Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Tag: php-5.3.0alpha2
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

2177 lines (1739 sloc) 94.141 kB
Installing PHP
__________________________________________________________________
Table of Contents
Preface
1. General Installation Considerations
2. Installation on Windows systems
Windows Installer (PHP 5.2 and later)
Windows Installer (PHP 5.1.0 and earlier)
Manual Installation Steps
ActiveScript
Microsoft IIS / PWS
Apache 1.3.x on Microsoft Windows
Apache 2.0.x on Microsoft Windows
Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers on Microsoft Windows
OmniHTTPd Server
Sambar Server on Microsoft Windows
Xitami on Microsoft Windows
Installation of extensions on Windows
3. Installation of PECL extensions
Introduction to PECL Installations
Downloading PECL extensions
PECL for Windows users
Compiling shared PECL extensions with the pecl command
Compiling shared PECL extensions with phpize
Compiling PECL extensions statically into PHP
4. Problems?
Read the FAQ
Other problems
Bug reports
5. Runtime Configuration
The configuration file
How to change configuration settings
6. Installation FAQ
__________________________________________________________________
Preface
These installation instructions were generated from the HTML version of
the PHP Manual so formatting and linking have been altered. See the
online and updated version at: http://php.net/install.windows
__________________________________________________________________
Chapter 1. General Installation Considerations
Before starting the installation, first you need to know what do you
want to use PHP for. There are three main fields you can use PHP, as
described in the What can PHP do? section:
* Websites and web applications (server-side scripting)
* Command line scripting
* Desktop (GUI) applications
For the first and most common form, you need three things: PHP itself,
a web server and a web browser. You probably already have a web
browser, and depending on your operating system setup, you may also
have a web server (e.g. Apache on Linux and MacOS X; IIS on Windows).
You may also rent webspace at a company. This way, you don't need to
set up anything on your own, only write your PHP scripts, upload it to
the server you rent, and see the results in your browser.
In case of setting up the server and PHP on your own, you have two
choices for the method of connecting PHP to the server. For many
servers PHP has a direct module interface (also called SAPI). These
servers include Apache, Microsoft Internet Information Server, Netscape
and iPlanet servers. Many other servers have support for ISAPI, the
Microsoft module interface (OmniHTTPd for example). If PHP has no
module support for your web server, you can always use it as a CGI or
FastCGI processor. This means you set up your server to use the CGI
executable of PHP to process all PHP file requests on the server.
If you are also interested to use PHP for command line scripting (e.g.
write scripts autogenerating some images for you offline, or processing
text files depending on some arguments you pass to them), you always
need the command line executable. For more information, read the
section about writing command line PHP applications. In this case, you
need no server and no browser.
With PHP you can also write desktop GUI applications using the PHP-GTK
extension. This is a completely different approach than writing web
pages, as you do not output any HTML, but manage Windows and objects
within them. For more information about PHP-GTK, please visit the site
dedicated to this extension. PHP-GTK is not included in the official
PHP distribution.
From now on, this section deals with setting up PHP for web servers on
Unix and Windows with server module interfaces and CGI executables. You
will also find information on the command line executable in the
following sections.
PHP source code and binary distributions for Windows can be found at
http://www.php.net/downloads.php. We recommend you to choose a mirror
nearest to you for downloading the distributions.
__________________________________________________________________
Chapter 2. Installation on Windows systems
This section applies to Windows 98/Me and Windows NT/2000/XP/2003. PHP
will not work on 16 bit platforms such as Windows 3.1 and sometimes we
refer to the supported Windows platforms as Win32. Windows 95 is no
longer supported as of PHP 4.3.0.
There are two main ways to install PHP for Windows: either manually or
by using the installer.
If you have Microsoft Visual Studio, you can also build PHP from the
original source code.
Once you have PHP installed on your Windows system, you may also want
to load various extensions for added functionality.
Warning
There are several all-in-one installers over the Internet, but none of
those are endorsed by PHP.net, as we believe that the manual
installation is the best choice to have your system secure and
optimised.
__________________________________________________________________
Windows Installer (PHP 5.2 and later)
The Windows PHP installer for later versions of PHP is built using MSI
technology using the Wix Toolkit (http://wix.sourceforge.net/). It will
install and configure PHP and all the built-in and PECL extensions, as
well as configure many of the popular web servers such as IIS, Apache,
and Xitami.
First, install your selected HTTP (web) server on your system, and make
sure that it works. Then proceed with one of the following install
types.
__________________________________________________________________
Normal Install
Run the MSI installer and follow the instructions provided by the
installation wizard. You will be prompted to select the Web Server you
wish to configure first, along with any configuration details needed.
You will then be prompted to select which features and extensions you
wish to install and enable. By selecting "Will be installed on local
hard drive" in the drop-down menu for each item you can trigger whether
to install the feature or not. By selecting "Entire feature will be
installed on local hard drive", you will be able to install all
sub-features of the included feature ( for example by selecting this
options for the feature "PDO" you will install all PDO Drivers ).
Warning
It is not recommended to install all extensions by default, since many
other them require dependencies from outside PHP in order to function
properly. Instead, use the Installation Repair Mode that can be
triggered thru the 'Add/Remove Programs' control panel to enable or
disable extensions and features after installation.
The installer then sets up PHP to be used in Windows and the php.ini
file, and configures certain web servers to use PHP. The installer will
currently configure IIS (CGI mode only), Apache, Xitami, and Sambar
Server; if you are using a different web server you'll need to
configure it manually.
__________________________________________________________________
Silent Install
The installer also supports a silent mode, which is helpful for Systems
Administrators to deploy PHP easily. To use silent mode:
msiexec.exe /i php-VERSION-win32-install.msi /q
You can control the install directory by passing it as a parameter to
the install. For example, to install to e:\php:
msiexec.exe /i php-VERSION-win32-install.msi /q INSTALLDIR=e:\php
You can also use the same syntax to specify the Apache Configuration
Directory (APACHEDIR), the Sambar Server directory (SAMBARDIR), and the
Xitami Server directory (XITAMIDIR).
You can also specify what features to install. For example, to install
the mysqli extension and the CGI executable:
msiexec.exe /i php-VERSION-win32-install.msi /q ADDLOCAL=cgi,ext_php_mysqli
The current list of Features to install is as follows:
MainExecutable - php.exe executable
ScriptExecutable - php-win.exe executable
ext_php_* - the various extensions ( for example: ext_php_mysql for MySQL )
apache13 - Apache 1.3 module
apache20 - Apache 2.0 module
apache22 - Apache 2,2 module
apacheCGI - Apache CGI executable
iis4ISAPI - IIS ISAPI module
iis4CGI - IIS CGI executable
NSAPI - Sun/iPlanet/Netscape server module
Xitami - Xitami CGI executable
Sambar - Sambar Server ISAPI module
CGI - php-cgi.exe executable
PEAR - PEAR installer
Manual - PHP Manual in CHM Format
For more information on installing MSI installers from the command
line, visit
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/msi/setup/command_line_options.
asp
__________________________________________________________________
Windows Installer (PHP 5.1.0 and earlier)
The Windows PHP installer is available from the downloads page at
http://www.php.net/downloads.php. This installs the CGI version of PHP
and for IIS, PWS, and Xitami, it configures the web server as well. The
installer does not include any extra external PHP extensions
(php_*.dll) as you'll only find those in the Windows Zip Package and
PECL downloads.
Note: While the Windows installer is an easy way to make PHP work,
it is restricted in many aspects as, for example, the automatic
setup of extensions is not supported. Use of the installer isn't the
preferred method for installing PHP.
First, install your selected HTTP (web) server on your system, and make
sure that it works.
Run the executable installer and follow the instructions provided by
the installation wizard. Two types of installation are supported -
standard, which provides sensible defaults for all the settings it can,
and advanced, which asks questions as it goes along.
The installation wizard gathers enough information to set up the
php.ini file, and configure certain web servers to use PHP. One of the
web servers the PHP installer does not configure for is Apache, so
you'll need to configure it manually.
Once the installation has completed, the installer will inform you if
you need to restart your system, restart the server, or just start
using PHP.
Warning
Be aware, that this setup of PHP is not secure. If you would like to
have a secure PHP setup, you'd better go on the manual way, and set
every option carefully. This automatically working setup gives you an
instantly working PHP installation, but it is not meant to be used on
online servers.
__________________________________________________________________
Manual Installation Steps
This install guide will help you manually install and configure PHP
with a web server on Microsoft Windows. To get started you'll need to
download the zip binary distribution from the downloads page at
http://www.php.net/downloads.php.
Although there are many all-in-one installation kits, and we also
distribute a PHP installer for Microsoft Windows, we recommend you take
the time to setup PHP yourself as this will provide you with a better
understanding of the system, and enables you to install PHP extensions
easily when needed.
Upgrading from a previous PHP version: Previous editions of the
manual suggest moving various ini and DLL files into your SYSTEM
(i.e. C:\WINDOWS) folder and while this simplifies the installation
procedure it makes upgrading difficult. We advise you remove all of
these files (like php.ini and PHP related DLLs from the Windows
SYSTEM folder) before moving on with a new PHP installation. Be sure
to backup these files as you might break the entire system. The old
php.ini might be useful in setting up the new PHP as well. And as
you'll soon learn, the preferred method for installing PHP is to
keep all PHP related files in one directory and have this directory
available to your systems PATH.
MDAC requirements: If you use Microsoft Windows 98/NT4 download the
latest version of the Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) for
your platform. MDAC is available at http://msdn.microsoft.com/data/.
This requirement exists because ODBC is built into the distributed
Windows binaries.
