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pino([options], [destination]) => logger

The exported pino function takes two optional arguments, options and destination, and returns a logger instance.

options (Object)

name (String)

Default: undefined

The name of the logger. When set adds a name field to every JSON line logged.

level (String)

Default: 'info'

The minimum level to log: Pino will not log messages with a lower level. Setting this option reduces the load, as typically, debug and trace logs are only valid for development, and not needed in production.

One of 'fatal', 'error', 'warn', 'info', 'debug', 'trace' or 'silent'.

Additional levels can be added to the instance via the customLevels option.

levelComparison ("ASC", "DESC", Function)

Default: ASC

Use this option to customize levels order. In order to be able to define custom levels ordering pass a function which will accept current and expected values and return boolean which shows should current level to be shown or not.

const logger = pino({
  levelComparison: 'DESC',
  customLevels: {
    foo: 20, // `foo` is more valuable than `bar`
    bar: 10

// OR

const logger = pino({
  levelComparison: function(current, expected) {
    return current >= expected;

customLevels (Object)

Default: undefined

Use this option to define additional logging levels. The keys of the object correspond to the namespace of the log level, and the values should be the numerical value of the level.

const logger = pino({
  customLevels: {
    foo: 35

useOnlyCustomLevels (Boolean)

Default: false

Use this option to only use defined customLevels and omit Pino's levels. Logger's default level must be changed to a value in customLevels to use useOnlyCustomLevels Warning: this option may not be supported by downstream transports.

const logger = pino({
  customLevels: {
    foo: 35
  useOnlyCustomLevels: true,
  level: 'foo'
})'hi')'hello') // Will throw an error saying info is not found in logger object

depthLimit (Number)

Default: 5

Option to limit stringification at a specific nesting depth when logging circular objects.

edgeLimit (Number)

Default: 100

Option to limit stringification of properties/elements when logging a specific object/array with circular references.

mixin (Function):

Default: undefined

If provided, the mixin function is called each time one of the active logging methods is called. The first parameter is the value mergeObject or an empty object. The second parameter is the log level number. The third parameter is the logger or child logger itself, which can be used to retrieve logger-specific context from within the mixin function. The function must synchronously return an object. The properties of the returned object will be added to the logged JSON.

let n = 0
const logger = pino({
  mixin () {
    return { line: ++n }
// {"level":30,"time":1573664685466,"pid":78742,"hostname":"x","line":1,"msg":"hello"}'world')
// {"level":30,"time":1573664685469,"pid":78742,"hostname":"x","line":2,"msg":"world"}

The result of mixin() is supposed to be a new object. For performance reason, the object returned by mixin() will be mutated by pino. In the following example, passing mergingObject argument to the first info call will mutate the global mixin object by default: (* See mixinMergeStrategy option):

const mixin = {
    appName: 'My app'

const logger = pino({
    mixin() {
        return mixin;
    description: 'Ok'
}, 'Message 1')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","appName":"My app","description":"Ok","msg":"Message 1"}'Message 2')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","appName":"My app","description":"Ok","msg":"Message 2"}
// Note: the second log contains "description":"Ok" text, even if it was not provided.

The mixin method can be used to add the level label to each log message such as in the following example:

const logger = pino({
  mixin(_context, level) {
    return { 'level-label': logger.levels.labels[level] }
    description: 'Ok'
}, 'Message 1')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","description":"Ok","level-label":"info","msg":"Message 1"}
logger.error('Message 2')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","level-label":"error","msg":"Message 2"}

If the mixin feature is being used merely to add static metadata to each log message, then a child logger β‡— should be used instead. Unless your application needs to concatenate values for a specific key multiple times, in which case mixin can be used to avoid the duplicate keys caveat:

const logger = pino({
  mixin (obj, num, logger) {
    return {
      tags: logger.tags
logger.tags = {}

logger.addTag = function (key, value) {
  logger.tags[key] = value

function createChild (parent, ...context) {
  const newChild = logger.child(...context)
  newChild.tags = { ...logger.tags }
  newChild.addTag = function (key, value) {
    newChild.tags[key] = value
  return newChild

logger.addTag('foo', 1)
const child = createChild(logger, {})
child.addTag('bar', 2)'this will only have `foo: 1`')'this will have both `foo: 1` and `bar: 2`')'this will still only have `foo: 1`')

