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#!/usr/bin/env bash
# shellcheck disable=SC1090
# Pi-hole: A black hole for Internet advertisements
# (c) 2017-2018 Pi-hole, LLC (https://pi-hole.net)
# Network-wide ad blocking via your own hardware.
#
# Installs and Updates Pi-hole
#
# This file is copyright under the latest version of the EUPL.
# Please see LICENSE file for your rights under this license.
# pi-hole.net/donate
#
# Install with this command (from your Linux machine):
#
# curl -sSL https://install.pi-hole.net | bash
# -e option instructs bash to immediately exit if any command [1] has a non-zero exit status
# We do not want users to end up with a partially working install, so we exit the script
# instead of continuing the installation with something broken
set -e
######## VARIABLES #########
# For better maintainability, we store as much information that can change in variables
# This allows us to make a change in one place that can propagate to all instances of the variable
# These variables should all be GLOBAL variables, written in CAPS
# Local variables will be in lowercase and will exist only within functions
# It's still a work in progress, so you may see some variance in this guideline until it is complete
# List of supported DNS servers
DNS_SERVERS=$(cat << EOM
Google (ECS);8.8.8.8;8.8.4.4;2001:4860:4860:0:0:0:0:8888;2001:4860:4860:0:0:0:0:8844
OpenDNS (ECS);208.67.222.222;208.67.220.220;2620:0:ccc::2;2620:0:ccd::2
Level3;4.2.2.1;4.2.2.2;;
Comodo;8.26.56.26;8.20.247.20;;
DNS.WATCH;84.200.69.80;84.200.70.40;2001:1608:10:25:0:0:1c04:b12f;2001:1608:10:25:0:0:9249:d69b
Quad9 (filtered, DNSSEC);9.9.9.9;149.112.112.112;2620:fe::fe;2620:fe::9
Quad9 (unfiltered, no DNSSEC);9.9.9.10;149.112.112.10;2620:fe::10;2620:fe::fe:10
Quad9 (filtered + ECS);9.9.9.11;149.112.112.11;2620:fe::11;
Cloudflare;1.1.1.1;1.0.0.1;2606:4700:4700::1111;2606:4700:4700::1001
EOM
)
# Location for final installation log storage
installLogLoc=/etc/pihole/install.log
# This is an important file as it contains information specific to the machine it's being installed on
setupVars=/etc/pihole/setupVars.conf
# Pi-hole uses lighttpd as a Web server, and this is the config file for it
# shellcheck disable=SC2034
lighttpdConfig=/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
# This is a file used for the colorized output
coltable=/opt/pihole/COL_TABLE
# Root of the web server
webroot="/var/www/html"
# We store several other directories and
webInterfaceGitUrl="https://github.com/pi-hole/AdminLTE.git"
webInterfaceDir="${webroot}/admin"
piholeGitUrl="https://github.com/pi-hole/pi-hole.git"
PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO="/etc/.pihole"
# These are the names of pi-holes files, stored in an array
PI_HOLE_FILES=(chronometer list piholeDebug piholeLogFlush setupLCD update version gravity uninstall webpage)
# This directory is where the Pi-hole scripts will be installed
PI_HOLE_INSTALL_DIR="/opt/pihole"
PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR="/etc/pihole"
PI_HOLE_BLOCKPAGE_DIR="${webroot}/pihole"
useUpdateVars=false
adlistFile="/etc/pihole/adlists.list"
regexFile="/etc/pihole/regex.list"
# Pi-hole needs an IP address; to begin, these variables are empty since we don't know what the IP is until
# this script can run
IPV4_ADDRESS=""
IPV6_ADDRESS=""
# By default, query logging is enabled and the dashboard is set to be installed
QUERY_LOGGING=true
INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE=true
PRIVACY_LEVEL=0
if [ -z "${USER}" ]; then
USER="$(id -un)"
fi
# Find the rows and columns will default to 80x24 if it can not be detected
screen_size=$(stty size || printf '%d %d' 24 80)
# Set rows variable to contain first number
printf -v rows '%d' "${screen_size%% *}"
# Set columns variable to contain second number
printf -v columns '%d' "${screen_size##* }"
# Divide by two so the dialogs take up half of the screen, which looks nice.
r=$(( rows / 2 ))
c=$(( columns / 2 ))
# Unless the screen is tiny
r=$(( r < 20 ? 20 : r ))
c=$(( c < 70 ? 70 : c ))
######## Undocumented Flags. Shhh ########
# These are undocumented flags; some of which we can use when repairing an installation
# The runUnattended flag is one example of this
skipSpaceCheck=false
reconfigure=false
runUnattended=false
INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=true
# Check arguments for the undocumented flags
for var in "$@"; do
case "$var" in
"--reconfigure" ) reconfigure=true;;
"--i_do_not_follow_recommendations" ) skipSpaceCheck=true;;
"--unattended" ) runUnattended=true;;
"--disable-install-webserver" ) INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=false;;
esac
done
# If the color table file exists,
if [[ -f "${coltable}" ]]; then
# source it
source ${coltable}
# Otherwise,
else
# Set these values so the installer can still run in color
COL_NC='\e[0m' # No Color
COL_LIGHT_GREEN='\e[1;32m'
COL_LIGHT_RED='\e[1;31m'
TICK="[${COL_LIGHT_GREEN}${COL_NC}]"
CROSS="[${COL_LIGHT_RED}${COL_NC}]"
INFO="[i]"
# shellcheck disable=SC2034
DONE="${COL_LIGHT_GREEN} done!${COL_NC}"
OVER="\\r\\033[K"
fi
# Define global binary variable
binary="tbd"
# A simple function that just echoes out our logo in ASCII format
# This lets users know that it is a Pi-hole, LLC product
show_ascii_berry() {
echo -e "
${COL_LIGHT_GREEN}.;;,.
.ccccc:,.
:cccclll:. ..,,
:ccccclll. ;ooodc
'ccll:;ll .oooodc
.;cll.;;looo:.
${COL_LIGHT_RED}.. ','.
.',,,,,,'.
.',,,,,,,,,,.
.',,,,,,,,,,,,....
....''',,,,,,,'.......
......... .... .........
.......... ..........
.......... ..........
......... .... .........
........,,,,,,,'......
....',,,,,,,,,,,,.
.',,,,,,,,,'.
.',,,,,,'.
..'''.${COL_NC}
"
}
is_command() {
# Checks for existence of string passed in as only function argument.
# Exit value of 0 when exists, 1 if not exists. Value is the result
# of the `command` shell built-in call.
local check_command="$1"
command -v "${check_command}" >/dev/null 2>&1
}
# Compatibility
distro_check() {
# If apt-get is installed, then we know it's part of the Debian family
if is_command apt-get ; then
# Set some global variables here
# We don't set them earlier since the family might be Red Hat, so these values would be different
PKG_MANAGER="apt-get"
# A variable to store the command used to update the package cache
UPDATE_PKG_CACHE="${PKG_MANAGER} update"
# An array for something...
PKG_INSTALL=(${PKG_MANAGER} --yes --no-install-recommends install)
# grep -c will return 1 retVal on 0 matches, block this throwing the set -e with an OR TRUE
PKG_COUNT="${PKG_MANAGER} -s -o Debug::NoLocking=true upgrade | grep -c ^Inst || true"
# Some distros vary slightly so these fixes for dependencies may apply
# on Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS we need to add the universe repository to gain access to dialog and dhcpcd5
APT_SOURCES="/etc/apt/sources.list"
if awk 'BEGIN{a=1;b=0}/bionic main/{a=0}/bionic.*universe/{b=1}END{exit a + b}' ${APT_SOURCES}; then
if ! whiptail --defaultno --title "Dependencies Require Update to Allowed Repositories" --yesno "Would you like to enable 'universe' repository?\\n\\nThis repository is required by the following packages:\\n\\n- dhcpcd5\\n- dialog" ${r} ${c}; then
printf " %b Aborting installation: dependencies could not be installed.\\n" "${CROSS}"
exit # exit the installer
else
printf " %b Enabling universe package repository for Ubuntu Bionic\\n" "${INFO}"
cp ${APT_SOURCES} ${APT_SOURCES}.backup # Backup current repo list
printf " %b Backed up current configuration to %s\\n" "${TICK}" "${APT_SOURCES}.backup"
add-apt-repository universe
printf " %b Enabled %s\\n" "${TICK}" "'universe' repository"
fi
fi
# Debian 7 doesn't have iproute2 so if the dry run install is successful,
if ${PKG_MANAGER} install --dry-run iproute2 > /dev/null 2>&1; then
# we can install it
iproute_pkg="iproute2"
# Otherwise,
else
# use iproute
iproute_pkg="iproute"
fi
# Check for and determine version number (major and minor) of current php install
if is_command php ; then
printf " %b Existing PHP installation detected : PHP version %s\\n" "${INFO}" "$(php <<< "<?php echo PHP_VERSION ?>")"
printf -v phpInsMajor "%d" "$(php <<< "<?php echo PHP_MAJOR_VERSION ?>")"
printf -v phpInsMinor "%d" "$(php <<< "<?php echo PHP_MINOR_VERSION ?>")"
# Is installed php version 7.0 or greater
if [ "${phpInsMajor}" -ge 7 ]; then
phpInsNewer=true
fi
fi
# Check if installed php is v 7.0, or newer to determine packages to install
if [[ "$phpInsNewer" != true ]]; then
# Prefer the php metapackage if it's there
if ${PKG_MANAGER} install --dry-run php > /dev/null 2>&1; then
phpVer="php"
# fall back on the php5 packages
else
phpVer="php5"
fi
else
# Newer php is installed, its common, cgi & sqlite counterparts are deps
phpVer="php$phpInsMajor.$phpInsMinor"
fi
# We also need the correct version for `php-sqlite` (which differs across distros)
if ${PKG_MANAGER} install --dry-run ${phpVer}-sqlite3 > /dev/null 2>&1; then
phpSqlite="sqlite3"
else
phpSqlite="sqlite"
fi
# Since our install script is so large, we need several other programs to successfully get a machine provisioned
# These programs are stored in an array so they can be looped through later
INSTALLER_DEPS=(apt-utils dialog debconf dhcpcd5 git ${iproute_pkg} whiptail)
# Pi-hole itself has several dependencies that also need to be installed
PIHOLE_DEPS=(cron curl dnsutils iputils-ping lsof netcat psmisc sudo unzip wget idn2 sqlite3 libcap2-bin dns-root-data resolvconf libcap2)
# The Web dashboard has some that also need to be installed
# It's useful to separate the two since our repos are also setup as "Core" code and "Web" code
PIHOLE_WEB_DEPS=(lighttpd ${phpVer}-common ${phpVer}-cgi ${phpVer}-${phpSqlite})
# The Web server user,
LIGHTTPD_USER="www-data"
# group,
LIGHTTPD_GROUP="www-data"
# and config file
LIGHTTPD_CFG="lighttpd.conf.debian"
# A function to check...
test_dpkg_lock() {
# An iterator used for counting loop iterations
i=0
# fuser is a program to show which processes use the named files, sockets, or filesystems
# So while the command is true
while fuser /var/lib/dpkg/lock >/dev/null 2>&1 ; do
# Wait half a second
sleep 0.5
# and increase the iterator
((i=i+1))
done
# Always return success, since we only return if there is no
# lock (anymore)
return 0
}
# If apt-get is not found, check for rpm to see if it's a Red Hat family OS
elif is_command rpm ; then
# Then check if dnf or yum is the package manager
if is_command dnf ; then
PKG_MANAGER="dnf"
else
PKG_MANAGER="yum"
fi
# Fedora and family update cache on every PKG_INSTALL call, no need for a separate update.
UPDATE_PKG_CACHE=":"
PKG_INSTALL=(${PKG_MANAGER} install -y)
PKG_COUNT="${PKG_MANAGER} check-update | egrep '(.i686|.x86|.noarch|.arm|.src)' | wc -l"
INSTALLER_DEPS=(dialog git iproute newt procps-ng which)
PIHOLE_DEPS=(bind-utils cronie curl findutils nmap-ncat sudo unzip wget libidn2 psmisc sqlite libcap)
PIHOLE_WEB_DEPS=(lighttpd lighttpd-fastcgi php-common php-cli php-pdo)
LIGHTTPD_USER="lighttpd"
LIGHTTPD_GROUP="lighttpd"
LIGHTTPD_CFG="lighttpd.conf.fedora"
# If the host OS is Fedora,
if grep -qiE 'fedora|fedberry' /etc/redhat-release; then
# all required packages should be available by default with the latest fedora release
# ensure 'php-json' is installed on Fedora (installed as dependency on CentOS7 + Remi repository)
PIHOLE_WEB_DEPS+=('php-json')
# or if host OS is CentOS,
elif grep -qiE 'centos|scientific' /etc/redhat-release; then
# Pi-Hole currently supports CentOS 7+ with PHP7+
SUPPORTED_CENTOS_VERSION=7
SUPPORTED_CENTOS_PHP_VERSION=7
# Check current CentOS major release version
CURRENT_CENTOS_VERSION=$(grep -oP '(?<= )[0-9]+(?=\.)' /etc/redhat-release)
# Check if CentOS version is supported
if [[ $CURRENT_CENTOS_VERSION -lt $SUPPORTED_CENTOS_VERSION ]]; then
printf " %b CentOS %s is not supported.\\n" "${CROSS}" "${CURRENT_CENTOS_VERSION}"
printf " Please update to CentOS release %s or later.\\n" "${SUPPORTED_CENTOS_VERSION}"
# exit the installer
exit
fi
# on CentOS we need to add the EPEL repository to gain access to Fedora packages
EPEL_PKG="epel-release"
rpm -q ${EPEL_PKG} &> /dev/null || rc=$?
