class type of symbol as well. It’s now fixed.

  • v0.4.10

    • Issue #8 bug fixed: if-let and if-some in dbgn/clogn work without errors now.

  • v0.4.9

    • Issue #7 bug fixed: attr-map and prepost-map in defn or defn- are preperly handled now.

5. How to use

In Clojure, the following line should be included in your file.

(use 'debux.core)

In ClojureScript, the following (:require ...) line has to be included in your file.

example/core.cljs
(ns example.core
  (:require [debux.cs.core :as d :refer-macros [clog clogn dbg dbgn break]]))


Table 1. Debugging API use
dbg dbgn clog clogn break

Clojure REPL

O

O

X

X

X

ClojureScript Browser REPL

O

O

X

X

X

ClojureScript Browser console

O

O

O

O

O

  • Legend: O (supported), X (not supported)

  1. dbg/dbgn can be used in Clojure REPL.

  2. dbg/dbgn can be used in ClojureScript browser REPL like weasel or figwheel.

  3. dbg/dbgn , clog/clogn and break can be used in the browser console window like Chrome DevTools.

    Tip
    I recommend that you should use clog/clogn instead of dbg/dbgn in the browser console window, because clog/clogn uses the console.log function of browser’s developer tools to style the form. You can see its effect here.

6. dbg examples

Note
You can see every example source code of this document in example folder.

6.1. Basic usage

Note
The features of clog are almost the same as those of dbg.

The macro dbg prints an original form and pretty-prints the evaluated value on the REPL window. Then it returns the value without interrupting code evaluation.

(* 2 (dbg (+ 10 20)))
; => 60
REPL output
dbg: (+ 10 20) =>
|   30

Sometimes you need to see several forms evaluated. To do so, a literal vector form can be used like this.

(defn my-fun
  [a {:keys [b c d] :or {d 10 b 20 c 30}} [e f g & h]]
  (dbg [a b c d e f g h]))

(my-fun (take 5 (range)) {:c 50 :d 100} ["a" "b" "c" "d" "e"])
; => [(0 1 2 3 4) 20 50 100 "a" "b" "c" ("d" "e")]
REPL output
dbg: [a b c d e f g h] =>
|   [(0 1 2 3 4) 20 50 100 "a" "b" "c" ("d" "e")]

6.2. Debugging thread macro -> or ->>

When debugging the thread-first macro -> or thread-last macro ->>, dbg prints every expression in the thread macros.

This is an example of thread-first macro ->.

(dbg (-> "a b c d"
         .toUpperCase
         (.replace "A" "X")
         (.split " ")
         first))
;=> "X"
REPL output
dbg: (-> "a b c d" .toUpperCase (.replace "A" "X") (.split " ") first) =>
| "a b c d" =>
|   "a b c d"
| .toUpperCase =>
|   "A B C D"
| (.replace "A" "X") =>
|   "X B C D"
| (.split " ") =>
|   ["X", "B", "C", "D"]
| first =>
|   "X"

Another example.

(def person
  {:name "Mark Volkmann"
   :address {:street "644 Glen Summit"
             :city "St. Charles"
             :state "Missouri"
             :zip 63304}
   :employer {:name "Object Computing, Inc."
              :address {:street "12140 Woodcrest Dr."
                        :city "Creve Coeur"
                        :state "Missouri"
                        :zip 63141}}})

(dbg (-> person :employer :address :city))
; => "Creve Coeur"
REPL output
dbg: (-> person :employer :address :city) =>
| person =>
|   {:name "Mark Volkmann",
|    :address
|    {:street "644 Glen Summit",
|     :city "St. Charles",
|     :state "Missouri",
|     :zip 63304},
|    :employer
|    {:name "Object Computing, Inc.",
|     :address
|     {:street "12140 Woodcrest Dr.",
|      :city "Creve Coeur",
|      :state "Missouri",
|      :zip 63141}}}
| :employer =>
|   {:name "Object Computing, Inc.",
|    :address
|    {:street "12140 Woodcrest Dr.",
|     :city "Creve Coeur",
|     :state "Missouri",
|     :zip 63141}}
| :address =>
|   {:street "12140 Woodcrest Dr.",
|    :city "Creve Coeur",
|    :state "Missouri",
|    :zip 63141}
| :city =>
|   "Creve Coeur"

This is an example of thread-last macro ->>.

(def c 5)

(dbg (->> c (+ 3) (/ 2) (- 1)))
; => 3/4
REPL output
dbg: (->> c (+ 3) (/ 2) (- 1)) =>
| c =>
|   5
| (+ 3) =>
|   8
| (/ 2) =>
|   1/4
| (- 1) =>
|   3/4

If you want to debug one of the expressions in the thread macro -> or ->>, don’t do it like this.

(-> {:a [1 2]}
    (dbg (get :a))
    (conj 3))
; => java.lang.IllegalArgumentException
;    Don't know how to create ISeq from: java.lang.Long

You will have some exception. Instead, do it like this.

(-> {:a [1 2]}
    (get :a)
    dbg
    (conj 3))
; => [1 2 3]
REPL output
dbg: (get {:a [1 2]} :a) =>
|   [1 2]

Another example.

(->> [-1 0 1 2]
     (filter pos?)
     (map inc)
     dbg
     (map str))
; => ("2" "3")
REPL output
dbg: (map inc (filter pos? [-1 0 1 2])) =>
|   (2 3)

6.3. Debugging let or comp form

When debugging let form,

(dbg (let [a (take 5 (range))
           {:keys [b c d] :or {d 10 b 20 c 30}} {:c 50 :d 100}
           [e f g & h] ["a" "b" "c" "d" "e"]]
        [a b c d e f g h]))
; => [(0 1 2 3 4) 20 50 100 "a" "b" "c" ("d" "e")]

each binding will be printed like this.

REPL output
dbg: (let [a (take 5 (range)) {:keys [b c d], :or {d 10, b 20, c 30}} {:c 5 ... =>
| a =>
|   (0 1 2 3 4)
| {:keys [b c d], :or {d 10, b 20, c 30}} =>
|   {:keys [20 50 100], :or {100 10, 20 20, 50 30}}
| [e f g & h] =>
|   ["a" "b" "c" & ("d" "e")]

When debugging comp form,

(def c (dbg (comp inc inc +)))

(c 10 20)
; => 32

the result of each function will be printed like this.

REPL output
dbg: (comp inc inc +) =>
| + =>
|   30
| inc =>
|   31
| inc =>
|   32

7. dbgn examples

Note
The features of clogn are almost the same as those of dbgn.

The macro dbgn is for Clojure/CloujureScript REPL and the macro clogn is for ClojureScript browser console only. The appended n to these two macro names means Nested forms. You can debug every nested form without interrupting code evaluations. This feature is very useful, especially when you analyze other developer’s source code.