As of pino 7.x, when the mixin is used with the nestedKey option, the object returned from the mixin method will also be nested. Prior versions would mix this object into the root.

const logger = pino({
    nestedKey: 'payload',
    mixin() {
        return { requestId: requestId.currentId() }
    description: 'Ok'
}, 'Message 1')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","payload":{"requestId":"dfe9a9014b","description":"Ok"},"msg":"Message 1"}

mixinMergeStrategy (Function):

Default: undefined

If provided, the mixinMergeStrategy function is called each time one of the active logging methods is called. The first parameter is the value mergeObject or an empty object, the second parameter is the value resulting from mixin() (* See mixin option or an empty object. The function must synchronously return an object.

// Default strategy, `mergeObject` has priority
const logger = pino({
    mixin() {
        return { tag: 'docker' }
    // mixinMergeStrategy(mergeObject, mixinObject) {
    //     return Object.assign(mixinMeta, mergeObject)
    // }
  tag: 'local'
}, 'Message')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","tag":"local","msg":"Message"}
// Custom mutable strategy, `mixin` has priority
const logger = pino({
    mixin() {
        return { tag: 'k8s' }
    mixinMergeStrategy(mergeObject, mixinObject) {
        return Object.assign(mergeObject, mixinObject)
    tag: 'local'
}, 'Message')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","tag":"k8s","msg":"Message"}
// Custom immutable strategy, `mixin` has priority
const logger = pino({
    mixin() {
        return { tag: 'k8s' }
    mixinMergeStrategy(mergeObject, mixinObject) {
        return Object.assign({}, mergeObject, mixinObject)
    tag: 'local'
}, 'Message')
// {"level":30,"time":1591195061437,"pid":16012,"hostname":"x","tag":"k8s","msg":"Message"}

redact (Array | Object):

Default: undefined

As an array, the redact option specifies paths that should have their values redacted from any log output.

Each path must be a string using a syntax that corresponds to JavaScript dot and bracket notation.

If an object is supplied, three options can be specified:

  • paths (array): Required. An array of paths. See redaction - Path Syntax β‡— for specifics.
  • censor (String|Function|Undefined): Optional. When supplied as a String the censor option will overwrite keys that are to be redacted. When set to undefined the key will be removed entirely from the object. The censor option may also be a mapping function. The (synchronous) mapping function has the signature (value, path) => redactedValue and is called with the unredacted value and path to the key being redacted, as an array. For example given a redaction path of a.b.c the path argument would be ['a', 'b', 'c']. The value returned from the mapping function becomes the applied censor value. Default: '[Redacted]' value synchronously. Default: '[Redacted]'
  • remove (Boolean): Optional. Instead of censoring the value, remove both the key and the value. Default: false

WARNING: Never allow user input to define redacted paths.

hooks (Object)

An object mapping to hook functions. Hook functions allow for customizing internal logger operations. Hook functions must be synchronous functions.


Allows for manipulating the parameters passed to logger methods. The signature for this hook is logMethod (args, method, level) {}, where args is an array of the arguments that were passed to the log method and method is the log method itself, level is the log level itself. This hook must invoke the method function by using apply, like so: method.apply(this, newArgumentsArray).

For example, Pino expects a binding object to be the first parameter with an optional string message as the second parameter. Using this hook the parameters can be flipped:

const hooks = {
  logMethod (inputArgs, method, level) {
    if (inputArgs.length >= 2) {
      const arg1 = inputArgs.shift()
      const arg2 = inputArgs.shift()
      return method.apply(this, [arg2, arg1, ...inputArgs])
    return method.apply(this, inputArgs)

formatters (Object)

An object containing functions for formatting the shape of the log lines. These functions should return a JSONifiable object and should never throw. These functions allow for full customization of the resulting log lines. For example, they can be used to change the level key name or to enrich the default metadata.