The following steps should be completed on all installations before any
server specific instructions are performed:
Extract the distribution file into a directory of your choice. If you
are installing PHP 4, extract to C:\, as the zip file expands to a
foldername like php-4.3.7-Win32. If you are installing PHP 5, extract
to C:\php as the zip file doesn't expand as in PHP 4. You may choose a
different location but do not have spaces in the path (like C:\Program
Files\PHP) as some web servers will crash if you do.
The directory structure extracted from the zip is different for PHP
versions 4 and 5 and look like as follows:
Example 2-1. PHP 4 package structure
c:\php
|
+--cli
| |
| |-php.exe -- CLI executable - ONLY for command line scripting
|
+--dlls -- support DLLs required by some extensions
| |
| |-expat.dll
| |
| |-fdftk.dll
| |
| |-...
|
+--extensions -- extension DLLs for PHP
| |
| |-php_bz2.dll
| |
| |-php_cpdf.dll
| |
| |-..
|
+--mibs -- support files for SNMP
|
+--openssl -- support files for Openssl
|
+--pdf-related -- support files for PDF
|
+--sapi -- SAPI (server module support) DLLs
| |
| |-php4apache.dll
| |
| |-php4apache2.dll
| |
| |-..
|
+--PEAR -- initial copy of PEAR
|
|
|-go-pear.bat -- PEAR setup script
|
|-..
|
|-php.exe -- CGI executable
|
|-..
|
|-php.ini-dist -- default php.ini settings
|
|-php.ini-recommended -- recommended php.ini settings
|
|-php4ts.dll -- core PHP DLL
|
|-...
Or:
Example 2-2. PHP 5 package structure
c:\php
|
+--dev
| |
| |-php5ts.lib
|
+--ext -- extension DLLs for PHP
| |
| |-php_bz2.dll
| |
| |-php_cpdf.dll
| |
| |-..
|
+--extras
| |
| +--mibs -- support files for SNMP
| |
| +--openssl -- support files for Openssl
| |
| +--pdf-related -- support files for PDF
| |
| |-mime.magic
|
+--pear -- initial copy of PEAR
|
|
|-go-pear.bat -- PEAR setup script
|
|-fdftk.dll
|
|-..
|
|-php-cgi.exe -- CGI executable
|
|-php-win.exe -- executes scripts without an opened command prompt
|
|-php.exe -- CLI executable - ONLY for command line scripting
|
|-..
|
|-php.ini-dist -- default php.ini settings
|
|-php.ini-recommended -- recommended php.ini settings
|
|-php5activescript.dll
|
|-php5apache.dll
|
|-php5apache2.dll
|
|-..
|
|-php5ts.dll -- core PHP DLL
|
|-...
Notice the differences and similarities. Both PHP 4 and PHP 5 have a
CGI executable, a CLI executable, and server modules, but they are
located in different folders and/or have different names. While PHP 4
packages have the server modules in the sapi folder, PHP 5
distributions have no such directory and instead they're in the PHP
folder root. The supporting DLLs for the PHP 5 extensions are also not
in a seperate directory.
Note: In PHP 4, you should move all files located in the dll and
sapi folders to the main folder (e.g. C:\php).
Here is a list of server modules shipped with PHP 4 and PHP 5:
* sapi/php4activescript.dll (php5activescript.dll) - ActiveScript
engine, allowing you to embed PHP in your Windows applications.
* sapi/php4apache.dll (php5apache.dll) - Apache 1.3.x module.
* sapi/php4apache2.dll (php5apache2.dll) - Apache 2.0.x module.
* sapi/php5apache2_2.dll - Apache 2.2.x module.
* sapi/php4isapi.dll (php5isapi.dll) - ISAPI Module for ISAPI
compliant web servers like IIS 4.0/PWS 4.0 or newer.
* sapi/php4nsapi.dll (php5nsapi.dll) - Sun/iPlanet/Netscape server
module.
* sapi/php4pi3web.dll (no equivalent in PHP 5) - Pi3Web server
module.
Server modules provide significantly better performance and additional
functionality compared to the CGI binary. The CLI version is designed
to let you use PHP for command line scripting. More information about
CLI is available in the chapter about using PHP from the command line.
Warning
The SAPI modules have been significantly improved as of the 4.1
release, however, in older systems you may encounter server errors or
other server modules failing, such as ASP.
The CGI and CLI binaries, and the web server modules all require the
php4ts.dll (php5ts.dll) file to be available to them. You have to make
sure that this file can be found by your PHP installation. The search
order for this DLL is as follows:
* The same directory from where php.exe is called, or in case you use
a SAPI module, the web server's directory (e.g. C:\Program
Files\Apache Group\Apache2\bin).
* Any directory in your Windows PATH environment variable.
To make php4ts.dll / php5ts.dll available you have three options: copy
the file to the Windows system directory, copy the file to the web
server's directory, or add your PHP directory, C:\php to the PATH. For
better maintenance, we advise you to follow the last option, add C:\php
to the PATH, because it will be simpler to upgrade PHP in the future.
Read more about how to add your PHP directory to PATH in the
corresponding FAQ entry (and then don't forget to restart the computer
- logoff isn't enough).
The next step is to set up a valid configuration file for PHP, php.ini.
There are two ini files distributed in the zip file, php.ini-dist and
php.ini-recommended. We advise you to use php.ini-recommended, because
we optimized the default settings in this file for performance, and
security. Read this well documented file carefully because it has
changes from php.ini-dist that will drastically affect your setup. Some
examples are display_errors being off and magic_quotes_gpc being off.
In addition to reading these, study the ini settings and set every
element manually yourself. If you would like to achieve the best
security, then this is the way for you, although PHP works fine with
these default ini files. Copy your chosen ini-file to a directory that
PHP is able to find and rename it to php.ini. PHP searches for php.ini
in the locations described in the Section called The configuration file
in Chapter 5 section.
If you are running Apache 2, the simpler option is to use the PHPIniDir
directive (read the installation on Apache 2 page), otherwise your best
option is to set the PHPRC environment variable. This process is
explained in the following FAQ entry.
Note: If you're using NTFS on Windows NT, 2000, XP or 2003, make
sure that the user running the web server has read permissions to
your php.ini (e.g. make it readable by Everyone).
The following steps are optional:
* Edit your new php.ini file. If you plan to use OmniHTTPd, do not
follow the next step. Set the doc_root to point to your web servers
document_root. For example:
doc_root = c:\inetpub\wwwroot // for IIS/PWS
doc_root = c:\apache\htdocs // for Apache
* Choose the extensions you would like to load when PHP starts. See
the section about Windows extensions, about how to set up one, and
what is already built in. Note that on a new installation it is
advisable to first get PHP working and tested without any
extensions before enabling them in php.ini.
* On PWS and IIS, you can set the browscap configuration setting to
point to: c:\windows\system\inetsrv\browscap.ini on Windows 9x/Me,
c:\winnt\system32\inetsrv\browscap.ini on NT/2000, and
c:\windows\system32\inetsrv\browscap.ini on XP. For an up-to-date
browscap.ini, read the following FAQ.
PHP is now setup on your system. The next step is to choose a web
server, and enable it to run PHP. Choose a web server from the table of
contents.
__________________________________________________________________
ActiveScript
This section contains notes specific to the ActiveScript installation.
ActiveScript is a Windows only SAPI that enables you to use PHP script
in any ActiveScript compliant host, like Windows Script Host,
ASP/ASP.NET, Windows Script Components or Microsoft Scriptlet control.
As of PHP 5.0.1, ActiveScript has been moved to the PECL repository.
The DLL for this PECL extension may be downloaded from either the PHP
Downloads page or from http://pecl4win.php.net/
Note: You should read the manual installation steps first!
After installing PHP, you should download the ActiveScript DLL
(php5activescript.dll) and place it in the main PHP folder (e.g.
C:\php).
After having all the files needed, you must register the DLL on your
system. To achieve this, open a Command Prompt window (located in the
Start Menu). Then go to your PHP directory by typing something like cd
C:\php. To register the DLL just type regsvr32 php5activescript.dll.
To test if ActiveScript is working, create a new file, named test.wsf
(the extension is very important) and type:
<job id="test">
<script language="PHPScript">
$WScript->Echo("Hello World!");
</script>
</job>
Save and double-click on the file. If you receive a little window
saying "Hello World!" you're done.
Note: In PHP 4, the engine was named 'ActivePHP', so if you are
using PHP 4, you should replace 'PHPScript' with 'ActivePHP' in the
above example.
Note: ActiveScript doesn't use the default php.ini file. Instead, it
will look only in the same directory as the .exe that caused it to
load. You should create php-activescript.ini and place it in that
folder, if you wish to load extensions, etc.
__________________________________________________________________
Microsoft IIS / PWS
This section contains notes and hints specific to IIS (Microsoft
Internet Information Server).
Warning
By using the CGI setup, your server is open to several possible
attacks. Please read our CGI security section to learn how to defend
yourself from those attacks.
__________________________________________________________________
General considerations for all installations of PHP with IIS or PWS
* First, read the Manual Installation Instructions. Do not skip this
step as it provides crucial information for installing PHP on
Windows.
* CGI users must set the cgi.force_redirect PHP directive to 0 inside
php.ini. Read the faq on cgi.force_redirect for important details.
Also, CGI users may want to set the cgi.redirect_status_env
directive. When using directives, be sure these directives aren't
commented out inside php.ini.
* The PHP 4 CGI is named php.exe while in PHP 5 it's php-cgi.exe. In
PHP 5, php.exe is the CLI, and not the CGI.
* Modify the Windows PATH environment variable to include the PHP
directory. This way the PHP DLL files and PHP executables can all
remain in the PHP directory without cluttering up the Windows
system directory. For more details, see the FAQ on Setting the
PATH.
