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/*
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Zend Engine |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Copyright (c) 1998-2003 Zend Technologies Ltd. (http://www.zend.com) |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| This source file is subject to version 2.00 of the Zend license, |
| that is bundled with this package in the file LICENSE, and is |
| available through the world-wide-web at the following url: |
| http://www.zend.com/license/2_00.txt. |
| If you did not receive a copy of the Zend license and are unable to |
| obtain it through the world-wide-web, please send a note to |
| license@zend.com so we can mail you a copy immediately. |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Authors: Sterling Hughes <sterling@php.net> |
| Marcus Boerger <helly@php.net> |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
*/

/* $Id$ */

#include "zend.h"
#include "zend_API.h"
#include "zend_reflection_api.h"
#include "zend_builtin_functions.h"
#include "zend_interfaces.h"

static zend_class_entry *default_exception_ptr;
static zend_object_handlers default_exception_handlers;
ZEND_API void zend_throw_exception(zend_class_entry *exception_ce, char *message, long code TSRMLS_DC);

static zend_object_value zend_default_exception_new(zend_class_entry *class_type TSRMLS_DC)
{
zval tmp, obj;
zend_object *object;
zval *trace;

obj.value.obj = zend_objects_new(&object, class_type TSRMLS_CC);
obj.value.obj.handlers = &default_exception_handlers;

ALLOC_HASHTABLE(object->properties);
zend_hash_init(object->properties, 0, NULL, ZVAL_PTR_DTOR, 0);
zend_hash_copy(object->properties, &class_type->default_properties, (copy_ctor_func_t) zval_add_ref, (void *) &tmp, sizeof(zval *));

ALLOC_ZVAL(trace);
trace->is_ref = 0;
trace->refcount = 0;
zend_fetch_debug_backtrace(trace, 0 TSRMLS_CC);

zend_update_property_string(class_type, &obj, "file", sizeof("file")-1, zend_get_executed_filename(TSRMLS_C) TSRMLS_CC);
zend_update_property_long(class_type, &obj, "line", sizeof("line")-1, zend_get_executed_lineno(TSRMLS_C) TSRMLS_CC);
zend_update_property(class_type, &obj, "trace", sizeof("trace")-1, trace TSRMLS_CC);

return obj.value.obj;
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, __clone)
{
/* Should never be executable */
zend_throw_exception(NULL, "Cannot clone object using __clone()", 0 TSRMLS_CC);
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, __construct)
{
char *message = NULL;
long code = 0;
zval *object;
int argc = ZEND_NUM_ARGS(), message_len;

if (zend_parse_parameters_ex(ZEND_PARSE_PARAMS_QUIET, argc TSRMLS_CC, "|sl", &message, &message_len, &code) == FAILURE) {
zend_error(E_CORE_ERROR, "Wrong parameter count for exception([string $exception [, long $code ]])");
}

object = getThis();

if (message) {
zend_update_property_string(Z_OBJCE_P(object), object, "message", sizeof("message")-1, message TSRMLS_CC);
}

if (code) {
zend_update_property_long(Z_OBJCE_P(object), object, "code", sizeof("code")-1, code TSRMLS_CC);
}
}

#define DEFAULT_0_PARAMS \
if (ZEND_NUM_ARGS() > 0) { \
ZEND_WRONG_PARAM_COUNT(); \
}

static void _default_exception_get_entry(zval *object, char *name, int name_len, zval *return_value TSRMLS_DC)
{
zval *value;

value = zend_read_property(Z_OBJCE_P(object), object, name, name_len, 0 TSRMLS_CC);

*return_value = *value;
zval_copy_ctor(return_value);
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, getFile)
{
DEFAULT_0_PARAMS;

_default_exception_get_entry(getThis(), "file", sizeof("file")-1, return_value TSRMLS_CC);
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, getLine)
{
DEFAULT_0_PARAMS;

_default_exception_get_entry(getThis(), "line", sizeof("line")-1, return_value TSRMLS_CC);
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, getMessage)
{
DEFAULT_0_PARAMS;