if [[ $rc -ne 0 ]]; then
printf " %b Enabling EPEL package repository (https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL)\\n" "${INFO}"
"${PKG_INSTALL[@]}" ${EPEL_PKG} &> /dev/null
printf " %b Installed %s\\n" "${TICK}" "${EPEL_PKG}"
fi
# The default php on CentOS 7.x is 5.4 which is EOL
# Check if the version of PHP available via installed repositories is >= to PHP 7
AVAILABLE_PHP_VERSION=$(${PKG_MANAGER} info php | grep -i version | grep -o '[0-9]\+' | head -1)
if [[ $AVAILABLE_PHP_VERSION -ge $SUPPORTED_CENTOS_PHP_VERSION ]]; then
# Since PHP 7 is available by default, install via default PHP package names
: # do nothing as PHP is current
else
REMI_PKG="remi-release"
REMI_REPO="remi-php72"
rpm -q ${REMI_PKG} &> /dev/null || rc=$?
if [[ $rc -ne 0 ]]; then
# The PHP version available via default repositories is older than version 7
if ! whiptail --defaultno --title "PHP 7 Update (recommended)" --yesno "PHP 7.x is recommended for both security and language features.\\nWould you like to install PHP7 via Remi's RPM repository?\\n\\nSee: https://rpms.remirepo.net for more information" ${r} ${c}; then
# User decided to NOT update PHP from REMI, attempt to install the default available PHP version
printf " %b User opt-out of PHP 7 upgrade on CentOS. Deprecated PHP may be in use.\\n" "${INFO}"
: # continue with unsupported php version
else
printf " %b Enabling Remi's RPM repository (https://rpms.remirepo.net)\\n" "${INFO}"
"${PKG_INSTALL[@]}" "https://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/${REMI_PKG}-$(rpm -E '%{rhel}').rpm" &> /dev/null
# enable the PHP 7 repository via yum-config-manager (provided by yum-utils)
"${PKG_INSTALL[@]}" "yum-utils" &> /dev/null
yum-config-manager --enable ${REMI_REPO} &> /dev/null
printf " %b Remi's RPM repository has been enabled for PHP7\\n" "${TICK}"
# trigger an install/update of PHP to ensure previous version of PHP is updated from REMI
if "${PKG_INSTALL[@]}" "php-cli" &> /dev/null; then
printf " %b PHP7 installed/updated via Remi's RPM repository\\n" "${TICK}"
else
printf " %b There was a problem updating to PHP7 via Remi's RPM repository\\n" "${CROSS}"
exit 1
fi
fi
fi
fi
else
# Warn user of unsupported version of Fedora or CentOS
if ! whiptail --defaultno --title "Unsupported RPM based distribution" --yesno "Would you like to continue installation on an unsupported RPM based distribution?\\n\\nPlease ensure the following packages have been installed manually:\\n\\n- lighttpd\\n- lighttpd-fastcgi\\n- PHP version 7+" ${r} ${c}; then
printf " %b Aborting installation due to unsupported RPM based distribution\\n" "${CROSS}"
exit # exit the installer
else
printf " %b Continuing installation with unsupported RPM based distribution\\n" "${INFO}"
fi
fi
# If neither apt-get or yum/dnf package managers were found
else
# it's not an OS we can support,
printf " %b OS distribution not supported\\n" "${CROSS}"
# so exit the installer
exit
fi
}
# A function for checking if a directory is a git repository
is_repo() {
# Use a named, local variable instead of the vague $1, which is the first argument passed to this function
# These local variables should always be lowercase
local directory="${1}"
# A local variable for the current directory
local curdir
# A variable to store the return code
local rc
# Assign the current directory variable by using pwd
curdir="${PWD}"
# If the first argument passed to this function is a directory,
if [[ -d "${directory}" ]]; then
# move into the directory
cd "${directory}"
# Use git to check if the directory is a repo
# git -C is not used here to support git versions older than 1.8.4
git status --short &> /dev/null || rc=$?
# If the command was not successful,
else
# Set a non-zero return code if directory does not exist
rc=1
fi
# Move back into the directory the user started in
cd "${curdir}"
# Return the code; if one is not set, return 0
return "${rc:-0}"
}
# A function to clone a repo
make_repo() {
# Set named variables for better readability
local directory="${1}"
local remoteRepo="${2}"
# The message to display when this function is running
str="Clone ${remoteRepo} into ${directory}"
# Display the message and use the color table to preface the message with an "info" indicator
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# If the directory exists,
if [[ -d "${directory}" ]]; then
# delete everything in it so git can clone into it
rm -rf "${directory}"
fi
# Clone the repo and return the return code from this command
git clone -q --depth 20 "${remoteRepo}" "${directory}" &> /dev/null || return $?
# Show a colored message showing it's status
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Always return 0? Not sure this is correct
return 0
}
# We need to make sure the repos are up-to-date so we can effectively install Clean out the directory if it exists for git to clone into
update_repo() {
# Use named, local variables
# As you can see, these are the same variable names used in the last function,
# but since they are local, their scope does not go beyond this function
# This helps prevent the wrong value from being assigned if you were to set the variable as a GLOBAL one
local directory="${1}"
local curdir
# A variable to store the message we want to display;
# Again, it's useful to store these in variables in case we need to reuse or change the message;
# we only need to make one change here
local str="Update repo in ${1}"
# Make sure we know what directory we are in so we can move back into it
curdir="${PWD}"
# Move into the directory that was passed as an argument
cd "${directory}" &> /dev/null || return 1
# Let the user know what's happening
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Stash any local commits as they conflict with our working code
git stash --all --quiet &> /dev/null || true # Okay for stash failure
git clean --quiet --force -d || true # Okay for already clean directory
# Pull the latest commits
git pull --quiet &> /dev/null || return $?
# Show a completion message
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Move back into the original directory
cd "${curdir}" &> /dev/null || return 1
return 0
}
# A function that combines the functions previously made
getGitFiles() {
# Setup named variables for the git repos
# We need the directory
local directory="${1}"
# as well as the repo URL
local remoteRepo="${2}"
# A local variable containing the message to be displayed
local str="Check for existing repository in ${1}"
# Show the message
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Check if the directory is a repository
if is_repo "${directory}"; then
# Show that we're checking it
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Update the repo, returning an error message on failure
update_repo "${directory}" || { printf "\\n %b: Could not update local repository. Contact support.%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
# If it's not a .git repo,
else
# Show an error
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
# Attempt to make the repository, showing an error on failure
make_repo "${directory}" "${remoteRepo}" || { printf "\\n %bError: Could not update local repository. Contact support.%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
fi
# echo a blank line
echo ""
# and return success?
return 0
}
# Reset a repo to get rid of any local changed
resetRepo() {
# Use named variables for arguments
local directory="${1}"
# Move into the directory
cd "${directory}" &> /dev/null || return 1
# Store the message in a variable
str="Resetting repository within ${1}..."
# Show the message
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Use git to remove the local changes
git reset --hard &> /dev/null || return $?
# And show the status
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Returning success anyway?
return 0
}
find_IPv4_information() {
# Detects IPv4 address used for communication to WAN addresses.
# Accepts no arguments, returns no values.
# Named, local variables
local route
local IPv4bare
# Find IP used to route to outside world by checking the the route to Google's public DNS server
route=$(ip route get 8.8.8.8)
# Get just the interface IPv4 address
# shellcheck disable=SC2059,SC2086
# disabled as we intentionally want to split on whitespace and have printf populate
# the variable with just the first field.
printf -v IPv4bare "$(printf ${route#*src })"
# Get the default gateway IPv4 address (the way to reach the Internet)
# shellcheck disable=SC2059,SC2086
printf -v IPv4gw "$(printf ${route#*via })"
if ! valid_ip "${IPv4bare}" ; then
IPv4bare="127.0.0.1"
fi
# Append the CIDR notation to the IP address, if valid_ip fails this should return 127.0.0.1/8
IPV4_ADDRESS=$(ip -oneline -family inet address show | grep "${IPv4bare}/" | awk '{print $4}' | awk 'END {print}')
}
# Get available interfaces that are UP
get_available_interfaces() {
# There may be more than one so it's all stored in a variable
availableInterfaces=$(ip --oneline link show up | grep -v "lo" | awk '{print $2}' | cut -d':' -f1 | cut -d'@' -f1)
}
# A function for displaying the dialogs the user sees when first running the installer
welcomeDialogs() {
# Display the welcome dialog using an appropriately sized window via the calculation conducted earlier in the script
whiptail --msgbox --backtitle "Welcome" --title "Pi-hole automated installer" "\\n\\nThis installer will transform your device into a network-wide ad blocker!" ${r} ${c}
# Request that users donate if they enjoy the software since we all work on it in our free time
whiptail --msgbox --backtitle "Plea" --title "Free and open source" "\\n\\nThe Pi-hole is free, but powered by your donations: http://pi-hole.net/donate" ${r} ${c}
# Explain the need for a static address
whiptail --msgbox --backtitle "Initiating network interface" --title "Static IP Needed" "\\n\\nThe Pi-hole is a SERVER so it needs a STATIC IP ADDRESS to function properly.
In the next section, you can choose to use your current network settings (DHCP) or to manually edit them." ${r} ${c}
}
# We need to make sure there is enough space before installing, so there is a function to check this
verifyFreeDiskSpace() {
# 50MB is the minimum space needed (45MB install (includes web admin bootstrap/jquery libraries etc) + 5MB one day of logs.)
# - Fourdee: Local ensures the variable is only created, and accessible within this function/void. Generally considered a "good" coding practice for non-global variables.