* The IIS user (usually IUSR_MACHINENAME) needs permission to read
various files and directories, such as php.ini, docroot, and the
session tmp directory.
* Be sure the extension_dir and doc_root PHP directives are
appropriately set in php.ini. These directives depend on the system
that PHP is being installed on. In PHP 4, the extension_dir is
extensions while with PHP 5 it's ext. So, an example PHP 5
extensions_dir value is "c:\php\ext" and an example IIS doc_root
value is "c:\Inetpub\wwwroot".
* PHP extension DLL files, such as php_mysql.dll and php_curl.dll,
are found in the zip package of the PHP download (not the PHP
installer). In PHP 5, many extensions are part of PECL and can be
downloaded in the "Collection of PECL modules" package. Files such
as php_zip.dll and php_ssh2.dll. Download PHP files here.
* When defining the executable, the 'check that file exists' box may
also be checked. For a small performance penalty, the IIS (or PWS)
will check that the script file exists and sort out authentication
before firing up PHP. This means that the web server will provide
sensible 404 style error messages instead of CGI errors complaining
that PHP did not output any data.
__________________________________________________________________
Windows NT/200x/XP and IIS 4 or newer
PHP may be installed as a CGI binary, or with the ISAPI module. In
either case, you need to start the Microsoft Management Console (may
appear as 'Internet Services Manager', either in your Windows NT 4.0
Option Pack branch or the Control Panel=>Administrative Tools under
Windows 2000/XP). Then right click on your Web server node (this will
most probably appear as 'Default Web Server'), and select 'Properties'.
If you want to use the CGI binary, do the following:
* Under 'Home Directory', 'Virtual Directory', or 'Directory', do the
following:
* Change the Execute Permissions to 'Scripts only'
* Click on the 'Configuration' button, and choose the Application
Mappings tab. Click Add and set the Executable path to the
appropriate CGI file. An example PHP 5 value is: C:\php\php-cgi.exe
Supply .php as the extension. Leave 'Method exclusions' blank, and
check the 'Script engine' checkbox. Now, click OK a few times.
* Set up the appropriate security. (This is done in Internet Service
Manager), and if your NT Server uses NTFS file system, add execute
rights for I_USR_ to the directory that contains php.exe /
php-cgi.exe.
To use the ISAPI module, do the following:
* If you don't want to perform HTTP Authentication using PHP, you can
(and should) skip this step. Under ISAPI Filters, add a new ISAPI
filter. Use PHP as the filter name, and supply a path to the
php4isapi.dll / php5isapi.dll.
* Under 'Home Directory', 'Virtual Directory', or 'Directory', do the
following:
* Change the Execute Permissions to 'Scripts only'
* Click on the 'Configuration' button, and choose the Application
Mappings tab. Click Add and set the Executable path to the
appropriate ISAPI DLL. An example PHP 5 value is:
C:\php\php5isapi.dll Supply .php as the extension. Leave 'Method
exclusions' blank, and check the 'Script engine' checkbox. Now,
click OK a few times.
* Stop IIS completely (NET STOP iisadmin)
* Start IIS again (NET START w3svc)
With IIS 6 (2003 Server), open up the IIS Manager, go to Web Service
Extensions, choose "Add a new Web service extension", enter in a name
such as PHP, choose the Add button and for the value browse to either
the ISAPI file (php4isapi.dll or php5isapi.dll) or CGI (php.exe or
php-cgi.exe) then check "Set extension status to Allowed" and click OK.
In order to use index.php as a default content page, do the following:
From within the Documents tab, choose Add. Type in index.php and click
OK. Adjust the order by choosing Move Up or Move Down. This is similar
to setting DirectoryIndex with Apache.
The steps above must be repeated for each extension that is to be
associated with PHP scripts. .php is the most common although .php3 may
be required for legacy applications.
If you experience 100% CPU usage after some time, turn off the IIS
setting Cache ISAPI Application.
__________________________________________________________________
Windows and PWS 4
PWS 4 does not support ISAPI, only PHP CGI should be used.
* Edit the enclosed pws-php4cgi.reg / pws-php5cgi.reg file (look into
the SAPI folder for PHP 4, or in the main folder for PHP 5) to
reflect the location of your php.exe / php-cgi.exe. Backslashes
should be escaped, for example:
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\w3svc\paramet
ers\Script Map] ".php"="C:\\php\\php.exe" (change to
C:\\php\\php-cgi.exe if you are using PHP 5) Now merge this
registery file into your system; you may do this by double-clicking
it.
* In the PWS Manager, right click on a given directory you want to
add PHP support to, and select Properties. Check the 'Execute'
checkbox, and confirm.
__________________________________________________________________
Windows and PWS/IIS 3
The recommended method for configuring these servers is to use the REG
file included with the distribution (pws-php4cgi.reg in the SAPI folder
for PHP 4, or pws-php5cgi.reg in the main folder for PHP 5). You may
want to edit this file and make sure the extensions and PHP install
directories match your configuration. Or you can follow the steps below
to do it manually.
Warning
These steps involve working directly with the Windows registry. One
error here can leave your system in an unstable state. We highly
recommend that you back up your registry first. The PHP Development
team will not be held responsible if you damage your registry.
* Run Regedit.
* Navigate to: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE /System /CurrentControlSet
/Services /W3Svc /Parameters /ScriptMap.
* On the edit menu select: New->String Value.
* Type in the extension you wish to use for your php scripts. For
example .php
* Double click on the new string value and enter the path to php.exe
in the value data field. ex: C:\php\php.exe "%s" %s for PHP 4, or
C:\php\php-cgi.exe "%s" %s for PHP 5.
* Repeat these steps for each extension you wish to associate with
PHP scripts.
The following steps do not affect the web server installation and only
apply if you want your PHP scripts to be executed when they are run
from the command line (ex. run C:\myscripts\test.php) or by double
clicking on them in a directory viewer window. You may wish to skip
these steps as you might prefer the PHP files to load into a text
editor when you double click on them.
* Navigate to: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
* On the edit menu select: New->Key.
* Name the key to the extension you setup in the previous section.
ex: .php
* Highlight the new key and in the right side pane, double click the
"default value" and enter phpfile.
* Repeat the last step for each extension you set up in the previous
section.
* Now create another New->Key under HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT and name it
phpfile.
* Highlight the new key phpfile and in the right side pane, double
click the "default value" and enter PHP Script.
* Right click on the phpfile key and select New->Key, name it Shell.
* Right click on the Shell key and select New->Key, name it open.
* Right click on the open key and select New->Key, name it command.
* Highlight the new key command and in the right side pane, double
click the "default value" and enter the path to php.exe. ex:
c:\php\php.exe -q %1. (don't forget the %1).
* Exit Regedit.
* If using PWS on Windows, reboot to reload the registry.
PWS and IIS 3 users now have a fully operational system. IIS 3 users
can use a nifty tool from Steven Genusa to configure their script maps.
__________________________________________________________________
Apache 1.3.x on Microsoft Windows
This section contains notes and hints specific to Apache 1.3.x installs
of PHP on Microsoft Windows systems. There are also instructions and
notes for Apache 2 on a separate page.
Note: Please read the manual installation steps first!
There are two ways to set up PHP to work with Apache 1.3.x on Windows.
One is to use the CGI binary (php.exe for PHP 4 and php-cgi.exe for PHP
5), the other is to use the Apache Module DLL. In either case you need
to edit your httpd.conf to configure Apache to work with PHP, and then
restart the server.
It is worth noting here that now the SAPI module has been made more
stable under Windows, we recommend it's use above the CGI binary, since
it is more transparent and secure.
Although there can be a few variations of configuring PHP under Apache,
these are simple enough to be used by the newcomer. Please consult the
Apache Documentation for further configuration directives.
After changing the configuration file, remember to restart the server,
for example, NET STOP APACHE followed by NET START APACHE, if you run
Apache as a Windows Service, or use your regular shortcuts.
Note: Remember that when adding path values in the Apache
configuration files on Windows, all backslashes such as
c:\directory\file.ext must be converted to forward slashes, as
c:/directory/file.ext. A trailing slash may also be necessary for
directories.
__________________________________________________________________
Installing as an Apache module
You should add the following lines to your Apache httpd.conf file:
Example 2-3. PHP as an Apache 1.3.x module
This assumes PHP is installed to c:\php. Adjust the path if this is not
the case.
For PHP 4:
# Add to the end of the LoadModule section
# Don't forget to copy this file from the sapi directory!
LoadModule php4_module "C:/php/php4apache.dll"
# Add to the end of the AddModule section
AddModule mod_php4.c
For PHP 5:
# Add to the end of the LoadModule section
LoadModule php5_module "C:/php/php5apache.dll"
# Add to the end of the AddModule section
AddModule mod_php5.c
For both:
# Add this line inside the <IfModule mod_mime.c> conditional brace
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
# For syntax highlighted .phps files, also add
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
__________________________________________________________________
Installing as a CGI binary
If you unzipped the PHP package to C:\php\ as described in the Manual
Installation Steps section, you need to insert these lines to your
Apache configuration file to set up the CGI binary:
Example 2-4. PHP and Apache 1.3.x as CGI
ScriptAlias /php/ "c:/php/"
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
# For PHP 4
Action application/x-httpd-php "/php/php.exe"
# For PHP 5
Action application/x-httpd-php "/php/php-cgi.exe"
# specify the directory where php.ini is
SetEnv PHPRC C:/php
Note that the second line in the list above can be found in the actual
versions of httpd.conf, but it is commented out. Remember also to
substitute the c:/php/ for your actual path to PHP.