7.1. Simple example

(dbgn (defn foo [a b & [c]]
        (if c
          (* a b c)
          (* a b 100))))

(foo 2 3)
; => 600

(foo 2 3 10)
; => 60
REPL output
dbgn: (defn foo [a b & [c]] (if c (* a b c) (* a b 100))) =>

| c =>
|   nil
| a =>
|   2
| b =>
|   3
| (* a b 100) =>
|   600
| (if c (* a b c) (* a b 100)) =>
|   600

| c =>
|   10
| a =>
|   2
| b =>
|   3
| (* a b c) =>
|   60
| (if c (* a b c) (* a b 100)) =>
|   60

7.2. Detailed examples

  • dbgn/clogn don’t have any problem in handling functions.

  • dbgn/clogn, however, can have some problem in case of macros and special forms.

    • Some macros such as when don’t have any problem when used in dbgn/clogn.

    • Other macros such as defn which has a binding vector can have problem because they have binding symbols which must not be evaluated in dbgn/clogn macros. In case of special forms and those macros in clojure.core namespace, degn/clogn can handle them appropriately.

    • In some cases, Clojure developers can write their own macros which dbgn/clogn cannot handle appporiately. So I categorized those macros in clojure.core namespace as the following table and you can register your own macros according to the macro types in the table. I will explain it in How to register your own macros in using dbgn/clogn.

Table 2. Categorized 18 types of macros in dbgn/clogn
Macro types Macros in clojure.core and special forms

:def-type

def defonce

:defn-type

defn defn-

:fn-type

fn fn*

:let-type

binding dotimes let when-first when-let when-some with-in-str with-local-vars with-open with-out-str with-redefs

:if-let-type

if-let if-some

:letfn-type

letfn

:loop-type

loop

:for-type

for doseq

:case-type

case

:skip-arg-1-type

set! with-precision

:skip-arg-2-type

as->

:skip-arg-1-2-type

:skip-arg-1-3-type

defmethod

:skip-arg-2-3-type

amap areduce

:skip-arg-1-2-3-type

:skip-form-itself-type

catch comment declare definline definterface defmacro defmulti defprotocol defrecord defstruct deftype extend-protocol extend-type finally gen-class gen-interface import memfn new ns proxy proxy-super quote refer-clojure reify sync throw var

:expand-type

.. -> ->> doto cond-> cond->> condp import some-> some->>

:dot-type

.

7.2.1. :def-type example

This type of macros have the first argument which must not be evaluated and can have optional doc-string argument.

(dbgn (def my-function "my-function doc string"
        (fn [x] (* x x x))))

(my-function 10)
; => 1000
REPL output
dbgn: (def my-function "my-function doc string" (fn [x] (* x x x))) =>
| (fn [x] (* x x x)) =>
|   #function[example.core/eval24554/result--24229--auto----24555]
| (def my-function "my-function doc string" (fn [x] (* x x x))) =>
|   #'example.core/my-function

| x =>
|   10
| (* x x x) =>
|   1000

7.2.2. :defn-type example

This type of macros have the binding vector argument which must not be evaluated and can have optional doc-string, attr-map, or prepost-map arguments.

(dbgn (defn add
        "add doc string"
        [a b]
        (+ a b)))

(add 10 20)
; => 30
REPL output
dbgn: (defn add "add doc-string" [a b] (+ a b)) =>

| a =>
|   10
| b =>
|   20
| (+ a b) =>
|   30


You can debug multiple-arity functions as well.

(dbgn (defn my-add
        "my-add doc string"
        ([] 0)
        ([a] a)
        ([a b] (+ a b))
        ([a b & more] (apply + a b more))))

; The function body in this case doesn't have any symbol to evaluate,
; so no output will be printed.
(my-add)
; => 0

(my-add 10)
; => 10

(my-add 10 20)
; => 30

(my-add 10 20 30 40)
; => 100
REPL output
dbgn: (defn my-add "my-add doc string" ([] 0) ([a] a) ([a b] (+ a b)) ([a b  ... =>

| a =>
|   10

| a =>
|   10
| b =>
|   20
| (+ a b) =>
|   30

| + =>
|   #function[clojure.core/+]
| a =>
|   10
| b =>
|   20
| more =>
|   (30 40)
| (apply + a b more) =>
|   100


You can have multiple dbgn/clogns.

(dbgn (defn calc1 [a1 a2] (+ a1 a2)))
(dbgn (defn calc2 [s1 s2] (- 100 (calc1 s1 s2))))
(dbgn (defn calc3 [m1 m2] (* 10 (calc2 m1 m2))))

(calc3 2 5)
; => 760
REPL output
dbgn: (defn calc1 [a1 a2] (+ a1 a2)) =>

dbgn: (defn calc2 [s1 s2] (- 100 (calc1 s1 s2))) =>

dbgn: (defn calc3 [m1 m2] (* 10 (calc2 m1 m2))) =>

| m1 =>
|   2
| m2 =>
|   5

|| s1 =>
||   2
|| s2 =>
||   5

||| a1 =>
|||   2
||| a2 =>
|||   5
||| (+ a1 a2) =>
|||   7
|| (calc1 s1 s2) =>
||   7
|| (- 100 (calc1 s1 s2)) =>
||   93
| (calc2 m1 m2) =>
|   93
| (* 10 (calc2 m1 m2)) =>
|   930

7.2.3. :fn-type example

This type of macros have the binding vector argument which must not be evaluated and can have optional function name. So it is a little different from :defn-type macros.

(dbgn (reduce (fn [acc i] (+ acc i)) 0 [1 5 9]))
; => 15
REPL output
dbgn: (reduce (fn [acc i] (+ acc i)) 0 [1 5 9]) =>
| (fn [acc i] (+ acc i)) =>
|   #function[example.core/eval25034/result--24229--auto----25035]
| [1 5 9] =>
|   [1 5 9]

|| acc =>
||   0
|| i =>
||   1
|| (+ acc i) =>
||   1

|| acc =>
||   1
|| i =>
||   5
|| (+ acc i) =>
||   6

|| acc =>
||   6
|| i =>
||   9
|| (+ acc i) =>
||   15
| (reduce (fn [acc i] (clojure.core/binding [debux.common.util/*indent-l ... =>
|   15


Another example
(dbgn (map #(* % 10) [1 5 9]))
; => (10 50 90)
REPL output
dbgn: (map (fn* [p1__13193#] (* p1__13193# 10)) [1 5 9]) =>
| (fn* [p1__13193#] (try (clojure.core/reset! (:evals +debux-dbg-opts+)  ... =>
|   #object[example.dbgn$eval13194$result__4709__auto____13195 0x1b58788a "example.dbgn$eval13194$result__4709__auto____13195@1b58788a"]
| [1 5 9] =>
|   [1 5 9]

|| p1__13583# =>
||   1
|| (* p1__13583# 10) =>
||   10

|| p1__13583# =>
||   5
|| (* p1__13583# 10) =>
||   50

|| p1__13583# =>
||   9
|| (* p1__13583# 10) =>
||   90
| (map (fn* [p1__13583#] (clojure.core/binding [debux.common.util/*inden ... =>
|   (10 50 90)

7.2.4. :let-type example

This type of macros have the binding vector argument which must not be evaluated.