local str="Disk space check"
# Required space in KB
local required_free_kilobytes=51200
# Calculate existing free space on this machine
local existing_free_kilobytes
existing_free_kilobytes=$(df -Pk | grep -m1 '\/$' | awk '{print $4}')
# If the existing space is not an integer,
if ! [[ "${existing_free_kilobytes}" =~ ^([0-9])+$ ]]; then
# show an error that we can't determine the free space
printf " %b %s\\n" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " %b Unknown free disk space! \\n" "${INFO}"
printf " We were unable to determine available free disk space on this system.\\n"
printf " You may override this check, however, it is not recommended.\\n"
printf " The option '%b--i_do_not_follow_recommendations%b' can override this.\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"
printf " e.g: curl -L https://install.pi-hole.net | bash /dev/stdin %b<option>%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"
# exit with an error code
exit 1
# If there is insufficient free disk space,
elif [[ "${existing_free_kilobytes}" -lt "${required_free_kilobytes}" ]]; then
# show an error message
printf " %b %s\\n" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " %b Your system disk appears to only have %s KB free\\n" "${INFO}" "${existing_free_kilobytes}"
printf " It is recommended to have a minimum of %s KB to run the Pi-hole\\n" "${required_free_kilobytes}"
# if the vcgencmd command exists,
if is_command vcgencmd ; then
# it's probably a Raspbian install, so show a message about expanding the filesystem
printf " If this is a new install you may need to expand your disk\\n"
printf " Run 'sudo raspi-config', and choose the 'expand file system' option\\n"
printf " After rebooting, run this installation again\\n"
printf " e.g: curl -L https://install.pi-hole.net | bash\\n"
fi
# Show there is not enough free space
printf "\\n %bInsufficient free space, exiting...%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"
# and exit with an error
exit 1
# Otherwise,
else
# Show that we're running a disk space check
printf " %b %s\\n" "${TICK}" "${str}"
fi
}
# A function that let's the user pick an interface to use with Pi-hole
chooseInterface() {
# Turn the available interfaces into an array so it can be used with a whiptail dialog
local interfacesArray=()
# Number of available interfaces
local interfaceCount
# Whiptail variable storage
local chooseInterfaceCmd
# Temporary Whiptail options storage
local chooseInterfaceOptions
# Loop sentinel variable
local firstLoop=1
# Find out how many interfaces are available to choose from
interfaceCount=$(wc -l <<< "${availableInterfaces}")
# If there is one interface,
if [[ "${interfaceCount}" -eq 1 ]]; then
# Set it as the interface to use since there is no other option
PIHOLE_INTERFACE="${availableInterfaces}"
# Otherwise,
else
# While reading through the available interfaces
while read -r line; do
# use a variable to set the option as OFF to begin with
mode="OFF"
# If it's the first loop,
if [[ "${firstLoop}" -eq 1 ]]; then
# set this as the interface to use (ON)
firstLoop=0
mode="ON"
fi
# Put all these interfaces into an array
interfacesArray+=("${line}" "available" "${mode}")
# Feed the available interfaces into this while loop
done <<< "${availableInterfaces}"
# The whiptail command that will be run, stored in a variable
chooseInterfaceCmd=(whiptail --separate-output --radiolist "Choose An Interface (press space to select)" ${r} ${c} ${interfaceCount})
# Now run the command using the interfaces saved into the array
chooseInterfaceOptions=$("${chooseInterfaceCmd[@]}" "${interfacesArray[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || \
# If the user chooses Cancel, exit
{ printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
# For each interface
for desiredInterface in ${chooseInterfaceOptions}; do
# Set the one the user selected as the interface to use
PIHOLE_INTERFACE=${desiredInterface}
# and show this information to the user
printf " %b Using interface: %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}"
done
fi
}
# This lets us prefer ULA addresses over GUA
# This caused problems for some users when their ISP changed their IPv6 addresses
# See https://github.com/pi-hole/pi-hole/issues/1473#issuecomment-301745953
testIPv6() {
# first will contain fda2 (ULA)
printf -v first "%s" "${1%%:*}"
# value1 will contain 253 which is the decimal value corresponding to 0xfd
value1=$(( (0x$first)/256 ))
# will contain 162 which is the decimal value corresponding to 0xa2
value2=$(( (0x$first)%256 ))
# the ULA test is testing for fc00::/7 according to RFC 4193
if (( (value1&254)==252 )); then
# echoing result to calling function as return value
echo "ULA"
fi
# the GUA test is testing for 2000::/3 according to RFC 4291
if (( (value1&112)==32 )); then
# echoing result to calling function as return value
echo "GUA"
fi
# the LL test is testing for fe80::/10 according to RFC 4193
if (( (value1)==254 )) && (( (value2&192)==128 )); then
# echoing result to calling function as return value
echo "Link-local"
fi
}
# A dialog for showing the user about IPv6 blocking
useIPv6dialog() {
# Determine the IPv6 address used for blocking
IPV6_ADDRESSES=($(ip -6 address | grep 'scope global' | awk '{print $2}'))
# For each address in the array above, determine the type of IPv6 address it is
for i in "${IPV6_ADDRESSES[@]}"; do
# Check if it's ULA, GUA, or LL by using the function created earlier
result=$(testIPv6 "$i")
# If it's a ULA address, use it and store it as a global variable
[[ "${result}" == "ULA" ]] && ULA_ADDRESS="${i%/*}"
# If it's a GUA address, we can still use it si store it as a global variable
[[ "${result}" == "GUA" ]] && GUA_ADDRESS="${i%/*}"
done
# Determine which address to be used: Prefer ULA over GUA or don't use any if none found
# If the ULA_ADDRESS contains a value,
if [[ ! -z "${ULA_ADDRESS}" ]]; then
# set the IPv6 address to the ULA address
IPV6_ADDRESS="${ULA_ADDRESS}"
# Show this info to the user
printf " %b Found IPv6 ULA address, using it for blocking IPv6 ads\\n" "${INFO}"
# Otherwise, if the GUA_ADDRESS has a value,
elif [[ ! -z "${GUA_ADDRESS}" ]]; then
# Let the user know
printf " %b Found IPv6 GUA address, using it for blocking IPv6 ads\\n" "${INFO}"
# And assign it to the global variable
IPV6_ADDRESS="${GUA_ADDRESS}"
# If none of those work,
else
# explain that IPv6 blocking will not be used
printf " %b Unable to find IPv6 ULA/GUA address, IPv6 adblocking will not be enabled\\n" "${INFO}"
# So set the variable to be empty
IPV6_ADDRESS=""
fi
# If the IPV6_ADDRESS contains a value
if [[ ! -z "${IPV6_ADDRESS}" ]]; then
# Display that IPv6 is supported and will be used
whiptail --msgbox --backtitle "IPv6..." --title "IPv6 Supported" "$IPV6_ADDRESS will be used to block ads." ${r} ${c}
fi
}
# A function to check if we should use IPv4 and/or IPv6 for blocking ads
use4andor6() {
# Named local variables
local useIPv4
local useIPv6
# Let use select IPv4 and/or IPv6 via a checklist
cmd=(whiptail --separate-output --checklist "Select Protocols (press space to select)" ${r} ${c} 2)
# In an array, show the options available:
# IPv4 (on by default)
options=(IPv4 "Block ads over IPv4" on
# or IPv6 (on by default if available)
IPv6 "Block ads over IPv6" on)
# In a variable, show the choices available; exit if Cancel is selected
choices=$("${cmd[@]}" "${options[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || { printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
# For each choice available,
for choice in ${choices}
do
# Set the values to true
case ${choice} in
IPv4 ) useIPv4=true;;
IPv6 ) useIPv6=true;;
esac
done
# If IPv4 is to be used,
if [[ "${useIPv4}" ]]; then
# Run our function to get the information we need
find_IPv4_information
getStaticIPv4Settings
setStaticIPv4
fi
# If IPv6 is to be used,
if [[ "${useIPv6}" ]]; then
# Run our function to get this information
useIPv6dialog
fi
# Echo the information to the user
printf " %b IPv4 address: %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS}"
printf " %b IPv6 address: %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${IPV6_ADDRESS}"
# If neither protocol is selected,
if [[ ! "${useIPv4}" ]] && [[ ! "${useIPv6}" ]]; then
# Show an error in red
printf " %bError: Neither IPv4 or IPv6 selected%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"
# and exit with an error
exit 1
fi
}
#
getStaticIPv4Settings() {
# Local, named variables
local ipSettingsCorrect
# Ask if the user wants to use DHCP settings as their static IP
# This is useful for users that are using DHCP reservations; then we can just use the information gathered via our functions
if whiptail --backtitle "Calibrating network interface" --title "Static IP Address" --yesno "Do you want to use your current network settings as a static address?
IP address: ${IPV4_ADDRESS}
Gateway: ${IPv4gw}" ${r} ${c}; then
# If they choose yes, let the user know that the IP address will not be available via DHCP and may cause a conflict.
whiptail --msgbox --backtitle "IP information" --title "FYI: IP Conflict" "It is possible your router could still try to assign this IP to a device, which would cause a conflict. But in most cases the router is smart enough to not do that.
If you are worried, either manually set the address, or modify the DHCP reservation pool so it does not include the IP you want.
It is also possible to use a DHCP reservation, but if you are going to do that, you might as well set a static address." ${r} ${c}
# Nothing else to do since the variables are already set above
else
# Otherwise, we need to ask the user to input their desired settings.
# Start by getting the IPv4 address (pre-filling it with info gathered from DHCP)
# Start a loop to let the user enter their information with the chance to go back and edit it if necessary
until [[ "${ipSettingsCorrect}" = True ]]; do
# Ask for the IPv4 address
IPV4_ADDRESS=$(whiptail --backtitle "Calibrating network interface" --title "IPv4 address" --inputbox "Enter your desired IPv4 address" ${r} ${c} "${IPV4_ADDRESS}" 3>&1 1>&2 2>&3) || \
# Cancelling IPv4 settings window
{ ipSettingsCorrect=False; echo -e " ${COL_LIGHT_RED}Cancel was selected, exiting installer${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
printf " %b Your static IPv4 address: %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS}"
# Ask for the gateway
IPv4gw=$(whiptail --backtitle "Calibrating network interface" --title "IPv4 gateway (router)" --inputbox "Enter your desired IPv4 default gateway" ${r} ${c} "${IPv4gw}" 3>&1 1>&2 2>&3) || \
# Cancelling gateway settings window
{ ipSettingsCorrect=False; echo -e " ${COL_LIGHT_RED}Cancel was selected, exiting installer${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
printf " %b Your static IPv4 gateway: %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${IPv4gw}"
# Give the user a chance to review their settings before moving on
if whiptail --backtitle "Calibrating network interface" --title "Static IP Address" --yesno "Are these settings correct?
IP address: ${IPV4_ADDRESS}
Gateway: ${IPv4gw}" ${r} ${c}; then
# After that's done, the loop ends and we move on
ipSettingsCorrect=True
else
# If the settings are wrong, the loop continues
ipSettingsCorrect=False
fi
done
# End the if statement for DHCP vs. static
fi
}
# configure networking via dhcpcd
setDHCPCD() {
# check if the IP is already in the file
if grep -q "${IPV4_ADDRESS}" /etc/dhcpcd.conf; then
printf " %b Static IP already configured\\n" "${INFO}"
# If it's not,
else
# we can append these lines to dhcpcd.conf to enable a static IP
echo "interface ${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}
static ip_address=${IPV4_ADDRESS}
static routers=${IPv4gw}
static domain_name_servers=127.0.0.1" | tee -a /etc/dhcpcd.conf >/dev/null
# Then use the ip command to immediately set the new address
ip addr replace dev "${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS}"
# Also give a warning that the user may need to reboot their system
printf " %b Set IP address to %s \\n You may need to restart after the install is complete\\n" "${TICK}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS%/*}"
fi
}
# configure networking ifcfg-xxxx file found at /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
# this function requires the full path of an ifcfg file passed as an argument
setIFCFG() {
# Local, named variables
local IFCFG_FILE
local IPADDR
local CIDR
IFCFG_FILE=$1
printf -v IPADDR "%s" "${IPV4_ADDRESS%%/*}"
# check if the desired IP is already set
if grep -Eq "${IPADDR}(\\b|\\/)" "${IFCFG_FILE}"; then
printf " %b Static IP already configured\\n" "${INFO}"
# Otherwise,
else
# Put the IP in variables without the CIDR notation
printf -v CIDR "%s" "${IPV4_ADDRESS##*/}"
# Backup existing interface configuration:
cp "${IFCFG_FILE}" "${IFCFG_FILE}".pihole.orig
# Build Interface configuration file using the GLOBAL variables we have
{
echo "# Configured via Pi-hole installer"
echo "DEVICE=$PIHOLE_INTERFACE"
echo "BOOTPROTO=none"
echo "ONBOOT=yes"
echo "IPADDR=$IPADDR"
echo "PREFIX=$CIDR"
echo "GATEWAY=$IPv4gw"
echo "DNS1=$PIHOLE_DNS_1"
echo "DNS2=$PIHOLE_DNS_2"
echo "USERCTL=no"
}> "${IFCFG_FILE}"
# Use ip to immediately set the new address
ip addr replace dev "${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS}"
# If NetworkMangler command line interface exists and ready to mangle,
if is_command nmcli && nmcli general status &> /dev/null; then
# Tell NetworkManagler to read our new sysconfig file
nmcli con load "${IFCFG_FILE}" > /dev/null
fi
# Show a warning that the user may need to restart
printf " %b Set IP address to %s\\n You may need to restart after the install is complete\\n" "${TICK}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS%%/*}"
fi
}
setStaticIPv4() {
# Local, named variables
local IFCFG_FILE
local CONNECTION_NAME
# If a static interface is already configured, we are done.
if [[ -r "/etc/sysconfig/network/ifcfg-${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}" ]]; then
if grep -q '^BOOTPROTO=.static.' "/etc/sysconfig/network/ifcfg-${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}"; then
return 0
fi
fi
# For the Debian family, if dhcpcd.conf exists,
if [[ -f "/etc/dhcpcd.conf" ]]; then
# configure networking via dhcpcd
setDHCPCD
return 0
fi
# If a DHCPCD config file was not found, check for an ifcfg config file based on interface name
if [[ -f "/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}" ]];then
# If it exists,
IFCFG_FILE=/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}
setIFCFG "${IFCFG_FILE}"
return 0
fi
# if an ifcfg config does not exists for the interface name, try the connection name via network manager
if is_command nmcli && nmcli general status &> /dev/null; then
CONNECTION_NAME=$(nmcli dev show "${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}" | grep 'GENERAL.CONNECTION' | cut -d: -f2 | sed 's/^System//' | xargs | tr ' ' '_')
if [[ -f "/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-${CONNECTION_NAME}" ]];then
# If it exists,
IFCFG_FILE=/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-${CONNECTION_NAME}
setIFCFG "${IFCFG_FILE}"
return 0
fi
fi
# If previous conditions failed, show an error and exit
printf " %b Warning: Unable to locate configuration file to set static IPv4 address\\n" "${INFO}"
exit 1
}
# Check an IP address to see if it is a valid one
valid_ip() {
# Local, named variables
local ip=${1}
local stat=1
# If the IP matches the format xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx,
if [[ "${ip}" =~ ^[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}$ ]]; then
# Save the old Internal Field Separator in a variable
OIFS=$IFS
# and set the new one to a dot (period)
IFS='.'