Changes the shape of the log level. The default shape is { level: number }. The function takes two arguments, the label of the level (e.g. 'info') and the numeric value (e.g. 30).

ps: The log level cannot be customized when using multiple transports

const formatters = {
  level (label, number) {
    return { level: number }

Changes the shape of the bindings. The default shape is { pid, hostname }. The function takes a single argument, the bindings object, which can be configured using the base option. Called once when creating logger.

const formatters = {
  bindings (bindings) {
    return { pid:, hostname: bindings.hostname }

Changes the shape of the log object. This function will be called every time one of the log methods (such as .info) is called. All arguments passed to the log method, except the message, will be passed to this function. By default, it does not change the shape of the log object.

const formatters = {
  log (object) {
    return object

serializers (Object)

Default: {err: pino.stdSerializers.err}

An object containing functions for custom serialization of objects. These functions should return an JSONifiable object and they should never throw. When logging an object, each top-level property matching the exact key of a serializer will be serialized using the defined serializer.

The serializers are applied when a property in the logged object matches a property in the serializers. The only exception is the err serializer as it is also applied in case the object is an instance of Error, e.g. Error('kaboom')). See errorKey option to change err namespace.

msgPrefix (String)

Default: undefined

The msgPrefix property allows you to specify a prefix for every message of the logger and its children.

const logger = pino({
  msgPrefix: '[HTTP] '
})'got new request!')
// >  [HTTP] got new request!

const child = logger.child({})'User authenticated!')
// >  [HTTP] User authenticated!

base (Object)

Default: {pid:, hostname: os.hostname}

Key-value object added as child logger to each log line.

Set to undefined to avoid adding pid, hostname properties to each log.

enabled (Boolean)

Default: true

Set to false to disable logging.

crlf (Boolean)

Default: false

Set to true to logs newline delimited JSON with \r\n instead of \n.

timestamp (Boolean | Function)

Default: true

Enables or disables the inclusion of a timestamp in the log message. If a function is supplied, it must synchronously return a partial JSON string representation of the time, e.g. ,"time":1493426328206 (which is the default).

If set to false, no timestamp will be included in the output.

See stdTimeFunctions for a set of available functions for passing in as a value for this option.


timestamp: () => `,"time":"${new Date(}"`
// which is equivalent to:
// timestamp: stdTimeFunctions.isoTime

Caution: attempting to format time in-process will significantly impact logging performance.

messageKey (String)

Default: 'msg'

The string key for the 'message' in the JSON object.

errorKey (String)

Default: 'err'

The string key for the 'error' in the JSON object.

nestedKey (String)

Default: null

If there's a chance that objects being logged have properties that conflict with those from pino itself (level, timestamp, pid, etc) and duplicate keys in your log records are undesirable, pino can be configured with a nestedKey option that causes any objects that are logged to be placed under a key whose name is the value of nestedKey.

This way, when searching something like Kibana for values, one can consistently search under the configured nestedKey value instead of the root log record keys.

For example,

const logger = require('pino')({
  nestedKey: 'payload'

const thing = { level: 'hi', time: 'never', foo: 'bar'} // has pino-conflicting properties!

// logs the following:
// {"level":30,"time":1578357790020,"pid":91736,"hostname":"x","payload":{"level":"hi","time":"never","foo":"bar"}}

In this way, logged objects' properties don't conflict with pino's standard logging properties, and searching for logged objects can start from a consistent path.

browser (Object)

Browser only, may have asObject and write keys. This option is separately documented in the Browser API β‡— documentation.

transport (Object)

The transport option is a shorthand for the pino.transport() function. It supports the same input options:

  transport: {
    target: '/absolute/path/to/my-transport.mjs'

// or multiple transports
  transport: {
    targets: [
      { target: '/absolute/path/to/my-transport.mjs', level: 'error' },
      { target: 'some-file-transport', options: { destination: '/dev/null' }