(dbgn (let [a (+ 1 2)
            [b c] [(+ a 10) (* a 2)]]
         (- (+ a b) c)))
; => 10
REPL output
dbgn: (let [a (+ 1 2) [b c] [(+ a 10) (* a 2)]] (- (+ a b) c)) =>
| (+ 1 2) =>
|   3
| a =>
|   3
| (+ a 10) =>
|   13
| (* a 2) =>
|   6
| [(+ a 10) (* a 2)] =>
|   [13 6]

| b =>
|   13
| (+ a b) =>
|   16
| c =>
|   6
| (- (+ a b) c) =>
|   10
| (let [a (+ 1 2) [b c] [(+ a 10) (* a 2)]] (- (+ a b) c)) =>
|   10

7.2.5. :if-let-type example

This type of macros are a little different from :let-type macros in that they need only one or two forms in their bodies.

(def a* 10)

(dbgn (if-let [s a*]
        (+ s 100)
        false))
; => 110
REPL output
dbgn: (if-let [s a*] (+ s 100) false) =>
| a* =>
|   10
| s =>
|   10
| (+ s 100) =>
|   110
| (if-let [s a*] (+ s 100) false) =>
|   110

7.2.6. :letfn-type example

This type of macro has the special binding vector syntax which is a bit different from :fn-type.

(dbgn (letfn [(twice [x]
                (* x 2))
              (six-times [y]
                (* (twice y) 3))]
        (six-times 15)))
; => 90
REPL output
dbgn: (letfn [(twice [x] (* x 2)) (six-times [y] (* (twice y) 3))] (six-time ... =>
| y =>
|   15
| x =>
|   15
| (* x 2) =>
|   30
| (twice y) =>
|   30
| (* (twice y) 3) =>
|   90
| (six-times 15) =>
|   90
| (letfn [(twice [x] (* x 2)) (six-times [y] (* (twice y) 3))] (six-time ... =>
|   90

7.2.7. :loop-type example

This type of macro is similiar to :let-type but has a significant difference because the recur has to be placed at the tail positon with the loop form. So it needs a special handling in the implementation of dbgn/clogn. Refer to Limited support for the form including recur for details.

7.2.8. :for-type example

This type of macros have a little different syntax from :let-type macros, because it can have :let, :when, or :while clause.

(dbgn (for [x [0 1 2 3 4 5]
            :let [y (* x 3)]
            :when (even? y)]
        y))
; => (0 6 12)
REPL output
dbgn: (for [x [0 1 2 3 4 5] :let [y (* x 3)] :when (even? y)] y) =>
| [0 1 2 3 4 5] =>
|   [0 1 2 3 4 5]
| x =>
|   0
| (* x 3) =>
|   0
| y =>
|   0
| (even? y) =>
|   true

| x =>
|   1
| (* x 3) =>
|   3
| y =>
|   3
| (even? y) =>
|   false

| x =>
|   2
| (* x 3) =>
|   6
| y =>
|   6
| (even? y) =>
|   true

| x =>
|   3
| (* x 3) =>
|   9
| y =>
|   9
| (even? y) =>
|   false

| x =>
|   4
| (* x 3) =>
|   12
| y =>
|   12
| (even? y) =>
|   true

| x =>
|   5
| (* x 3) =>
|   15
| y =>
|   15
| (even? y) =>
|   false
| (for [x [0 1 2 3 4 5] :let [y (* x 3)] :when (even? y)] (do (debux.com ... =>
|   (0 6 12)

7.2.9. :case-type example

This type of macro has the special syntax. Refer to here about details.

(dbgn (let [mystr "hello"]
        (case mystr
          "" 0
          "hello" (count mystr))))
; => 5
REPL output
dbgn: (let [mystr "hello"] (case mystr  0 hello (count mystr))) =>
| mystr =>
|   "hello"
| (count mystr) =>
|   5
| (case mystr "" 0 "hello" (count mystr)) =>
|   5
| (let [mystr "hello"] (case mystr "" 0 "hello" (count mystr))) =>
|   5


Another example
(dbgn (case 'a
        (x y z) "x, y, or z"
        "default"))
; => "default"
REPL output
dbgn: (case (quote a) (x y z) "x, y, or z" "default") =>
| (case (quote a) (x y z) "x, y, or z" "default") =>
|   "default"

7.2.10. :skip-arg-1-type example

This type of macros have the first argument which must not be evaluated. So dbgn/clogn internally skips the evaluation of this argument.

(dbgn (with-precision 10 (/ 1M 6)))
; => 0.1666666667M
REPL output
dbgn: (with-precision 10 (/ 1M 6)) =>
| (/ 1M 6) =>
|   0.1666666667M
| (with-precision 10 (/ 1M 6)) =>
|   0.1666666667M

7.2.11. :skip-arg-2-type example

This type of macros have the second argument which must not be evaluated. So dbgn/clogn internally skips the evaluation of this argument.

(dbgn (as-> 0 n
        (inc n)
        (inc n)))
; => 2
REPL output
dbgn: (as-> 0 n (inc n) (inc n)) =>
| n =>
|   0
| (inc n) =>
|   1
| n =>
|   1
| (inc n) =>
|   2
| (as-> 0 n (inc n) (inc n)) =>
|   2

7.2.12. :skip-arg-1-2-type example

This type of macros have the first and second arguments which must not be evaluated. So dbgn/clogn internally skips the evaluation of those arguments. However, I can’t find this type of macros in clojure.core namespace but add this type for completeness and the future possibilities of this type of macros.

7.2.13. :skip-arg-1-3-type example

This type of macros have the first and third arguments which must not be evaluated. So dbgn/clogn internally skips the evaluation of those arguments.

(defmulti greeting
  (fn [x] (:language x)))

(dbgn (defmethod greeting :english [map]
        (str "English greeting: " (:greeting map))))

(dbgn (defmethod greeting :french [map]
        (str "French greeting: " (:greeting map))))

(def english-map {:language :english :greeting "Hello!"})
(def french-map {:language :french :greeting "Bonjour!"})

(greeting english-map)
(greeting french-map)
REPL output
dbgn: (defmethod greeting :english [map] (str "English greeting: " (:greetin ... =>
| (defmethod greeting :english [map] (str "English greeting: " (:greeting map))) =>
|   #multifn[greeting 0x1c28c1cc]

dbgn: (defmethod greeting :french [map] (str "French greeting: " (:greeting  ... =>
| (defmethod greeting :french [map] (str "English greeting: " (:greeting map))) =>
|   #multifn[greeting 0x1c28c1cc]

| map =>
|   {:language :english, :greeting "Hello!"}
| (:greeting map) =>
|   "Hello!"
| (str "English greeting: " (:greeting map)) =>
|   "English greeting: Hello!"

| map =>
|   {:language :french, :greeting "Bonjour!"}
| (:greeting map) =>
|   "Bonjour!"
| (str "French greeting: " (:greeting map)) =>
|   "French greeting: Bonjour!"

