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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120      __________________________________________________________________Installing PHP     __________________________________________________________________     * General Installation Considerations     * Installation on Unix systems          + Apache 1.3.x on Unix systems          + Apache 2.x on Unix systems          + Lighttpd 1.4 on Unix systems          + Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers on Sun Solaris          + CGI and command line setups          + HP-UX specific installation notes          + OpenBSD installation notes          + Solaris specific installation tips          + Debian GNU/Linux installation notes     * Installation on Mac OS X          + Using Packages          + Using the bundled PHP          + Compiling PHP on Mac OS X     * Installation of PECL extensions          + Introduction to PECL Installations          + Downloading PECL extensions          + Installing a PHP extension on Windows          + Compiling shared PECL extensions with the pecl command          + Compiling shared PECL extensions with phpize          + php-config          + Compiling PECL extensions statically into PHP     * Problems?          + Read the FAQ          + Other problems          + Bug reports     * Runtime Configuration          + The configuration file          + .user.ini files          + Where a configuration setting may be set          + How to change configuration settings     * Installation     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Preface   These installation instructions were generated from the HTML version of   the PHP Manual so formatting and linking have been altered. See the   online and updated version at: http://php.net/install.unix     __________________________________________________________________General Installation Considerations   Before starting the installation, first you need to know what do you   want to use PHP for. There are three main fields you can use PHP, as   described in the What can PHP do? section:     * Websites and web applications (server-side scripting)     * Command line scripting     * Desktop (GUI) applications   For the first and most common form, you need three things: PHP itself,   a web server and a web browser. You probably already have a web   browser, and depending on your operating system setup, you may also   have a web server (e.g. Apache on Linux and MacOS X; IIS on Windows).   You may also rent webspace at a company. This way, you don't need to   set up anything on your own, only write your PHP scripts, upload it to   the server you rent, and see the results in your browser.   In case of setting up the server and PHP on your own, you have two   choices for the method of connecting PHP to the server. For many   servers PHP has a direct module interface (also called SAPI). These   servers include Apache, Microsoft Internet Information Server, Netscape   and iPlanet servers. Many other servers have support for ISAPI, the   Microsoft module interface (OmniHTTPd for example). If PHP has no   module support for your web server, you can always use it as a CGI or   FastCGI processor. This means you set up your server to use the CGI   executable of PHP to process all PHP file requests on the server.   If you are also interested to use PHP for command line scripting (e.g.   write scripts autogenerating some images for you offline, or processing   text files depending on some arguments you pass to them), you always   need the command line executable. For more information, read the   section about writing command line PHP applications. In this case, you   need no server and no browser.   With PHP you can also write desktop GUI applications using the PHP-GTK   extension. This is a completely different approach than writing web   pages, as you do not output any HTML, but manage windows and objects   within them. For more information about PHP-GTK, please » visit the   site dedicated to this extension. PHP-GTK is not included in the   official PHP distribution.   From now on, this section deals with setting up PHP for web servers on   Unix and Windows with server module interfaces and CGI executables. You   will also find information on the command line executable in the   following sections.   PHP source code and binary distributions for Windows can be found at   » http://www.php.net/downloads.php. We recommend you to choose a   » mirror nearest to you for downloading the distributions.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Installation on Unix systemsTable of Contents     * Apache 1.3.x on Unix systems     * Apache 2.x on Unix systems     * Lighttpd 1.4 on Unix systems     * Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers on Sun Solaris     * CGI and command line setups     * HP-UX specific installation notes     * OpenBSD installation notes     * Solaris specific installation tips     * Debian GNU/Linux installation notes   This section will guide you through the general configuration and   installation of PHP on Unix systems. Be sure to investigate any   sections specific to your platform or web server before you begin the   process.   As our manual outlines in the General Installation Considerations   section, we are mainly dealing with web centric setups of PHP in this   section, although we will cover setting up PHP for command line usage   as well.   There are several ways to install PHP for the Unix platform, either   with a compile and configure process, or through various pre-packaged   methods. This documentation is mainly focused around the process of   compiling and configuring PHP. Many Unix like systems have some sort of   package installation system. This can assist in setting up a standard   configuration, but if you need to have a different set of features   (such as a secure server, or a different database driver), you may need   to build PHP and/or your web server. If you are unfamiliar with   building and compiling your own software, it is worth checking to see   whether somebody has already built a packaged version of PHP with the   features you need.   Prerequisite knowledge and software for compiling:     * Basic Unix skills (being able to operate "make" and a C compiler)     * An ANSI C compiler     * A web server     * Any module specific components (such as GD, PDF libs, etc.)   When building directly from Git sources or after custom modifications   you might also need:     * autoconf: 2.13+ (for PHP < 5.4.0), 2.59+ (for PHP >= 5.4.0)     * automake: 1.4+     * libtool: 1.4.x+ (except 1.4.2)     * re2c: Version 0.13.4 or newer     * flex: Version 2.5.4 (for PHP <= 5.2)     * bison: Version 1.28 (preferred), 1.35, or 1.75   The initial PHP setup and configuration process is controlled by the   use of the command line options of the configure script. You could get   a list of all available options along with short explanations running   ./configure --help. Our manual documents the different options   separately. You will find the core options in the appendix, while the   different extension specific options are descibed on the reference   pages.   When PHP is configured, you are ready to build the module and/or   executables. The command make should take care of this. If it fails and   you can't figure out why, see the Problems section.     __________________________________________________________________Apache 1.3.x on Unix systems   This section contains notes and hints specific to Apache installs of   PHP on Unix platforms. We also have instructions and notes for Apache 2   on a separate page.   You can select arguments to add to the configure on line 10 below from   the list of core configure options and from extension specific options   described at the respective places in the manual. The version numbers   have been omitted here, to ensure the instructions are not incorrect.   You will need to replace the 'xxx' here with the correct values from   your files.   Example #1 Installation Instructions (Apache Shared Module Version) for   PHP1. gunzip apache_xxx.tar.gz2. tar -xvf apache_xxx.tar3. gunzip php-xxx.tar.gz4. tar -xvf php-xxx.tar5. cd apache_xxx6. ./configure --prefix=/www --enable-module=so7. make8. make install9. cd ../php-xxx10. Now, configure your PHP. This is where you customize your PHP    with various options, like which extensions will be enabled. Do a    ./configure --help for a list of available options. In our example    we'll do a simple configure with Apache 1 and MySQL support. Your    path to apxs may differ from our example.      ./configure --with-mysql --with-apxs=/www/bin/apxs11. make12. make install    If you decide to change your configure options after installation,    you only need to repeat the last three steps. You only need to    restart apache for the new module to take effect. A recompile of    Apache is not needed.    Note that unless told otherwise, 'make install' will also install PEAR,    various PHP tools such as phpize, install the PHP CLI, and more.13. Setup your php.ini file:      cp php.ini-development /usr/local/lib/php.ini    You may edit your .ini file to set PHP options. If you prefer your    php.ini in another location, use --with-config-file-path=/some/path in    step 10.    If you instead choose php.ini-production, be certain to read the list    of changes within, as they affect how PHP behaves.14. Edit your httpd.conf to load the PHP module. The path on the right hand    side of the LoadModule statement must point to the path of the PHP    module on your system. The make install from above may have already    added this for you, but be sure to check.      LoadModule php5_module libexec/libphp5.so15. And in the AddModule section of httpd.conf, somewhere under the    ClearModuleList, add this:      AddModule mod_php5.c16. Tell Apache to parse certain extensions as PHP. For example,    let's have Apache parse the .php extension as PHP. You could    have any extension(s) parse as PHP by simply adding more, with    each separated by a space. We'll add .phtml to demonstrate.      AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml    It's also common to setup the .phps extension to show highlighted PHP    source, this can be done with:      AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps17. Use your normal procedure for starting the Apache server. (You must    stop and restart the server, not just cause the server to reload by    using a HUP or USR1 signal.)   Alternatively, to install PHP as a static object:   Example #2 Installation Instructions (Static Module Installation for   Apache) for PHP1. gunzip -c apache_1.3.x.tar.gz | tar xf -2. cd apache_1.3.x3. ./configure4. cd ..5. gunzip -c php-5.x.y.tar.gz | tar xf -6. cd php-5.x.y7. ./configure --with-mysql --with-apache=../apache_1.3.x8. make9. make install10. cd ../apache_1.3.x11. ./configure --prefix=/www --activate-module=src/modules/php5/libphp5.a    (The above line is correct! Yes, we know libphp5.a does not exist at this    stage. It isn't supposed to. It will be created.)12. make    (you should now have an httpd binary which you can copy to your Apache bin dir if    it is your first install then you need to "make install" as well)13. cd ../php-5.x.y14. cp php.ini-development /usr/local/lib/php.ini15. You can edit /usr/local/lib/php.ini file to set PHP options.    