If the transport option is supplied to pino, a destination parameter may not also be passed as a separate argument to pino:

pino({ transport: {}}, '/path/to/somewhere') // THIS WILL NOT WORK, DO NOT DO THIS
pino({ transport: {}}, process.stderr) // THIS WILL NOT WORK, DO NOT DO THIS

when using the transport option. In this case, an Error will be thrown.

onChild (Function)

The onChild function is a synchronous callback that will be called on each creation of a new child, passing the child instance as its first argument. Any error thrown inside the callback will be uncaught and should be handled inside the callback.

const parent = require('pino')({ onChild: (instance) => {
  // Execute call back code for each newly created child.
// `onChild` will now be executed with the new child.

destination (Number | String | Object | DestinationStream | SonicBoomOpts | WritableStream)

Default: pino.destination(1) (STDOUT)

The destination parameter can be a file descriptor, a file path, or an object with dest property pointing to a fd or path. An ordinary Node.js stream file descriptor can be passed as the destination (such as the result of fs.createWriteStream) but for peak log writing performance, it is strongly recommended to use pino.destination to create the destination stream. Note that the destination parameter can be the result of pino.transport().

// pino.destination(1) by default
const stdoutLogger = require('pino')()

// destination param may be in first position when no options:
const fileLogger = require('pino')( pino.destination('/log/path'))

// use the stderr file handle to log to stderr:
const opts = {name: 'my-logger'}
const stderrLogger = require('pino')(opts, pino.destination(2))

// automatic wrapping in pino.destination
const fileLogger = require('pino')('/log/path')

// Asynchronous logging
const fileLogger = pino(pino.destination({ dest: '/log/path', sync: false }))

However, there are some special instances where pino.destination is not used as the default:

  • When something, e.g a process manager, has monkey-patched process.stdout.write.

In these cases process.stdout is used instead.

Note: If the parameter is a string integer, e.g. '1', it will be coerced to a number and used as a file descriptor. If this is not desired, provide a full path, e.g. /tmp/1.


Default: false

Using the global symbol Symbol.for('pino.metadata') as a key on the destination parameter and setting the key to true, indicates that the following properties should be set on the destination object after each log line is written:

  • the last logging level as destination.lastLevel
  • the last logging message as destination.lastMsg
  • the last logging object as destination.lastObj
  • the last time as destination.lastTime, which will be the partial string returned by the time function.
  • the last logger instance as destination.lastLogger (to support child loggers)

The following is a succinct usage example:

const dest = pino.destination('/dev/null')
dest[Symbol.for('pino.metadata')] = true
const logger = pino(dest){a: 1}, 'hi')
const { lastMsg, lastLevel, lastObj, lastTime} = dest
  'Logged message "%s" at level %d with object %o at time %s',
  lastMsg, lastLevel, lastObj, lastTime
) // Logged message "hi" at level 30 with object { a: 1 } at time 1531590545089

Logger Instance

The logger instance is the object returned by the main exported pino function.

The primary purpose of the logger instance is to provide logging methods.

The default logging methods are trace, debug, info, warn, error, and fatal.

Each logging method has the following signature: ([mergingObject], [message], [...interpolationValues]).

The parameters are explained below using the method but the same applies to all logging methods.

Logging Method Parameters

mergingObject (Object)

An object can optionally be supplied as the first parameter. Each enumerable key and value of the mergingObject is copied into the JSON log line.{MIX: {IN: true}})
// {"level":30,"time":1531254555820,"pid":55956,"hostname":"x","MIX":{"IN":true}}

If the object is of type Error, it is wrapped in an object containing a property err ({ err: mergingObject }). This allows for a unified error handling flow.

Options serializers and errorKey could be used at instantiation time to change the namespace from err to another string as preferred.

message (String)

A message string can optionally be supplied as the first parameter, or as the second parameter after supplying a mergingObject.