_default_exception_get_entry(getThis(), "message", sizeof("message")-1, return_value TSRMLS_CC);
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, getCode)
{
DEFAULT_0_PARAMS;

_default_exception_get_entry(getThis(), "code", sizeof("code")-1, return_value TSRMLS_CC);
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, getTrace)
{
DEFAULT_0_PARAMS;

_default_exception_get_entry(getThis(), "trace", sizeof("trace")-1, return_value TSRMLS_CC);
}

/* {{{ ZEND_METHOD(exception, gettraceasstring) */
#define TRACE_APPEND_CHR(chr) \
*str = (char*)erealloc(*str, *len + 1 + 1); \
(*str)[(*len)++] = chr

#define TRACE_APPEND_STRL(val, vallen) \
{ \
int l = vallen; \
*str = (char*)erealloc(*str, *len + l + 1); \
memcpy((*str) + *len, val, l); \
*len += l; \
}

#define TRACE_APPEND_STR(val) \
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(val, sizeof(val)-1)

#define TRACE_APPEND_KEY(key) \
if (zend_hash_find(ht, key, sizeof(key), (void**)&tmp) == SUCCESS) { \
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(Z_STRVAL_PP(tmp), Z_STRLEN_PP(tmp)); \
}

static int _build_trace_args(zval **arg, int num_args, va_list args, zend_hash_key *hash_key)
{
char **str;
int *len;

str = va_arg(args, char**);
len = va_arg(args, int*);

/* the trivial way would be to do:
* conver_to_string_ex(arg);
* append it and kill the now tmp arg.
* but that could cause some E_NOTICE and also damn long lines.
*/

switch (Z_TYPE_PP(arg)) {
case IS_NULL:
TRACE_APPEND_STR("NULL, ");
break;
case IS_STRING: {
int l_added;
TRACE_APPEND_CHR('\'');
if (Z_STRLEN_PP(arg) > 15) {
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(Z_STRVAL_PP(arg), 15);
TRACE_APPEND_STR("...', ");
l_added = 15 + 6 + 1; /* +1 because of while (--l_added) */
} else {
l_added = Z_STRLEN_PP(arg);
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(Z_STRVAL_PP(arg), l_added);
TRACE_APPEND_STR("', ");
l_added += 3 + 1;
}
while (--l_added) {
if ((*str)[*len - l_added] < 32) {
(*str)[*len - l_added] = '?';
}
}
break;
}
case IS_BOOL:
if (Z_LVAL_PP(arg)) {
TRACE_APPEND_STR("true, ");
} else {
TRACE_APPEND_STR("false, ");
}
break;
case IS_RESOURCE:
TRACE_APPEND_STR("Resource id #");
/* break; */
case IS_LONG: {
long lval = Z_LVAL_PP(arg);
char s_tmp[MAX_LENGTH_OF_LONG + 1];
int l_tmp = zend_sprintf(s_tmp, "%ld", lval); /* SAFE */
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(s_tmp, l_tmp);
TRACE_APPEND_STR(", ");
break;
}
case IS_DOUBLE: {
double dval = Z_DVAL_PP(arg);
char *s_tmp;
int l_tmp;
TSRMLS_FETCH();

s_tmp = emalloc(MAX_LENGTH_OF_DOUBLE + EG(precision) + 1);
l_tmp = zend_sprintf(s_tmp, "%.*G", (int) EG(precision), dval); /* SAFE */
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(s_tmp, l_tmp);
/* %G already handles removing trailing zeros from the fractional part, yay */
efree(s_tmp);
TRACE_APPEND_STR(", ");
break;
}
case IS_ARRAY:
TRACE_APPEND_STR("Array, ");
break;
case IS_OBJECT: {
TSRMLS_FETCH();