# Put the IP into an array
ip=(${ip})
# Restore the IFS to what it was
IFS=${OIFS}
## Evaluate each octet by checking if it's less than or equal to 255 (the max for each octet)
[[ "${ip[0]}" -le 255 && "${ip[1]}" -le 255 \
&& "${ip[2]}" -le 255 && "${ip[3]}" -le 255 ]]
# Save the exit code
stat=$?
fi
# Return the exit code
return ${stat}
}
# A function to choose the upstream DNS provider(s)
setDNS() {
# Local, named variables
local DNSSettingsCorrect
# In an array, list the available upstream providers
DNSChooseOptions=()
local DNSServerCount=0
# Save the old Internal Field Separator in a variable
OIFS=$IFS
# and set the new one to newline
IFS=$'\n'
# Put the DNS Servers into an array
for DNSServer in ${DNS_SERVERS}
do
DNSName="$(cut -d';' -f1 <<< "${DNSServer}")"
DNSChooseOptions[DNSServerCount]="${DNSName}"
(( DNSServerCount=DNSServerCount+1 ))
DNSChooseOptions[DNSServerCount]=""
(( DNSServerCount=DNSServerCount+1 ))
done
DNSChooseOptions[DNSServerCount]="Custom"
(( DNSServerCount=DNSServerCount+1 ))
DNSChooseOptions[DNSServerCount]=""
# Restore the IFS to what it was
IFS=${OIFS}
# In a whiptail dialog, show the options
DNSchoices=$(whiptail --separate-output --menu "Select Upstream DNS Provider. To use your own, select Custom." ${r} ${c} 7 \
"${DNSChooseOptions[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || \
# exit if Cancel is selected
{ printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
# Display the selection
printf " %b Using " "${INFO}"
# Depending on the user's choice, set the GLOBAl variables to the IP of the respective provider
if [[ "${DNSchoices}" == "Custom" ]]
then
# Until the DNS settings are selected,
until [[ "${DNSSettingsCorrect}" = True ]]; do
#
strInvalid="Invalid"
# If the first
if [[ ! "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" ]]; then
# and second upstream servers do not exist
if [[ ! "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" ]]; then
prePopulate=""
# Otherwise,
else
prePopulate=", ${PIHOLE_DNS_2}"
fi
elif [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" ]] && [[ ! "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" ]]; then
prePopulate="${PIHOLE_DNS_1}"
elif [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" ]] && [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" ]]; then
prePopulate="${PIHOLE_DNS_1}, ${PIHOLE_DNS_2}"
fi
# Dialog for the user to enter custom upstream servers
piholeDNS=$(whiptail --backtitle "Specify Upstream DNS Provider(s)" --inputbox "Enter your desired upstream DNS provider(s), separated by a comma.\\n\\nFor example '8.8.8.8, 8.8.4.4'" ${r} ${c} "${prePopulate}" 3>&1 1>&2 2>&3) || \
{ printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
# Clean user input and replace whitespace with comma.
piholeDNS=$(sed 's/[, \t]\+/,/g' <<< "${piholeDNS}")
printf -v PIHOLE_DNS_1 "%s" "${piholeDNS%%,*}"
printf -v PIHOLE_DNS_2 "%s" "${piholeDNS##*,}"
# If the IP is valid,
if ! valid_ip "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" || [[ ! "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" ]]; then
# store it in the variable so we can use it
PIHOLE_DNS_1=${strInvalid}
fi
# Do the same for the secondary server
if ! valid_ip "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" && [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" ]]; then
PIHOLE_DNS_2=${strInvalid}
fi
# If either of the DNS servers are invalid,
if [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" == "${strInvalid}" ]] || [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" == "${strInvalid}" ]]; then
# explain this to the user
whiptail --msgbox --backtitle "Invalid IP" --title "Invalid IP" "One or both entered IP addresses were invalid. Please try again.\\n\\n DNS Server 1: $PIHOLE_DNS_1\\n DNS Server 2: ${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" ${r} ${c}
# and set the variables back to nothing
if [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" == "${strInvalid}" ]]; then
PIHOLE_DNS_1=""
fi
if [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" == "${strInvalid}" ]]; then
PIHOLE_DNS_2=""
fi
# Since the settings will not work, stay in the loop
DNSSettingsCorrect=False
# Otherwise,
else
# Show the settings
if (whiptail --backtitle "Specify Upstream DNS Provider(s)" --title "Upstream DNS Provider(s)" --yesno "Are these settings correct?\\n DNS Server 1: $PIHOLE_DNS_1\\n DNS Server 2: ${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" ${r} ${c}); then
# and break from the loop since the servers are valid
DNSSettingsCorrect=True
# Otherwise,
else
# If the settings are wrong, the loop continues
DNSSettingsCorrect=False
fi
fi
done
else
# Save the old Internal Field Separator in a variable
OIFS=$IFS
# and set the new one to newline
IFS=$'\n'
for DNSServer in ${DNS_SERVERS}
do
DNSName="$(cut -d';' -f1 <<< "${DNSServer}")"
if [[ "${DNSchoices}" == "${DNSName}" ]]
then
printf "%s\\n" "${DNSName}"
PIHOLE_DNS_1="$(cut -d';' -f2 <<< "${DNSServer}")"
PIHOLE_DNS_2="$(cut -d';' -f3 <<< "${DNSServer}")"
break
fi
done
# Restore the IFS to what it was
IFS=${OIFS}
fi
}
# Allow the user to enable/disable logging
setLogging() {
# Local, named variables
local LogToggleCommand
local LogChooseOptions
local LogChoices
# Ask if the user wants to log queries
LogToggleCommand=(whiptail --separate-output --radiolist "Do you want to log queries?" "${r}" "${c}" 6)
# The default selection is on
LogChooseOptions=("On (Recommended)" "" on
Off "" off)
# Get the user's choice
LogChoices=$("${LogToggleCommand[@]}" "${LogChooseOptions[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || (printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}" && exit 1)
case ${LogChoices} in
# If it's on
"On (Recommended)")
printf " %b Logging On.\\n" "${INFO}"
# Set the GLOBAL variable to true so we know what they selected
QUERY_LOGGING=true
;;
# Otherwise, it's off,
Off)
printf " %b Logging Off.\\n" "${INFO}"
# So set it to false
QUERY_LOGGING=false
;;
esac
}
# Allow the user to set their FTL privacy level
setPrivacyLevel() {
local LevelCommand
local LevelOptions
LevelCommand=(whiptail --separate-output --radiolist "Select a privacy mode for FTL. https://docs.pi-hole.net/ftldns/privacylevels/" "${r}" "${c}" 6)
# The default selection is level 0
LevelOptions=(
"0" "Show everything" on
"1" "Hide domains" off
"2" "Hide domains and clients" off
"3" "Anonymous mode" off
"4" "Disabled statistics" off
)
# Get the user's choice
PRIVACY_LEVEL=$("${LevelCommand[@]}" "${LevelOptions[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || (echo -e " ${COL_LIGHT_RED}Cancel was selected, exiting installer${COL_NC}" && exit 1)
printf " %b Privacy level %d" "${INFO}" "${PRIVACY_LEVEL}"
}
# Function to ask the user if they want to install the dashboard
setAdminFlag() {
# Local, named variables
local WebToggleCommand
local WebChooseOptions
local WebChoices
# Similar to the logging function, ask what the user wants
WebToggleCommand=(whiptail --separate-output --radiolist "Do you wish to install the web admin interface?" ${r} ${c} 6)
# with the default being enabled
WebChooseOptions=("On (Recommended)" "" on
Off "" off)
WebChoices=$("${WebToggleCommand[@]}" "${WebChooseOptions[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || (printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}" && exit 1)
# Depending on their choice
case ${WebChoices} in
"On (Recommended)")
printf " %b Web Interface On\\n" "${INFO}"
# Set it to true
INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE=true
;;
Off)
printf " %b Web Interface Off\\n" "${INFO}"
# or false
INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE=false
;;
esac
# Request user to install web server, if --disable-install-webserver has not been used (INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=true is default).
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_SERVER}" == true ]]; then
WebToggleCommand=(whiptail --separate-output --radiolist "Do you wish to install the web server (lighttpd)?\\n\\nNB: If you disable this, and, do not have an existing webserver installed, the web interface will not function." "${r}" "${c}" 6)
# with the default being enabled
WebChooseOptions=("On (Recommended)" "" on
Off "" off)
WebChoices=$("${WebToggleCommand[@]}" "${WebChooseOptions[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || (printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}" && exit 1)
# Depending on their choice
case ${WebChoices} in
"On (Recommended)")
printf " %b Web Server On\\n" "${INFO}"
# set it to true, as clearly seen below.
INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=true
;;
Off)
printf " %b Web Server Off\\n" "${INFO}"
# or false
INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=false
;;
esac
fi
}
# A function to display a list of example blocklists for users to select
chooseBlocklists() {
# Back up any existing adlist file, on the off chance that it exists. Useful in case of a reconfigure.
if [[ -f "${adlistFile}" ]]; then
mv "${adlistFile}" "${adlistFile}.old"
fi
# Let user select (or not) blocklists via a checklist
cmd=(whiptail --separate-output --checklist "Pi-hole relies on third party lists in order to block ads.\\n\\nYou can use the suggestions below, and/or add your own after installation\\n\\nTo deselect any list, use the arrow keys and spacebar" "${r}" "${c}" 7)
# In an array, show the options available (all off by default):
options=(StevenBlack "StevenBlack's Unified Hosts List" on
MalwareDom "MalwareDomains" on
Cameleon "Cameleon" on
ZeusTracker "ZeusTracker" on
DisconTrack "Disconnect.me Tracking" on
DisconAd "Disconnect.me Ads" on
HostsFile "Hosts-file.net Ads" on)
# In a variable, show the choices available; exit if Cancel is selected
choices=$("${cmd[@]}" "${options[@]}" 2>&1 >/dev/tty) || { printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; rm "${adlistFile}" ;exit 1; }
# For each choice available,
for choice in ${choices}
do
appendToListsFile "${choice}"
done
}
# Accept a string parameter, it must be one of the default lists
# This function allow to not duplicate code in chooseBlocklists and
# in installDefaultBlocklists
appendToListsFile() {
case $1 in
StevenBlack ) echo "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/StevenBlack/hosts/master/hosts" >> "${adlistFile}";;
MalwareDom ) echo "https://mirror1.malwaredomains.com/files/justdomains" >> "${adlistFile}";;
Cameleon ) echo "http://sysctl.org/cameleon/hosts" >> "${adlistFile}";;
ZeusTracker ) echo "https://zeustracker.abuse.ch/blocklist.php?download=domainblocklist" >> "${adlistFile}";;
DisconTrack ) echo "https://s3.amazonaws.com/lists.disconnect.me/simple_tracking.txt" >> "${adlistFile}";;
DisconAd ) echo "https://s3.amazonaws.com/lists.disconnect.me/simple_ad.txt" >> "${adlistFile}";;
HostsFile ) echo "https://hosts-file.net/ad_servers.txt" >> "${adlistFile}";;