Warning
By using the CGI setup, your server is open to several possible
attacks. Please read our CGI security section to learn how to defend
yourself from those attacks.
If you would like to present PHP source files syntax highlighted, there
is no such convenient option as with the module version of PHP. If you
chose to configure Apache to use PHP as a CGI binary, you will need to
use the highlight_file() function. To do this simply create a PHP
script file and add this code: <?php
highlight_file('some_php_script.php'); ?>.
__________________________________________________________________
Apache 2.0.x on Microsoft Windows
This section contains notes and hints specific to Apache 2.0.x installs
of PHP on Microsoft Windows systems. We also have instructions and
notes for Apache 1.3.x users on a separate page.
Note: You should read the manual installation steps first!
Apache 2.2.x Support: Users of Apache 2.2.x may use the
documentation below except the appropriate DLL file is named
php5apache2_2.dll and it only exists as of PHP 5.2.0. See also
http://snaps.php.net/
Warning
We do not recommend using a threaded MPM in production with Apache2.
Use the prefork MPM instead, or use Apache1. For information on why,
read the related FAQ entry on using Apache2 with a threaded MPM
You are highly encouraged to take a look at the Apache Documentation to
get a basic understanding of the Apache 2.0.x Server. Also consider to
read the Windows specific notes for Apache 2.0.x before reading on
here.
PHP and Apache 2.0.x compatibility notes: The following versions of
PHP are known to work with the most recent version of Apache 2.0.x:
* PHP 4.3.0 or later available at http://www.php.net/downloads.php.
* the latest stable development version. Get the source code
http://snaps.php.net/php5-latest.tar.gz or download binaries for
Windows http://snaps.php.net/win32/php5-win32-latest.zip.
* a prerelease version downloadable from http://qa.php.net/.
* you have always the option to obtain PHP through anonymous CVS.
These versions of PHP are compatible to Apache 2.0.40 and later.
Apache 2.0 SAPI-support started with PHP 4.2.0. PHP 4.2.3 works with
Apache 2.0.39, don't use any other version of Apache with PHP 4.2.3.
However, the recommended setup is to use PHP 4.3.0 or later with the
most recent version of Apache2.
All mentioned versions of PHP will work still with Apache 1.3.x.
Warning
Apache 2.0.x is designed to run on Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000 or
Windows XP. At this time, support for Windows 9x is incomplete. Apache
2.0.x is not expected to work on those platforms at this time.
Download the most recent version of Apache 2.0.x and a fitting PHP
version. Follow the Manual Installation Steps and come back to go on
with the integration of PHP and Apache.
There are two ways to set up PHP to work with Apache 2.0.x on Windows.
One is to use the CGI binary the other is to use the Apache module DLL.
In either case you need to edit your httpd.conf to configure Apache to
work with PHP and then restart the server.
Note: Remember that when adding path values in the Apache
configuration files on Windows, all backslashes such as
c:\directory\file.ext must be converted to forward slashes, as
c:/directory/file.ext. A trailing slash may also be necessary for
directories.
__________________________________________________________________
Installing as a CGI binary
You need to insert these three lines to your Apache httpd.conf
configuration file to set up the CGI binary:
Example 2-5. PHP and Apache 2.0 as CGI
ScriptAlias /php/ "c:/php/"
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
# For PHP 4
Action application/x-httpd-php "/php/php.exe"
# For PHP 5
Action application/x-httpd-php "/php/php-cgi.exe"
Warning
By using the CGI setup, your server is open to several possible
attacks. Please read our CGI security section to learn how to defend
yourself from those attacks.
__________________________________________________________________
Installing as an Apache module
You need to insert these two lines to your Apache httpd.conf
configuration file to set up the PHP module for Apache 2.0:
Example 2-6. PHP and Apache 2.0 as Module
# For PHP 4 do something like this:
LoadModule php4_module "c:/php/php4apache2.dll"
# Don't forget to copy the php4apache2.dll file from the sapi directory!
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
# For PHP 5 do something like this:
LoadModule php5_module "c:/php/php5apache2.dll"
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
# configure the path to php.ini
PHPIniDir "C:/php"
Note: Remember to substitute your actual path to PHP for the c:/php/
in the above examples. Take care to use either php4apache2.dll or
php5apache2.dll in your LoadModule directive and not php4apache.dll
or php5apache.dll as the latter ones are designed to run with Apache
1.3.x.
Note: If you want to use content negotiation, read related FAQ.
Warning
Don't mix up your installation with DLL files from different PHP
versions. You have the only choice to use the DLL's and extensions that
ship with your downloaded PHP version.
__________________________________________________________________
Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers on Microsoft Windows
This section contains notes and hints specific to Sun Java System Web
Server, Sun ONE Web Server, iPlanet and Netscape server installs of PHP
on Windows.
From PHP 4.3.3 on you can use PHP scripts with the NSAPI module to
generate custom directory listings and error pages. Additional
functions for Apache compatibility are also available. For support in
current web servers read the note about subrequests.
__________________________________________________________________
CGI setup on Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers
To install PHP as a CGI handler, do the following:
* Copy php4ts.dll to your systemroot (the directory where you
installed Windows)
* Make a file association from the command line. Type the following
two lines:
assoc .php=PHPScript
ftype PHPScript=c:\php\php.exe %1 %*
* In the Netscape Enterprise Administration Server create a dummy
shellcgi directory and remove it just after (this step creates 5
important lines in obj.conf and allow the web server to handle
shellcgi scripts).
* In the Netscape Enterprise Administration Server create a new mime
type (Category: type, Content-Type: magnus-internal/shellcgi, File
Suffix:php).
* Do it for each web server instance you want PHP to run
More details about setting up PHP as a CGI executable can be found
here: http://benoit.noss.free.fr/php/install-php.html
__________________________________________________________________
NSAPI setup on Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers
To install PHP with NSAPI, do the following:
* Copy php4ts.dll to your systemroot (the directory where you
installed Windows)
* Make a file association from the command line. Type the following
two lines:
assoc .php=PHPScript
ftype PHPScript=c:\php\php.exe %1 %*
* In the Netscape Enterprise Administration Server create a new mime
type (Category: type, Content-Type: magnus-internal/x-httpd-php,
File Suffix: php).
* Edit magnus.conf (for servers >= 6) or obj.conf (for servers < 6)
and add the following: You should place the lines after mime types
init.
Init fn="load-modules" funcs="php4_init,php4_execute,php4_auth_trans" shlib="c:/
php/sapi/php4nsapi.dll"
Init fn="php4_init" LateInit="yes" errorString="Failed to initialise PHP!" [php_
ini="c:/path/to/php.ini"]
(PHP >= 4.3.3) The php_ini parameter is optional but with it you
can place your php.ini in your web server configuration directory.
* Configure the default object in obj.conf (for virtual server
classes [Sun Web Server 6.0+] in their vserver.obj.conf): In the
<Object name="default"> section, place this line necessarily after
all 'ObjectType' and before all 'AddLog' lines:
Service fn="php4_execute" type="magnus-internal/x-httpd-php" [inikey=value inike
y=value ...]
(PHP >= 4.3.3) As additional parameters you can add some special
php.ini-values, for example you can set a
docroot="/path/to/docroot" specific to the context php4_execute is
called. For boolean ini-keys please use 0/1 as value, not
"On","Off",... (this will not work correctly), e.g.
zlib.output_compression=1 instead of zlib.output_compression="On"
* This is only needed if you want to configure a directory that only
consists of PHP scripts (same like a cgi-bin directory):
<Object name="x-httpd-php">
ObjectType fn="force-type" type="magnus-internal/x-httpd-php"
Service fn=php4_execute [inikey=value inikey=value ...]
</Object>
After that you can configure a directory in the Administration
server and assign it the style x-httpd-php. All files in it will
get executed as PHP. This is nice to hide PHP usage by renaming
files to .html.
* Restart your web service and apply changes
* Do it for each web server instance you want PHP to run
Note: More details about setting up PHP as an NSAPI filter can be
found here: http://benoit.noss.free.fr/php/install-php4.html
Note: The stacksize that PHP uses depends on the configuration of
the web server. If you get crashes with very large PHP scripts, it
is recommended to raise it with the Admin Server (in the section
"MAGNUS EDITOR").
__________________________________________________________________
CGI environment and recommended modifications in php.ini
Important when writing PHP scripts is the fact that Sun JSWS/Sun ONE
WS/iPlanet/Netscape is a multithreaded web server. Because of that all
requests are running in the same process space (the space of the web
server itself) and this space has only one environment. If you want to
get CGI variables like PATH_INFO, HTTP_HOST etc. it is not the correct
way to try this in the old PHP 3.x way with getenv() or a similar way
(register globals to environment, $_ENV). You would only get the
environment of the running web server without any valid CGI variables!
Note: Why are there (invalid) CGI variables in the environment?
Answer: This is because you started the web server process from the
admin server which runs the startup script of the web server, you
wanted to start, as a CGI script (a CGI script inside of the admin
server!). This is why the environment of the started web server has
some CGI environment variables in it. You can test this by starting
the web server not from the administration server. Use the command
line as root user and start it manually - you will see there are no
CGI-like environment variables.
Simply change your scripts to get CGI variables in the correct way for
PHP 4.x by using the superglobal $_SERVER. If you have older scripts
which use $HTTP_HOST, etc., you should turn on register_globals in
php.ini and change the variable order too (important: remove "E" from
it, because you do not need the environment here):
variables_order = "GPCS"
register_globals = On
__________________________________________________________________
Special use for error pages or self-made directory listings (PHP >= 4.3.3)
You can use PHP to generate the error pages for "404 Not Found" or
similar. Add the following line to the object in obj.conf for every
error page you want to overwrite:
Error fn="php4_execute" code=XXX script="/path/to/script.php" [inikey=value inik
ey=value...]
where XXX is the HTTP error code. Please delete any other Error
directives which could interfere with yours. If you want to place a
page for all errors that could exist, leave the code parameter out.
