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/* anet.c -- Basic TCP socket stuff made a bit less boring
*
* Copyright (c) 2006-2010, Salvatore Sanfilippo <antirez at gmail dot com>
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
*
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
* this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* * Neither the name of Redis nor the names of its contributors may be used
* to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
* specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
* LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

#include "fmacros.h"

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "anet.h"

static void anetSetError(char *err, const char *fmt, ...)
{
    va_list ap;

    if (!err) return;
    va_start(ap, fmt);
    vsnprintf(err, ANET_ERR_LEN, fmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
}

int anetNonBlock(char *err, int fd)
{
    int flags;

    /* Set the socket nonblocking.
* Note that fcntl(2) for F_GETFL and F_SETFL can't be
* interrupted by a signal. */
    if ((flags = fcntl(fd, F_GETFL)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "fcntl(F_GETFL): %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    if (fcntl(fd, F_SETFL, flags | O_NONBLOCK) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "fcntl(F_SETFL,O_NONBLOCK): %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return ANET_OK;
}

int anetTcpNoDelay(char *err, int fd)
{
    int yes = 1;
    if (setsockopt(fd, IPPROTO_TCP, TCP_NODELAY, &yes, sizeof(yes)) == -1)
    {
        anetSetError(err, "setsockopt TCP_NODELAY: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return ANET_OK;
}

int anetSetSendBuffer(char *err, int fd, int buffsize)
{
    if (setsockopt(fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_SNDBUF, &buffsize, sizeof(buffsize)) == -1)
    {
        anetSetError(err, "setsockopt SO_SNDBUF: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return ANET_OK;
}

int anetTcpKeepAlive(char *err, int fd)
{
    int yes = 1;
    if (setsockopt(fd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_KEEPALIVE, &yes, sizeof(yes)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "setsockopt SO_KEEPALIVE: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return ANET_OK;
}

int anetResolve(char *err, const char *host, char *ipbuf)
{
    struct sockaddr_in sa;

    sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
    if (inet_aton(host, &sa.sin_addr) == 0) {
        struct hostent *he;

        he = gethostbyname(host);
        if (he == NULL) {
            anetSetError(err, "can't resolve: %s\n", host);
            return ANET_ERR;
        }
        memcpy(&sa.sin_addr, he->h_addr, sizeof(struct in_addr));
    }
    strcpy(ipbuf,inet_ntoa(sa.sin_addr));
    return ANET_OK;
}

#define ANET_CONNECT_NONE 0
#define ANET_CONNECT_NONBLOCK 1
static int anetTcpGenericConnect(char *err, const char *addr, int port, int flags)
{
    int s, on = 1;
    struct sockaddr_in sa;

    if ((s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "creating socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    /* Make sure connection-intensive things like the redis benckmark
* will be able to close/open sockets a zillion of times */
    setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &on, sizeof(on));

    sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
    sa.sin_port = htons(port);
    if (inet_aton(addr, &sa.sin_addr) == 0) {
        struct hostent *he;

        he = gethostbyname(addr);
        if (he == NULL) {
            anetSetError(err, "can't resolve: %s\n", addr);
            close(s);
            return ANET_ERR;
        }
        memcpy(&sa.sin_addr, he->h_addr, sizeof(struct in_addr));
    }
    if (flags & ANET_CONNECT_NONBLOCK) {
        if (anetNonBlock(err,s) != ANET_OK)
            return ANET_ERR;
    }
    if (connect(s, (struct sockaddr*)&sa, sizeof(sa)) == -1) {
        if (errno == EINPROGRESS &&
            flags & ANET_CONNECT_NONBLOCK)
            return s;

        anetSetError(err, "connect: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        close(s);
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return s;
}

int anetTcpConnect(char *err, const char *addr, int port)
{
    return anetTcpGenericConnect(err,addr,port,ANET_CONNECT_NONE);
}

int anetTcpNonBlockConnect(char *err, const char *addr, int port)
{
    return anetTcpGenericConnect(err,addr,port,ANET_CONNECT_NONBLOCK);
}