esac
}
# Used only in unattended setup
# If there is already the adListFile, we keep it, else we create it using all default lists
installDefaultBlocklists() {
# In unattended setup, could be useful to use userdefined blocklist.
# If this file exists, we avoid overriding it.
if [[ -f "${adlistFile}" ]]; then
return;
fi
appendToListsFile StevenBlack
appendToListsFile MalwareDom
appendToListsFile Cameleon
appendToListsFile ZeusTracker
appendToListsFile DisconTrack
appendToListsFile DisconAd
appendToListsFile HostsFile
}
# Check if /etc/dnsmasq.conf is from pi-hole. If so replace with an original and install new in .d directory
version_check_dnsmasq() {
# Local, named variables
local dnsmasq_conf="/etc/dnsmasq.conf"
local dnsmasq_conf_orig="/etc/dnsmasq.conf.orig"
local dnsmasq_pihole_id_string="addn-hosts=/etc/pihole/gravity.list"
local dnsmasq_original_config="${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/dnsmasq.conf.original"
local dnsmasq_pihole_01_snippet="${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/01-pihole.conf"
local dnsmasq_pihole_01_location="/etc/dnsmasq.d/01-pihole.conf"
# If the dnsmasq config file exists
if [[ -f "${dnsmasq_conf}" ]]; then
printf " %b Existing dnsmasq.conf found..." "${INFO}"
# If gravity.list is found within this file, we presume it's from older versions on Pi-hole,
if grep -q ${dnsmasq_pihole_id_string} ${dnsmasq_conf}; then
printf " it is from a previous Pi-hole install.\\n"
printf " %b Backing up dnsmasq.conf to dnsmasq.conf.orig..." "${INFO}"
# so backup the original file
mv -f ${dnsmasq_conf} ${dnsmasq_conf_orig}
printf "%b %b Backing up dnsmasq.conf to dnsmasq.conf.orig...\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
printf " %b Restoring default dnsmasq.conf..." "${INFO}"
# and replace it with the default
cp ${dnsmasq_original_config} ${dnsmasq_conf}
printf "%b %b Restoring default dnsmasq.conf...\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# Otherwise,
else
# Don't to anything
printf " it is not a Pi-hole file, leaving alone!\\n"
fi
else
# If a file cannot be found,
printf " %b No dnsmasq.conf found... restoring default dnsmasq.conf..." "${INFO}"
# restore the default one
cp ${dnsmasq_original_config} ${dnsmasq_conf}
printf "%b %b No dnsmasq.conf found... restoring default dnsmasq.conf...\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
fi
printf " %b Copying 01-pihole.conf to /etc/dnsmasq.d/01-pihole.conf..." "${INFO}"
# Check to see if dnsmasq directory exists (it may not due to being a fresh install and dnsmasq no longer being a dependency)
if [[ ! -d "/etc/dnsmasq.d" ]];then
mkdir "/etc/dnsmasq.d"
fi
# Copy the new Pi-hole DNS config file into the dnsmasq.d directory
cp ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_snippet} ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
printf "%b %b Copying 01-pihole.conf to /etc/dnsmasq.d/01-pihole.conf\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# Replace our placeholder values with the GLOBAL DNS variables that we populated earlier
# First, swap in the interface to listen on
sed -i "s/@INT@/$PIHOLE_INTERFACE/" ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
if [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_1}" != "" ]]; then
# Then swap in the primary DNS server
sed -i "s/@DNS1@/$PIHOLE_DNS_1/" ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
else
#
sed -i '/^server=@DNS1@/d' ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
fi
if [[ "${PIHOLE_DNS_2}" != "" ]]; then
# Then swap in the primary DNS server
sed -i "s/@DNS2@/$PIHOLE_DNS_2/" ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
else
#
sed -i '/^server=@DNS2@/d' ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
fi
#
sed -i 's/^#conf-dir=\/etc\/dnsmasq.d$/conf-dir=\/etc\/dnsmasq.d/' ${dnsmasq_conf}
# If the user does not want to enable logging,
if [[ "${QUERY_LOGGING}" == false ]] ; then
# Disable it by commenting out the directive in the DNS config file
sed -i 's/^log-queries/#log-queries/' ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
# Otherwise,
else
# enable it by uncommenting the directive in the DNS config file
sed -i 's/^#log-queries/log-queries/' ${dnsmasq_pihole_01_location}
fi
}
# Clean an existing installation to prepare for upgrade/reinstall
clean_existing() {
# Local, named variables
# ${1} Directory to clean
local clean_directory="${1}"
# Make ${2} the new one?
shift
# ${2} Array of files to remove
local old_files=( "$@" )
# For each script found in the old files array
for script in "${old_files[@]}"; do
# Remove them
rm -f "${clean_directory}/${script}.sh"
done
}
# Install the scripts from repository to their various locations
installScripts() {
# Local, named variables
local str="Installing scripts from ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Clear out script files from Pi-hole scripts directory.
clean_existing "${PI_HOLE_INSTALL_DIR}" "${PI_HOLE_FILES[@]}"
# Install files from local core repository
if is_repo "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}"; then
# move into the directory
cd "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}"
# Install the scripts by:
# -o setting the owner to the user
# -Dm755 create all leading components of destination except the last, then copy the source to the destination and setting the permissions to 755
#
# This first one is the directory
install -o "${USER}" -Dm755 -d "${PI_HOLE_INSTALL_DIR}"
# The rest are the scripts Pi-hole needs
install -o "${USER}" -Dm755 -t "${PI_HOLE_INSTALL_DIR}" gravity.sh
install -o "${USER}" -Dm755 -t "${PI_HOLE_INSTALL_DIR}" ./advanced/Scripts/*.sh
install -o "${USER}" -Dm755 -t "${PI_HOLE_INSTALL_DIR}" ./automated\ install/uninstall.sh
install -o "${USER}" -Dm755 -t "${PI_HOLE_INSTALL_DIR}" ./advanced/Scripts/COL_TABLE
install -o "${USER}" -Dm755 -t /usr/local/bin/ pihole
install -Dm644 ./advanced/bash-completion/pihole /etc/bash_completion.d/pihole
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Otherwise,
else
# Show an error and exit
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf "\\t\\t%bError: Local repo %s not found, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}" "${COL_NC}"
return 1
fi
}
# Install the configs from PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO to their various locations
installConfigs() {
printf "\\n %b Installing configs from %s...\\n" "${INFO}" "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}"
# Make sure Pi-hole's config files are in place
version_check_dnsmasq
# Install list of DNS servers
# Format: Name;Primary IPv4;Secondary IPv4;Primary IPv6;Secondary IPv6
# Some values may be empty (for example: DNS servers without IPv6 support)
echo "${DNS_SERVERS}" > "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/dns-servers.conf"
# Install empty file if it does not exist
if [[ ! -r "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/pihole-FTL.conf" ]]; then
install -d -m 0755 ${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}
if ! install -o pihole -m 664 /dev/null "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/pihole-FTL.conf" &>/dev/null; then
printf " %bError: Unable to initialize configuration file %s/pihole-FTL.conf\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}"
return 1
fi
fi
# Install an empty regex file
if [[ ! -f "${regexFile}" ]]; then
# Let PHP edit the regex file, if installed
install -o pihole -g "${LIGHTTPD_GROUP:-pihole}" -m 664 /dev/null "${regexFile}"
fi
# If the user chose to install the dashboard,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_SERVER}" == true ]]; then
# and if the Web server conf directory does not exist,
if [[ ! -d "/etc/lighttpd" ]]; then
# make it
mkdir /etc/lighttpd
# and set the owners
chown "${USER}":root /etc/lighttpd
# Otherwise, if the config file already exists
elif [[ -f "/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf" ]]; then
# back up the original
mv /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf.orig
fi
# and copy in the config file Pi-hole needs
cp ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/${LIGHTTPD_CFG} /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
# Make sure the external.conf file exists, as lighttpd v1.4.50 crashes without it
touch /etc/lighttpd/external.conf
# if there is a custom block page in the html/pihole directory, replace 404 handler in lighttpd config
if [[ -f "${PI_HOLE_BLOCKPAGE_DIR}/custom.php" ]]; then
sed -i 's/^\(server\.error-handler-404\s*=\s*\).*$/\1"pihole\/custom\.php"/' /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
fi
# Make the directories if they do not exist and set the owners
mkdir -p /var/run/lighttpd
chown ${LIGHTTPD_USER}:${LIGHTTPD_GROUP} /var/run/lighttpd
mkdir -p /var/cache/lighttpd/compress
chown ${LIGHTTPD_USER}:${LIGHTTPD_GROUP} /var/cache/lighttpd/compress
mkdir -p /var/cache/lighttpd/uploads
chown ${LIGHTTPD_USER}:${LIGHTTPD_GROUP} /var/cache/lighttpd/uploads
fi
}
install_manpage() {
# Copy Pi-hole man pages and call mandb to update man page database
# Default location for man files for /usr/local/bin is /usr/local/share/man
# on lightweight systems may not be present, so check before copying.
printf " %b Testing man page installation" "${INFO}"
if ! is_command mandb ; then
# if mandb is not present, no manpage support
printf "%b %b man not installed\\n" "${OVER}" "${INFO}"
return
elif [[ ! -d "/usr/local/share/man" ]]; then
# appropriate directory for Pi-hole's man page is not present
printf "%b %b man pages not installed\\n" "${OVER}" "${INFO}"
return
fi
if [[ ! -d "/usr/local/share/man/man8" ]]; then
# if not present, create man8 directory
mkdir /usr/local/share/man/man8
fi
if [[ ! -d "/usr/local/share/man/man5" ]]; then
# if not present, create man8 directory
mkdir /usr/local/share/man/man5
fi
# Testing complete, copy the files & update the man db
cp ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/manpages/pihole.8 /usr/local/share/man/man8/pihole.8
cp ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/manpages/pihole-FTL.8 /usr/local/share/man/man8/pihole-FTL.8
cp ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/manpages/pihole-FTL.conf.5 /usr/local/share/man/man5/pihole-FTL.conf.5
if mandb -q &>/dev/null; then
# Updated successfully
printf "%b %b man pages installed and database updated\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
return
else
# Something is wrong with the system's man installation, clean up
# our files, (leave everything how we found it).
rm /usr/local/share/man/man8/pihole.8 /usr/local/share/man/man8/pihole-FTL.8 /usr/local/share/man/man5/pihole-FTL.conf.5
printf "%b %b man page db not updated, man pages not installed\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}"
fi
}
stop_service() {
# Stop service passed in as argument.
# Can softfail, as process may not be installed when this is called
local str="Stopping ${1} service"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
if is_command systemctl ; then
systemctl stop "${1}" &> /dev/null || true
else
service "${1}" stop &> /dev/null || true
fi
printf "%b %b %s...\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
}
# Start/Restart service passed in as argument
restart_service() {
# Local, named variables
local str="Restarting ${1} service"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# If systemctl exists,
if is_command systemctl ; then
# use that to restart the service
systemctl restart "${1}" &> /dev/null
# Otherwise,
else
# fall back to the service command
service "${1}" restart &> /dev/null
fi
printf "%b %b %s...\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
}
# Enable service so that it will start with next reboot
enable_service() {
# Local, named variables
local str="Enabling ${1} service to start on reboot"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# If systemctl exists,
if is_command systemctl ; then
# use that to enable the service
systemctl enable "${1}" &> /dev/null
# Otherwise,
else
# use update-rc.d to accomplish this
update-rc.d "${1}" defaults &> /dev/null
fi
printf "%b %b %s...\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
}
# Disable service so that it will not with next reboot
disable_service() {
# Local, named variables
local str="Disabling ${1} service"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# If systemctl exists,
if is_command systemctl ; then
# use that to disable the service
systemctl disable "${1}" &> /dev/null
# Otherwise,
else
# use update-rc.d to accomplish this
update-rc.d "${1}" disable &> /dev/null
fi
printf "%b %b %s...\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
}
check_service_active() {
# If systemctl exists,
if is_command systemctl ; then
# use that to check the status of the service
systemctl is-enabled "${1}" &> /dev/null
# Otherwise,
else
# fall back to service command
service "${1}" status &> /dev/null
fi
}
# Systemd-resolved's DNSStubListener and dnsmasq can't share port 53.
disable_resolved_stublistener() {
printf " %b Testing if systemd-resolved is enabled\\n" "${INFO}"
# Check if Systemd-resolved's DNSStubListener is enabled and active on port 53
if check_service_active "systemd-resolved"; then
# Check if DNSStubListener is enabled
printf " %b %b Testing if systemd-resolved DNSStub-Listener is active" "${OVER}" "${INFO}"
if ( grep -E '#?DNSStubListener=yes' /etc/systemd/resolved.conf &> /dev/null ); then
# Disable the DNSStubListener to unbind it from port 53
# Note that this breaks dns functionality on host until dnsmasq/ftl are up and running
printf "%b %b Disabling systemd-resolved DNSStubListener" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# Make a backup of the original /etc/systemd/resolved.conf
# (This will need to be restored on uninstallation)
sed -r -i.orig 's/#?DNSStubListener=yes/DNSStubListener=no/g' /etc/systemd/resolved.conf
printf " and restarting systemd-resolved\\n"
systemctl reload-or-restart systemd-resolved
else
printf "%b %b Systemd-resolved does not need to be restarted\\n" "${OVER}" "${INFO}"
fi
else
printf "%b %b Systemd-resolved is not enabled\\n" "${OVER}" "${INFO}"
fi
}
update_package_cache() {
# Running apt-get update/upgrade with minimal output can cause some issues with
# requiring user input (e.g password for phpmyadmin see #218)
# Update package cache on apt based OSes. Do this every time since
# it's quick and packages can be updated at any time.
# Local, named variables
local str="Update local cache of available packages"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Create a command from the package cache variable
if eval "${UPDATE_PKG_CACHE}" &> /dev/null; then
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Otherwise,
else
# show an error and exit
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " %bError: Unable to update package cache. Please try \"%s\"%b" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${UPDATE_PKG_CACHE}" "${COL_NC}"
return 1
fi
}
# Let user know if they have outdated packages on their system and
# advise them to run a package update at soonest possible.
notify_package_updates_available() {
# Local, named variables
local str="Checking ${PKG_MANAGER} for upgraded packages"
printf "\\n %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Store the list of packages in a variable
updatesToInstall=$(eval "${PKG_COUNT}")
if [[ -d "/lib/modules/$(uname -r)" ]]; then
if [[ "${updatesToInstall}" -eq 0 ]]; then
printf "%b %b %s... up to date!\\n\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
else
printf "%b %b %s... %s updates available\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}" "${updatesToInstall}"
printf " %b %bIt is recommended to update your OS after installing the Pi-hole!%b\\n\\n" "${INFO}" "${COL_LIGHT_GREEN}" "${COL_NC}"
fi
else
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " Kernel update detected. If the install fails, please reboot and try again\\n"
fi
}
# What's this doing outside of a function in the middle of nowhere?
counter=0
install_dependent_packages() {
# Local, named variables should be used here, especially for an iterator
# Add one to the counter
counter=$((counter+1))
# If it equals 1,
if [[ "${counter}" == 1 ]]; then
#
printf " %b Installer Dependency checks...\\n" "${INFO}"
else
#
printf " %b Main Dependency checks...\\n" "${INFO}"
fi
# Install packages passed in via argument array
# No spinner - conflicts with set -e
declare -a argArray1=("${!1}")