7.2.14. :skip-arg-2-3-type example

This type of macros have the second and third arguments which must not be evaluated. So dbgn/clogn internally skips the evaluation of those arguments.

(let [xs (float-array [1 2 3])]
  (dbgn (areduce xs i ret (float 0)
                 (+ ret (aget xs i)))))
; => 6.0
REPL output
dbgn: (areduce xs i ret (float 0) (+ ret (aget xs i))) =>
| xs =>
|   [1.0, 2.0, 3.0]
| (float 0) =>
|   0.0
| ret =>
|   0.0
| i =>
|   0
| (aget xs i) =>
|   1.0
| (+ ret (aget xs i)) =>
|   1.0
| ret =>
|   1.0
| i =>
|   1
| (aget xs i) =>
|   2.0
| (+ ret (aget xs i)) =>
|   3.0
| ret =>
|   3.0
| i =>
|   2
| (aget xs i) =>
|   3.0
| (+ ret (aget xs i)) =>
|   6.0
| (areduce xs i ret (float 0) (+ ret (aget xs i))) =>
|   6.0

7.2.15. :skip-arg-1-2-3-type example

This type of macros have the first, second and third arguments which must not be evaluated. So dbgn/clogn internally skips the evaluation of those arguments. However, I can’t find this type of macros in clojure.core namespace but add this type for completeness and the future possibilities of this type of macros.

7.2.16. :skip-form-itself-type example

This type of macros have too complex to parse, so dbgn/clogn skips the form itself and does nothing.

7.2.17. :expand-type example

This type of macros will be expanded and then the output will be printed.

(dbgn (-> "a b c d"
          .toUpperCase
          (.replace "A" "X")
          (.split " ")
          first))
; => "X"
REPL output
dbgn: (-> "a b c d" .toUpperCase (.replace "A" "X") (.split " ") first) =>
| (.toUpperCase "a b c d") =>
|   "A B C D"
| (.replace (.toUpperCase "a b c d") "A" "X") =>
|   "X B C D"
| (.split (.replace (.toUpperCase "a b c d") "A" "X") " ") =>
|   ["X", "B", "C", "D"]
| (first (.split (.replace (.toUpperCase "a b c d") "A" "X") " ")) =>
|   "X"


Another example
(dbgn (.. "fooBAR"  toLowerCase  (contains "ooba")))
; => true
REPL output
dbgn: (.. "fooBAR" toLowerCase (contains "ooba")) =>
| (. "fooBAR" toLowerCase) =>
|   "foobar"
| (. (. "fooBAR" toLowerCase) (contains "ooba")) =>
|   true


Yet another example
(let [x 1 y 2]
  (dbgn (cond-> []
          (odd? x) (conj "x is odd")
          (zero? (rem y 3)) (conj "y is divisible by 3")
          (even? y) (conj "y is even"))))
; => ["x is odd" "y is even"]
REPL output
dbgn: (cond-> [] (odd? x) (conj "x is odd") (zero? (rem y 3)) (conj "y is di ... =>
| [] =>
|   []
| x =>
|   1
| (odd? x) =>
|   true
| G__14051 =>
|   []
| (conj G__14051 "x is odd") =>
|   ["x is odd"]
| (if (odd? x) (conj G__14051 "x is odd") G__14051) =>
|   ["x is odd"]
| y =>
|   2
| (rem y 3) =>
|   2
| (zero? (rem y 3)) =>
|   false
| G__14051 =>
|   ["x is odd"]
| (if (zero? (rem y 3)) (conj G__14051 "y is divisible by 3") G__14051) =>
|   ["x is odd"]

| (even? y) =>
|   true
| (conj G__14051 "y is even") =>
|   ["x is odd" "y is even"]
| (if (even? y) (conj G__14051 "y is even") G__14051) =>
|   ["x is odd" "y is even"]
| (clojure.core/let [G__14051 [] G__14051 (if (odd? x) (conj G__14051 "x ... =>
|   ["x is odd" "y is even"]

7.2.18. :dot-type example

(dbgn (. (java.util.Date.) getMonth))
; => 5
REPL output
dbgn: (. (java.util.Date.) getMonth) =>
| (java.util.Date.) =>
|   #inst "2017-06-27T08:04:46.480-00:00"
| (. (java.util.Date.) getMonth) =>
|   5

7.3. Limited support for the form including recur

Table 3. The forms including recur
dbgn clogn

loop ~ recur

O

O

defn/defn-/fn ~ recur

  • Legend: O (supported), (limitedly supported)

7.3.1. loop ~ recur

You can see the evaluated results of the form which incldues loop ~ recur by using dbgn in Clojure and ClojureScript.

(dbgn (loop [acc 1 n 3]
        (if (zero? n)
          acc
          (recur (* acc n) (dec n)))))
; => 6
REPL output
dbgn: (loop [acc 1 n 3] (if (zero? n) acc (recur (* acc n) (dec n)))) =>

| n =>
|   3
| (zero? n) =>
|   false
| acc =>
|   1
| (* acc n) =>
|   3
| (dec n) =>
|   2

| n =>
|   2
| acc =>
|   3
| (* acc n) =>
|   6
| (dec n) =>
|   1

| n =>
|   1
| acc =>
|   6
| (dec n) =>
|   0

| n =>
|   0
| (zero? n) =>
|   true
| (loop [acc 1 n 3] (debux.common.util/insert-blank-line) (if (zero? n)  ... =>
|   6


Another example
(dbgn (defn fact [num]
        (loop [acc 1 n num]
          (if (zero? n)
            acc
            (recur (* acc n) (dec n))))))

(fact 3)
REPL output
dbgn: (defn fact [num] (loop [acc 1 n num] (if (zero? n) acc (recur (* acc n ... =>

| num =>
|   3

| n =>
|   3
| (zero? n) =>
|   false
| acc =>
|   1
| (* acc n) =>
|   3
| (dec n) =>
|   2

| n =>
|   2
| acc =>
|   3
| (* acc n) =>
|   6
| (dec n) =>
|   1

| n =>
|   1
| acc =>
|   6
| (dec n) =>
|   0

| n =>
|   0
| (zero? n) =>
|   true
| (loop [acc 1 n num] (debux.common.util/insert-blank-line) (if (zero? n ... =>
|   6

7.3.2. defn/defn-/fn ~ recur without loop

Important
If you use dbgn in defn/defn-/fn ~ recur form without loop, you will have the following exception. I am sorry about it, but this is inevitable due to the implementation restriction.
(dbgn (defn factorial [acc n]
        (if (zero? n)
          acc
          (recur (* acc n) (dec n)))))
REPL output
1. Caused by java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException
   Cannot recur across try


Tip
However, if you temporarily replace recur with function name itself, you can debug the form as follows. Be careful not to forget to recover function name itself to recur after debugging.
(dbgn (defn factorial [acc n]
        (if (zero? n)
          acc
          (factorial (* acc n) (dec n)))))

