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# Import and export

## Import

To import data, go to the "Import" tab in phpMyAdmin. To import data into a specific database or table, open the database or table before going to the "Import" tab.

In addition to the standard Import and Export tab, you can also import an SQL file directly by dragging and dropping it from your local file manager to the phpMyAdmin interface in your web browser.

If you are having troubles importing big files, please consult :ref:faq1_16.

You can import using following methods:

Can be used with any supported format, also (b|g)zipped files, e.g., mydump.sql.gz .

Form based SQL Query

Can be used with valid SQL dumps.

### CodeGen

NHibernate file format. Planned versions: Java, Hibernate, PHP PDO, JSON, etc. So the preliminary name is codegen.

### CSV

Comma separated values format which is often used by spreadsheets or various other programs for export/import.

### CSV for Microsoft Excel

This is just preconfigured version of CSV export which can be imported into most English versions of Microsoft Excel. Some localised versions (like "Danish") are expecting ";" instead of "," as field separator.

### Microsoft Word 2000

If you're using Microsoft Word 2000 or newer (or compatible such as OpenOffice.org), you can use this export.

### JSON

JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a lightweight data-interchange format. It is easy for humans to read and write and it is easy for machines to parse and generate.

.. versionchanged:: 4.7.0

The generated JSON structure has been changed in phpMyAdmin 4.7.0 to
produce valid JSON data.



The generated JSON is list of objects with following attributes:

.. js:data:: type

Type of given object, can be one of:

header
Export header containing comment and phpMyAdmin version.
database
Start of a database marker, containing name of database.
table
Table data export.


.. js:data:: version

Used in header :js:data:type and indicates phpMyAdmin version.


.. js:data:: comment

Optional textual comment.


.. js:data:: name

Object name - either table or database based on :js:data:type.


.. js:data:: database

Database name for table :js:data:type.


.. js:data:: data

Table content for table :js:data:type.



Sample output:

[
{
"comment": "Export to JSON plugin for PHPMyAdmin",
"version": "4.7.0-dev"
},
{
"name": "cars",
"type": "database"
},
{
"data": [
{
"car_id": "1",
"description": "Green Chrysler 300",
"make_id": "5",
"mileage": "113688",
"price": "13545.00",
"transmission": "automatic",
}
],
"database": "cars",
"name": "cars",
"type": "table"
},
{
"data": [
{
"make": "Chrysler",
"make_id": "5"
}
],
"database": "cars",
"name": "makes",
"type": "table"
}
]

### LaTeX

If you want to embed table data or structure in LaTeX, this is right choice for you.

LaTeX is a typesetting system that is very suitable for producing scientific and mathematical documents of high typographical quality. It is also suitable for producing all sorts of other documents, from simple letters to complete books. LaTeX uses TeX as its formatting engine. Learn more about TeX and LaTeX on the Comprehensive TeX Archive Network also see the short description od TeX.

The output needs to be embedded into a LaTeX document before it can be rendered, for example in following document:

\documentclass{article}
\author{}
\usepackage{longtable,lscape}
\date{}
\setlength{\parindent}{0pt}
\pdfpagewidth 210mm
\pdfpageheight 297mm
\begin{document}
\maketitle

% insert phpMyAdmin LaTeX Dump here

\end{document}

### MediaWiki

Both tables and databases can be exported in the MediaWiki format, which is used by Wikipedia to display tables. It can export structure, data or both, including table names or headers.

Open standard for spreadsheet data, which is being widely adopted. Many recent spreadsheet programs, such as LibreOffice, OpenOffice, Microsoft Office or Google Docs can handle this format.

### OpenDocument Text

New standard for text data which is being widely addopted. Most recent word processors (such as LibreOffice, OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, AbiWord or KWord) can handle this.

### PDF

For presentation purposes, non editable PDF might be best choice for you.

### PHP Array

You can generate a php file which will declare a multidimensional array with the contents of the selected table or database.

### SQL

Export in SQL can be used to restore your database, thus it is useful for backing up.

The option 'Maximal length of created query' seems to be undocumented. But experiments has shown that it splits large extended INSERTS so each one is no bigger than the given number of bytes (or characters?). Thus when importing the file, for large tables you avoid the error "Got a packet bigger than 'max_allowed_packet' bytes".

.. seealso::

https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/packet-too-large.html



#### Data Options

Complete inserts adds the column names to the SQL dump. This parameter improves the readability and reliability of the dump. Adding the column names increases the size of the dump, but when combined with Extended inserts it's negligible.

Extended inserts combines multiple rows of data into a single INSERT query. This will significantly decrease filesize for large SQL dumps, increases the INSERT speed when imported, and is generally recommended.

.. seealso::



### Texy!

Texy! markup format. You can see example on Texy! demo.

### XML

Easily parsable export for use with custom scripts.

.. versionchanged:: 3.3.0

The XML schema used has changed as of version 3.3.0



### YAML

YAML is a data serialization format which is both human readable and computationally powerful ( <http://yaml.org> ).