declare -a installArray
# Debian based package install - debconf will download the entire package list
# so we just create an array of packages not currently installed to cut down on the
# amount of download traffic.
# NOTE: We may be able to use this installArray in the future to create a list of package that were
# installed by us, and remove only the installed packages, and not the entire list.
if is_command debconf-apt-progress ; then
# For each package,
for i in "${argArray1[@]}"; do
printf " %b Checking for %s..." "${INFO}" "${i}"
if dpkg-query -W -f='${Status}' "${i}" 2>/dev/null | grep "ok installed" &> /dev/null; then
printf "%b %b Checking for %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${i}"
else
echo -e "${OVER} ${INFO} Checking for $i (will be installed)"
installArray+=("${i}")
fi
done
if [[ "${#installArray[@]}" -gt 0 ]]; then
test_dpkg_lock
debconf-apt-progress -- "${PKG_INSTALL[@]}" "${installArray[@]}"
return
fi
printf "\\n"
return 0
fi
# Install Fedora/CentOS packages
for i in "${argArray1[@]}"; do
printf " %b Checking for %s..." "${INFO}" "${i}"
if ${PKG_MANAGER} -q list installed "${i}" &> /dev/null; then
printf "%b %b Checking for %s" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${i}"
else
printf "%b %b Checking for %s (will be installed)" "${OVER}" "${INFO}" "${i}"
installArray+=("${i}")
fi
done
if [[ "${#installArray[@]}" -gt 0 ]]; then
"${PKG_INSTALL[@]}" "${installArray[@]}" &> /dev/null
return
fi
printf "\\n"
return 0
}
# Install the Web interface dashboard
installPiholeWeb() {
printf "\\n %b Installing blocking page...\\n" "${INFO}"
local str="Creating directory for blocking page, and copying files"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Install the directory
install -d -m 0755 ${PI_HOLE_BLOCKPAGE_DIR}
# and the blockpage
install -D ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/{index,blockingpage}.* ${PI_HOLE_BLOCKPAGE_DIR}/
# Remove superseded file
if [[ -e "${PI_HOLE_BLOCKPAGE_DIR}/index.js" ]]; then
rm "${PI_HOLE_BLOCKPAGE_DIR}/index.js"
fi
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
local str="Backing up index.lighttpd.html"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# If the default index file exists,
if [[ -f "${webroot}/index.lighttpd.html" ]]; then
# back it up
mv ${webroot}/index.lighttpd.html ${webroot}/index.lighttpd.orig
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Otherwise,
else
# don't do anything
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " No default index.lighttpd.html file found... not backing up\\n"
fi
# Install Sudoers file
local str="Installing sudoer file"
printf "\\n %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Make the .d directory if it doesn't exist
mkdir -p /etc/sudoers.d/
# and copy in the pihole sudoers file
install -m 0640 ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/Templates/pihole.sudo /etc/sudoers.d/pihole
# Add lighttpd user (OS dependent) to sudoers file
echo "${LIGHTTPD_USER} ALL=NOPASSWD: /usr/local/bin/pihole" >> /etc/sudoers.d/pihole
# If the Web server user is lighttpd,
if [[ "$LIGHTTPD_USER" == "lighttpd" ]]; then
# Allow executing pihole via sudo with Fedora
# Usually /usr/local/bin is not permitted as directory for sudoable programs
echo "Defaults secure_path = /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin" >> /etc/sudoers.d/pihole
fi
# Set the strict permissions on the file
chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers.d/pihole
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
}
# Installs a cron file
installCron() {
# Install the cron job
local str="Installing latest Cron script"
printf "\\n %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Copy the cron file over from the local repo
cp ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/Templates/pihole.cron /etc/cron.d/pihole
# Randomize gravity update time
sed -i "s/59 1 /$((1 + RANDOM % 58)) $((3 + RANDOM % 2))/" /etc/cron.d/pihole
# Randomize update checker time
sed -i "s/59 17/$((1 + RANDOM % 58)) $((12 + RANDOM % 8))/" /etc/cron.d/pihole
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
}
# Gravity is a very important script as it aggregates all of the domains into a single HOSTS formatted list,
# which is what Pi-hole needs to begin blocking ads
runGravity() {
# Run gravity in the current shell
{ /opt/pihole/gravity.sh --force; }
}
# Check if the pihole user exists and create if it does not
create_pihole_user() {
local str="Checking for user 'pihole'"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# If the user pihole exists,
if id -u pihole &> /dev/null; then
# just show a success
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Otherwise,
else
printf "%b %b %s" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
local str="Creating user 'pihole'"
printf "%b %b %s..." "${OVER}" "${INFO}" "${str}"
# create her with the useradd command
if useradd -r -s /usr/sbin/nologin pihole; then
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
else
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
fi
fi
}
# Allow HTTP and DNS traffic
configureFirewall() {
printf "\\n"
# If a firewall is running,
if firewall-cmd --state &> /dev/null; then
# ask if the user wants to install Pi-hole's default firewall rules
whiptail --title "Firewall in use" --yesno "We have detected a running firewall\\n\\nPi-hole currently requires HTTP and DNS port access.\\n\\n\\n\\nInstall Pi-hole default firewall rules?" ${r} ${c} || \
{ printf " %b Not installing firewall rulesets.\\n" "${INFO}"; return 0; }
printf " %b Configuring FirewallD for httpd and pihole-FTL\\n" "${TICK}"
# Allow HTTP and DNS traffic
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http --add-service=dns
# Reload the firewall to apply these changes
firewall-cmd --reload
return 0
# Check for proper kernel modules to prevent failure
elif modinfo ip_tables &> /dev/null && is_command iptables ; then
# If chain Policy is not ACCEPT or last Rule is not ACCEPT
# then check and insert our Rules above the DROP/REJECT Rule.
if iptables -S INPUT | head -n1 | grep -qv '^-P.*ACCEPT$' || iptables -S INPUT | tail -n1 | grep -qv '^-\(A\|P\).*ACCEPT$'; then
whiptail --title "Firewall in use" --yesno "We have detected a running firewall\\n\\nPi-hole currently requires HTTP and DNS port access.\\n\\n\\n\\nInstall Pi-hole default firewall rules?" ${r} ${c} || \
{ printf " %b Not installing firewall rulesets.\\n" "${INFO}"; return 0; }
printf " %b Installing new IPTables firewall rulesets\\n" "${TICK}"
# Check chain first, otherwise a new rule will duplicate old ones
iptables -C INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT &> /dev/null || iptables -I INPUT 1 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
iptables -C INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT &> /dev/null || iptables -I INPUT 1 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
iptables -C INPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT &> /dev/null || iptables -I INPUT 1 -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
iptables -C INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 4711:4720 -i lo -j ACCEPT &> /dev/null || iptables -I INPUT 1 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 4711:4720 -i lo -j ACCEPT
return 0
fi
# Otherwise,
else
# no firewall is running
printf " %b No active firewall detected.. skipping firewall configuration\\n" "${INFO}"
# so just exit
return 0
fi
printf " %b Skipping firewall configuration\\n" "${INFO}"
}
#
finalExports() {
# If the Web interface is not set to be installed,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == false ]]; then
# and if there is not an IPv4 address,
if [[ "${IPV4_ADDRESS}" ]]; then
# there is no block page, so set IPv4 to 0.0.0.0 (all IP addresses)
IPV4_ADDRESS="0.0.0.0"
fi
if [[ "${IPV6_ADDRESS}" ]]; then
# and IPv6 to ::/0
IPV6_ADDRESS="::/0"
fi
fi
# If the setup variable file exists,
if [[ -e "${setupVars}" ]]; then
# update the variables in the file
sed -i.update.bak '/PIHOLE_INTERFACE/d;/IPV4_ADDRESS/d;/IPV6_ADDRESS/d;/PIHOLE_DNS_1/d;/PIHOLE_DNS_2/d;/QUERY_LOGGING/d;/INSTALL_WEB_SERVER/d;/INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE/d;/LIGHTTPD_ENABLED/d;' "${setupVars}"
fi
# echo the information to the user
{
echo "PIHOLE_INTERFACE=${PIHOLE_INTERFACE}"
echo "IPV4_ADDRESS=${IPV4_ADDRESS}"
echo "IPV6_ADDRESS=${IPV6_ADDRESS}"
echo "PIHOLE_DNS_1=${PIHOLE_DNS_1}"
echo "PIHOLE_DNS_2=${PIHOLE_DNS_2}"
echo "QUERY_LOGGING=${QUERY_LOGGING}"
echo "INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=${INSTALL_WEB_SERVER}"
echo "INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE=${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}"
echo "LIGHTTPD_ENABLED=${LIGHTTPD_ENABLED}"
}>> "${setupVars}"
# Set the privacy level
sed -i '/PRIVACYLEVEL/d' "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/pihole-FTL.conf"
echo "PRIVACYLEVEL=${PRIVACY_LEVEL}" >> "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/pihole-FTL.conf"
# Bring in the current settings and the functions to manipulate them
source "${setupVars}"
source "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/Scripts/webpage.sh"
# Look for DNS server settings which would have to be reapplied
ProcessDNSSettings
# Look for DHCP server settings which would have to be reapplied
ProcessDHCPSettings
}
# Install the logrotate script
installLogrotate() {
local str="Installing latest logrotate script"
printf "\\n %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Copy the file over from the local repo
cp ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/Templates/logrotate /etc/pihole/logrotate
# Different operating systems have different user / group
# settings for logrotate that makes it impossible to create
# a static logrotate file that will work with e.g.
# Rasbian and Ubuntu at the same time. Hence, we have to
# customize the logrotate script here in order to reflect
# the local properties of the /var/log directory
logusergroup="$(stat -c '%U %G' /var/log)"
# If the variable has a value,
if [[ ! -z "${logusergroup}" ]]; then
#
sed -i "s/# su #/su ${logusergroup}/g;" /etc/pihole/logrotate
fi
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
}
# At some point in the future this list can be pruned, for now we'll need it to ensure updates don't break.
# Refactoring of install script has changed the name of a couple of variables. Sort them out here.
accountForRefactor() {
sed -i 's/piholeInterface/PIHOLE_INTERFACE/g' ${setupVars}
sed -i 's/IPv4_address/IPV4_ADDRESS/g' ${setupVars}
sed -i 's/IPv4addr/IPV4_ADDRESS/g' ${setupVars}
sed -i 's/IPv6_address/IPV6_ADDRESS/g' ${setupVars}
sed -i 's/piholeIPv6/IPV6_ADDRESS/g' ${setupVars}
sed -i 's/piholeDNS1/PIHOLE_DNS_1/g' ${setupVars}
sed -i 's/piholeDNS2/PIHOLE_DNS_2/g' ${setupVars}
sed -i 's/^INSTALL_WEB=/INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE=/' ${setupVars}
# Add 'INSTALL_WEB_SERVER', if its not been applied already: https://github.com/pi-hole/pi-hole/pull/2115
if ! grep -q '^INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=' ${setupVars}; then
local webserver_installed=false
if grep -q '^INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE=true' ${setupVars}; then
webserver_installed=true
fi
echo -e "INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=$webserver_installed" >> ${setupVars}
fi
}
# Install base files and web interface
installPihole() {
# Create the pihole user
create_pihole_user
# If the user wants to install the Web interface,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
if [[ ! -d "${webroot}" ]]; then
# make the Web directory if necessary
install -d -m 0755 ${webroot}
fi
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_SERVER}" == true ]]; then
# Set the owner and permissions
chown ${LIGHTTPD_USER}:${LIGHTTPD_GROUP} ${webroot}
chmod 0775 ${webroot}
# Give pihole access to the Web server group
usermod -a -G ${LIGHTTPD_GROUP} pihole
# If the lighttpd command is executable,
if is_command lighty-enable-mod ; then
# enable fastcgi and fastcgi-php
lighty-enable-mod fastcgi fastcgi-php > /dev/null || true
else
# Otherwise, show info about installing them
printf " %b Warning: 'lighty-enable-mod' utility not found\\n" "${INFO}"
printf " Please ensure fastcgi is enabled if you experience issues\\n"