(factorial 1 3)
REPL output
dbgn: (defn factorial [acc n] (if (zero? n) acc (factorial (* acc n) (dec n) ... =>

| n =>
|   3
| (zero? n) =>
|   false
| acc =>
|   1
| (* acc n) =>
|   3
| (dec n) =>
|   2

|| n =>
||   2
|| (zero? n) =>
||   false
|| acc =>
||   3
|| (* acc n) =>
||   6
|| (dec n) =>
||   1

||| n =>
|||   1
||| (zero? n) =>
|||   false
||| acc =>
|||   6
||| (* acc n) =>
|||   6
||| (dec n) =>
|||   0

|||| n =>
||||   0
|||| (zero? n) =>
||||   true
|||| acc =>
||||   6
|||| (if (zero? n) acc (factorial (* acc n) (dec n))) =>
||||   6
||| (factorial (* acc n) (dec n)) =>
|||   6

7.4. How to register your own macros in using dbgn/clogn

  • If you have some error when analyzing some source code using dbgn/clogn, first of all, you have to figure out what type of macro (refer to Categorized 18 types of macros in dbgn/clogn) caused the error and then register the macro by using register-macros!.

  • You can see the registered macros by using show-macros.

API format
(register-macros! macro-type macros)

(show-macros)
(show-macros macro-type)

7.4.1. Clojure example

example/core.clj
(ns example.core)

(use 'debux.core)

(defmacro my-let [bindings & body]
  `(let ~bindings ~@body))

;; Registering your own macro
(register-macros! :let-type [my-let])

(dbg (show-macros :let-type))
(dbg (show-macros))

(dbgn (my-let [a 10 b (+ a 10)] (+ a b)))
REPL output
dbg: (show-macros :let-type) =>
|   {:let-type
|    #{clojure.core/when-let example.dbgn/my-let clojure.core/let
|      clojure.core/with-local-vars clojure.core/when-some clojure.core/dotimes
|      clojure.core/with-open clojure.core/with-redefs clojure.core/binding
|      clojure.core/with-in-str clojure.core/with-out-str clojure.core/when-first}}

dbg: (show-macros) =>
|   {:fn-type #{clojure.core/fn fn*},
|    :skip-form-itself-type
|    #{clojure.core/proxy-super clojure.core/defmacro
|      clojure.core/definterface clojure.core/sync clojure.core/defrecord
|      clojure.core/declare clojure.core/deftype clojure.core/comment
|      finally clojure.core/gen-class clojure.core/refer-clojure
|      clojure.core/memfn clojure.core/extend-type new
|      clojure.core/definline clojure.core/defstruct clojure.core/defmulti
|      clojure.core/ns clojure.core/proxy clojure.core/extend-protocol var
|      quote clojure.core/reify catch clojure.core/gen-interface
|      clojure.core/import clojure.core/defprotocol throw},
|    :case-type #{clojure.core/case},
|    :skip-arg-2-3-type #{clojure.core/areduce clojure.core/amap},
|    :skip-arg-1-type #{clojure.core/with-precision set!},
|    :let-type
|    #{clojure.core/when-let example.dbgn/my-let clojure.core/let
|      clojure.core/with-local-vars clojure.core/when-some clojure.core/dotimes
|      clojure.core/with-open clojure.core/with-redefs clojure.core/binding
|      clojure.core/with-in-str clojure.core/with-out-str clojure.core/when-first},
|    :if-let-type #{clojure.core/if-let clojure.core/if-some}
|    :skip-arg-2-type #{clojure.core/as->},
|    :defn-type #{clojure.core/defn clojure.core/defn-},
|    :loop-type #{clojure.core/loop},
|    :for-type #{clojure.core/for clojure.core/doseq},
|    :def-type #{clojure.core/defonce def},
|    :letfn-type #{clojure.core/letfn},
|    :dot-type #{.},
|    :skip-arg-1-2-type #{},
|    :skip-arg-1-2-3-type #{},
|    :expand-type
|    #{clojure.core/doto clojure.core/->> clojure.core/some->>
|      clojure.core/.. clojure.core/-> clojure.core/some->
|      clojure.core/cond-> clojure.core/condp clojure.core/import
|      clojure.core/cond->>},
|    :skip-arg-1-3-type #{clojure.core/defmethod}}

dbgn: (my-let [a 10 b (+ a 10)] (+ a b)) =>
| a =>
|   10
| (+ a 10) =>
|   20

| b =>
|   20
| (+ a b) =>
|   30
| (my-let [a 10 b (+ a 10)] (debux.common.util/insert-blank-line) (+ a b ... =>
|   30

7.4.2. ClojureScript example

example/macro.clj
(ns example.macro)

(defmacro my-let [bindings & body]
  `(let ~bindings ~@body))
example/core.cljs
(ns example.core
  (:require [debux.cs.core :as d :refer-macros [clog clogn dbg dbgn break]])
  (:require-macros [example.macro :refer [my-let]]))

;; Registering your own macro
(d/register-macros! :let-type [my-let])

(dbg (d/show-macros :let-type))
(dbg (d/show-macros))

(clogn (my-let [a 10 b (+ a 10)] (+ a b)))
Output
dbg: (d/show-macros :let-type) =>
|   {:let-type
|    #{example.macro/my-let cljs.core/with-redefs cljs.core/binding
|      cljs.core/when-first cljs.core/let cljs.core/with-out-str
|      cljs.core/when-let cljs.core/when-some cljs.core/dotimes}}

dbg: (d/show-macros) =>
|   {:fn-type #{fn* cljs.core/fn},
|    :skip-form-itself-type
|    #{cljs.core/simple-benchmark cljs.core/defmulti cljs.core/specify!
|      cljs.core/goog-define cljs.core/import-macros finally cljs.core/specify
|      cljs.core/use cljs.core/defprotocol cljs.core/use-macros
|      cljs.core/extend-protocol new cljs.core/import cljs.core/defrecord
|      cljs.core/declare cljs.core/reify cljs.core/deftype cljs.core/require
|      cljs.core/comment cljs.core/memfn cljs.core/require-macros var
|      cljs.core/js-comment quote cljs.core/refer-clojure
|      cljs.core/js-inline-comment catch cljs.core/extend-type throw
|      cljs.core/defmacro},
|    :case-type #{cljs.core/case},
|    :skip-arg-2-3-type #{cljs.core/amap cljs.core/areduce},
|    :skip-arg-1-type #{set! cljs.core/this-as},
|    :let-type
|    #{example.macro/my-let cljs.core/with-redefs cljs.core/binding
|      cljs.core/when-first cljs.core/let cljs.core/with-out-str
|      cljs.core/when-let cljs.core/when-some cljs.core/dotimes},
|    :if-let-type #{cljs.core/if-let cljs.core/if-some},
|    :skip-arg-2-type #{cljs.core/as->},
|    :defn-type #{cljs.core/defn- cljs.core/defn},
|    :loop-type #{cljs.core/loop},
|    :for-type #{cljs.core/doseq cljs.core/for},
|    :def-type #{cljs.core/defonce def},
|    :letfn-type #{cljs.core/letfn},
|    :dot-type #{.},
|    :skip-arg-1-2-type #{},
|    :skip-arg-1-2-3-type #{},
|    :expand-type
|    #{cljs.core/.. cljs.core/some-> cljs.core/-> cljs.core/cond->>
|      cljs.core/import cljs.core/doto cljs.core/condp cljs.core/cond->
|      cljs.core/some->> cljs.core/->>},
|    :skip-arg-1-3-type #{cljs.core/defmethod}}
register macros
Figure 1. register-macros! example

8. Multiple use of dbg and dbgn

Note
This feature applies to the multiple use of clog and clogn as well.