int anetUnixGenericConnect(char *err, const char *path, int flags)
{
    int s;
    struct sockaddr_un sa;

    if ((s = socket(AF_LOCAL,SOCK_STREAM,0)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "creating socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    sa.sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
    strncpy(sa.sun_path,path,sizeof(sa.sun_path)-1);
    if (flags & ANET_CONNECT_NONBLOCK) {
        if (anetNonBlock(err,s) != ANET_OK)
            return ANET_ERR;
    }
    if (connect(s,(struct sockaddr*)&sa,sizeof(sa)) == -1) {
        if (errno == EINPROGRESS &&
            flags & ANET_CONNECT_NONBLOCK)
            return s;

        anetSetError(err, "connect: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        close(s);
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return s;
}

int anetUnixConnect(char *err, const char *path)
{
    return anetUnixGenericConnect(err,path,ANET_CONNECT_NONE);
}

int anetUnixNonBlockConnect(char *err, const char *path)
{
    return anetUnixGenericConnect(err,path,ANET_CONNECT_NONBLOCK);
}

/* Like read(2) but make sure 'count' is read before to return
* (unless error or EOF condition is encountered) */
int anetRead(int fd, char *buf, int count)
{
    int nread, totlen = 0;
    while(totlen != count) {
        nread = read(fd,buf,count-totlen);
        if (nread == 0) return totlen;
        if (nread == -1) return -1;
        totlen += nread;
        buf += nread;
    }
    return totlen;
}

/* Like write(2) but make sure 'count' is read before to return
* (unless error is encountered) */
int anetWrite(int fd, const char *buf, int count)
{
    int nwritten, totlen = 0;
    while(totlen != count) {
        nwritten = write(fd,buf,count-totlen);
        if (nwritten == 0) return totlen;
        if (nwritten == -1) return -1;
        totlen += nwritten;
        buf += nwritten;
    }
    return totlen;
}

int anetTcpServer(char *err, int port, const char *bindaddr)
{
    int s, on = 1;
    struct sockaddr_in sa;
    
    if ((s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    if (setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &on, sizeof(on)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "setsockopt SO_REUSEADDR: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        close(s);
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    memset(&sa,0,sizeof(sa));
    sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
    sa.sin_port = htons(port);
    sa.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
    if (bindaddr) {
        if (inet_aton(bindaddr, &sa.sin_addr) == 0) {
            anetSetError(err, "Invalid bind address\n");
            close(s);
            return ANET_ERR;
        }
    }
    if (bind(s, (struct sockaddr*)&sa, sizeof(sa)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "bind: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        close(s);
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    if (listen(s, 511) == -1) { /* the magic 511 constant is from nginx */
        anetSetError(err, "listen: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        close(s);
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return s;
}

int anetUnixServer(char *err, const char *path)
{
    int s;
    struct sockaddr_un sa;

    if ((s = socket(AF_LOCAL,SOCK_STREAM,0)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    memset(&sa,0,sizeof(sa));
    sa.sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
    strncpy(sa.sun_path,path,sizeof(sa.sun_path)-1);
    if (bind(s,(struct sockaddr*)&sa,SUN_LEN(&sa)) == -1) {
        anetSetError(err, "bind: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        close(s);
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    if (listen(s, 511) == -1) { /* the magic 511 constant is from nginx */
        anetSetError(err, "listen: %s\n", strerror(errno));
        close(s);
        return ANET_ERR;
    }
    return s;
}

int anetAccept(char *err, int serversock, char *ip, int *port)
{
    int fd;
    struct sockaddr_in sa;
    unsigned int saLen;

    while(1) {
        saLen = sizeof(sa);
        fd = accept(serversock, (struct sockaddr*)&sa, &saLen);
        if (fd == -1) {
            if (errno == EINTR)
                continue;
            else {
                anetSetError(err, "accept: %s\n", strerror(errno));
                return ANET_ERR;
            }
        }
        break;
    }
    if (ip) strcpy(ip,inet_ntoa(sa.sin_addr));
    if (port) *port = ntohs(sa.sin_port);
    return fd;
}
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