TRACE_APPEND_STR("Object(");
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(Z_OBJCE_PP(arg)->name, strlen(Z_OBJCE_PP(arg)->name));
TRACE_APPEND_STR("), ");
break;
}
default:
break;
}
return ZEND_HASH_APPLY_KEEP;
}

static int _build_trace_string(zval **frame, int num_args, va_list args, zend_hash_key *hash_key)
{
char *s_tmp, **str;
int *len, *num;
long line;
HashTable *ht = Z_ARRVAL_PP(frame);
zval **file, **tmp;

str = va_arg(args, char**);
len = va_arg(args, int*);
num = va_arg(args, int*);

s_tmp = emalloc(1 + MAX_LENGTH_OF_LONG + 1 + 1);
sprintf(s_tmp, "#%d ", (*num)++);
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(s_tmp, strlen(s_tmp));
efree(s_tmp);
if (zend_hash_find(ht, "file", sizeof("file"), (void**)&file) == SUCCESS) {
if (zend_hash_find(ht, "line", sizeof("line"), (void**)&tmp) == SUCCESS) {
line = Z_LVAL_PP(tmp);
} else {
line = 0;
}
s_tmp = emalloc(Z_STRLEN_PP(file) + MAX_LENGTH_OF_LONG + 2 + 1);
sprintf(s_tmp, "%s(%ld): ", Z_STRVAL_PP(file), line);
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(s_tmp, strlen(s_tmp));
efree(s_tmp);
} else {
TRACE_APPEND_STR("[internal function]: ");
}
TRACE_APPEND_KEY("class");
TRACE_APPEND_KEY("type");
TRACE_APPEND_KEY("function");
TRACE_APPEND_CHR('(');
if (zend_hash_find(ht, "args", sizeof("args"), (void**)&tmp) == SUCCESS) {
int last_len = *len;
zend_hash_apply_with_arguments(Z_ARRVAL_PP(tmp), (apply_func_args_t)_build_trace_args, 2, str, len);
if (last_len != *len) {
*len -= 2; /* remove last ', ' */
}
}
TRACE_APPEND_STR(")\n");
return ZEND_HASH_APPLY_KEEP;
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, getTraceAsString)
{
zval *trace;
char *res = estrdup(""), **str = &res, *s_tmp;
int res_len = 0, *len = &res_len, num = 0;

trace = zend_read_property(Z_OBJCE_P(getThis()), getThis(), "trace", sizeof("trace")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);
zend_hash_apply_with_arguments(Z_ARRVAL_P(trace), (apply_func_args_t)_build_trace_string, 3, str, len, &num);

s_tmp = emalloc(1 + MAX_LENGTH_OF_LONG + 7 + 1);
sprintf(s_tmp, "#%d {main}", num);
TRACE_APPEND_STRL(s_tmp, strlen(s_tmp));
efree(s_tmp);

res[res_len] = '\0';
RETURN_STRINGL(res, res_len, 0);
}
/* }}} */

int zend_spprintf(char **message, int max_len, char *format, ...)
{
va_list arg;
int len;

va_start(arg, format);
len = zend_vspprintf(message, max_len, format, arg);
va_end(arg);
return len;
}

ZEND_METHOD(exception, __toString)
{
zval *message, *file, *line, *trace;
char *str;
int len;
zend_fcall_info fci;
zval fname;

message = zend_read_property(Z_OBJCE_P(getThis()), getThis(), "message", sizeof("message")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);
file = zend_read_property(Z_OBJCE_P(getThis()), getThis(), "file", sizeof("file")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);
line = zend_read_property(Z_OBJCE_P(getThis()), getThis(), "line", sizeof("line")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);

ZVAL_STRINGL(&fname, "gettraceasstring", sizeof("gettraceasstring")-1, 0);

fci.size = sizeof(fci);
fci.function_table = &Z_OBJCE_P(getThis())->function_table;
fci.function_name = &fname;
fci.symbol_table = NULL;
fci.object_pp = &getThis();
fci.retval_ptr_ptr = &trace;
fci.param_count = 0;
fci.params = NULL;
fci.no_separation = 1;

zend_call_function(&fci, NULL TSRMLS_CC);

len = zend_spprintf(&str, 0, "exception '%s' with message '%s' in %s:%ld\nStack trace:\n%s",
Z_OBJCE_P(getThis())->name, Z_STRVAL_P(message), Z_STRVAL_P(file), Z_LVAL_P(line),
Z_STRLEN_P(trace) ? Z_STRVAL_P(trace) : "#0 {main}\n");