8.1. dbg inside dbgn

dbg can be used inside dbgn or vice versa since the version 0.4.2. If you want to see the printed results of ->, ->>, let or comp in dbg when using dbgn, do it like this.

(defn my-fun [a b c]
  (dbgn (+ a b c
           (dbg (->> (range (- b a))
                     (map #(* % %))
                     (filter even?)
                     (take a)
                     (reduce +))))))

(my-fun 10 20 100)
REPL output:
dbgn: (+ a b c (dbg (->> (range (- b a)) (map (fn* [p1__16770#] (* p1__16770 ... =>
| a =>
|   10
| b =>
|   20
| c =>
|   100

dbg: (->> (range (- b a)) (map (fn* [p1__16770#] (* p1__16770# p1__16770#)) ... =>
| (range (- b a)) =>
|   (0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9)
| (map (fn* [p1__16770#] (* p1__16770# p1__16770#))) =>
|   (0 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81)
| (filter even?) =>
|   (0 4 16 36 64)
| (take a) =>
|   (0 4 16 36 64)
| (reduce +) =>
|   120
| (+ a b c (dbg (->> (range (- b a)) (map (fn* [p1__16770#] (* p1__16770 ... =>
|   250

8.2. Multiple dbgn and dbg

Multiple dbgn and dbg can be used together.

Example 1
(def n 10)

(defn add [a b]
  (dbgn (+ a b)))

(defn mul [a b]
  (dbgn (* a b)))

(dbgn (+ n (mul 3 4) (add 10 20)))
REPL output:
dbgn: (+ n (mul 3 4) (add 10 20)) =>
| n =>
|   10

|dbgn: (* a b) =>
|| a =>
||   3
|| b =>
||   4
|| (* a b) =>
||   12
| (mul 3 4) =>
|   12

|dbgn: (+ a b) =>
|| a =>
||   10
|| b =>
||   20
|| (+ a b) =>
||   30
| (add 10 20) =>
|   30
| (+ n (mul 3 4) (add 10 20)) =>
|   52


Example 2
(def n 10)

(defn add2 [a b]
  (dbg (+ a b)))

(defn mul2 [a b]
  (dbg (* a b)))

(dbgn (+ n (mul2 3 4) (add2 10 20)))
REPL output:
dbgn: (+ n (mul2 3 4) (add2 10 20)) =>
| n =>
|   10

|dbg: (* a b) =>
||   12
| (mul2 3 4) =>
|   12

|dbg: (+ a b) =>
||   30
| (add2 10 20) =>
|   30
| (+ n (mul2 3 4) (add2 10 20)) =>
|   52

9. Various options

  • The various options can be added and combined in any order after the form.

Table 4. debux macro options
Options dbg dbgn clog clogn break

string

O

O

O

O

O

number

O

O

O

O

X

:if

O

O

O

O

O

:dup

X

0

X

0

X

:style

X

X

O

O

X

:once

X

X

O

X

X

:js

X

X

O

X

X

  • Legend: O (supported), X (not supported)

9.1. String option

You can add your own message in a string and it will be printed between less-than and more-than signs like this.

(dbg (repeat 5 "x") "5 times repeat"))
; => ("x" "x" "x" "x" "x")
REPL output
dbg: (repeat 5 "x")   <5 times repeat> =>
|   ("x" "x" "x" "x" "x")

9.2. Number option

If you don’t specify a number after the form returning the seq data type, debux macros will print and return the default 100 items.

Important
The number option applies only to seqs. This option doesn’t apply to vectors, maps or sets.
(dbgn (count (range 200)))
; => 200
REPL output
dbgn: (count (range 200)) =>
| (range 200) =>
|   (0 1 2 ... 99)
| (count (range 200)) =>
|   200

So, if you want to print less or more than default 100 items, specify the number explicitly like this.

(dbgn (count (range 200)) 200)
; => 200
REPL output
dbgn: (count (range 200)) =>
| (range 200) =>
|   (0 1 2 ... 199)
| (count (range 200)) =>
|   200

The same rule applies in case of evaluating an infinite lazy-seq. If you omit the number in evaluating an infinite lazy-seq, in the same manner it will print and return default 100 elements to prevent OutOfMemoryError.

(dbgn (take 5 (range)))
; => (0 1 2 3 4)
REPL output
dbgn: (count (range)) =>
| (range) =>
|   (0 1 2 ... 99)
| (take 5 (range)) =>
|   (0 1 2 3 4)

If you want to change the default number of 100, use set-print-seq-length! function like this.

;; in Clojure
(set-print-seq-length! 10)

(dbgn (take 5 (range)))
; => (0 1 2 3 4)
REPL output
dbgn: (count (range)) =>
| (range) =>
|   (0 1 2 ... 9)
| (take 5 (range)) =>
|   (0 1 2 3 4)
;; in ClojureScript
(ns example.core
  (:require [debux.cs.core :as d :refer-macros [clog clogn dbg dbgn break]]))

(d/set-print-seq-length! 10)

(clogn (take 5 (range)))

9.3. :if option

You can set :if option like this.

(doseq [i (range 10)]
  (dbg i :if (even? i)))
; => (0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9)
REPL output
dbg: i =>
|   0

dbg: i =>
|   2

dbg: i =>
|   4

dbg: i =>
|   6

dbg: i =>
|   8

9.4. :dup option

The same duplicate evaluated results are not printed by default as follows.

(dbgn (def my-function "my-function doc string"
        (fn [x] (* x x x))))

(my-function 10)
; => 1000
REPL output
dbgn: (def my-function "my-function doc string" (fn [x] (* x x x))) =>
| (fn [x] (* x x x)) =>
|   #function[example.core/eval24554/result--24229--auto----24555]
| (def my-function "my-function doc string" (fn [x] (* x x x))) =>
|   #'example.core/my-function

| x =>
|   10
| (* x x x) =>
|   1000

However, you can print the same duplicate evaluated values by :dup option.

(dbgn (def my-function "my-function doc string"
        (fn [x] (* x x x))) :dup)

(my-function 10)
; => 1000
REPL output
dbgn: (def my-function "my-function doc string" (fn [x] (* x x x))) =>
| (fn [x] (* x x x)) =>
|   #function[example.core/eval24554/result--24229--auto----24555]
| (def my-function "my-function doc string" (fn [x] (* x x x))) =>
|   #'example.core/my-function

| x =>
|   10
| x =>
|   10
| x =>
|   10
| (* x x x) =>
|   1000

You will sometimes need to print every duplicate evaluated value to see exactly what’s going on.