Your script can get the HTTP status code with $_SERVER['ERROR_TYPE'].
Another possibility is to generate self-made directory listings. Just
create a PHP script which displays a directory listing and replace the
corresponding default Service line for type="magnus-internal/directory"
in obj.conf with the following:
Service fn="php4_execute" type="magnus-internal/directory" script="/path/to/scri
pt.php" [inikey=value inikey=value...]
For both error and directory listing pages the original URI and
translated URI are in the variables $_SERVER['PATH_INFO'] and
$_SERVER['PATH_TRANSLATED'].
__________________________________________________________________
Note about nsapi_virtual() and subrequests (PHP >= 4.3.3)
The NSAPI module now supports the nsapi_virtual() function (alias:
virtual()) to make subrequests on the web server and insert the result
in the web page. The problem is, that this function uses some
undocumented features from the NSAPI library.
Under Unix this is not a problem, because the module automatically
looks for the needed functions and uses them if available. If not,
nsapi_virtual() is disabled.
Under Windows limitations in the DLL handling need the use of a
automatic detection of the most recent ns-httpdXX.dll file. This is
tested for servers till version 6.1. If a newer version of the Sun
server is used, the detection fails and nsapi_virtual() is disabled.
If this is the case, try the following: Add the following parameter to
php4_init in magnus.conf/obj.conf:
Init fn=php4_init ... server_lib="ns-httpdXX.dll"
where XX is the correct DLL version number. To get it, look in the
server-root for the correct DLL name. The DLL with the biggest filesize
is the right one.
You can check the status by using the phpinfo() function.
Note: But be warned: Support for nsapi_virtual() is EXPERIMENTAL!!!
__________________________________________________________________
OmniHTTPd Server
This section contains notes and hints specific to OmniHTTPd on Windows.
Note: You should read the manual installation steps first!
Warning
By using the CGI setup, your server is open to several possible
attacks. Please read our CGI security section to learn how to defend
yourself from those attacks.
You need to complete the following steps to make PHP work with
OmniHTTPd. This is a CGI executable setup. SAPI is supported by
OmniHTTPd, but some tests have shown that it is not so stable to use
PHP as an ISAPI module.
Important for CGI users: Read the faq on cgi.force_redirect for
important details. This directive needs to be set to 0.
1. Install OmniHTTPd server.
2. Right click on the blue OmniHTTPd icon in the system tray and
select Properties
3. Click on Web Server Global Settings
4. On the 'External' tab, enter: virtual = .php | actual =
c:\php\php.exe (use php-cgi.exe if installing PHP 5), and use the
Add button.
5. On the Mime tab, enter: virtual = wwwserver/stdcgi | actual = .php,
and use the Add button.
6. Click OK
Repeat steps 2 - 6 for each extension you want to associate with PHP.
Note: Some OmniHTTPd packages come with built in PHP support. You
can choose at setup time to do a custom setup, and uncheck the PHP
component. We recommend you to use the latest PHP binaries. Some
OmniHTTPd servers come with PHP 4 beta distributions, so you should
choose not to set up the built in support, but install your own. If
the server is already on your machine, use the Replace button in
Step 4 and 5 to set the new, correct information.
__________________________________________________________________
Sambar Server on Microsoft Windows
This section contains notes and hints specific to the Sambar Server for
Windows.
Note: You should read the manual installation steps first!
This list describes how to set up the ISAPI module to work with the
Sambar server on Windows.
* Find the file called mappings.ini (in the config directory) in the
Sambar install directory.
* Open mappings.ini and add the following line under [ISAPI]:
Example 2-7. ISAPI configuration of Sambar
#for PHP 4
*.php = c:\php\php4isapi.dll
#for PHP 5
*.php = c:\php\php5isapi.dll
(This line assumes that PHP was installed in c:\php.)
* Now restart the Sambar server for the changes to take effect.
Note: If you intend to use PHP to communicate with resources which
are held on a different computer on your network, then you will need
to alter the account used by the Sambar Server Service. The default
account used for the Sambar Server Service is LocalSystem which will
not have access to remote resources. The account can be amended by
using the Services option from within the Windows Control Panel
Administation Tools.
__________________________________________________________________
Xitami on Microsoft Windows
This section contains notes and hints specific to Xitami on Windows.
Note: You should read the manual installation steps first!
This list describes how to set up the PHP CGI binary to work with
Xitami on Windows.
Important for CGI users: Read the faq on cgi.force_redirect for
important details. This directive needs to be set to 0. If you want
to use $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] you have to enable the cgi.fix_pathinfo
directive.
Warning
By using the CGI setup, your server is open to several possible
attacks. Please read our CGI security section to learn how to defend
yourself from those attacks.
* Make sure the web server is running, and point your browser to
xitamis admin console (usually http://127.0.0.1/admin), and click
on Configuration.
* Navigate to the Filters, and put the extension which PHP should
parse (i.e. .php) into the field File extensions (.xxx).
* In Filter command or script put the path and name of your PHP CGI
executable i.e. C:\php\php.exe for PHP 4, or C:\php\php-cgi.exe for
PHP 5.
* Press the 'Save' icon.
* Restart the server to reflect changes.
__________________________________________________________________
Installation of extensions on Windows
After installing PHP and a web server on Windows, you will probably
want to install some extensions for added functionality. You can choose
which extensions you would like to load when PHP starts by modifying
your php.ini. You can also load a module dynamically in your script
using dl().
The DLLs for PHP extensions are prefixed with php_.
Many extensions are built into the Windows version of PHP. This means
additional DLL files, and the extension directive, are not used to load
these extensions. The Windows PHP Extensions table lists extensions
that require, or used to require, additional PHP DLL files. Here's a
list of built in extensions:
In PHP 4 (updated PHP 4.3.11): BCMath, Caledar, COM, Ctype, FTP, MySQL,
ODBC, Overload, PCRE, Session, Tokenizer, WDDX, XML and Zlib
In PHP 5 (updated PHP 5.0.4), the following changes exist. Built in:
DOM, LibXML, Iconv, SimpleXML, SPL and SQLite. And the following are no
longer built in: MySQL and Overload.
The default location PHP searches for extensions is C:\php4\extensions
in PHP 4 and C:\php5 in PHP 5. To change this setting to reflect your
setup of PHP edit your php.ini file:
* You will need to change the extension_dir setting to point to the
directory where your extensions lives, or where you have placed
your php_*.dll files. For example:
extension_dir = C:\php\extensions
* Enable the extension(s) in php.ini you want to use by uncommenting
the extension=php_*.dll lines in php.ini. This is done by deleting
the leading ; from the extension you want to load.
Example 2-8. Enable Bzip2 extension for PHP-Windows
// change the following line from ...
;extension=php_bz2.dll
// ... to
extension=php_bz2.dll
* Some of the extensions need extra DLLs to work. Couple of them can
be found in the distribution package, in the C:\php\dlls\ folder in
PHP 4 or in the main folder in PHP 5, but some, for example Oracle
(php_oci8.dll) require DLLs which are not bundled with the
distribution package. If you are installing PHP 4, copy the bundled
DLLs from C:\php\dlls folder to the main C:\php folder. Don't
forget to include C:\php in the system PATH (this process is
explained in a separate FAQ entry).
* Some of these DLLs are not bundled with the PHP distribution. See
each extensions documentation page for details. Also, read the
manual section titled Installation of PECL extensions for details
on PECL. An increasingly large number of PHP extensions are found
in PECL, and these extensions require a separate download.
Note: If you are running a server module version of PHP remember to
restart your web server to reflect your changes to php.ini.
The following table describes some of the extensions available and
required additional dlls.
Table 2-1. PHP Extensions
Extension Description Notes
php_bz2.dll bzip2 compression functions None
php_calendar.dll Calendar conversion functions Built in since PHP 4.0.3
php_cpdf.dll ClibPDF functions None
php_crack.dll Crack functions None
php_ctype.dll ctype family functions Built in since PHP 4.3.0
php_curl.dll CURL, Client URL library functions Requires: libeay32.dll,
ssleay32.dll (bundled)
php_cybercash.dll Cybercash payment functions PHP <= 4.2.0
php_db.dll DBM functions Deprecated. Use DBA instead (php_dba.dll)
php_dba.dll DBA: DataBase (dbm-style) Abstraction layer functions None
php_dbase.dll dBase functions None
php_dbx.dll dbx functions
php_domxml.dll DOM XML functions PHP <= 4.2.0 requires: libxml2.dll
(bundled) PHP >= 4.3.0 requires: iconv.dll (bundled)
php_dotnet.dll .NET functions PHP <= 4.1.1
php_exif.dll EXIF functions php_mbstring.dll. And, php_exif.dll must be
loaded after php_mbstring.dll in php.ini.
php_fbsql.dll FrontBase functions PHP <= 4.2.0
php_fdf.dll FDF: Forms Data Format functions. Requires: fdftk.dll
(bundled)
php_filepro.dll filePro functions Read-only access
php_ftp.dll FTP functions Built-in since PHP 4.0.3
php_gd.dll GD library image functions Removed in PHP 4.3.2. Also note
that truecolor functions are not available in GD1, instead, use
php_gd2.dll.
php_gd2.dll GD library image functions GD2
php_gettext.dll Gettext functions PHP <= 4.2.0 requires gnu_gettext.dll
(bundled), PHP >= 4.2.3 requires libintl-1.dll, iconv.dll (bundled).
