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/*
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Zend Engine |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Copyright (c) 1998-2012 Zend Technologies Ltd. (http://www.zend.com) |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| This source file is subject to version 2.00 of the Zend license, |
| that is bundled with this package in the file LICENSE, and is |
| available through the world-wide-web at the following url: |
| http://www.zend.com/license/2_00.txt. |
| If you did not receive a copy of the Zend license and are unable to |
| obtain it through the world-wide-web, please send a note to |
| license@zend.com so we can mail you a copy immediately. |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Authors: Christian Seiler <chris_se@gmx.net> |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
*/

/* $Id$ */

#ifndef ZEND_FLOAT_H
#define ZEND_FLOAT_H

/*
Define functions for FP initialization and de-initialization.
*/
extern ZEND_API void zend_init_fpu(TSRMLS_D);
extern ZEND_API void zend_shutdown_fpu(TSRMLS_D);
extern ZEND_API void zend_ensure_fpu_mode(TSRMLS_D);

/* Copy of the contents of xpfpa.h (which is under public domain)
See http://wiki.php.net/rfc/rounding for details.

Cross Platform Floating Point Arithmetics

This header file defines several platform-dependent macros that ensure
equal and deterministic floating point behaviour across several platforms,
compilers and architectures.

The current macros are currently only used on x86 and x86_64 architectures,
on every other architecture, these macros expand to NOPs. This assumes that
other architectures do not have an internal precision and the operhand types
define the computational precision of floating point operations. This
assumption may be false, in that case, the author is interested in further
details on the other platform.

For further details, please visit:
http://www.christian-seiler.de/projekte/fpmath/

Version: 20090317 */

/*
Implementation notes:

x86_64:
- Since all x86_64 compilers use SSE by default, it is probably unecessary
to use these macros there. We define them anyway since we are too lazy
to differentiate the architecture. Also, the compiler option -mfpmath=i387
justifies this decision.

General:
- It would be nice if one could detect whether SSE if used for math via some
funky compiler defines and if so, make the macros go to NOPs. Any ideas
on how to do that?

MS Visual C:
- Since MSVC users tipically don't use autoconf or CMake, we will detect
MSVC via compile time define.
*/

/* MSVC detection (MSVC people usually don't use autoconf) */
#ifdef _MSC_VER
# if _MSC_VER >= 1500
   /* Visual C++ 2008 or higher, supports _controlfp_s */
# define HAVE__CONTROLFP_S
# else
   /* Visual C++ (up to 2005), supports _controlfp */
# define HAVE__CONTROLFP
# endif /* MSC_VER >= 1500 */
  /* Tell MSVC optimizer that we access FP environment */
# if _MSC_VER >= 1500
# pragma fenv_access (on)
# endif
#endif /* _MSC_VER */

#ifdef HAVE__CONTROLFP_S

/* float.h defines _controlfp_s */
# include <float.h>

# define XPFPA_HAVE_CW 1
# define XPFPA_CW_DATATYPE \
unsigned int

# define XPFPA_STORE_CW(vptr) do { \
_controlfp_s((unsigned int *)(vptr), 0, 0); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_RESTORE_CW(vptr) do { \
unsigned int _xpfpa_fpu_cw; \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, *((unsigned int *)(vptr)), _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_DECLARE \
unsigned int _xpfpa_fpu_oldcw, _xpfpa_fpu_cw;

# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE() do { \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, 0, 0); \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw = _xpfpa_fpu_cw; \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, _PC_53, _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_SINGLE() do { \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, 0, 0); \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw = _xpfpa_fpu_cw; \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, _PC_24, _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)
/* NOTE: This only sets internal precision. MSVC does NOT support double-
extended precision! */
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE_EXTENDED() do { \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, 0, 0); \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw = _xpfpa_fpu_cw; \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, _PC_64, _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RESTORE() \
_controlfp_s(&_xpfpa_fpu_cw, _xpfpa_fpu_oldcw, _MCW_PC)
/* We do NOT use the volatile return trick since _controlfp_s is a function
call and thus FP registers are saved in memory anyway. However, we do use
a variable to ensure that the expression passed into val will be evaluated
*before* switching back contexts. */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE(val) \
do { \
double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_SINGLE(val) \
do { \
float _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
/* This won't work, but we add a macro for it anyway. */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE_EXTENDED(val) \
do { \
long double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)