Edit your httpd.conf or srm.conf file and add:    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php   Depending on your Apache install and Unix variant, there are many   possible ways to stop and restart the server. Below are some typical   lines used in restarting the server, for different apache/unix   installations. You should replace /path/to/ with the path to these   applications on your systems.   Example #3 Example commands for restarting Apache1. Several Linux and SysV variants:/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd restart2. Using apachectl scripts:/path/to/apachectl stop/path/to/apachectl start3. httpdctl and httpsdctl (Using OpenSSL), similar to apachectl:/path/to/httpsdctl stop/path/to/httpsdctl start4. Using mod_ssl, or another SSL server, you may want to manuallystop and start:/path/to/apachectl stop/path/to/apachectl startssl   The locations of the apachectl and http(s)dctl binaries often vary. If   your system has locate or whereis or which commands, these can assist   you in finding your server control programs.   Different examples of compiling PHP for apache are as follows:./configure --with-apxs --with-pgsql   This will create a libphp5.so shared library that is loaded into Apache   using a LoadModule line in Apache's httpd.conf file. The PostgreSQL   support is embedded into this library../configure --with-apxs --with-pgsql=shared   This will create a libphp5.so shared library for Apache, but it will   also create a pgsql.so shared library that is loaded into PHP either by   using the extension directive in php.ini file or by loading it   explicitly in a script using the dl() function../configure --with-apache=/path/to/apache_source --with-pgsql   This will create a libmodphp5.a library, a mod_php5.c and some   accompanying files and copy this into the src/modules/php5 directory in   the Apache source tree. Then you compile Apache using   --activate-module=src/modules/php5/libphp5.a and the Apache build   system will create libphp5.a and link it statically into the httpd   binary. The PostgreSQL support is included directly into this httpd   binary, so the final result here is a single httpd binary that includes   all of Apache and all of PHP../configure --with-apache=/path/to/apache_source --with-pgsql=shared   Same as before, except instead of including PostgreSQL support directly   into the final httpd you will get a pgsql.so shared library that you   can load into PHP from either the php.ini file or directly using dl().   When choosing to build PHP in different ways, you should consider the   advantages and drawbacks of each method. Building as a shared object   will mean that you can compile apache separately, and don't have to   recompile everything as you add to, or change, PHP. Building PHP into   apache (static method) means that PHP will load and run faster. For   more information, see the Apache » web page on DSO support.     Note:     Apache's default httpd.conf currently ships with a section that     looks like this:User nobodyGroup "#-1"     Unless you change that to "Group nogroup" or something like that     ("Group daemon" is also very common) PHP will not be able to open     files.     Note:     Make sure you specify the installed version of apxs when using     --with-apxs=/path/to/apxs . You must NOT use the apxs version that     is in the apache sources but the one that is actually installed on     your system.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Apache 2.x on Unix systems   This section contains notes and hints specific to Apache 2.x installs   of PHP on Unix systems.   Warning   We do not recommend using a threaded MPM in production with Apache 2.   Use the prefork MPM, which is the default MPM with Apache 2.0 and 2.2.   For information on why, read the related FAQ entry on using Apache2   with a threaded MPM   The » Apache Documentation is the most authoritative source of   information on the Apache 2.x server. More information about   installation options for Apache may be found there.   The most recent version of Apache HTTP Server may be obtained from   » Apache download site, and a fitting PHP version from the above   mentioned places. This quick guide covers only the basics to get   started with Apache 2.x and PHP. For more information read the » Apache   Documentation. The version numbers have been omitted here, to ensure   the instructions are not incorrect. In the examples below, 'NN' should   be replaced with the specific version of Apache being used.   There are currently two versions of Apache 2.x - there's 2.0 and 2.2.   While there are various reasons for choosing each, 2.2 is the current   latest version, and the one that is recommended, if that option is   available to you. However, the instructions here will work for either   2.0 or 2.2.    1. Obtain the Apache HTTP server from the location listed above, and       unpack it:gzip -d httpd-2_x_NN.tar.gztar -xf httpd-2_x_NN.tar    2. Likewise, obtain and unpack the PHP source:gunzip php-NN.tar.gztar -xf php-NN.tar    3. Build and install Apache. Consult the Apache install documentation       for more details on building Apache.cd httpd-2_x_NN./configure --enable-somakemake install    4. Now you have Apache 2.x.NN available under /usr/local/apache2,       configured with loadable module support and the standard MPM       prefork. To test the installation use your normal procedure for       starting the Apache server, e.g.:/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start       and stop the server to go on with the configuration for PHP:/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl stop    5. Now, configure and build PHP. This is where you customize PHP with       various options, like which extensions will be enabled. Run       ./configure --help for a list of available options. In our example       we'll do a simple configure with Apache 2 and MySQL support.       If you built Apache from source, as described above, the below       example will match your path for apxs, but if you installed Apache       some other way, you'll need to adjust the path to apxs accordingly.       Note that some distros may rename apxs to apxs2.cd ../php-NN./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysqlmakemake install       If you decide to change your configure options after installation,       you'll need to re-run the configure, make, and make install steps.       You only need to restart apache for the new module to take effect.       A recompile of Apache is not needed.       Note that unless told otherwise, 'make install' will also install       PEAR, various PHP tools such as phpize, install the PHP CLI, and       more.    6. Setup your php.inicp php.ini-development /usr/local/lib/php.ini       You may edit your .ini file to set PHP options. If you prefer       having php.ini in another location, use       --with-config-file-path=/some/path in step 5.       If you instead choose php.ini-production, be certain to read the       list of changes within, as they affect how PHP behaves.    7. Edit your httpd.conf to load the PHP module. The path on the right       hand side of the LoadModule statement must point to the path of the       PHP module on your system. The make install from above may have       already added this for you, but be sure to check.LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so    8. Tell Apache to parse certain extensions as PHP. For example, let's       have Apache parse .php files as PHP. Instead of only using the       Apache AddType directive, we want to avoid potentially dangerous       uploads and created files such as exploit.php.jpg from being       executed as PHP. Using this example, you could have any       extension(s) parse as PHP by simply adding them. We'll add .php to       demonstrate.    SetHandler application/x-httpd-php       Or, if we wanted to allow .php, .php2, .php3, .php4, .php5, .php6,       and .phtml files to be executed as PHP, but nothing else, we'd use       this:    SetHandler application/x-httpd-php       And to allow .phps files to be handled by the php source filter,       and displayed as syntax-highlighted source code, use this:    SetHandler application/x-httpd-php-source       mod_rewrite may be used To allow any arbitrary .php file to be       displayed as syntax-highlighted source code, without having to       rename or copy it to a .phps file:RewriteEngine OnRewriteRule (.*\.php)s1 [H=application/x-httpd-php-source]       The php source filter should not be enabled on production systems,       where it may expose confidential or otherwise sensitive information       embedded in source code.    9. Use your normal procedure for starting the Apache server, e.g.:/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start       ORservice httpd restart   Following the steps above you will have a running Apache2 web server   with support for PHP as a SAPI module. Of course there are many more   configuration options available Apache and PHP. For more information   type ./configure --help in the corresponding source tree.   Apache may be built multithreaded by selecting the worker MPM, rather   than the standard prefork MPM, when Apache is built. This is done by   adding the following option to the argument passed to ./configure, in   step 3 above:   --with-mpm=worker   This should not be undertaken without being aware of the consequences   of this decision, and having at least a fair understanding of the   implications. The Apache documentation regarding » MPM-Modules   discusses MPMs in a great deal more detail.     Note:     The Apache MultiViews FAQ discusses using multiviews with PHP.     Note:     To build a multithreaded version of Apache, the target system must     support threads. In this case, PHP should also be built with     experimental Zend Thread Safety (ZTS). Under this configuration, not     all extensions will be available. The recommended setup is to build     Apache with the default prefork MPM-Module.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Lighttpd 1.4 on Unix systems   This section contains notes and hints specific to Lighttpd 1.4 installs   of PHP on Unix systems.   Please use the » Lighttpd trac to learn how to install Lighttpd   properly before continuing.   