php_hyperwave.dll HyperWave functions None
php_iconv.dll ICONV characterset conversion Requires: iconv-1.3.dll
(bundled), PHP >=4.2.1 iconv.dll
php_ifx.dll Informix functions Requires: Informix libraries
php_iisfunc.dll IIS management functions None
php_imap.dll IMAP POP3 and NNTP functions None
php_ingres.dll Ingres II functions Requires: Ingres II libraries
php_interbase.dll InterBase functions Requires: gds32.dll (bundled)
php_java.dll Java functions PHP <= 4.0.6 requires: jvm.dll (bundled)
php_ldap.dll LDAP functions PHP <= 4.2.0 requires libsasl.dll
(bundled), PHP >= 4.3.0 requires libeay32.dll, ssleay32.dll (bundled)
php_mbstring.dll Multi-Byte String functions None
php_mcrypt.dll Mcrypt Encryption functions Requires: libmcrypt.dll
php_mhash.dll Mhash functions PHP >= 4.3.0 requires: libmhash.dll
(bundled)
php_mime_magic.dll Mimetype functions Requires: magic.mime (bundled)
php_ming.dll Ming functions for Flash None
php_msql.dll mSQL functions Requires: msql.dll (bundled)
php_mssql.dll MSSQL functions Requires: ntwdblib.dll (bundled)
php_mysql.dll MySQL functions PHP >= 5.0.0, requires libmysql.dll
(bundled)
php_mysqli.dll MySQLi functions PHP >= 5.0.0, requires libmysql.dll
(libmysqli.dll in PHP <= 5.0.2) (bundled)
php_oci8.dll Oracle 8 functions Requires: Oracle 8.1+ client libraries
php_openssl.dll OpenSSL functions Requires: libeay32.dll (bundled)
php_oracle.dll Oracle functions Requires: Oracle 7 client libraries
php_overload.dll Object overloading functions Built in since PHP 4.3.0
php_pdf.dll PDF functions None
php_pgsql.dll PostgreSQL functions None
php_printer.dll Printer functions None
php_shmop.dll Shared Memory functions None
php_snmp.dll SNMP get and walk functions NT only!
php_soap.dll SOAP functions PHP >= 5.0.0
php_sockets.dll Socket functions None
php_sybase_ct.dll Sybase functions Requires: Sybase client libraries
php_tidy.dll Tidy functions PHP >= 5.0.0
php_tokenizer.dll Tokenizer functions Built in since PHP 4.3.0
php_w32api.dll W32api functions None
php_xmlrpc.dll XML-RPC functions PHP >= 4.2.1 requires: iconv.dll
(bundled)
php_xslt.dll XSLT functions PHP <= 4.2.0 requires sablot.dll, expat.dll
(bundled). PHP >= 4.2.1 requires sablot.dll, expat.dll, iconv.dll
(bundled).
php_yaz.dll YAZ functions Requires: yaz.dll (bundled)
php_zip.dll Zip File functions Read only access
php_zlib.dll ZLib compression functions Built in since PHP 4.3.0
__________________________________________________________________
Chapter 3. Installation of PECL extensions
Introduction to PECL Installations
PECL is a repository of PHP extensions that are made available to you
via the PEAR packaging system. This section of the manual is intended
to demonstrate how to obtain and install PECL extensions.
These instructions assume /your/phpsrcdir/ is the path to the PHP
source distribution, and that extname is the name of the PECL
extension. Adjust accordingly. These instructions also assume a
familiarity with the pear command. The information in the PEAR manual
for the pear command also applies to the pecl command.
To be useful, a shared extension must be built, installed, and loaded.
The methods described below provide you with various instructions on
how to build and install the extensions, but they do not automatically
load them. Extensions can be loaded by adding an extension directive.
To this php.ini file, or through the use of the dl() function.
When building PHP modules, it's important to have known-good versions
of the required tools (autoconf, automake, libtool, etc.) See the
Anonymous CVS Instructions for details on the required tools, and
required versions.
__________________________________________________________________
Downloading PECL extensions
There are several options for downloading PECL extensions, such as:
* http://pecl.php.net
The PECL web site contains information about the different
extensions that are offered by the PHP Development Team. The
information available here includes: ChangeLog, release notes,
requirements and other similar details.
* pecl download extname
PECL extensions that have releases listed on the PECL web site are
available for download and installation using the pecl command.
Specific revisions may also be specified.
* CVS
Most PECL extensions also reside in CVS. A web-based view may be
seen at http://cvs.php.net/pecl/. To download straight from CVS,
the following sequence of commands may be used. Note that phpfi is
the password for user cvsread:
$ cvs -d:pserver:cvsread@cvs.php.net:/repository login
$ cvs -d:pserver:cvsread@cvs.php.net:/repository co pecl/extname
* Windows downloads
Windows users may find compiled PECL binaries by downloading the
Collection of PECL modules from the PHP Downloads page, or by
retrieving a PECL Snapshot or an extension DLL on PECL4WIN. To
compile PHP under Windows, read the appropriate chapter.
__________________________________________________________________
PECL for Windows users
As with any other PHP extension DLL, installation is as simple as
copying the PECL extension DLLs into the extension_dir folder and
loading them from php.ini. For example, add the following line to your
php.ini:
extension=php_extname.dll
After doing this, restart the web server.
__________________________________________________________________
Compiling shared PECL extensions with the pecl command
PECL makes it easy to create shared PHP extensions. Using the pecl
command, do the following:
$ pecl install extname
This will download the source for extname, compile, and install
extname.so into your extension_dir. extname.so may then be loaded via
php.ini
By default, the pecl command will not install packages that are marked
with the alpha or beta state. If no stable packages are available, you
may install a beta package using the following command:
$ pecl install extname-beta
You may also install a specific version using this variant:
$ pecl install extname-0.1
__________________________________________________________________
Compiling shared PECL extensions with phpize
Sometimes, using the pecl installer is not an option. This could be
because you're behind a firewall, or it could be because the extension
you want to install is not available as a PECL compatible package, such
as unreleased extensions from CVS. If you need to build such an
extension, you can use the lower-level build tools to perform the build
manually.
The phpize command is used to prepare the build environment for a PHP
extension. In the following sample, the sources for an extension are in
a directory named extname:
$ cd extname
$ phpize
$ ./configure
$ make
# make install
A successful install will have created extname.so and put it into the
PHP extensions directory. You'll need to and adjust php.ini and add an
extension=extname.so line before you can use the extension.
If the system is missing the phpize command, and precompiled packages
(like RPM's) are used, be sure to also install the appropriate devel
version of the PHP package as they often include the phpize command
along with the appropriate header files to build PHP and its
extensions.
Execute phpize --help to display additional usage information.
__________________________________________________________________
Compiling PECL extensions statically into PHP
You might find that you need to build a PECL extension statically into
your PHP binary. To do this, you'll need to place the extension source
under the php-src/ext/ directory and tell the PHP build system to
regenerate its configure script.
$ cd /your/phpsrcdir/ext
$ pecl download extname
$ gzip -d < extname.tgz | tar -xvf -
$ mv extname-x.x.x extname
This will result in the following directory:
/your/phpsrcdir/ext/extname
From here, force PHP to rebuild the configure script, and then build
PHP as normal:
$ cd /your/phpsrcdir
$ rm configure
$ ./buildconf --force
$ ./configure --help
$ ./configure --with-extname --enable-someotherext --with-foobar
$ make
$ make install
Note: To run the 'buildconf' script you need autoconf 2.13 and
automake 1.4+ (newer versions of autoconf may work, but are not
supported).
Whether --enable-extname or --with-extname is used depends on the
extension. Typically an extension that does not require external
libraries uses --enable. To be sure, run the following after buildconf:
$ ./configure --help | grep extname
__________________________________________________________________
Chapter 4. Problems?
Read the FAQ
Some problems are more common than others. The most common ones are
listed in the PHP FAQ, part of this manual.
__________________________________________________________________
Other problems
If you are still stuck, someone on the PHP installation mailing list
may be able to help you. You should check out the archive first, in
case someone already answered someone else who had the same problem as
you. The archives are available from the support page on
http://www.php.net/support.php. To subscribe to the PHP installation
mailing list, send an empty mail to
php-install-subscribe@lists.php.net. The mailing list address is
php-install@lists.php.net.
If you want to get help on the mailing list, please try to be precise
and give the necessary details about your environment (which operating
system, what PHP version, what web server, if you are running PHP as
CGI or a server module, safe mode, etc...), and preferably enough code
to make others able to reproduce and test your problem.
__________________________________________________________________
Bug reports
If you think you have found a bug in PHP, please report it. The PHP
developers probably don't know about it, and unless you report it,
chances are it won't be fixed. You can report bugs using the
bug-tracking system at http://bugs.php.net/. Please do not send bug
reports in mailing list or personal letters. The bug system is also
suitable to submit feature requests.
Read the How to report a bug document before submitting any bug
reports!
__________________________________________________________________
Chapter 5. Runtime Configuration
The configuration file
The configuration file (called php3.ini in PHP 3, and simply php.ini as
of PHP 4) is read when PHP starts up. For the server module versions of
PHP, this happens only once when the web server is started. For the CGI
and CLI version, it happens on every invocation.
php.ini is searched in these locations (in order):
* SAPI module specific location (PHPIniDir directive in Apache 2, -c
command line option in CGI and CLI, php_ini parameter in NSAPI,
PHP_INI_PATH environment variable in THTTPD)
* The PHPRC environment variable. Before PHP 5.2.0 this was checked
after the registry key mentioned below.