/* We store the result in the private property string so we can access
* the result in uncaught exception handlers without memleaks. */
zend_update_property_string(default_exception_ptr, getThis(), "string", sizeof("string")-1, str TSRMLS_CC);

zval_ptr_dtor(&trace);

RETURN_STRINGL(str, len, 0);
}

/* All functions that may be used in uncaught exception handlers must be final
* and must not throw exceptions. Otherwise we would need a facility to handle
* such exceptions in that handler.
* Also all getXY() methods are final because thy serve as read only access to
* their corresponding properties, no more, no less. If after all you need to
* override somthing then it is method __toString().
* And never try to change the state of exceptions and never implement anything
* that gives the user anything to accomplish this.
*/
static zend_function_entry default_exception_functions[] = {
ZEND_ME(exception, __clone, NULL, ZEND_ACC_PRIVATE|ZEND_ACC_FINAL)
ZEND_ME(exception, __construct, NULL, 0)
ZEND_ME(exception, getMessage, NULL, ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC|ZEND_ACC_FINAL)
ZEND_ME(exception, getCode, NULL, ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC|ZEND_ACC_FINAL)
ZEND_ME(exception, getFile, NULL, ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC|ZEND_ACC_FINAL)
ZEND_ME(exception, getLine, NULL, ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC|ZEND_ACC_FINAL)
ZEND_ME(exception, getTrace, NULL, ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC|ZEND_ACC_FINAL)
ZEND_ME(exception, getTraceAsString, NULL, ZEND_ACC_PUBLIC|ZEND_ACC_FINAL)
ZEND_ME(exception, __toString, NULL, 0)
{NULL, NULL, NULL}
};

static void zend_register_default_exception(TSRMLS_D)
{
zend_class_entry ce;

INIT_CLASS_ENTRY(ce, "exception", default_exception_functions);
default_exception_ptr = zend_register_internal_class(&ce TSRMLS_CC);
default_exception_ptr->create_object = zend_default_exception_new;
memcpy(&default_exception_handlers, zend_get_std_object_handlers(), sizeof(zend_object_handlers));
default_exception_handlers.clone_obj = NULL;

zend_declare_property_string(default_exception_ptr, "message", sizeof("message")-1, "Unknown exception", ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);
zend_declare_property_string(default_exception_ptr, "string", sizeof("string")-1, "", ZEND_ACC_PRIVATE TSRMLS_CC);
zend_declare_property_long(default_exception_ptr, "code", sizeof("code")-1, 0, ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);
zend_declare_property_null(default_exception_ptr, "file", sizeof("file")-1, ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);
zend_declare_property_null(default_exception_ptr, "line", sizeof("line")-1, ZEND_ACC_PROTECTED TSRMLS_CC);
zend_declare_property_null(default_exception_ptr, "trace", sizeof("trace")-1, ZEND_ACC_PRIVATE TSRMLS_CC);
}

ZEND_API zend_class_entry *zend_exception_get_default(void)
{
return default_exception_ptr;
}

ZEND_API void zend_throw_exception_ex(zend_class_entry *exception_ce, long code TSRMLS_DC, char *format, ...)
{
zval *ex;
va_list arg;
char *message;

va_start(arg, format);
zend_vspprintf(&message, 0, format, arg);
va_end(arg);

MAKE_STD_ZVAL(ex);
if (exception_ce) {
if (!instanceof_function(exception_ce, default_exception_ptr TSRMLS_CC)) {
zend_error(E_NOTICE, "Exceptions must be derived from exception");
exception_ce = default_exception_ptr;
}
} else {
exception_ce = default_exception_ptr;
}
object_init_ex(ex, exception_ce);


if (message) {
zend_update_property_string(exception_ce, ex, "message", sizeof("message")-1, message TSRMLS_CC);
}
if (code) {
zend_update_property_long(exception_ce, ex, "code", sizeof("code")-1, code TSRMLS_CC);
}

efree(message);