Fastcgi is the preferred SAPI to connect PHP and Lighttpd. Fastcgi is   automagically enabled in php-cgi in PHP 5.3, but for older versions   configure PHP with --enable-fastcgi. To confirm that PHP has fastcgi   enabled, php -v should contain PHP 5.2.5 (cgi-fcgi) Before PHP 5.2.3,   fastcgi was enabled on the php binary (there was no php-cgi).Letting Lighttpd spawn php processes   To configure Lighttpd to connect to php and spawn fastcgi processes,   edit lighttpd.conf. Sockets are preferred to connect to fastcgi   processes on the local system.   Example #1 Partial lighttpd.confserver.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )fastcgi.server = ( ".php" =>  ((    "socket" => "/tmp/php.socket",    "bin-path" => "/usr/local/bin/php-cgi",    "bin-environment" => (      "PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN" => "16",      "PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS" => "10000"    ),    "min-procs" => 1,    "max-procs" => 1,    "idle-timeout" => 20  )))   The bin-path directive allows lighttpd to spawn fastcgi processes   dynamically. PHP will spawn children according to the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN   environment variable. The "bin-environment" directive sets the   environment for the spawned processes. PHP will kill a child process   after the number of requests specified by PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS is   reached. The directives "min-procs" and "max-procs" should generally be   avoided with PHP. PHP manages its own children and opcode caches like   APC will only share among children managed by PHP. If "min-procs" is   set to something greater than 1, the total number of php responders   will be multiplied PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN (2 min-procs * 16 children gives   32 responders).Spawning with spawn-fcgi   Lighttpd provides a program called spawn-fcgi to ease the process of   spawning fastcgi processes easier.Spawning php-cgi   It is possible to spawn processes without spawn-fcgi, though a bit of   heavy-lifting is required. Setting the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment   var controls how many children PHP will spawn to handle incoming   requests. Setting PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS will determine how long (in   requests) each child will live. Here's a simple bash script to help   spawn php responders.   Example #2 Spawning FastCGI Responders#!/bin/sh# Location of the php-cgi binaryPHP=/usr/local/bin/php-cgi# PID File locationPHP_PID=/tmp/php.pid# Binding to an address#FCGI_BIND_ADDRESS=10.0.1.1:10000# Binding to a domain socketFCGI_BIND_ADDRESS=/tmp/php.sockPHP_FCGI_CHILDREN=16PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS=10000env -i PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN=$PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN \ PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS=$PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS \       $PHP -b$FCGI_BIND_ADDRESS &echo $! > "$PHP_PID"Connecting to remote FCGI instances   Fastcgi instances can be spawned on multiple remote machines in order   to scale applications.   Example #3 Connecting to remote php-fastcgi instancesfastcgi.server = ( ".php" =>   (( "host" => "10.0.0.2", "port" => 1030 ),    ( "host" => "10.0.0.3", "port" => 1030 )))     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Sun, iPlanet and Netscape servers on Sun Solaris   This section contains notes and hints specific to Sun Java System Web   Server, Sun ONE Web Server, iPlanet and Netscape server installs of PHP   on Sun Solaris.   From PHP 4.3.3 on you can use PHP scripts with the NSAPI module to   generate custom directory listings and error pages. Additional   functions for Apache compatibility are also available. For support in   current web servers read the note about subrequests.   You can find more information about setting up PHP for the Netscape   Enterprise Server (NES) here:   » http://benoit.noss.free.fr/php/install-php4.html   To build PHP with Sun JSWS/Sun ONE WS/iPlanet/Netscape web servers,   enter the proper install directory for the --with-nsapi=[DIR] option.   The default directory is usually /opt/netscape/suitespot/. Please also   read /php-xxx-version/sapi/nsapi/nsapi-readme.txt.    1. Install the following packages from » http://www.sunfreeware.com/       or another download site:          + autoconf-2.13          + automake-1.4          + bison-1_25-sol26-sparc-local          + flex-2_5_4a-sol26-sparc-local          + gcc-2_95_2-sol26-sparc-local          + gzip-1.2.4-sol26-sparc-local          + m4-1_4-sol26-sparc-local          + make-3_76_1-sol26-sparc-local          + mysql-3.23.24-beta (if you want mysql support)          + perl-5_005_03-sol26-sparc-local          + tar-1.13 (GNU tar)    2. Make sure your path includes the proper directories       PATH=.:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/ccs/bin and make it       available to your system export PATH.    3. gunzip php-x.x.x.tar.gz (if you have a .gz dist, otherwise go to       4).    4. tar xvf php-x.x.x.tar    5. Change to your extracted PHP directory: cd ../php-x.x.x    6. For the following step, make sure /opt/netscape/suitespot/ is where       your netscape server is installed. Otherwise, change to the correct       path and run:./configure --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \--with-nsapi=/opt/netscape/suitespot/ \--enable-libgcc    7. Run make followed by make install.   After performing the base install and reading the appropriate readme   file, you may need to perform some additional configuration steps.Configuration Instructions for Sun/iPlanet/Netscape   Firstly you may need to add some paths to the LD_LIBRARY_PATH   environment for the server to find all the shared libs. This can best   done in the start script for your web server. The start script is often   located in: /path/to/server/https-servername/start. You may also need   to edit the configuration files that are located in:   /path/to/server/https-servername/config/.    1. Add the following line to mime.types (you can do that by the       administration server):type=magnus-internal/x-httpd-php exts=php    2. Edit magnus.conf (for servers >= 6) or obj.conf (for servers < 6)       and add the following, shlib will vary depending on your system, it       will be something like /opt/netscape/suitespot/bin/libphp4.so. You       should place the following lines after mime types init.Init fn="load-modules" funcs="php4_init,php4_execute,php4_auth_trans" shlib="/opt/netscape/suitespot/bin/libphp4.so"Init fn="php4_init" LateInit="yes" errorString="Failed to initialize PHP!" [php_ini="/path/to/php.ini"]       (PHP >= 4.3.3) The php_ini parameter is optional but with it you       can place your php.ini in your web server config directory.    3. Configure the default object in obj.conf (for virtual server       classes [version 6.0+] in their vserver.obj.conf):       (PHP >= 4.3.3) As additional parameters you can add some special       php.ini-values, for example you can set a       docroot="/path/to/docroot" specific to the context php4_execute is       called. For boolean ini-keys please use 0/1 as value, not       "On","Off",... (this will not work correctly), e.g.       zlib.output_compression=1 instead of zlib.output_compression="On"    4. This is only needed if you want to configure a directory that only       consists of PHP scripts (same like a cgi-bin directory):       After that you can configure a directory in the Administration       server and assign it the style x-httpd-php. All files in it will       get executed as PHP. This is nice to hide PHP usage by renaming       files to .html.    5. Setup of authentication: PHP authentication cannot be used with any       other authentication. ALL AUTHENTICATION IS PASSED TO YOUR PHP       SCRIPT. To configure PHP Authentication for the entire server, add       the following line to your default object:    6. To use PHP Authentication on a single directory, add the following:     Note:     The stacksize that PHP uses depends on the configuration of the web     server. If you get crashes with very large PHP scripts, it is     recommended to raise it with the Admin Server (in the section     "MAGNUS EDITOR").CGI environment and recommended modifications in php.ini   Important when writing PHP scripts is the fact that Sun JSWS/Sun ONE   WS/iPlanet/Netscape is a multithreaded web server. Because of that all   requests are running in the same process space (the space of the web   server itself) and this space has only one environment. If you want to   get CGI variables like PATH_INFO, HTTP_HOST etc. it is not the correct   way to try this in the old PHP way with getenv() or a similar way   (register globals to environment, $_ENV). You would only get the environment of the running web server without any valid CGI variables! Note: Why are there (invalid) CGI variables in the environment? Answer: This is because you started the web server process from the admin server which runs the startup script of the web server, you wanted to start, as a CGI script (a CGI script inside of the admin server!). This is why the environment of the started web server has some CGI environment variables in it. You can test this by starting the web server not from the administration server. Use the command line as root user and start it manually - you will see there are no CGI-like environment variables. Simply change your scripts to get CGI variables in the correct way for PHP 4.x by using the superglobal$_SERVER. If you have older scripts   which use $HTTP_HOST, etc., you should turn on register_globals in php.ini and change the variable order too (important: remove "E" from it, because you do not need the environment here):variables_order = "GPCS"register_globals = OnSpecial use for error pages or self-made directory listings (PHP >= 4.3.3) You can use PHP to generate the error pages for "404 Not Found" or similar. Add the following line to the object in obj.conf for every error page you want to overwrite:Error fn="php4_execute" code=XXX script="/path/to/script.php" [inikey=value inikey=value...] where XXX is the HTTP error code. Please delete any other Error directives which could interfere with yours. If you want to place a page for all errors that could exist, leave the code parameter out. Your script can get the HTTP status code with$_SERVER['ERROR_TYPE'].   Another possibility is to generate self-made directory listings. Just   create a PHP script which displays a directory listing and replace the   corresponding default Service line for type="magnus-internal/directory"   in obj.conf with the following:Service fn="php4_execute" type="magnus-internal/directory" script="/path/to/script.php" [inikey=value inikey=value...]   For both error and directory listing pages the original URI and   translated URI are in the variables $_SERVER['PATH_INFO'] and$_SERVER['PATH_TRANSLATED'].Note about nsapi_virtual() and subrequests (PHP >= 4.3.3)   The NSAPI module now supports the nsapi_virtual() function (alias:   virtual()) to make subrequests on the web server and insert the result   in the web page. This function uses some undocumented features from the   NSAPI library. On Unix the module automatically looks for the needed   functions and uses them if available. If not, nsapi_virtual() is   disabled.     