#elif defined(HAVE__CONTROLFP)

/* float.h defines _controlfp */
# include <float.h>

# define XPFPA_DECLARE \
unsigned int _xpfpa_fpu_oldcw;

# define XPFPA_HAVE_CW 1
# define XPFPA_CW_DATATYPE \
unsigned int

# define XPFPA_STORE_CW(vptr) do { \
*((unsigned int *)(vptr)) = _controlfp(0, 0); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_RESTORE_CW(vptr) do { \
_controlfp(*((unsigned int *)(vptr)), _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE() do { \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw = _controlfp(0, 0); \
_controlfp(_PC_53, _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_SINGLE() do { \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw = _controlfp(0, 0); \
_controlfp(_PC_24, _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)
/* NOTE: This will only work as expected on MinGW. */
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE_EXTENDED() do { \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw = _controlfp(0, 0); \
_controlfp(_PC_64, _MCW_PC); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RESTORE() \
_controlfp(_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw, _MCW_PC)
/* We do NOT use the volatile return trick since _controlfp is a function
call and thus FP registers are saved in memory anyway. However, we do use
a variable to ensure that the expression passed into val will be evaluated
*before* switching back contexts. */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE(val) \
do { \
double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_SINGLE(val) \
do { \
float _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
/* This will only work on MinGW */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE_EXTENDED(val) \
do { \
long double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)

#elif defined(HAVE__FPU_SETCW) /* glibc systems */

/* fpu_control.h defines _FPU_[GS]ETCW */
# include <fpu_control.h>

# define XPFPA_DECLARE \
fpu_control_t _xpfpa_fpu_oldcw, _xpfpa_fpu_cw;

# define XPFPA_HAVE_CW 1
# define XPFPA_CW_DATATYPE \
fpu_control_t

# define XPFPA_STORE_CW(vptr) do { \
_FPU_GETCW((*((fpu_control_t *)(vptr)))); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_RESTORE_CW(vptr) do { \
_FPU_SETCW((*((fpu_control_t *)(vptr)))); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE() do { \
_FPU_GETCW(_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw); \
_xpfpa_fpu_cw = (_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw & ~_FPU_EXTENDED & ~_FPU_SINGLE) | _FPU_DOUBLE; \
_FPU_SETCW(_xpfpa_fpu_cw); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_SINGLE() do { \
_FPU_GETCW(_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw); \
_xpfpa_fpu_cw = (_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw & ~_FPU_EXTENDED & ~_FPU_DOUBLE) | _FPU_SINGLE; \
_FPU_SETCW(_xpfpa_fpu_cw); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE_EXTENDED() do { \
_FPU_GETCW(_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw); \
_xpfpa_fpu_cw = (_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw & ~_FPU_SINGLE & ~_FPU_DOUBLE) | _FPU_EXTENDED; \
_FPU_SETCW(_xpfpa_fpu_cw); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RESTORE() \
_FPU_SETCW(_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw)
/* We use a temporary volatile variable (in a new block) in order to ensure
that the optimizer does not mis-optimize the instructions. Also, a volatile
variable ensures truncation to correct precision. */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE(val) \
do { \
volatile double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_SINGLE(val) \
do { \
volatile float _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE_EXTENDED(val) \
do { \
volatile long double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)