(dbgn (loop [acc 1 n 3]
        (if (zero? n)
          acc
          (recur (* acc n) (dec n)))))

(dbgn (loop [acc 1 n 3]
        (if (zero? n)
          acc
          (recur (* acc n) (dec n)))) :dup)

Compare the two printed results.

REPL output
dbgn: (loop [acc 1 n 3] (if (zero? n) acc (recur (* acc n) (dec n)))) =>

| n =>
|   3
| (zero? n) =>
|   false
| acc =>
|   1
| (* acc n) =>
|   3
| (dec n) =>
|   2

| n =>
|   2
| acc =>
|   3
| (* acc n) =>
|   6
| (dec n) =>
|   1

| n =>
|   1
| acc =>
|   6
| (dec n) =>
|   0

| n =>
|   0
| (zero? n) =>
|   true
| (loop [acc 1 n 3] (debux.common.util/insert-blank-line) (if (zero? n)  ... =>
|   6

dbgn: (loop [acc 1 n 3] (if (zero? n) acc (recur (* acc n) (dec n)))) =>

| n =>
|   3
| (zero? n) =>
|   false
| acc =>
|   1
| n =>
|   3
| (* acc n) =>
|   3
| n =>
|   3
| (dec n) =>
|   2

| n =>
|   2
| (zero? n) =>
|   false
| acc =>
|   3
| n =>
|   2
| (* acc n) =>
|   6
| n =>
|   2
| (dec n) =>
|   1

| n =>
|   1
| (zero? n) =>
|   false
| acc =>
|   6
| n =>
|   1
| (* acc n) =>
|   6
| n =>
|   1
| (dec n) =>
|   0

| n =>
|   0
| (zero? n) =>
|   true
| acc =>
|   6
| (loop [acc 1 n 3] (debux.common.util/insert-blank-line) (if (zero? n)  ... =>
|   6

9.5. :style option (CSS Styling)

The following is the example of using clog and clogn in Chrome browser.

example/core.cljs
(ns example.core
  (:require [debux.cs.core :as d :refer-macros [clog clogn dbg dbgn break]]))

(clog (repeat 5 "x") "5 times repeat")
(clogn (repeat 5 (repeat 5 "x")) "25 times repeat")
clog 1
Figure 2. clog and clogn example

9.5.1. Predefined style keywords

You can style the form, using the following predefined keywords.

keyword abbreviation

:style

:s

:error

:e

:warn

:w

:info

:i

:debug

:d

(clog (+ 10 20) :style :error "error style")
(clog (+ 10 20) :style :warn "warn style")
(clog (+ 10 20) :style :info "info style")
(clog (+ 10 20) :style :debug "debug style")
(clog (+ 10 20) "debug style is default")

Or in brief

(clog (+ 10 20) :s :e "error style")
(clog (+ 10 20) :s :w "warn style")
(clog (+ 10 20) :s :i "info style")
(clog (+ 10 20) :s :d "debug style")
(clog (+ 10 20) "debug style is default")
clog 2
Figure 3. Predefined style example

9.5.2. User-defined style

You can redefine the predefined styles or define your own new style by using merge-styles like this.

(d/merge-styles {:warn "background: #9400D3; color: white"
                 :love "background: #FF1493; color: white"})

(clog (+ 10 20) :style :warn "warn style changed")
(clog (+ 10 20) :style :love "love style")

;; You can style the form directly in string format in any way you want.
(clog (+ 10 20) :style "color:orange; background:blue; font-size: 14pt")
clog 3
Figure 4. User-defined style example

9.6. :once option

If you add :once (or :o in brief) option after the form, the same evaluated value will not be printed. This is a very useful feature, when you are debugging a game programming, where successive multiple frames usually have the same evaluated value.

(def a (atom 10))

;; This will be printed.
(clog @a :once)

;; This will not be printed,
;; because the evaluated value is the same as before.
(clog @a :once)


(reset! a 20)

;; This will be printed,
;; because the evaluated value is not the same as before.
(clog @a :once)

;; This will not be printed,
;; because the evaluated value is the same as before.
(clog @a :once)
clog 4
Figure 5. :once option example
Note
(:once mode) string is appended after the form header to remind you of :once mode.

9.7. :js option

If :js option is added after the form, the JavaScript object will be printed as well, so you can inspect the internal structures of ClojureScript data types.

(clog {:a 10 :b 20} :js)
clog 5
Figure 6. :js option example

10. dbg-prn: Debugging the macros for clojurescript at the macro-expansion time.

Caution
The function dbg-prn doesn’t follow the usage employed in dbg/clog. It is just another name of println which can be used at the macro-expansion time.
Note
dbg-prn can be used inside the macros for Clojure.

See here for detailed explaination.

11. break examples

11.1. break options

You can use break to set the breakpoint in the source code like this. You can add string option for message, or :if option for conditional break.

(break)
(break "hello world")
(break :if (> 10 20) "this will not be printed")
(break :if (< 10 20) "10 is less than 20")

You can see the message in DevTools' console window.

break 1

11.2. Callstack, locals, etc

After setting the breakpoint, you can inspect the callstack, locals, etc. in the browser’s DevTools window.

(defn my-fun2
  [a {:keys [b c d] :or {d 10 b 20 c 30}} [e f g & h]]
  (break)
  (clog [a b c d e f g h]))

(my-fun2 (take 5 (range)) {:c 50 :d 100} ["a" "b" "c" "d" "e"])

break 2

You can see the message in DevTools' console window.

break 3

11.3. :if option example

When using break, you can use :if like this.

(defn my-fun3 []
  (let [a 10
        b 20]
    (dotimes [i 1000]
      (break :if (= i 999)))))

(my-fun3)

break 4

12. How to configure debux

  • When (set-debug-mode! false) is run, the effects of set-ns-whitelist! and set-ns-blacklist! will be ignored.

    (set-debug-mode! false)
    
    ;; The folowings take no effect at all.
    (set-ns-whitelist! ["my-app.*" ])
    (set-ns-blacklist! ["my-app.foo" "my-app.bar.*"])
  • When set-ns-whitelist! and set-ns-blaklist! are both run like this, all my-app.* except my-app.foo will be run.

    (set-ns-whitelist! ["my-app.*" ])
    (set-ns-blacklist! ["my-app.foo" "my-app.bar.*"])

The following (in example folder) is an example.