Note:     But be warned: Support for nsapi_virtual() is EXPERIMENTAL!!!     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________CGI and command line setups   By default, PHP is built as both a CLI and CGI program, which can be   used for CGI processing. If you are running a web server that PHP has   module support for, you should generally go for that solution for   performance reasons. However, the CGI version enables users to run   different PHP-enabled pages under different user-ids.   Warning   A server deployed in CGI mode is open to several possible   vulnerabilities. Please read our CGI security section to learn how to   defend yourself from such attacks.Testing   If you have built PHP as a CGI program, you may test your build by   typing make test. It is always a good idea to test your build. This way   you may catch a problem with PHP on your platform early instead of   having to struggle with it later.Using Variables   Some server supplied environment variables are not defined in the   current » CGI/1.1 specification. Only the following variables are   defined there: AUTH_TYPE, CONTENT_LENGTH, CONTENT_TYPE,   GATEWAY_INTERFACE, PATH_INFO, PATH_TRANSLATED, QUERY_STRING,   REMOTE_ADDR, REMOTE_HOST, REMOTE_IDENT, REMOTE_USER, REQUEST_METHOD,   SCRIPT_NAME, SERVER_NAME, SERVER_PORT, SERVER_PROTOCOL, and   SERVER_SOFTWARE. Everything else should be treated as 'vendor   extensions'.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________HP-UX specific installation notes   This section contains notes and hints specific to installing PHP on   HP-UX systems.   There are two main options for installing PHP on HP-UX systems. Either   compile it, or install a pre-compiled binary.   Official pre-compiled packages are located here:   » http://software.hp.com/   Until this manual section is rewritten, the documentation about   compiling PHP (and related extensions) on HP-UX systems has been   removed. For now, consider reading the following external resource:   » Building Apache and PHP on HP-UX 11.11     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________OpenBSD installation notes   This section contains notes and hints specific to installing PHP on   » OpenBSD 3.6.Using Binary Packages   Using binary packages to install PHP on OpenBSD is the recommended and   simplest method. The core package has been separated from the various   modules, and each can be installed and removed independently from the   others. The files you need can be found on your OpenBSD CD or on the   FTP site.   The main package you need to install is php4-core-4.3.8.tgz, which   contains the basic engine (plus gettext and iconv). Next, take a look   at the module packages, such as php4-mysql-4.3.8.tgz or   php4-imap-4.3.8.tgz. You need to use the phpxs command to activate and   deactivate these modules in your php.ini.   Example #1 OpenBSD Package Install Example# pkg_add php4-core-4.3.8.tgz# /usr/local/sbin/phpxs -s# cp /usr/local/share/doc/php4/php.ini-recommended /var/www/conf/php.ini  (add in mysql)# pkg_add php4-mysql-4.3.8.tgz# /usr/local/sbin/phpxs -a mysql  (add in imap)# pkg_add php4-imap-4.3.8.tgz# /usr/local/sbin/phpxs -a imap  (remove mysql as a test)# pkg_delete php4-mysql-4.3.8# /usr/local/sbin/phpxs -r mysql  (install the PEAR libraries)# pkg_add php4-pear-4.3.8.tgz   Read the » packages(7) manual page for more information about binary   packages on OpenBSD.Using Ports   You can also compile up PHP from source using the » ports tree.   However, this is only recommended for users familiar with OpenBSD. The   PHP 4 port is split into two sub-directories: core and extensions. The   extensions directory generates sub-packages for all of the supported   PHP modules. If you find you do not want to create some of these   modules, use the no_* FLAVOR. For example, to skip building the imap   module, set the FLAVOR to no_imap.Common Problems     * The default install of Apache runs inside a » chroot(2) jail, which       will restrict PHP scripts to accessing files under /var/www. You       will therefore need to create a /var/www/tmp directory for PHP       session files to be stored, or use an alternative session backend.       In addition, database sockets need to be placed inside the jail or       listen on the localhost interface. If you use network functions,       some files from /etc such as /etc/resolv.conf and /etc/services       will need to be moved into /var/www/etc. The OpenBSD PEAR package       automatically installs into the correct chroot directories, so no       special modification is needed there. More information on the       OpenBSD Apache is available in the » OpenBSD FAQ.     * The OpenBSD 3.6 package for the » gd extension requires XFree86 to       be installed. If you do not wish to use some of the font features       that require X11, install the php4-gd-4.3.8-no_x11.tgz package       instead.Older Releases   Older releases of OpenBSD used the FLAVORS system to compile up a   statically linked PHP. Since it is hard to generate binary packages   using this method, it is now deprecated. You can still use the old   stable ports trees if you wish, but they are unsupported by the OpenBSD   team. If you have any comments about this, the current maintainer for   the port is Anil Madhavapeddy (avsm at openbsd dot org).     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Solaris specific installation tips   This section contains notes and hints specific to installing PHP on   Solaris systems.Required software   Solaris installs often lack C compilers and their related tools. Read   this FAQ for information on why using GNU versions for some of these   tools is necessary.   For unpacking the PHP distribution you need     * tar     * gzip or     * bzip2   For compiling PHP you need     * gcc (recommended, other C compilers may work)     * make     * GNU sed   For building extra extensions or hacking the code of PHP you might also   need     * flex (up to PHP 5.2)     * re2c     * bison     * m4     * autoconf     * automake   In addition, you will need to install (and possibly compile) any   additional software specific to your configuration, such as Oracle or   MySQL.Using Packages   You can simplify the Solaris install process by using pkgadd to install   most of your needed components. The Image Packaging System (IPS) for   Solaris 11 Express also contains most of the required components for   installation using the pkg command.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Debian GNU/Linux installation notes   This section contains notes and hints specific to installing PHP on   » Debian GNU/Linux.   Warning   Unofficial builds from third-parties are not supported here. Any bugs   should be reported to the Debian team unless they can be reproduced   using the latest builds from our » download area.   While the instructions for building PHP on Unix apply to Debian as   well, this manual page contains specific information for other options,   such as using either the apt-get or aptitude commands. This manual page   uses these two commands interchangeably.Using APT   First, note that other related packages may be desired like   libapache2-mod-php5 to integrate with Apache 2, and php-pear for PEAR.   Second, before installing a package, it's wise to ensure the package   list is up to date. Typically, this is done by running the command   apt-get update.   Example #1 Debian Install Example with Apache 2# apt-get install php5-common libapache2-mod-php5 php5-cli   APT will automatically install the PHP 5 module for Apache 2 and all of   its dependencies, and then activate it. Apache should be restarted in   order for the changes take place. For example:   Example #2 Stopping and starting Apache once PHP is installed# /etc/init.d/apache2 stop# /etc/init.d/apache2 startBetter control of configuration   In the last section, PHP was installed with only core modules. It's   very likely that additional modules will be desired, such as MySQL,   cURL, GD, etc. These may also be installed via the apt-get command.   Example #3 Methods for listing additional PHP 5 packages# apt-cache search php5# aptitude search php5# aptitude search php5 |grep -i mysql   The examples will show a lot of packages including several PHP specific   ones like php5-cgi, php5-cli and php5-dev. Determine which are needed   and install them like any other with either apt-get or aptitude. And   because Debian performs dependency checks, it'll prompt for those so   for example to install MySQL and cURL:   Example #4 Install PHP with MySQL, cURL# apt-get install php5-mysql php5-curl   APT will automatically add the appropriate lines to the different   php.ini related files like /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini,   /etc/php5/conf.d/pdo.ini, etc. and depending on the extension will add   entries similar to extension=foo.so. However, restarting the web server   (like Apache) is required before these changes take affect.Common Problems     * If the PHP scripts are not parsing via the web server, then it's       likely that PHP was not added to the web server's configuration       file, which on Debian may be /etc/apache2/apache2.conf or similar.       See the Debian manual for further details.     * If an extension was seemingly installed yet the functions are       undefined, be sure that the appropriate ini file is being loaded       and/or the web server was restarted after installation.     * There are two basic commands for installing packages on Debian (and       other linux variants): apt-get and aptitude. However, explaining       the subtle differences between these commands goes beyond the scope       of this manual.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Installation on Mac OS XTable of Contents     * Using Packages     * Using the bundled PHP     * Compiling PHP on Mac OS X   This section contains notes and hints specific to installing PHP on Mac   OS X. PHP is bundled with Macs, and compiling is similar to the Unix   installation guide.     __________________________________________________________________Using Packages   There are a few pre-packaged and pre-compiled versions of PHP for Mac   OS X. This can help in setting up a standard configuration, but if you   need to have a different set of features (such as a secure server, or a   different database driver), you may need to build PHP and/or your web   server yourself. If you are unfamiliar with building and compiling your   own software, it's worth checking whether somebody has already built a   packaged version of PHP with the features you need.   