#elif defined(HAVE_FPSETPREC) /* FreeBSD */

/* fpu_control.h defines _FPU_[GS]ETCW */
# include <machine/ieeefp.h>

# define XPFPA_DECLARE \
fp_prec_t _xpfpa_fpu_oldprec;

# define XPFPA_HAVE_CW 1
# define XPFPA_CW_DATATYPE \
fp_prec_t

# define XPFPA_STORE_CW(vptr) do { \
*((fp_prec_t *)(vptr)) = fpgetprec(); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_RESTORE_CW(vptr) do { \
fpsetprec(*((fp_prec_t *)(vptr))); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE() do { \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldprec = fpgetprec(); \
fpsetprec(FP_PD); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_SINGLE() do { \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldprec = fpgetprec(); \
fpsetprec(FP_PS); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE_EXTENDED() do { \
_xpfpa_fpu_oldprec = fpgetprec(); \
fpsetprec(FP_PE); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RESTORE() \
fpsetprec(_xpfpa_fpu_oldprec)
/* We use a temporary volatile variable (in a new block) in order to ensure
that the optimizer does not mis-optimize the instructions. Also, a volatile
variable ensures truncation to correct precision. */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE(val) \
do { \
volatile double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_SINGLE(val) \
do { \
volatile float _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE_EXTENDED(val) \
do { \
volatile long double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)

#elif defined(HAVE_FPU_INLINE_ASM_X86)

/*
Custom x86 inline assembler implementation.

This implementation does not use predefined wrappers of the OS / compiler
but rather uses x86/x87 inline assembler directly. Basic instructions:

fnstcw - Store the FPU control word in a variable
fldcw - Load the FPU control word from a variable

Bits (only bits 8 and 9 are relevant, bits 0 to 7 are for other things):
0x0yy: Single precision
0x1yy: Reserved
0x2yy: Double precision
0x3yy: Double-extended precision

We use an unsigned int for the datatype. glibc sources add __mode__ (__HI__)
attribute to it (HI stands for half-integer according to docs). It is unclear
what the does exactly and how portable it is.

The assembly syntax works with GNU CC, Intel CC and Sun CC.
*/

# define XPFPA_DECLARE \
unsigned int _xpfpa_fpu_oldcw, _xpfpa_fpu_cw;

# define XPFPA_HAVE_CW 1
# define XPFPA_CW_DATATYPE \
unsigned int

# define XPFPA_STORE_CW(vptr) do { \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fnstcw %0" : "=m" (*((unsigned int *)(vptr)))); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_RESTORE_CW(vptr) do { \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fldcw %0" : : "m" (*((unsigned int *)(vptr)))); \
} while (0)

# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE() do { \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fnstcw %0" : "=m" (*&_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw)); \
_xpfpa_fpu_cw = (_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw & ~0x100) | 0x200; \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fldcw %0" : : "m" (*&_xpfpa_fpu_cw)); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_SINGLE() do { \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fnstcw %0" : "=m" (*&_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw)); \
_xpfpa_fpu_cw = (_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw & ~0x300); \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fldcw %0" : : "m" (*&_xpfpa_fpu_cw)); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE_EXTENDED() do { \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fnstcw %0" : "=m" (*&_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw)); \
_xpfpa_fpu_cw = _xpfpa_fpu_oldcw | 0x300; \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fldcw %0" : : "m" (*&_xpfpa_fpu_cw)); \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RESTORE() \
__asm__ __volatile__ ("fldcw %0" : : "m" (*&_xpfpa_fpu_oldcw))
/* We use a temporary volatile variable (in a new block) in order to ensure
that the optimizer does not mis-optimize the instructions. Also, a volatile
variable ensures truncation to correct precision. */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE(val) \
do { \
volatile double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_SINGLE(val) \
do { \
volatile float _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE_EXTENDED(val) \
do { \
volatile long double _xpfpa_result = (val); \
XPFPA_RESTORE(); \
return _xpfpa_result; \
} while (0)

#else /* FPU CONTROL */

/*
This is either not an x87 FPU or the inline assembly syntax was not
recognized. In any case, default to NOPs for the macros and hope the
generated code will behave as planned.
*/
# define XPFPA_DECLARE /* NOP */
# define XPFPA_HAVE_CW 0
# define XPFPA_CW_DATATYPE unsigned int
# define XPFPA_STORE_CW(variable) /* NOP */
# define XPFPA_RESTORE_CW(variable) /* NOP */
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE() /* NOP */
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_SINGLE() /* NOP */
# define XPFPA_SWITCH_DOUBLE_EXTENDED() /* NOP */
# define XPFPA_RESTORE() /* NOP */
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE(val) return (val)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_SINGLE(val) return (val)
# define XPFPA_RETURN_DOUBLE_EXTENDED(val) return (val)

#endif /* FPU CONTROL */

#endif
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