EG(exception) = ex;
}

/* at the moment we can't use zend_throw_exception_ex because we don't have a protable
* vsnprintf that tells us the number of characters needed nor do we have spprintf from
* php or asprintf from glibc always.
*/
ZEND_API void zend_throw_exception(zend_class_entry *exception_ce, char *message, long code TSRMLS_DC)
{
zval *ex;

MAKE_STD_ZVAL(ex);
if (exception_ce) {
if (!instanceof_function(exception_ce, default_exception_ptr TSRMLS_CC)) {
zend_error(E_NOTICE, "Exceptions must be derived from exception");
exception_ce = default_exception_ptr;
}
} else {
exception_ce = default_exception_ptr;
}
object_init_ex(ex, exception_ce);


if (message) {
zend_update_property_string(exception_ce, ex, "message", sizeof("message")-1, message TSRMLS_CC);
}
if (code) {
zend_update_property_long(exception_ce, ex, "code", sizeof("code")-1, code TSRMLS_CC);
}

EG(exception) = ex;
}

static void zend_error_va(int type, const char *file, uint lineno, const char *format, ...)
{
va_list args;

va_start(args, format);
zend_error_cb(type, file, lineno, format, args);
va_end(args);
}

ZEND_API void zend_exception_error(zval *exception TSRMLS_DC)
{
zend_class_entry *ce_exception = Z_OBJCE_P(exception);
if (instanceof_function(ce_exception, default_exception_ptr TSRMLS_CC)) {
zval *str, *file, *line;
zval *old_exception = EG(exception);

EG(exception) = NULL;

zend_call_method_with_0_params(&exception, ce_exception, NULL, "__tostring", &str);
if (!EG(exception)) {
if (Z_TYPE_P(str) != IS_STRING) {
zend_error(E_WARNING, "%s::__toString() must return a string", ce_exception->name);
} else {
zend_update_property_string(default_exception_ptr, exception, "string", sizeof("string")-1, EG(exception) ? ce_exception->name : Z_STRVAL_P(str) TSRMLS_CC);
}
}
zval_ptr_dtor(&str);

if (EG(exception)) {
/* do the best we can to inform about the inner exception */
if (instanceof_function(ce_exception, default_exception_ptr TSRMLS_CC)) {
file = zend_read_property(default_exception_ptr, EG(exception), "file", sizeof("file")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);
line = zend_read_property(default_exception_ptr, EG(exception), "line", sizeof("line")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);
} else {
file = NULL;
line = NULL;
}
zend_error_va(E_WARNING, file ? Z_STRVAL_P(file) : NULL, line ? Z_LVAL_P(line) : 0, "Uncaught %s in exception handling during call to %s::__tostring()", Z_OBJCE_P(EG(exception))->name, ce_exception->name);
}

str = zend_read_property(default_exception_ptr, exception, "string", sizeof("string")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);
file = zend_read_property(default_exception_ptr, exception, "file", sizeof("file")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);
line = zend_read_property(default_exception_ptr, exception, "line", sizeof("line")-1, 1 TSRMLS_CC);

EG(exception) = old_exception;

zend_error_va(E_ERROR, Z_STRVAL_P(file), Z_LVAL_P(line), "Uncaught %s\n thrown", Z_STRVAL_P(str));
} else {
zend_error(E_ERROR, "Uncaught exception '%s'", ce_exception->name);
}
}

ZEND_API void zend_register_default_classes(TSRMLS_D)
{
zend_register_interfaces(TSRMLS_C);
zend_register_default_exception(TSRMLS_C);
zend_register_reflection_api(TSRMLS_C);
zend_register_iterator_wrapper(TSRMLS_C);
}

/*
* Local variables:
* tab-width: 4
* c-basic-offset: 4
* indent-tabs-mode: t
* End:
*/
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