fi
fi
fi
# For updates and unattended install.
if [[ "${useUpdateVars}" == true ]]; then
accountForRefactor
fi
# Install base files and web interface
if ! installScripts; then
printf " %b Failure in dependent script copy function.\\n" "${CROSS}"
exit 1
fi
# Install config files
if ! installConfigs; then
printf " %b Failure in dependent config copy function.\\n" "${CROSS}"
exit 1
fi
# If the user wants to install the dashboard,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
# do so
installPiholeWeb
fi
# Install the cron file
installCron
# Install the logrotate file
installLogrotate
# Check if dnsmasq is present. If so, disable it and back up any possible
# config file
disable_dnsmasq
# Configure the firewall
if [[ "${useUpdateVars}" == false ]]; then
configureFirewall
fi
# install a man page entry for pihole
install_manpage
# Update setupvars.conf with any variables that may or may not have been changed during the install
finalExports
}
# SELinux
checkSelinux() {
# If the getenforce command exists,
if is_command getenforce ; then
# Store the current mode in a variable
enforceMode=$(getenforce)
printf "\\n %b SELinux mode detected: %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${enforceMode}"
# If it's enforcing,
if [[ "${enforceMode}" == "Enforcing" ]]; then
# Explain Pi-hole does not support it yet
whiptail --defaultno --title "SELinux Enforcing Detected" --yesno "SELinux is being ENFORCED on your system! \\n\\nPi-hole currently does not support SELinux, but you may still continue with the installation.\\n\\nNote: Web Admin will not be fully functional unless you set your policies correctly\\n\\nContinue installing Pi-hole?" ${r} ${c} || \
{ printf "\\n %bSELinux Enforcing detected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
printf " %b Continuing installation with SELinux Enforcing\\n" "${INFO}"
printf " %b Please refer to official SELinux documentation to create a custom policy\\n" "${INFO}"
fi
fi
}
# Installation complete message with instructions for the user
displayFinalMessage() {
# If
if [[ "${#1}" -gt 0 ]] ; then
pwstring="$1"
# else, if the dashboard password in the setup variables exists,
elif [[ $(grep 'WEBPASSWORD' -c /etc/pihole/setupVars.conf) -gt 0 ]]; then
# set a variable for evaluation later
pwstring="unchanged"
else
# set a variable for evaluation later
pwstring="NOT SET"
fi
# If the user wants to install the dashboard,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
# Store a message in a variable and display it
additional="View the web interface at http://pi.hole/admin or http://${IPV4_ADDRESS%/*}/admin
Your Admin Webpage login password is ${pwstring}"
fi
# Final completion message to user
whiptail --msgbox --backtitle "Make it so." --title "Installation Complete!" "Configure your devices to use the Pi-hole as their DNS server using:
IPv4: ${IPV4_ADDRESS%/*}
IPv6: ${IPV6_ADDRESS:-"Not Configured"}
If you set a new IP address, you should restart the Pi.
The install log is in /etc/pihole.
${additional}" ${r} ${c}
}
update_dialogs() {
# If pihole -r "reconfigure" option was selected,
if [[ "${reconfigure}" = true ]]; then
# set some variables that will be used
opt1a="Repair"
opt1b="This will retain existing settings"
strAdd="You will remain on the same version"
# Otherwise,
else
# set some variables with different values
opt1a="Update"
opt1b="This will retain existing settings."
strAdd="You will be updated to the latest version."
fi
opt2a="Reconfigure"
opt2b="This will reset your Pi-hole and allow you to enter new settings."
# Display the information to the user
UpdateCmd=$(whiptail --title "Existing Install Detected!" --menu "\\n\\nWe have detected an existing install.\\n\\nPlease choose from the following options: \\n($strAdd)" ${r} ${c} 2 \
"${opt1a}" "${opt1b}" \
"${opt2a}" "${opt2b}" 3>&2 2>&1 1>&3) || \
{ printf " %bCancel was selected, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"; exit 1; }
# Set the variable based on if the user chooses
case ${UpdateCmd} in
# repair, or
${opt1a})
printf " %b %s option selected\\n" "${INFO}" "${opt1a}"
useUpdateVars=true
;;
# reconfigure,
${opt2a})
printf " %b %s option selected\\n" "${INFO}" "${opt2a}"
useUpdateVars=false
;;
esac
}
check_download_exists() {
status=$(curl --head --silent "https://ftl.pi-hole.net/${1}" | head -n 1)
if grep -q "404" <<< "$status"; then
return 1
else
return 0
fi
}
fully_fetch_repo() {
# Add upstream branches to shallow clone
local directory="${1}"
cd "${directory}" || return 1
if is_repo "${directory}"; then
git remote set-branches origin '*' || return 1
git fetch --quiet || return 1
else
return 1
fi
return 0
}
get_available_branches() {
# Return available branches
local directory
directory="${1}"
local output
cd "${directory}" || return 1
# Get reachable remote branches, but store STDERR as STDOUT variable
output=$( { git ls-remote --heads --quiet | cut -d'/' -f3- -; } 2>&1 )
# echo status for calling function to capture
echo "$output"
return
}
fetch_checkout_pull_branch() {
# Check out specified branch
local directory
directory="${1}"
local branch
branch="${2}"
# Set the reference for the requested branch, fetch, check it put and pull it
cd "${directory}" || return 1
git remote set-branches origin "${branch}" || return 1
git stash --all --quiet &> /dev/null || true
git clean --quiet --force -d || true
git fetch --quiet || return 1
checkout_pull_branch "${directory}" "${branch}" || return 1
}
checkout_pull_branch() {
# Check out specified branch
local directory
directory="${1}"
local branch
branch="${2}"
local oldbranch
cd "${directory}" || return 1
oldbranch="$(git symbolic-ref HEAD)"
str="Switching to branch: '${branch}' from '${oldbranch}'"
printf " %b %s" "${INFO}" "$str"
git checkout "${branch}" --quiet || return 1
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "$str"
git_pull=$(git pull || return 1)
if [[ "$git_pull" == *"up-to-date"* ]]; then
printf " %b %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${git_pull}"
else
printf "%s\\n" "$git_pull"
fi
return 0
}
clone_or_update_repos() {
# If the user wants to reconfigure,
if [[ "${reconfigure}" == true ]]; then
printf " %b Performing reconfiguration, skipping download of local repos\\n" "${INFO}"
# Reset the Core repo
resetRepo ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO} || \
{ printf " %bUnable to reset %s, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}" "${COL_NC}"; \
exit 1; \
}
# If the Web interface was installed,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
# reset it's repo
resetRepo ${webInterfaceDir} || \
{ printf " %bUnable to reset %s, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${webInterfaceDir}" "${COL_NC}"; \
exit 1; \
}
fi
# Otherwise, a repair is happening
else
# so get git files for Core
getGitFiles ${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO} ${piholeGitUrl} || \
{ printf " %bUnable to clone %s into %s, unable to continue%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${piholeGitUrl}" "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}" "${COL_NC}"; \
exit 1; \
}
# If the Web interface was installed,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
# get the Web git files
getGitFiles ${webInterfaceDir} ${webInterfaceGitUrl} || \
{ printf " %bUnable to clone %s into ${webInterfaceDir}, exiting installer%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${webInterfaceGitUrl}" "${COL_NC}"; \
exit 1; \
}
fi
fi
}
# Download FTL binary to random temp directory and install FTL binary
FTLinstall() {
# Local, named variables
local latesttag
local str="Downloading and Installing FTL"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# Find the latest version tag for FTL
latesttag=$(curl -sI https://github.com/pi-hole/FTL/releases/latest | grep "Location" | awk -F '/' '{print $NF}')
# Tags should always start with v, check for that.
if [[ ! "${latesttag}" == v* ]]; then
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " %bError: Unable to get latest release location from GitHub%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"
return 1
fi
# Move into the temp ftl directory
pushd "$(mktemp -d)" > /dev/null || { printf "Unable to make temporary directory for FTL binary download\\n"; return 1; }
# Always replace pihole-FTL.service
install -T -m 0755 "${PI_HOLE_LOCAL_REPO}/advanced/Templates/pihole-FTL.service" "/etc/init.d/pihole-FTL"
local ftlBranch
local url
if [[ -f "/etc/pihole/ftlbranch" ]];then
ftlBranch=$(</etc/pihole/ftlbranch)
else
ftlBranch="master"
fi
# Determine which version of FTL to download
if [[ "${ftlBranch}" == "master" ]];then
url="https://github.com/pi-hole/FTL/releases/download/${latesttag%$'\r'}"
else
url="https://ftl.pi-hole.net/${ftlBranch}"
fi
# If the download worked,
if curl -sSL --fail "${url}/${binary}" -o "${binary}"; then
# get sha1 of the binary we just downloaded for verification.
curl -sSL --fail "${url}/${binary}.sha1" -o "${binary}.sha1"
# If we downloaded binary file (as opposed to text),
if sha1sum --status --quiet -c "${binary}".sha1; then
printf "transferred... "
# Before stopping FTL, we download the macvendor database
curl -sSL "https://ftl.pi-hole.net/macvendor.db" -o "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/macvendor.db" || true
# Stop pihole-FTL service if available
stop_service pihole-FTL &> /dev/null
# Install the new version with the correct permissions
install -T -m 0755 "${binary}" /usr/bin/pihole-FTL
# Move back into the original directory the user was in
popd > /dev/null || { printf "Unable to return to original directory after FTL binary download.\\n"; return 1; }
# Installed the FTL service
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}" "${str}"
return 0
# Otherwise,
else
# the download failed, so just go back to the original directory
popd > /dev/null || { printf "Unable to return to original directory after FTL binary download.\\n"; return 1; }
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " %bError: Download of %s/%s failed (checksum error)%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${url}" "${binary}" "${COL_NC}"
return 1
fi
# Otherwise,
else
popd > /dev/null || { printf "Unable to return to original directory after FTL binary download.\\n"; return 1; }
printf "%b %b %s\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
# The URL could not be found
printf " %bError: URL %s/%s not found%b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${url}" "${binary}" "${COL_NC}"
return 1
fi
}
disable_dnsmasq() {
# dnsmasq can now be stopped and disabled if it exists
if which dnsmasq &> /dev/null; then
if check_service_active "dnsmasq";then
printf " %b FTL can now resolve DNS Queries without dnsmasq running separately\\n" "${INFO}"
stop_service dnsmasq
disable_service dnsmasq
fi
fi
# Backup existing /etc/dnsmasq.conf if present and ensure that
# /etc/dnsmasq.conf contains only "conf-dir=/etc/dnsmasq.d"
local conffile="/etc/dnsmasq.conf"
if [[ -f "${conffile}" ]]; then
printf " %b Backing up %s to %s.old\\n" "${INFO}" "${conffile}" "${conffile}"
mv "${conffile}" "${conffile}.old"
fi
# Create /etc/dnsmasq.conf
echo "conf-dir=/etc/dnsmasq.d" > "${conffile}"
}
get_binary_name() {
# This gives the machine architecture which may be different from the OS architecture...
local machine
machine=$(uname -m)
local str="Detecting architecture"
printf " %b %s..." "${INFO}" "${str}"
# If the machine is arm or aarch
if [[ "${machine}" == "arm"* || "${machine}" == *"aarch"* ]]; then
# ARM
#
local rev
rev=$(uname -m | sed "s/[^0-9]//g;")
#
local lib
lib=$(ldd /bin/ls | grep -E '^\s*/lib' | awk '{ print $1 }')
#
if [[ "${lib}" == "/lib/ld-linux-aarch64.so.1" ]]; then
printf "%b %b Detected ARM-aarch64 architecture\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# set the binary to be used
binary="pihole-FTL-aarch64-linux-gnu"
#
elif [[ "${lib}" == "/lib/ld-linux-armhf.so.3" ]]; then
#
if [[ "${rev}" -gt 6 ]]; then
printf "%b %b Detected ARM-hf architecture (armv7+)\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# set the binary to be used
binary="pihole-FTL-arm-linux-gnueabihf"
# Otherwise,
else
printf "%b %b Detected ARM-hf architecture (armv6 or lower) Using ARM binary\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# set the binary to be used
binary="pihole-FTL-arm-linux-gnueabi"
fi
else
printf "%b %b Detected ARM architecture\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# set the binary to be used
binary="pihole-FTL-arm-linux-gnueabi"
fi
elif [[ "${machine}" == "x86_64" ]]; then
# This gives the architecture of packages dpkg installs (for example, "i386")
local dpkgarch
dpkgarch=$(dpkg --print-architecture 2> /dev/null || true)
# Special case: This is a 32 bit OS, installed on a 64 bit machine
# -> change machine architecture to download the 32 bit executable
# We only check this for Debian-based systems as this has been an issue
# in the past (see https://github.com/pi-hole/pi-hole/pull/2004)
if [[ "${dpkgarch}" == "i386" ]]; then
printf "%b %b Detected 32bit (i686) architecture\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
binary="pihole-FTL-linux-x86_32"
else
# 64bit
printf "%b %b Detected x86_64 architecture\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# set the binary to be used
binary="pihole-FTL-linux-x86_64"
fi
else
# Something else - we try to use 32bit executable and warn the user
if [[ ! "${machine}" == "i686" ]]; then
printf "%b %b %s...\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " %b %bNot able to detect architecture (unknown: %s), trying 32bit executable%b\\n" "${INFO}" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${machine}" "${COL_NC}"
printf " %b Contact Pi-hole Support if you experience issues (e.g: FTL not running)\\n" "${INFO}"
else
printf "%b %b Detected 32bit (i686) architecture\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
fi
binary="pihole-FTL-linux-x86_32"
fi
}
FTLcheckUpdate() {
get_binary_name
#In the next section we check to see if FTL is already installed (in case of pihole -r).