* As of PHP 5.2.0, the following registry locations are searched in
order: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP\x.y.z\IniFilePath,
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP\x.y\IniFilePath and
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP\x\IniFilePath, where x, y and z
mean the PHP major, minor and release versions.
* HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP\IniFilePath (Windows Registry
location)
* Current working directory (except CLI)
* The web server's directory (for SAPI modules), or directory of PHP
(otherwise in Windows)
* Windows directory (C:\windows or C:\winnt) (for Windows), or
--with-config-file-path compile time option
If php-SAPI.ini exists (where SAPI is used SAPI, so the filename is
e.g. php-cli.ini or php-apache.ini), it's used instead of php.ini. SAPI
name can be determined by php_sapi_name().
Note: The Apache web server changes the directory to root at startup
causing PHP to attempt to read php.ini from the root filesystem if
it exists.
The php.ini directives handled by extensions are documented
respectively on the pages of the extensions themselves. The list of the
core directives is available in the appendix. Probably not all PHP
directives are documented in the manual though. For a complete list of
directives available in your PHP version, please read your well
commented php.ini file. Alternatively, you may find the the latest
php.ini from CVS helpful too.
Example 5-1. php.ini example
; any text on a line after an unquoted semicolon (;) is ignored
[php] ; section markers (text within square brackets) are also ignored
; Boolean values can be set to either:
; true, on, yes
; or false, off, no, none
register_globals = off
track_errors = yes
; you can enclose strings in double-quotes
include_path = ".:/usr/local/lib/php"
; backslashes are treated the same as any other character
include_path = ".;c:\php\lib"
Since PHP 5.1.0, it is possible to refer to existing .ini variables
from within .ini files. Example: open_basedir = ${open_basedir}
":/new/dir".
__________________________________________________________________
How to change configuration settings
Running PHP as an Apache module
When using PHP as an Apache module, you can also change the
configuration settings using directives in Apache configuration files
(e.g. httpd.conf) and .htaccess files. You will need "AllowOverride
Options" or "AllowOverride All" privileges to do so.
With PHP 4 and PHP 5, there are several Apache directives that allow
you to change the PHP configuration from within the Apache
configuration files. For a listing of which directives are PHP_INI_ALL,
PHP_INI_PERDIR, or PHP_INI_SYSTEM, have a look at the List of php.ini
directives appendix.
Note: With PHP 3, there are Apache directives that correspond to
each configuration setting in the php3.ini name, except the name is
prefixed by "php3_".
php_value name value
Sets the value of the specified directive. Can be used only with
PHP_INI_ALL and PHP_INI_PERDIR type directives. To clear a
previously set value use none as the value.
Note: Don't use php_value to set boolean values. php_flag (see
below) should be used instead.
php_flag name on|off
Used to set a boolean configuration directive. Can be used only
with PHP_INI_ALL and PHP_INI_PERDIR type directives.
php_admin_value name value
Sets the value of the specified directive. This can not be used
in .htaccess files. Any directive type set with php_admin_value
can not be overridden by .htaccess or virtualhost directives. To
clear a previously set value use none as the value.
php_admin_flag name on|off
Used to set a boolean configuration directive. This can not be
used in .htaccess files. Any directive type set with
php_admin_flag can not be overridden by .htaccess or virtualhost
directives.
Example 5-2. Apache configuration example
<IfModule mod_php5.c>
php_value include_path ".:/usr/local/lib/php"
php_admin_flag safe_mode on
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_php4.c>
php_value include_path ".:/usr/local/lib/php"
php_admin_flag safe_mode on
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_php3.c>
php3_include_path ".:/usr/local/lib/php"
php3_safe_mode on
</IfModule>
Caution
PHP constants do not exist outside of PHP. For example, in httpd.conf
you can not use PHP constants such as E_ALL or E_NOTICE to set the
error_reporting directive as they will have no meaning and will
evaluate to 0. Use the associated bitmask values instead. These
constants can be used in php.ini
__________________________________________________________________
Changing PHP configuration via the Windows registry
When running PHP on Windows, the configuration values can be modified
on a per-directory basis using the Windows registry. The configuration
values are stored in the registry key HKLM\SOFTWARE\PHP\Per Directory
Values, in the sub-keys corresponding to the path names. For example,
configuration values for the directory c:\inetpub\wwwroot would be
stored in the key HKLM\SOFTWARE\PHP\Per Directory
Values\c\inetpub\wwwroot. The settings for the directory would be
active for any script running from this directory or any subdirectory
of it. The values under the key should have the name of the PHP
configuration directive and the string value. PHP constants in the
values are not parsed. However, only configuration values changeable in
PHP_INI_USER can be set this way, PHP_INI_PERDIR values can not.
__________________________________________________________________
Other interfaces to PHP
Regardless of how you run PHP, you can change certain values at runtime
of your scripts through ini_set(). See the documentation on the
ini_set() page for more information.
If you are interested in a complete list of configuration settings on
your system with their current values, you can execute the phpinfo()
function, and review the resulting page. You can also access the values
of individual configuration directives at runtime using ini_get() or
get_cfg_var().
__________________________________________________________________
Chapter 6. Installation FAQ
This section holds common questions about the way to install PHP. PHP
is available for almost any OS (except maybe for MacOS before OSX), and
almost any web server.
To install PHP, follow the instructions in Installing PHP.
1. Why shouldn't I use Apache2 with a threaded MPM in a production
environment?
2. Unix/Windows: Where should my php.ini file be located?
3. Unix: I installed PHP, but every time I load a document, I get the
message 'Document Contains No Data'! What's going on here?
4. Unix: I installed PHP using RPMS, but Apache isn't processing the
PHP pages! What's going on here?
5. Unix: I installed PHP 3 using RPMS, but it doesn't compile with the
database support I need! What's going on here?
6. Unix: I patched Apache with the FrontPage extensions patch, and
suddenly PHP stopped working. Is PHP incompatible with the
Apache FrontPage extensions?
7. Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I try to access a PHP
script file via my browser, I get a blank screen.
8. Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when try to access a PHP
script file via my browser, I get a server 500 error.
9. Some operating systems: I have installed PHP without errors, but
when I try to start apache I get undefined symbol errors:
[mybox:user /src/php4] root# apachectl configtest
apachectl: /usr/local/apache/bin/httpd Undefined symbols:
_compress
_uncompress
10. Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I to access a PHP script
file via my browser, I get the error:
cgi error:
The specified CGI application misbehaved by not
returning a complete set of HTTP headers.
The headers it did return are:
11. Windows: I've followed all the instructions, but still can't get
PHP and IIS to work together!
12. When running PHP as CGI with IIS, PWS, OmniHTTPD or Xitami, I get
the following error: Security Alert! PHP CGI cannot be accessed
directly..
13. How do I know if my php.ini is being found and read? It seems like
it isn't as my changes aren't being implemented.
14. How do I add my PHP directory to the PATH on Windows?
15. How do I make the php.ini file available to PHP on windows?
16. Is it possible to use Apache content negotiation (MultiViews
option) with PHP?
17. Is PHP limited to process GET and POST request methods only?
1. Why shouldn't I use Apache2 with a threaded MPM in a production
environment?
PHP is glue. It is the glue used to build cool web applications by
sticking dozens of 3rd-party libraries together and making it all
appear as one coherent entity through an intuitive and easy to learn
language interface. The flexibility and power of PHP relies on the
stability and robustness of the underlying platform. It needs a working
OS, a working web server and working 3rd-party libraries to glue
together. When any of these stop working PHP needs ways to identify the
problems and fix them quickly. When you make the underlying framework
more complex by not having completely separate execution threads,
completely separate memory segments and a strong sandbox for each
request to play in, feet of clay are introduced into PHP's system.
If you feel you have to use a threaded MPM, look at a FastCGI
configuration where PHP is running in its own memory space.
And finally, this warning against using a threaded MPM is not as strong
for Windows systems because most libraries on that platform tend to be
threadsafe.
2. Unix/Windows: Where should my php.ini file be located?
By default on Unix it should be in /usr/local/lib which is
<install-path>/lib. Most people will want to change this at
compile-time with the --with-config-file-path flag. You would, for
example, set it with something like:
--with-config-file-path=/etc
And then you would copy php.ini-dist from the distribution to
/etc/php.ini and edit it to make any local changes you want.
--with-config-file-scan-dir=PATH
On Windows the default path for the php.ini file is the Windows
directory. If you're using the Apache webserver, php.ini is first
searched in the Apaches install directory, e.g. c:\program files\apache
group\apache. This way you can have different php.ini files for
different versions of Apache on the same machine.
See also the chapter about the configuration file.
3. Unix: I installed PHP, but every time I load a document, I get the
message 'Document Contains No Data'! What's going on here?
This probably means that PHP is having some sort of problem and is
core-dumping. Look in your server error log to see if this is the case,
and then try to reproduce the problem with a small test case. If you
know how to use 'gdb', it is very helpful when you can provide a
backtrace with your bug report to help the developers pinpoint the
problem. If you are using PHP as an Apache module try something like:
* Stop your httpd processes
* gdb httpd
* Stop your httpd processes
* > run -X -f /path/to/httpd.conf
* Then fetch the URL causing the problem with your browser
* > run -X -f /path/to/httpd.conf
* If you are getting a core dump, gdb should inform you of this now
* type: bt
* You should include your backtrace in your bug report. This should
be submitted to http://bugs.php.net/
If your script uses the regular expression functions (ereg() and
friends), you should make sure that you compiled PHP and Apache with
the same regular expression package. This should happen automatically
with PHP and Apache 1.3.x
4. Unix: I installed PHP using RPMS, but Apache isn't processing the
PHP pages! What's going on here?