The following resources offer easy to install packages and precompiled   binaries for PHP on Mac OS:     * MacPorts: » http://www.macports.org/     * Entropy: » http://www.entropy.ch/software/macosx/php/     * Fink: » http://www.finkproject.org/     * Homebrew: » http://github.com/mxcl/homebrew     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Using the bundled PHP   PHP has come standard with Macs since OS X version 10.0.0. Enabling PHP   with the default web server requires uncommenting a few lines in the   Apache configuration file httpd.conf whereas the CGI and/or CLI are   enabled by default (easily accessible via the Terminal program).   Enabling PHP using the instructions below is meant for quickly setting   up a local development environment. It's highly recommended to always   upgrade PHP to the newest version. Like most live software, newer   versions are created to fix bugs and add features and PHP being is no   different. See the appropriate MAC OS X installation documentation for   further details. The following instructions are geared towards a   beginner with details provided for getting a default setup to work. All   users are encouraged to compile, or install a new packaged version.   The standard installation type is using mod_php, and enabling the   bundled mod_php on Mac OS X for the Apache web server (the default web   server, that is accessible via System Preferences) involves the   following steps:    1. Locate and open the Apache configuration file. By default, the       location is as follows: /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf Using       Finder or Spotlight to find this file may prove difficult as by       default it's private and owned by the root user.     Note: One way to open this is by using a Unix based text editor in     the Terminal, for example nano, and because the file is owned by     root we'll use the sudo command to open it (as root) so for example     type the following into the Terminal Application (after, it will     prompt for a password): sudo nano /private/etc/apache2/httpd.conf     Noteworthy nano commands: ^w (search), ^o (save), and ^x (exit)     where ^ represents the Ctrl key.     Note: Versions of Mac OS X prior to 10.5 were bundled with older     versions of PHP and Apache. As such, the Apache configuration file     on legacy machines may be /etc/httpd/httpd.conf.    2. With a text editor, uncomment the lines (by removing the #) that       look similar to the following (these two lines are often not       together, locate them both in the file):# LoadModule php5_module libexec/httpd/libphp5.so# AddModule mod_php5.c       Notice the location/path. When building PHP in the future, the       above files should be replaced or commented out.    3. Be sure the desired extensions will parse as PHP (examples: .php       .html and .inc)       Due to the following statement already existing in httpd.conf (as       of Mac Panther), once PHP is enabled the .php files will       automatically parse as PHP.    # If php is turned on, we respect .php and .phps files.    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php    AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps    # Since most users will want index.php to work we    # also automatically enable index.php            DirectoryIndex index.html index.php         Note:     Before OS X 10.5 (Leopard), PHP 4 was bundled instead of PHP 5 in     which case the above instructions will differ slightly by changing     5's to 4's.    4. Be sure the DirectoryIndex loads the desired default index file       This is also set in httpd.conf. Typically index.php and index.html       are used. By default index.php is enabled because it's also in the       PHP check shown above. Adjust accordingly.    5. Set the php.ini location or use the default A typical default       location on Mac OS X is /usr/local/php/php.ini and a call to       phpinfo() will reveal this information. If a php.ini is not used,       PHP will use all default values. See also the related FAQ on       finding php.ini.    6. Locate or set the DocumentRoot This is the root directory for all       the web files. Files in this directory are served from the web       server so the PHP files will parse as PHP before outputting them to       the browser. A typical default path is /Library/WebServer/Documents       but this can be set to anything in httpd.conf. Alternatively, the       default DocumentRoot for individual users is       /Users/yourusername/Sites    7. Create a phpinfo() file       The phpinfo() function will display information about PHP. Consider       creating a file in the DocumentRoot with the following PHP code:           8. Restart Apache, and load the PHP file created above To restart,       either execute sudo apachectl graceful in the shell or stop/start       the "Personal Web Server" option in the OS X System Preferences. By       default, loading local files in the browser will have an URL like       so: http://localhost/info.php Or using the DocumentRoot in the user       directory is another option and would end up looking like:       http://localhost/~yourusername/info.php   The CLI (or CGI in older versions) is appropriately named php and   likely exists as /usr/bin/php. Open up the terminal, read the command   line section of the PHP manual, and execute php -v to check the PHP   version of this PHP binary. A call to phpinfo() will also reveal this   information.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Compiling PHP on Mac OS X   Use the Unix installation guide to compile PHP on Mac OS X.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Installation of PECL extensionsTable of Contents     * Introduction to PECL Installations     * Downloading PECL extensions     * Installing a PHP extension on Windows     * Compiling shared PECL extensions with the pecl command     * Compiling shared PECL extensions with phpize     * php-config     * Compiling PECL extensions statically into PHP     __________________________________________________________________Introduction to PECL Installations   » PECL is a repository of PHP extensions that are made available to you   via the » PEAR packaging system. This section of the manual is intended   to demonstrate how to obtain and install PECL extensions.   These instructions assume /your/phpsrcdir/ is the path to the PHP   source distribution, and that extname is the name of the PECL   extension. Adjust accordingly. These instructions also assume a   familiarity with the » pear command. The information in the PEAR manual   for the pear command also applies to the pecl command.   To be useful, a shared extension must be built, installed, and loaded.   The methods described below provide you with various instructions on   how to build and install the extensions, but they do not automatically   load them. Extensions can be loaded by adding an extension directive.   To this php.ini file, or through the use of the dl() function.   When building PHP modules, it's important to have known-good versions   of the required tools (autoconf, automake, libtool, etc.) See the   » Anonymous Git Instructions for details on the required tools, and   required versions.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Downloading PECL extensions   There are several options for downloading PECL extensions, such as:     * The pecl install extname command downloads the extensions code       automatically, so in this case there is no need for a separate       download.     * » http://pecl.php.net/ The PECL web site contains information about       the different extensions that are offered by the PHP Development       Team. The information available here includes: ChangeLog, release       notes, requirements and other similar details.     * pecl download extname PECL extensions that have releases listed on       the PECL web site are available for download and installation using       the » pecl command. Specific revisions may also be specified.     * SVN Most PECL extensions also reside in SVN. A web-based view may       be seen at » http://svn.php.net/viewvc/pecl/. To download straight       from SVN, the following sequence of commands may be used:       $svn checkout http://svn.php.net/repository/pecl/extname/trunk extname * Windows downloads At this time the PHP project does not compile Windows binaries for PECL extensions. However, to compile PHP under Windows see the chapter titled building PHP for Windows. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________Installing a PHP extension on Windows On Windows, you have two ways to load a PHP extension: either compile it into PHP, or load the DLL. Loading a pre-compiled extension is the easiest and preferred way. To load an extension, you need to have it available as a ".dll" file on your system. All the extensions are automatically and periodically compiled by the PHP Group (see next section for the download). To compile an extension into PHP, please refer to building from source documentation. To compile a standalone extension (aka a DLL file), please refer to building from source documentation. If the DLL file is available neither with your PHP distribution nor in PECL, you may have to compile it before you can start using the extension.Where to find an extension? PHP extensions are usually called "php_*.dll" (where the star represents the name of the extension) and they are located under the "PHP\ext" ("PHP\extensions" in PHP 4) folder. PHP ships with the extensions most useful to the majority of developers. They are called "core" extensions. However, if you need functionality not provided by any core extension, you may still be able to find one in PECL. The PHP Extension Community Library (PECL) is a repository for PHP Extensions, providing a directory of all known extensions and hosting facilities for downloading and development of PHP extensions. If you have developed an extension for your own uses, you might want to think about hosting it on PECL so that others with the same needs can benefit from your time. A nice side effect is that you give them a good chance to give you feedback, (hopefully) thanks, bug reports and even fixes/patches. Before you submit your extension for hosting on PECL, please read http://pecl.php.net/package-new.php.Which extension to download? Many times, you will find several versions of each DLL: * Different version numbers (at least the first two numbers should match) * Different thread safety settings * Different processor architecture (x86, x64, ...) * Different debugging settings * etc. You should keep in mind that your extension settings should match all the settings of the PHP executable you are using. The following PHP script will tell you all about your PHP settings: Example #1 phpinfo() call Or from the command line, run:drive:\\path\to\php\executable\php.exe -iLoading an extension The most common way to load a PHP extension is to include it in your php.ini configuration file. Please note that many extensions are already present in your php.ini and that you only need to remove the semicolon to activate them.;extension=php_extname.dllextension=php_extname.dll However, some web servers are confusing because they do not use the php.ini located alongside your PHP executable. To find out where your actual php.ini resides, look for its path in phpinfo():Configuration File (php.ini) Path C:\WINDOWSLoaded Configuration File C:\Program Files\PHP\5.2\php.ini After activating an extension, save php.ini, restart the web server and check phpinfo() again. The new extension should now have its own section.Resolving problems If the extension does not appear in phpinfo(), you should check your logs to learn where the problem comes from. If you are using PHP from the command line (CLI), the extension loading error can be read directly on screen. If you are using PHP with a web server, the location and format of the logs vary depending on your software. Please read your web server documentation to locate the logs, as it does not have anything to do with PHP itself. Common problems are the location of the DLL, the value of the " extension_dir" setting inside php.ini and compile-time setting mismatches. If the problem lies in a compile-time setting mismatch, you probably didn't download the right DLL. Try downloading again the extension with the right settings. Again, phpinfo() can be of great help. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________Compiling shared PECL extensions with the pecl command PECL makes it easy to create shared PHP extensions. Using the » pecl command, do the following:$ pecl install extname   This will download the source for extname, compile, and install   extname.so into your extension_dir. extname.so may then be loaded via   php.ini   By default, the pecl command will not install packages that are marked   with the alpha or beta state. If no stable packages are available, you   may install a beta package using the following command:   $pecl install extname-beta You may also install a specific version using this variant:$ pecl install extname-0.1     Note:     After enabling the extension in php.ini, restarting the web service     is required for the changes to be picked up.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Compiling shared PECL extensions with phpize   Sometimes, using the pecl installer is not an option. This could be   because you're behind a firewall, or it could be because the extension   you want to install is not available as a PECL compatible package, such   as unreleased extensions from SVN. If you need to build such an   extension, you can use the lower-level build tools to perform the build   manually.   The phpize command is used to prepare the build environment for a PHP   extension. In the following sample, the sources for an extension are in   a directory named extname:$cd extname$ phpize$./configure$ make# make install   A successful install will have created extname.so and put it into the   PHP extensions directory. You'll need to and adjust php.ini and add an   extension=extname.so line before you can use the extension.   If the system is missing the phpize command, and precompiled packages   (like RPM's) are used, be sure to also install the appropriate devel   version of the PHP package as they often include the phpize command   along with the appropriate header files to build PHP and its   extensions.   Execute phpize --help to display additional usage information.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________php-config   php-config is a simple shell script for obtaining information about the   installed PHP configuration.   When compiling extensions, if you have multiple PHP versions installed,   you may specify for which installation you'd like to build by using the   --with-php-config option during configuration, specifying the path of   the respective php-config script.   The list of command line options provided by the php-config script can   be queried anytime by running php-config with the -h switch:Usage: /usr/local/bin/php-config [OPTION]Options:  --prefix [...]  --includes [...]  --ldflags [...]  --libs [...]  --extension-dir [...]  --include-dir [...]  --php-binary [...]  --php-sapis [...]  --configure-options [...]  --version [...]  --vernum [...]   CAPTION: Command line options   Option Description   --prefix Directory prefix where PHP is installed, e.g. /usr/local   --includes List of -I options with all include files   --ldflags LD Flags which PHP was compiled with   --libs Extra libraries which PHP was compiled with   --extension-dir Directory where extensions are searched by default   --include-dir Directory prefix where header files are installed by   default   --php-binary Full path to php CLI or CGI binary   --php-sapis Show all SAPI modules available   --configure-options Configure options to recreate configuration of   current PHP installation   --version PHP version   --vernum PHP version as integer     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Compiling PECL extensions statically into PHP   You might find that you need to build a PECL extension statically into   your PHP binary. To do this, you'll need to place the extension source   under the php-src/ext/ directory and tell the PHP build system to   regenerate its configure script.$cd /your/phpsrcdir/ext$ pecl download extname$gzip -d < extname.tgz | tar -xvf -$ mv extname-x.x.x extname   This will result in the following directory:   /your/phpsrcdir/ext/extname   From here, force PHP to rebuild the configure script, and then build   PHP as normal:   $cd /your/phpsrcdir$ rm configure   $./buildconf --force$ ./configure --help   $./configure --with-extname --enable-someotherext --with-foobar$ make   $make install Note: To run the 'buildconf' script you need autoconf 2.13 and automake 1.4+ (newer versions of autoconf may work, but are not supported). Whether --enable-extname or --with-extname is used depends on the extension. Typically an extension that does not require external libraries uses --enable. To be sure, run the following after buildconf:$ ./configure --help | grep extname     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Problems?Table of Contents     * Read the FAQ     * Other problems     * Bug reports     __________________________________________________________________Read the FAQ   Some problems are more common than others. The most common ones are   listed in the PHP FAQ, part of this manual.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Other problems   If you are still stuck, someone on the PHP installation mailing list   may be able to help you. You should check out the archive first, in   case someone already answered someone else who had the same problem as   you. The archives are available from the support page on   » http://www.php.net/support.php. To subscribe to the PHP installation   mailing list, send an empty mail to   » php-install-subscribe@lists.php.net. The mailing list address is   » php-install@lists.php.net.   If you want to get help on the mailing list, please try to be precise   and give the necessary details about your environment (which operating   system, what PHP version, what web server, if you are running PHP as   CGI or a server module, safe mode, etc.), and preferably enough code to   make others able to reproduce and test your problem.     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Bug reports   If you think you have found a bug in PHP, please report it. The PHP   developers probably don't know about it, and unless you report it,   chances are it won't be fixed. You can report bugs using the   bug-tracking system at » http://bugs.php.net/. Please do not send bug   reports in mailing list or personal letters. The bug system is also   suitable to submit feature requests.   Read the » How to report a bug document before submitting any bug   reports!     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Runtime ConfigurationTable of Contents     * The configuration file     * .user.ini files     * Where a configuration setting may be set     * How to change configuration settings     __________________________________________________________________The configuration file   The configuration file (php.ini) is read when PHP starts up. For the   server module versions of PHP, this happens only once when the web   server is started. For the CGI and CLI versions, it happens on every   invocation.   php.ini is searched for in these locations (in order):     * SAPI module specific location (PHPIniDir directive in Apache 2, -c       command line option in CGI and CLI, php_ini parameter in NSAPI,       PHP_INI_PATH environment variable in THTTPD)     * The PHPRC environment variable. Before PHP 5.2.0, this was checked       after the registry key mentioned below.     * As of PHP 5.2.0, the location of the php.ini file can be set for       different versions of PHP. The following registry keys are examined       in order: [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP\x.y.z],       [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP\x.y] and       [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP\x], where x, y and z mean the PHP       major, minor and release versions. If there is a value for       IniFilePath in any of these keys, the first one found will be used       as the location of the php.ini (Windows only).     * [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\PHP], value of IniFilePath (Windows       only).     * Current working directory (except CLI).     * The web server's directory (for SAPI modules), or directory of PHP       (otherwise in Windows).     * Windows directory (C:\windows or C:\winnt) (for Windows), or       --with-config-file-path compile time option.   If php-SAPI.ini exists (where SAPI is the SAPI in use, so, for example,   php-cli.ini or php-apache.ini), it is used instead of php.ini. The SAPI   name can be determined with php_sapi_name().     Note:     The Apache web server changes the directory to root at startup,     causing PHP to attempt to read php.ini from the root filesystem if     it exists.   The php.ini directives handled by extensions are documented on the   respective pages of the extensions themselves. A list of the core   directives is available in the appendix. Not all PHP directives are   necessarily documented in this manual: for a complete list of   directives available in your PHP version, please read your well   commented php.ini file. Alternatively, you may find » the latest   php.ini from Git helpful too.   