#If the installed version matches the latest version, then check the installed sha1sum of the binary vs the remote sha1sum. If they do not match, then download
printf " %b Checking for existing FTL binary...\\n" "${INFO}"
local ftlLoc
ftlLoc=$(which pihole-FTL 2>/dev/null)
local ftlBranch
if [[ -f "/etc/pihole/ftlbranch" ]];then
ftlBranch=$(</etc/pihole/ftlbranch)
else
ftlBranch="master"
fi
local remoteSha1
local localSha1
# if dnsmasq exists and is running at this point, force reinstall of FTL Binary
if which dnsmasq &> /dev/null; then
if check_service_active "dnsmasq";then
return 0
fi
fi
if [[ ! "${ftlBranch}" == "master" ]]; then
#Check whether or not the binary for this FTL branch actually exists. If not, then there is no update!
local path
path="${ftlBranch}/${binary}"
# shellcheck disable=SC1090
if ! check_download_exists "$path"; then
printf " %b Branch \"%s\" is not available.\\n" "${INFO}" "${ftlBranch}"
printf " %b Use %bpihole checkout ftl [branchname]%b to switch to a valid branch.\\n" "${INFO}" "${COL_LIGHT_GREEN}" "${COL_NC}"
return 2
fi
if [[ ${ftlLoc} ]]; then
# We already have a pihole-FTL binary downloaded.
# Alt branches don't have a tagged version against them, so just confirm the checksum of the local vs remote to decide whether we download or not
remoteSha1=$(curl -sSL --fail "https://ftl.pi-hole.net/${ftlBranch}/${binary}.sha1" | cut -d ' ' -f 1)
localSha1=$(sha1sum "$(which pihole-FTL)" | cut -d ' ' -f 1)
if [[ "${remoteSha1}" != "${localSha1}" ]]; then
printf " %b Checksums do not match, downloading from ftl.pi-hole.net.\\n" "${INFO}"
return 0
else
printf " %b Checksum of installed binary matches remote. No need to download!\\n" "${INFO}"
return 1
fi
else
return 0
fi
else
if [[ ${ftlLoc} ]]; then
local FTLversion
FTLversion=$(/usr/bin/pihole-FTL tag)
local FTLlatesttag
FTLlatesttag=$(curl -sI https://github.com/pi-hole/FTL/releases/latest | grep 'Location' | awk -F '/' '{print $NF}' | tr -d '\r\n')
if [[ "${FTLversion}" != "${FTLlatesttag}" ]]; then
return 0
else
printf " %b Latest FTL Binary already installed (%s). Confirming Checksum...\\n" "${INFO}" "${FTLlatesttag}"
remoteSha1=$(curl -sSL --fail "https://github.com/pi-hole/FTL/releases/download/${FTLversion%$'\r'}/${binary}.sha1" | cut -d ' ' -f 1)
localSha1=$(sha1sum "$(which pihole-FTL)" | cut -d ' ' -f 1)
if [[ "${remoteSha1}" != "${localSha1}" ]]; then
printf " %b Corruption detected...\\n" "${INFO}"
return 0
else
printf " %b Checksum correct. No need to download!\\n" "${INFO}"
return 1
fi
fi
else
return 0
fi
fi
}
# Detect suitable FTL binary platform
FTLdetect() {
printf "\\n %b FTL Checks...\\n\\n" "${INFO}"
if FTLcheckUpdate ; then
FTLinstall || return 1
fi
}
make_temporary_log() {
# Create a random temporary file for the log
TEMPLOG=$(mktemp /tmp/pihole_temp.XXXXXX)
# Open handle 3 for templog
# https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18460186/writing-outputs-to-log-file-and-console
exec 3>"$TEMPLOG"
# Delete templog, but allow for addressing via file handle
# This lets us write to the log without having a temporary file on the drive, which
# is meant to be a security measure so there is not a lingering file on the drive during the install process
rm "$TEMPLOG"
}
copy_to_install_log() {
# Copy the contents of file descriptor 3 into the install log
# Since we use color codes such as '\e[1;33m', they should be removed
sed 's/\[[0-9;]\{1,5\}m//g' < /proc/$$/fd/3 > "${installLogLoc}"
}
main() {
######## FIRST CHECK ########
# Must be root to install
local str="Root user check"
printf "\\n"
# If the user's id is zero,
if [[ "${EUID}" -eq 0 ]]; then
# they are root and all is good
printf " %b %s\\n" "${TICK}" "${str}"
# Show the Pi-hole logo so people know it's genuine since the logo and name are trademarked
show_ascii_berry
make_temporary_log
# Otherwise,
else
# They do not have enough privileges, so let the user know
printf " %b %s\\n" "${CROSS}" "${str}"
printf " %b %bScript called with non-root privileges%b\\n" "${INFO}" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}" "${COL_NC}"
printf " The Pi-hole requires elevated privileges to install and run\\n"
printf " Please check the installer for any concerns regarding this requirement\\n"
printf " Make sure to download this script from a trusted source\\n\\n"
printf " %b Sudo utility check" "${INFO}"
# If the sudo command exists,
if is_command sudo ; then
printf "%b %b Sudo utility check\\n" "${OVER}" "${TICK}"
# Download the install script and run it with admin rights
exec curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pi-hole/pi-hole/master/automated%20install/basic-install.sh | sudo bash "$@"
exit $?
# Otherwise,
else
# Let them know they need to run it as root
printf "%b %b Sudo utility check\\n" "${OVER}" "${CROSS}"
printf " %b Sudo is needed for the Web Interface to run pihole commands\\n\\n" "${INFO}"
printf " %b %bPlease re-run this installer as root${COL_NC}\\n" "${INFO}" "${COL_LIGHT_RED}"
exit 1
fi
fi
# Check for supported distribution
distro_check
# If the setup variable file exists,
if [[ -f "${setupVars}" ]]; then
# if it's running unattended,
if [[ "${runUnattended}" == true ]]; then
printf " %b Performing unattended setup, no whiptail dialogs will be displayed\\n" "${INFO}"
# Use the setup variables
useUpdateVars=true
# also disable debconf-apt-progress dialogs
export DEBIAN_FRONTEND="noninteractive"
# Otherwise,
else
# show the available options (repair/reconfigure)
update_dialogs
fi
fi
# Start the installer
# Verify there is enough disk space for the install
if [[ "${skipSpaceCheck}" == true ]]; then
printf " %b Skipping free disk space verification\\n" "${INFO}"
else
verifyFreeDiskSpace
fi
# Update package cache
update_package_cache || exit 1
# Notify user of package availability
notify_package_updates_available
# Install packages used by this installation script
install_dependent_packages INSTALLER_DEPS[@]
# Check if SELinux is Enforcing
checkSelinux
if [[ "${useUpdateVars}" == false ]]; then
# Display welcome dialogs
welcomeDialogs
# Create directory for Pi-hole storage
mkdir -p /etc/pihole/
# Determine available interfaces
get_available_interfaces
# Find interfaces and let the user choose one
chooseInterface
# Decide what upstream DNS Servers to use
setDNS
# Give the user a choice of blocklists to include in their install. Or not.
chooseBlocklists
# Let the user decide if they want to block ads over IPv4 and/or IPv6
use4andor6
# Let the user decide if they want the web interface to be installed automatically
setAdminFlag
# Let the user decide if they want query logging enabled...
setLogging
# Let the user decide the FTL privacy level
setPrivacyLevel
else
# Setup adlist file if not exists
installDefaultBlocklists
# Source ${setupVars} to use predefined user variables in the functions
source ${setupVars}
# Get the privacy level if it exists (default is 0)
if [[ -f "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/pihole-FTL.conf" ]]; then
PRIVACY_LEVEL=$(sed -ne 's/PRIVACYLEVEL=\(.*\)/\1/p' "${PI_HOLE_CONFIG_DIR}/pihole-FTL.conf")
# If no setting was found, default to 0
PRIVACY_LEVEL="${PRIVACY_LEVEL:-0}"
fi
fi
# Clone/Update the repos
clone_or_update_repos
# Install the Core dependencies
local dep_install_list=("${PIHOLE_DEPS[@]}")
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_SERVER}" == true ]]; then
# Install the Web dependencies
dep_install_list+=("${PIHOLE_WEB_DEPS[@]}")
fi
install_dependent_packages dep_install_list[@]
unset dep_install_list
# On some systems, lighttpd is not enabled on first install. We need to enable it here if the user
# has chosen to install the web interface, else the `LIGHTTPD_ENABLED` check will fail
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_SERVER}" == true ]]; then
enable_service lighttpd
fi
# Determine if lighttpd is correctly enabled
if check_service_active "lighttpd"; then
LIGHTTPD_ENABLED=true
else
LIGHTTPD_ENABLED=false
fi
# Check if FTL is installed - do this early on as FTL is a hard dependency for Pi-hole
if ! FTLdetect; then
printf " %b FTL Engine not installed\\n" "${CROSS}"
exit 1
fi
# Install and log everything to a file
installPihole | tee -a /proc/$$/fd/3
# Copy the temp log file into final log location for storage
copy_to_install_log
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
# Add password to web UI if there is none
pw=""
# If no password is set,
if [[ $(grep 'WEBPASSWORD' -c /etc/pihole/setupVars.conf) == 0 ]] ; then
# generate a random password
pw=$(tr -dc _A-Z-a-z-0-9 < /dev/urandom | head -c 8)
# shellcheck disable=SC1091
. /opt/pihole/webpage.sh
echo "WEBPASSWORD=$(HashPassword ${pw})" >> ${setupVars}
fi
fi
# Check for and disable systemd-resolved-DNSStubListener before reloading resolved
# DNSStubListener needs to remain in place for installer to download needed files,
# so this change needs to be made after installation is complete,
# but before starting or resarting the dnsmasq or ftl services
disable_resolved_stublistener
# If the Web server was installed,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_SERVER}" == true ]]; then
if [[ "${LIGHTTPD_ENABLED}" == true ]]; then
restart_service lighttpd
enable_service lighttpd
else
printf " %b Lighttpd is disabled, skipping service restart\\n" "${INFO}"
fi
fi
printf " %b Restarting services...\\n" "${INFO}"
# Start services
# Enable FTL
# Ensure the service is enabled before trying to start it
# Fixes a problem reported on Ubuntu 18.04 where trying to start
# the service before enabling causes installer to exit
enable_service pihole-FTL
restart_service pihole-FTL
# Download and compile the aggregated block list
runGravity
# Force an update of the updatechecker
/opt/pihole/updatecheck.sh
/opt/pihole/updatecheck.sh x remote
if [[ "${useUpdateVars}" == false ]]; then
displayFinalMessage "${pw}"
fi
# If the Web interface was installed,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
# If there is a password,
if (( ${#pw} > 0 )) ; then
# display the password
printf " %b Web Interface password: %b%s%b\\n" "${INFO}" "${COL_LIGHT_GREEN}" "${pw}" "${COL_NC}"
printf " %b This can be changed using 'pihole -a -p'\\n\\n" "${INFO}"
fi
fi
if [[ "${useUpdateVars}" == false ]]; then
# If the Web interface was installed,
if [[ "${INSTALL_WEB_INTERFACE}" == true ]]; then
printf " %b View the web interface at http://pi.hole/admin or http://%s/admin\\n\\n" "${INFO}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS%/*}"
fi
# Explain to the user how to use Pi-hole as their DNS server
printf " %b You may now configure your devices to use the Pi-hole as their DNS server\\n" "${INFO}"
[[ -n "${IPV4_ADDRESS%/*}" ]] && printf " %b Pi-hole DNS (IPv4): %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${IPV4_ADDRESS%/*}"
[[ -n "${IPV6_ADDRESS}" ]] && printf " %b Pi-hole DNS (IPv6): %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${IPV6_ADDRESS}"
printf " %b If you set a new IP address, please restart the server running the Pi-hole\\n" "${INFO}"
INSTALL_TYPE="Installation"
else
INSTALL_TYPE="Update"
fi
# Display where the log file is
printf "\\n %b The install log is located at: %s\\n" "${INFO}" "${installLogLoc}"
printf "%b%s Complete! %b\\n" "${COL_LIGHT_GREEN}" "${INSTALL_TYPE}" "${COL_NC}"
if [[ "${INSTALL_TYPE}" == "Update" ]]; then
printf "\\n"
/usr/local/bin/pihole version --current
fi
}
if [[ "${PH_TEST}" != true ]] ; then
main "$@"
fi
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