Assuming you installed both Apache and PHP from RPM packages, you need
to uncomment or add some or all of the following lines in your
httpd.conf file:
# Extra Modules
AddModule mod_php.c
AddModule mod_php3.c
AddModule mod_perl.c
# Extra Modules
LoadModule php_module modules/mod_php.so
LoadModule php3_module modules/libphp3.so # for PHP 3
LoadModule php4_module modules/libphp4.so # for PHP 4
LoadModule perl_module modules/libperl.so
And add:
AddType application/x-httpd-php3 .php3 # for PHP 3
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php # for PHP 4
... to the global properties, or to the properties of the VirtualDomain
you want to have PHP support added to.
5. Unix: I installed PHP 3 using RPMS, but it doesn't compile with the
database support I need! What's going on here?
Due to the way PHP 3 built, it is not easy to build a complete flexible
PHP RPM. This issue is addressed in PHP 4. For PHP 3, we currently
suggest you use the mechanism described in the INSTALL.REDHAT file in
the PHP distribution. If you insist on using an RPM version of PHP 3,
read on...
The RPM packagers are setting up the RPMS to install without database
support to simplify installations and because RPMS use /usr/ instead of
the standard /usr/local/ directory for files. You need to tell the RPM
spec file which databases to support and the location of the top-level
of your database server.
This example will explain the process of adding support for the popular
MySQL database server, using the mod installation for Apache.
Of course all of this information can be adjusted for any database
server that PHP supports. We will assume you installed MySQL and Apache
completely with RPMS for this example as well.
* First remove mod_php3 :
rpm -e mod_php3
* Then get the source rpm and INSTALL it, NOT --rebuild
rpm -Uvh mod_php3-3.0.5-2.src.rpm
* Then edit the /usr/src/redhat/SPECS/mod_php3.spec file
In the %build section add the database support you want, and the
path.
For MySQL you would add --with-mysql=/usr The %build section will
look something like this:
./configure --prefix=/usr \
--with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/lib \
--enable-debug=no \
--enable-safe-mode \
--with-exec-dir=/usr/bin \
--with-mysql=/usr \
--with-system-regex
* Once this modification is made then build the binary rpm as
follows:
rpm -bb /usr/src/redhat/SPECS/mod_php3.spec
* Then install the rpm
rpm -ivh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/i386/mod_php3-3.0.5-2.i386.rpm
Make sure you restart Apache, and you now have PHP 3 with MySQL support
using RPM's. Note that it is probably much easier to just build from
the distribution tarball of PHP 3 and follow the instructions in
INSTALL.REDHAT found in that distribution.
6. Unix: I patched Apache with the FrontPage extensions patch, and
suddenly PHP stopped working. Is PHP incompatible with the Apache
FrontPage extensions?
No, PHP works fine with the FrontPage extensions. The problem is that
the FrontPage patch modifies several Apache structures, that PHP relies
on. Recompiling PHP (using 'make clean ; make') after the FP patch is
applied would solve the problem.
7. Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I try to access a PHP
script file via my browser, I get a blank screen.
Do a 'view source' in the web browser and you will probably find that
you can see the source code of your PHP script. This means that the web
server did not send the script to PHP for interpretation. Something is
wrong with the server configuration - double check the server
configuration against the PHP installation instructions.
8. Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when try to access a PHP
script file via my browser, I get a server 500 error.
Something went wrong when the server tried to run PHP. To get to see a
sensible error message, from the command line, change to the directory
containing the PHP executable (php.exe on Windows) and run php -i. If
PHP has any problems running, then a suitable error message will be
displayed which will give you a clue as to what needs to be done next.
If you get a screen full of HTML codes (the output of the phpinfo()
function) then PHP is working, and your problem may be related to your
server configuration which you should double check.
9. Some operating systems: I have installed PHP without errors, but
when I try to start apache I get undefined symbol errors:
[mybox:user /src/php4] root# apachectl configtest
apachectl: /usr/local/apache/bin/httpd Undefined symbols:
_compress
_uncompress
This has actually nothing to do with PHP, but with the MySQL client
libraries. Some need --with-zlib, others do not. This is also covered
in the MySQL FAQ.
10. Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I to access a PHP script
file via my browser, I get the error:
cgi error:
The specified CGI application misbehaved by not
returning a complete set of HTTP headers.
The headers it did return are:
This error message means that PHP failed to output anything at all. To
get to see a sensible error message, from the command line, change to
the directory containing the PHP executable (php.exe on Windows) and
run php -i. If PHP has any problems running, then a suitable error
message will be displayed which will give you a clue as to what needs
to be done next. If you get a screen full of HTML codes (the output of
the phpinfo() function) then PHP is working.
Once PHP is working at the command line, try accessing the script via
the browser again. If it still fails then it could be one of the
following:
* File permissions on your PHP script, php.exe, php4ts.dll, php.ini
or any PHP extensions you are trying to load are such that the
anonymous internet user ISUR_<machinename> cannot access them.
* The script file does not exist (or possibly isn't where you think
it is relative to your web root directory). Note that for IIS you
can trap this error by ticking the 'check file exists' box when
setting up the script mappings in the Internet Services Manager. If
a script file does not exist then the server will return a 404
error instead. There is also the additional benefit that IIS will
do any authentication required for you based on the NTLanMan
permissions on your script file.
11. Windows: I've followed all the instructions, but still can't get
PHP and IIS to work together!
Make sure any user who needs to run a PHP script has the rights to run
php.exe! IIS uses an anonymous user which is added at the time IIS is
installed. This user needs rights to php.exe. Also, any authenticated
user will also need rights to execute php.exe. And for IIS4 you need to
tell it that PHP is a script engine. Also, you will want to read this
faq.
12. When running PHP as CGI with IIS, PWS, OmniHTTPD or Xitami, I get
the following error: Security Alert! PHP CGI cannot be accessed
directly..
You must set the cgi.force_redirect directive to 0. It defaults to 1 so
be sure the directive isn't commented out (with a ;). Like all
directives, this is set in php.ini
Because the default is 1, it's critical that you're 100% sure that the
correct php.ini file is being read. Read this faq for details.
13. How do I know if my php.ini is being found and read? It seems like
it isn't as my changes aren't being implemented.
To be sure your php.ini is being read by PHP, make a call to phpinfo()
and near the top will be a listing called Configuration File (php.ini).
This will tell you where PHP is looking for php.ini and whether or not
it's being read. If just a directory PATH exists than it's not being
read and you should put your php.ini in that directory. If php.ini is
included within the PATH than it is being read.
If php.ini is being read and you're running PHP as a module, then be
sure to restart your web server after making changes to php.ini
14. How do I add my PHP directory to the PATH on Windows?
On Windows NT, 2000, XP and 2003:
* Go to Control Panel and open the System icon (Start -> Settings ->
Control Panel -> System, or just Start -> Control Panel -> System
for Windows XP/2003)
* Go to the Advanced tab
* Click on the 'Environment Variables' button
* Look into the 'System Variables' pane
* Find the Path entry (you may need to scroll to find it)
* Double click on the Path entry
* Enter your PHP directory at the end, including ';' before (e.g.
;C:\php)
* Press OK and restart your computer
On Windows 98/Me you need to edit the autoexec.bat file:
* Open the Notepad (Start -> Run and enter notepad)
* Open the C:\autoexec.bat file
* Locate the line with PATH=C:\WINDOWS;C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND;..... and
add: ;C:\php to the end of the line
* Save the file and restart your computer
Note: Be sure to reboot after following the steps above to ensure
that the PATH changes are applied.
The PHP manual used to promote the copying of files into the Windows
system directory, this is because this directory (C:\Windows, C:\WINNT,
etc.) is by default in the systems PATH. Copying files into the Windows
system directory has long since been deprecated and may cause problems.
15. How do I make the php.ini file available to PHP on windows?
There are several ways of doing this. If you are using Apache, read
their installation specific instructions (Apache 1, Apache 2),
otherwise you must set the PHPRC environment variable:
On Windows NT, 2000, XP and 2003:
* Go to Control Panel and open the System icon (Start -> Settings ->
Control Panel -> System, or just Start -> Control Panel -> System
for Windows XP/2003)
* Go to the Advanced tab
* Click on the 'Environment Variables' button
* Look into the 'System variables' pane
* Click on 'New' and enter 'PHPRC' as the variable name and the
directory where php.ini is located as the variable value (e.g.
C:\php)
* Press OK and restart your computer
On Windows 98/Me you need to edit the autoexec.bat file:
* Open the Notepad (Start -> Run and enter notepad)
* Open the C:\autoexec.bat file
* Add a new line to the end of the file: set PHPRC=C:\php (replace
C:\php with the directory where php.ini is located). Please note
that the path cannot contain spaces. For instance, if you have
installed PHP in C:\Program Files\PHP, you would enter
C:\PROGRA~1\PHP instead.
* Save the file and restart your computer
16. Is it possible to use Apache content negotiation (MultiViews
option) with PHP?
If links to PHP files include extension, everything works perfect. This
FAQ is only for the case when links to PHP files don't include
extension and you want to use content negotiation to choose PHP files
from URL with no extension. In this case, replace the line AddType
application/x-httpd-php .php with:
# PHP 4
AddHandler php-script php
AddType text/html php
# PHP 5
AddHandler php5-script php
AddType text/html php
This solution doesn't work for Apache 1 as PHP module doesn't catch
php-script.
17. Is PHP limited to process GET and POST request methods only?
No, it is possible to handle any request method, e.g. CONNECT. Proper
response status can be sent with header(). If only GET and POST methods
should be handled, it can be achieved with this Apache configuration:
<LimitExcept GET POST>
Deny from all
</LimitExcept>
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.