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Firewarden is a bash script used to open a program within a private Firejail sandbox.

Firewarden will launch the given program within a Firejail sandbox with a private home directory on a temporary filesystem. Networking is enabled by default, but may be disabled.

This may be useful for a number of applications, but was created specifically with Chromium in mind. To open a shady site within an isolated and temporary sandbox -- or simply to help further protect your online banking -- prepend your normal command with firewarden:

$ firewarden chromium

Local Files

If the final argument appears to be a local file, Firewarden will copy the file into a temporary directory. This directory will be used by Firejail as the user home. After the program has closed, the temporary directory and all of its contents are deleted.

By default, networking is disabled and a private /dev is used when viewing a local file.

This is particularly useful for mitigating harm caused by opening potentially malicious files, such as PDF and JPGs. Add it to your mailcap to protect your system against shady email attachments.

For example, you may want to view the file ~/notatrap.pdf with the PDF reader zathura.

$ firewarden zathura ~/notatrap.pdf

This is the equivalent of doing:

$ export now=`date --iso-8601=s`
$ mkdir -p $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/$USER/firewarden/$now
$ cp ~/notatrap.pdf $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/$USER/firewarden/$now/
$ firejail --net=none --private-dev --private=$XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/$USER/firewarden/$now zathura notatrap.pdf
$ rm -r $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR/$USER/firewarden/$now


Configuration Script

When the -c option is specified, Firewarden will attempt to locate and execute a configuration script named for the application in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/firewarden/$ For example, executing firewarden -c chromium will cause Firewarden to check for $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/firewarden/ If this script exists, it will be passed the variables $FIREWARDEN_HOME (corresponding to the home directory of the sandbox) and $FIREWARDEN_FILE (corresponding to the name of the local file, if appropriate), and executed.

This may be used as a way to configure applications within the temporary filesystem of the sandbox. For example, you may install your normal Chromium preferences file:

mkdir -p "$FIREWARDEN_HOME/.config/chromium/Default"
cp "$HOME/.config/chromium/Default/Preferences "$FIREWARDEN_HOME/.config/chromium/Default"

Or, rather than installing your complete Zathura config, you may want to just configure zoom keys.

mkdir -p "$FIREWARDEN_HOME/.config/zathura"
echo "map <C-i> zoom in" >> "$FIREWARDEN_HOME/.config/zathura/zathurarc"
echo "map <C-o> zoom out" >> "$FIREWARDEN_HOME/.config/zathura/zathurarc"

Or, you may wish to ensure that, if a local file was provided, you always have permission to write to it in the sandbox.



Networking is enabled by default, unless viewing local files (which most of the time do not need network access).

The user may explicitly enable or disable network access, overriding the default behavior.

# deny network access, regardless of the defaults.
$ firewarden -n ...
# enable network access, regardless of the defaults.
$ firewarden -N ...

Optionally, the sandbox may be launched with an isolated network namespace and a restrictive netfilter. Unless otherwise specified, NetworkManager will be used to determine the first connected network interface. This interface will be used to create the new network namespace.

# isolate the network, using the first connected interface.
$ firewarden -i ...
# isolate the network, using the specified interface.
$ firewarden -I eth0 ...

When isolating the network, Firejail's default client network filter will be used in the new network namespace.

-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
# allow ping
-A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type destination-unreachable -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type time-exceeded -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type echo-request -j ACCEPT
# drop STUN (WebRTC) requests
-A OUTPUT -p udp --dport 3478 -j DROP
-A OUTPUT -p udp --dport 3479 -j DROP
-A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 3478 -j DROP
-A OUTPUT -p tcp --dport 3479 -j DROP


Optionally, a new /dev can be created to further restrict the sandbox. This has the effect of preventing access to audio input and output, as well as any webcams. It is enabled by default when viewing local files.

# create a private /dev, regardless of the defaults.
$ firewarden -d ...
# do not create a private /dev, regardless of the defaults.
$ firewarden -D ...

Application Flags

Firewarden will always add certain flags when it executes specific applications.


When executing chromium or google-chrome, Firewarden will prevent the first run greeting, disable the default browser check, and prevent WebRTC IP leak.

  • --no-first-run
  • --no-default-browser-check
  • --enforce-webrtc-ip-permission-check


When executing qutebrowser, Firewarden will set the basedir to ~/basedir within the sandbox home directory to prevent session-sharing attempts.

  • --basedir


$ firewarden -d -i chromium &
$ firewarden zathura /mnt/usb/nsa-ant.pdf &
$ firewarden chromium &
$ firejail --list
630:pigmonkey:/usr/bin/firejail --private --net=enp0s25 --netfilter --private-dev chromium --no-first-run --no-default-browser-check
31788:pigmonkey:/usr/bin/firejail --private=/run/user/1000/firewarden/2016-01-31T16:09:14-0800 --net=none --private-dev zathura nsa-ant.pdf
32255:pigmonkey:/usr/bin/firejail --private chromium --no-first-run --no-default-browser-check


Open a file via the specified application within a private Firejail sandbox.







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