Example #1 php.ini example; any text on a line after an unquoted semicolon (;) is ignored[php] ; section markers (text within square brackets) are also ignored; Boolean values can be set to either:; true, on, yes; or false, off, no, noneregister_globals = offtrack_errors = yes; you can enclose strings in double-quotesinclude_path = ".:/usr/local/lib/php"; backslashes are treated the same as any other characterinclude_path = ".;c:\php\lib"   Since PHP 5.1.0, it is possible to refer to existing .ini variables   from within .ini files. Example: open_basedir = ${open_basedir} ":/new/dir". __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________.user.ini files Since PHP 5.3.0, PHP includes support for .htaccess-style INI files on a per-directory basis. These files are processed only by the CGI/FastCGI SAPI. This functionality obsoletes the PECL htscanner extension. If you are using Apache, use .htaccess files for the same effect. In addition to the main php.ini file, PHP scans for INI files in each directory, starting with the directory of the requested PHP file, and working its way up to the current document root (as set in$_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT']). In case the PHP file is outside the   document root, only its directory is scanned.   Only INI settings with the modes PHP_INI_PERDIR and PHP_INI_USER will   be recognized in .user.ini-style INI files.   Two new INI directives, user_ini.filename and user_ini.cache_ttl   control the use of user INI files.   user_ini.filename sets the name of the file PHP looks for in each   directory; if set to an empty string, PHP doesn't scan at all. The   default is .user.ini.   user_ini.cache_ttl controls how often user INI files are re-read. The   default is 300 seconds (5 minutes).     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Where a configuration setting may be set   These modes determine when and where a PHP directive may or may not be   set, and each directive within the manual refers to one of these modes.   For example, some settings may be set within a PHP script using   ini_set(), whereas others may require php.ini or httpd.conf.   For example, the output_buffering setting is PHP_INI_PERDIR therefore   it may not be set using ini_set(). However, the display_errors   directive is PHP_INI_ALL therefore it may be set anywhere, including   with ini_set().   CAPTION: Definition of PHP_INI_* modes   Mode Meaning   PHP_INI_USER Entry can be set in user scripts (like with ini_set()) or   in the Windows registry. Since PHP 5.3, entry can be set in .user.ini   PHP_INI_PERDIR Entry can be set in php.ini, .htaccess, httpd.conf or   .user.ini (since PHP 5.3)   PHP_INI_SYSTEM Entry can be set in php.ini or httpd.conf   PHP_INI_ALL Entry can be set anywhere     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________How to change configuration settingsRunning PHP as an Apache module   When using PHP as an Apache module, you can also change the   configuration settings using directives in Apache configuration files   (e.g. httpd.conf) and .htaccess files. You will need "AllowOverride   Options" or "AllowOverride All" privileges to do so.   There are several Apache directives that allow you to change the PHP   configuration from within the Apache configuration files. For a listing   of which directives are PHP_INI_ALL, PHP_INI_PERDIR, or PHP_INI_SYSTEM,   have a look at the List of php.ini directives appendix.   php_value name value          Sets the value of the specified directive. Can be used only with          PHP_INI_ALL and PHP_INI_PERDIR type directives. To clear a          previously set value use none as the value.     Note: Don't use php_value to set boolean values. php_flag (see     below) should be used instead.   php_flag name on|off          Used to set a boolean configuration directive. Can be used only          with PHP_INI_ALL and PHP_INI_PERDIR type directives.   php_admin_value name value          Sets the value of the specified directive. This can not be used          in .htaccess files. Any directive type set with php_admin_value          can not be overridden by .htaccess or ini_set(). To clear a          previously set value use none as the value.   php_admin_flag name on|off          Used to set a boolean configuration directive. This can not be          used in .htaccess files. Any directive type set with          php_admin_flag can not be overridden by .htaccess or ini_set().   Example #1 Apache configuration example  php_value include_path ".:/usr/local/lib/php"  php_admin_flag engine on  php_value include_path ".:/usr/local/lib/php"  php_admin_flag engine on   Caution   PHP constants do not exist outside of PHP. For example, in httpd.conf   you can not use PHP constants such as E_ALL or E_NOTICE to set the   error_reporting directive as they will have no meaning and will   evaluate to 0. Use the associated bitmask values instead. These   constants can be used in php.iniChanging PHP configuration via the Windows registry   When running PHP on Windows, the configuration values can be modified   on a per-directory basis using the Windows registry. The configuration   values are stored in the registry key HKLM\SOFTWARE\PHP\Per Directory   Values, in the sub-keys corresponding to the path names. For example,   configuration values for the directory c:\inetpub\wwwroot would be   stored in the key HKLM\SOFTWARE\PHP\Per Directory   Values\c\inetpub\wwwroot. The settings for the directory would be   active for any script running from this directory or any subdirectory   of it. The values under the key should have the name of the PHP   configuration directive and the string value. PHP constants in the   values are not parsed. However, only configuration values changeable in   PHP_INI_USER can be set this way, PHP_INI_PERDIR values can not.Other interfaces to PHP   Regardless of how you run PHP, you can change certain values at runtime   of your scripts through ini_set(). See the documentation on the   ini_set() page for more information.   If you are interested in a complete list of configuration settings on   your system with their current values, you can execute the phpinfo()   function, and review the resulting page. You can also access the values   of individual configuration directives at runtime using ini_get() or   get_cfg_var().     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________     __________________________________________________________________Installation   This section holds common questions about the way to install PHP. PHP   is available for almost any OS (except maybe for MacOS before OSX), and   almost any web server.   To install PHP, follow the instructions in Installing PHP.    1. Why shouldn't I use Apache2 with a threaded MPM in a production       environment?    2. Unix/Windows: Where should my php.ini file be located?    3. Unix: I installed PHP, but every time I load a document, I get the       message 'Document Contains No Data'! What's going on here?    4. Unix: I installed PHP using RPMS, but Apache isn't processing the       PHP pages! What's going on here?    5. Unix: I patched Apache with the FrontPage extensions patch, and       suddenly PHP stopped working. Is PHP incompatible with the Apache       FrontPage extensions?    6. Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I try to access a PHP       script file via my browser, I get a blank screen.    7. Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when try to access a PHP       script file via my browser, I get a server 500 error.    8. Some operating systems: I have installed PHP without errors, but       when I try to start Apache I get undefined symbol errors:       [mybox:user /src/php5] root# apachectl configtest apachectl:       /usr/local/apache/bin/httpd Undefined symbols: _compress       _uncompress    9. Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I try to access a PHP       script file via my browser, I get the error: cgi error: The       specified CGI application misbehaved by not returning a complete       set of HTTP headers. The headers it did return are:   10. Windows: I've followed all the instructions, but still can't get       PHP and IIS to work together!   11. When running PHP as CGI with IIS, PWS, OmniHTTPD or Xitami, I get       the following error: Security Alert! PHP CGI cannot be accessed       directly..   12. How do I know if my php.ini is being found and read? It seems like       it isn't as my changes aren't being implemented.   13. How do I add my PHP directory to the PATH on Windows?   14. How do I make the php.ini file available to PHP on windows?   15. Is it possible to use Apache content negotiation (MultiViews       option) with PHP?   16. Is PHP limited to process GET and POST request methods only?   Why shouldn't I use Apache2 with a threaded MPM in a production          environment?          PHP is glue. It is the glue used to build cool web applications          by sticking dozens of 3rd-party libraries together and making it          all appear as one coherent entity through an intuitive and easy          to learn language interface. The flexibility and power of PHP          relies on the stability and robustness of the underlying          platform. It needs a working OS, a working web server and          working 3rd-party libraries to glue together. When any of these          stop working PHP needs ways to identify the problems and fix          them quickly. When you make the underlying framework more          complex by not having completely separate execution threads,          completely separate memory segments and a strong sandbox for          each request to play in, further weaknesses are introduced into          PHP's system.          If you want to use a threaded MPM, look at a FastCGI          configuration where PHP is running in its own memory space.   Unix/Windows: Where should my php.ini file be located?          By default on Unix it should be in /usr/local/lib which is          /lib. Most people will want to change this at          compile-time with the --with-config-file-path flag. You would,          for example, set it with something like:--with-config-file-path=/etc          And then you would copy php.ini-development from the          distribution to /etc/php.ini and edit it to make any local          changes you want.--with-config-file-scan-dir=PATH          On Windows the default path for the php.ini file is the Windows          directory. If you're using the Apache webserver, php.ini is          first searched in the Apaches install directory, e.g. c:\program          files\apache group\apache. This way you can have different          php.ini files for different versions of Apache on the same          machine.          See also the chapter about the configuration file.   Unix: I installed PHP, but every time I load a document, I get the          message 'Document Contains No Data'! What's going on here?          