12.1. in Clojure

example/project.clj
(defproject example
  ,,,,,,
  :main example.core
  ,,,,,,)
example/src/clj/example/core.clj
(ns example.core
  (:require [debux.core :as d])
  (:gen-class))

(defn -main []
  (println "\nRunning debux examples...\n")

  ;(d/set-debug-mode! false)
  (d/set-ns-whitelist! ["example.dbg*"])
  (d/set-ns-blacklist! ["example.dbgn"])

  ;; You should require dynamically the namespaces that you want to load.
  (require 'example.dbg)
  (require 'example.options)
  (require 'example.dbgn))

12.2. in ClojureScript

example/project.clj
(defproject example
  ,,,,,,
  :cljsbuild {:builds [{,,,,,,
                        :compiler {,,,,,,
                                   :preloads [example.preload]
                                   ,,,,,,}}]})
example/src/cljs/example/preload.cljs
(ns example.preload
  (:require [debux.cs.core :as d]))

;(d/set-debug-mode! false)
(d/set-ns-whitelist! ["example.clog*"])
(d/set-ns-blacklist! ["example.clogn"])

13. Using debux macros on Node.js

You had better use dbg/dbgn instead of clog/clogn on Node.js JavaScript console, because Node.js doesn’t support colors in its console.log function. The following shows the example.

example.node
(ns example.node
  (:require [cljs.nodejs :as nodejs]
            [debux.cs.core :refer-macros [clog clogn dbg dbgn]] ))

(defn -main [& args]
  (dbgn (+ 2 (* 3 4)))
  (clogn (+ 2 (* 3 4))))

(set! *main-cli-fn* -main)
JavaScript console output on Node.js
dbgn: (+ 2 (* 3 4)) =>
| (* 3 4) =>
|   12
| (+ 2 (* 3 4)) =>
|   14

%cclogn: %c (+ 2 (* 3 4)) %c => color: #8b008b background: #ffc125; color: black color: black
| %c (* 3 4) %c => background: #ffc125; color: black color: black
|   12
| %c (+ 2 (* 3 4)) %c => background: #ffc125; color: black color: black
|   14

Of course, you should use the clog/clogn instead of dbg/dbgn in Electron apps on Node.js, because Electron supports colors in its console.log function.

14. Usage in ClojureScript on Browser REPL

You can use both dbg/dbgn and clog/clogn on the browser REPL. The following is an example about running the figwheel.

project.clj
(defproject example "0.1.0-SNAPSHOT"
  :dependencies [[org.clojure/clojure "1.8.0"]
                 [org.clojure/clojurescript "1.9.854"]
                 [philoskim/debux "0.5.1"]]
  :plugins [[lein-cljsbuild "1.1.6"]
            [lein-figwheel  "0.5.10"]]
  :source-paths ["src/clj"]
  :clean-targets ^{:protect false}
                 ["resources/public/js/app.js"
                  "resources/public/js/app.js.map"]
  :cljsbuild {:builds [{:id "dev"
                        :source-paths ["src/cljs"]
                        :figwheel true
                        :compiler {:main example.core
                                   :asset-path "js/out"
                                   :output-to "resources/public/js/app.js"
                                   :output-dir "resources/public/js/out"
                                   :source-map true
                                   :optimizations :none} }]})

And then run figwheel like this on terminal window.

$ lein figwheel
Figwheel: Cutting some fruit, just a sec ...
Figwheel: Validating the configuration found in project.clj
Figwheel: Configuration Valid :)
Figwheel: Starting server at http://0.0.0.0:3449
Figwheel: Watching build - dev
Compiling "resources/public/js/app.js" from ["src/cljs"]...
Successfully compiled "resources/public/js/app.js" in 2.14 seconds.
Launching ClojureScript REPL for build: dev
Figwheel Controls:
          (stop-autobuild)                ;; stops Figwheel autobuilder
          (start-autobuild [id ...])      ;; starts autobuilder focused on optional ids
          (switch-to-build id ...)        ;; switches autobuilder to different build
          (reset-autobuild)               ;; stops, cleans, and starts autobuilder
          (reload-config)                 ;; reloads build config and resets autobuild
          (build-once [id ...])           ;; builds source one time
          (clean-builds [id ..])          ;; deletes compiled cljs target files
          (print-config [id ...])         ;; prints out build configurations
          (fig-status)                    ;; displays current state of system
          (figwheel.client/set-autoload false)    ;; will turn autoloading off
          (figwheel.client/set-repl-pprint false) ;; will turn pretty printing off
  Switch REPL build focus:
          :cljs/quit                      ;; allows you to switch REPL to another build
    Docs: (doc function-name-here)
    Exit: Control+C or :cljs/quit
 Results: Stored in vars *1, *2, *3, *e holds last exception object
Prompt will show when Figwheel connects to your application

After that, connect to http://localhost:3449 on your browser.

To quit, type: :cljs/quit
cljs.user=> (require '[debux.cs.core :refer-macros [clog clogn dbg dbgn break]])
nil

cljs.user=> (dbg (+ 1 2))

dbg: (+ 1 2) =>
|   3
3

cljs.user=>

Now you can do anything in this browser REPL as in the Clojure REPL. When you evaluate dbg/dbgn in your ClojureScript source code, the result will go to both the REPL window and the browser’s console window. When you evaluate clog/clogn in your ClojureScript source code, the result will go only to your browser’s console window.

15. debux.el for Emacs CIDER user

Inserting or deleting dbg/dbgn/clog/clogn manually is very painful. As Emacs user I wrote debux.el for Emacs CIDER for my convenience. I think it’s not perfect but better than nothing. If you find it useful, append the following debux.el (which is in project root folder) to the ~/.emacs.d/init.el.

15.1. debux.el

Refer to here for the source code of debux.el .

15.2. How to use

  • If you are editing on *.clj or *.cljc files, (dbg ...) or (dbgn ...) will be inserted or deleted.

  • If you are editing on *.cljs files, (clog ...) or (clogn ...) will be inserted or deleted.

15.2.1. Inserting dbg/clog or dbgn/clogn

When you double-click the left mouse button on one of the open parentheses and the following string is not dbg or clog, it will be inserted.

  • The v of the following examples marks the cursor position.

;; before
;; v
   (let [a 1 b 2]
     (+ a b))

;; after
   (dbg (let [a 1 b 2]
          (+ a b)))

When you double-click on a symbol, dbg or clog will be inserted as well.

;; before
;     v
   (+ a b)

;; after
   (+ (dbg a) b)

When you double-click on one of the open parentheses while pressing <Ctrl> key and the following string is not dbgn or clogn, it will be inserted.

;; before
;; v
   (defn foo [a b c]
     (* a b c))

;; after
   (dbgn (defn foo [a b c]
           (* a b c)))

15.2.2. Deleting dbg/clog/dbgn/clogn

When you double-click on one of the open parentheses and the following string is dbg, clog, dbgn or clogn, it will be deleted.

;; before
;; v
   (dbg (let [a 1 b 2]
          (+ a b)))

;; after
   (let [a 1 b 2]
     (+ a b))


;; before
;; v
   (dbgn (defn foo [a b c]
           (* a b c)))

;; after
   (defn foo [a b c]
     (* a b c))

16. License

Copyright © 2015—​2018 Young Tae Kim

Distributed under the Eclipse Public License either version 1.0 or any later version.