This probably means that PHP is having some sort of problem and          is core-dumping. Look in your server error log to see if this is          the case, and then try to reproduce the problem with a small          test case. If you know how to use 'gdb', it is very helpful when          you can provide a backtrace with your bug report to help the          developers pinpoint the problem. If you are using PHP as an          Apache module try something like:          + Stop your httpd processes          + gdb httpd          + Stop your httpd processes          + > run -X -f /path/to/httpd.conf          + Then fetch the URL causing the problem with your browser          + > run -X -f /path/to/httpd.conf          + If you are getting a core dump, gdb should inform you of this            now          + type: bt          + You should include your backtrace in your bug report. This            should be submitted to » http://bugs.php.net/          If your script uses the regular expression functions          (preg_match() and friends), you should make sure that you          compiled PHP and Apache with the same regular expression          package. This should happen automatically with PHP and Apache          1.3.x   Unix: I installed PHP using RPMS, but Apache isn't processing the PHP          pages! What's going on here?          Assuming you installed both Apache and PHP from RPM packages,          you need to uncomment or add some or all of the following lines          in your httpd.conf file:# Extra ModulesAddModule mod_php.cAddModule mod_perl.c# Extra ModulesLoadModule php_module modules/mod_php.soLoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.soLoadModule perl_module modules/libperl.so          And add:AddType application/x-httpd-php .php          ... to the global properties, or to the properties of the          VirtualDomain you want to have PHP support added to.   Unix: I patched Apache with the FrontPage extensions patch, and          suddenly PHP stopped working. Is PHP incompatible with the          Apache FrontPage extensions?          No, PHP works fine with the FrontPage extensions. The problem is          that the FrontPage patch modifies several Apache structures,          that PHP relies on. Recompiling PHP (using 'make clean ; make')          after the FP patch is applied would solve the problem.   Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I try to access a PHP          script file via my browser, I get a blank screen.          Do a 'view source' in the web browser and you will probably find          that you can see the source code of your PHP script. This means          that the web server did not send the script to PHP for          interpretation. Something is wrong with the server configuration          - double check the server configuration against the PHP          installation instructions.   Unix/Windows: I have installed PHP, but when try to access a PHP script          file via my browser, I get a server 500 error.          Something went wrong when the server tried to run PHP. To get to          see a sensible error message, from the command line, change to          the directory containing the PHP executable (php.exe on Windows)          and run php -i. If PHP has any problems running, then a suitable          error message will be displayed which will give you a clue as to          what needs to be done next. If you get a screen full of HTML          codes (the output of the phpinfo() function) then PHP is          working, and your problem may be related to your server          configuration which you should double check.   Some operating systems: I have installed PHP without errors, but when I          try to start Apache I get undefined symbol errors:[mybox:user /src/php5] root# apachectl configtest apachectl: /usr/local/apache/bin/httpd Undefined symbols:  _compress  _uncompress          This has actually nothing to do with PHP, but with the MySQL          client libraries. Some need --with-zlib , others do not. This is          also covered in the MySQL FAQ.   Windows: I have installed PHP, but when I try to access a PHP script          file via my browser, I get the error:cgi error: The specified CGI application misbehaved by not returning a complete set of HTTP headers. The headers it did return are:          This error message means that PHP failed to output anything at          all. To get to see a sensible error message, from the command          line, change to the directory containing the PHP executable          (php.exe on Windows) and run php -i. If PHP has any problems          running, then a suitable error message will be displayed which          will give you a clue as to what needs to be done next. If you          get a screen full of HTML codes (the output of the phpinfo()          function) then PHP is working.          Once PHP is working at the command line, try accessing the          script via the browser again. If it still fails then it could be          one of the following:          + File permissions on your PHP script, php.exe, php5ts.dll,            php.ini or any PHP extensions you are trying to load are such            that the anonymous internet user ISUR_ cannot            access them.          + The script file does not exist (or possibly isn't where you            think it is relative to your web root directory). Note that            for IIS you can trap this error by ticking the 'check file            exists' box when setting up the script mappings in the            Internet Services Manager. If a script file does not exist            then the server will return a 404 error instead. There is also            the additional benefit that IIS will do any authentication            required for you based on the NTLanMan permissions on your            script file.   Windows: I've followed all the instructions, but still can't get PHP          and IIS to work together!          Make sure any user who needs to run a PHP script has the rights          to run php.exe! IIS uses an anonymous user which is added at the          time IIS is installed. This user needs rights to php.exe. Also,          any authenticated user will also need rights to execute php.exe.          And for IIS4 you need to tell it that PHP is a script engine.          Also, you will want to read this faq.   When running PHP as CGI with IIS, PWS, OmniHTTPD or Xitami, I get the          following error: Security Alert! PHP CGI cannot be accessed          directly..          You must set the cgi.force_redirect directive to 0. It defaults          to 1 so be sure the directive isn't commented out (with a ;).          Like all directives, this is set in php.ini          Because the default is 1, it's critical that you're 100% sure          that the correct php.ini file is being read. Read this faq for          details.   How do I know if my php.ini is being found and read? It seems like it          isn't as my changes aren't being implemented.          To be sure your php.ini is being read by PHP, make a call to          phpinfo(). Near the top, there will be a listing called          Configuration File (php.ini). This will tell you where PHP is          looking for php.ini and whether or not it's being read. If just          a directory PATH exists, then it's not being read, and you          should put your php.ini in that directory. If php.ini is          included within the PATH, it is being read.          If php.ini is being read and you're running PHP as a module,          then be sure to restart your web server after making changes to          php.ini          See also php_ini_loaded_file().   How do I add my PHP directory to the PATH on Windows?          On Windows NT+ and Windows Server 2000+:          + Go to Control Panel and open the System icon (Start ->            Settings -> Control Panel -> System, or just Start -> Control            Panel -> System for Windows XP/2003+)          + Go to the Advanced tab          + Click on the 'Environment Variables' button          + Look into the 'System Variables' pane          + Find the Path entry (you may need to scroll to find it)          + Double click on the Path entry          + Enter your PHP directory at the end, including ';' before            (e.g. ;C:\php)          + Press OK          On Windows 98/Me you need to edit the autoexec.bat file:          + Open the Notepad (Start -> Run and enter notepad)          + Open the C:\autoexec.bat file          + Locate the line with PATH=C:\WINDOWS;C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND;.....            and add: ;C:\php to the end of the line          + Save the file and restart your computer     Note: Be sure to reboot after following the steps above to ensure     that the PATH changes are applied.          The PHP manual used to promote the copying of files into the          Windows system directory, this is because this directory          (C:\Windows, C:\WINNT, etc.) is by default in the systems PATH.          Copying files into the Windows system directory has long since          been deprecated and may cause problems.   How do I make the php.ini file available to PHP on windows?          There are several ways of doing this. If you are using Apache,          read their installation specific instructions (Apache 1, Apache          2), otherwise you must set the PHPRC environment variable:          On Windows NT, 2000, XP and 2003:          + Go to Control Panel and open the System icon (Start ->            Settings -> Control Panel -> System, or just Start -> Control            Panel -> System for Windows XP/2003)          + Go to the Advanced tab          + Click on the 'Environment Variables' button          + Look into the 'System variables' pane          + Click on 'New' and enter 'PHPRC' as the variable name and the            directory where php.ini is located as the variable value (e.g.            C:\php)          + Press OK and restart your computer          On Windows 98/Me you need to edit the autoexec.bat file:          + Open the Notepad (Start -> Run and enter notepad)          + Open the C:\autoexec.bat file          + Add a new line to the end of the file: set PHPRC=C:\php            (replace C:\php with the directory where php.ini is located).            Please note that the path cannot contain spaces. For instance,            if you have installed PHP in C:\Program Files\PHP, you would            enter C:\PROGRA~1\PHP instead.          + Save the file and restart your computer   Is it possible to use Apache content negotiation (MultiViews option)          with PHP?          If links to PHP files include extension, everything works          perfect. This FAQ is only for the case when links to PHP files          don't include extension and you want to use content negotiation          to choose PHP files from URL with no extension. In this case,          replace the line AddType application/x-httpd-php .php with:AddHandler php5-script phpAddType text/html php          This solution doesn't work for Apache 1 as PHP module doesn't          catch php-script.   Is PHP limited to process GET and POST request methods only?          No, it is possible to handle any request method, e.g. CONNECT.          Proper response status can be sent with header(). If only GET          and POST methods should be handled, it can be achieved with this          Apache configuration:Deny from all
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