By default, the contents of the message parameter will be merged into the JSON log line under the msg key:'hello world')
// {"level":30,"time":1531257112193,"msg":"hello world","pid":55956,"hostname":"x"}

The message parameter takes precedence over the mergingObject. That is, if a mergingObject contains a msg property, and a message parameter is supplied in addition, the msg property in the output log will be the value of the message parameter not the value of the msg property on the mergingObject. See Avoid Message Conflict for information on how to overcome this limitation.

If no message parameter is provided, and the mergingObject is of type Error or it has a property named err, the message parameter is set to the message value of the error. See option errorKey if you want to change the namespace.

The messageKey option can be used at instantiation time to change the namespace from msg to another string as preferred.

The message string may contain a printf style string with support for the following placeholders:

  • %s – string placeholder
  • %d – digit placeholder
  • %O, %o, and %j – object placeholder

Values supplied as additional arguments to the logger method will then be interpolated accordingly.

...interpolationValues (Any)

All arguments supplied after message are serialized and interpolated according to any supplied printf-style placeholders (%s, %d, %o|%O|%j) to form the final output msg value for the JSON log line.'%o hello %s', {worldly: 1}, 'world')
// {"level":30,"time":1531257826880,"msg":"{\"worldly\":1} hello world","pid":55956,"hostname":"x"}

Since pino v6, we do not automatically concatenate and cast to string consecutive parameters:'hello', 'world')
// {"level":30,"time":1531257618044,"msg":"hello","pid":55956,"hostname":"x"}
// world is missing

However, it's possible to inject a hook to modify this behavior:

const pinoOptions = {
  hooks: { logMethod }

function logMethod (args, method) {
  if (args.length === 2) {
    args[0] = `${args[0]} %j`
  method.apply(this, args)

const logger = pino(pinoOptions)


Errors can be supplied as either the first parameter or if already using mergingObject then as the err property on the mergingObject.

Options serializers and errorKey could be used at instantiation time to change the namespace from err to another string as preferred.


This section describes the default configuration. The error serializer can be mapped to a different key using the serializers option. Error("test"))
// {"level":30,"time":1531257618044,"msg":"test","stack":"...","type":"Error","pid":55956,"hostname":"x"}{ err: new Error("test"), otherkey: 123 }, "some text")
// {"level":30,"time":1531257618044,"err":{"msg": "test", "stack":"...","type":"Error"},"msg":"some text","pid":55956,"hostname":"x","otherkey":123}

logger.trace([mergingObject], [message], [...interpolationValues])

Write a 'trace' level log, if the configured level allows for it.

logger.debug([mergingObject], [message], [...interpolationValues])

Write a 'debug' level log, if the configured level allows for it.[mergingObject], [message], [...interpolationValues])

Write an 'info' level log, if the configured level allows for it.

logger.warn([mergingObject], [message], [...interpolationValues])

Write a 'warn' level log, if the configured level allows for it.

logger.error([mergingObject], [message], [...interpolationValues])

Write a 'error' level log, if the configured level allows for it.

logger.fatal([mergingObject], [message], [...interpolationValues])

Write a 'fatal' level log, if the configured level allows for it.

Since 'fatal' level messages are intended to be logged just before the process exiting the fatal method will always sync flush the destination. Therefore it's important not to misuse fatal since it will cause performance overhead if used for any other purpose than writing final log messages before the process crashes or exits.


Noop function.

logger.child(bindings, [options]) => logger

The logger.child method allows for the creation of stateful loggers, where key-value pairs can be pinned to a logger causing them to be output on every log line.

Child loggers use the same output stream as the parent and inherit the current log level of the parent at the time they are spawned.

The log level of a child is mutable. It can be set independently of the parent either by setting the level accessor after creating the child logger or using the options.level key.

bindings (Object)

An object of key-value pairs to include in every log line output via the returned child logger.

const child = logger.child({ MIX: {IN: 'always'} })'hello')
// {"level":30,"time":1531258616689,"msg":"hello","pid":64849,"hostname":"x","MIX":{"IN":"always"}}'child!')
// {"level":30,"time":1531258617401,"msg":"child!","pid":64849,"hostname":"x","MIX":{"IN":"always"}}

The bindings object may contain any key except for reserved configuration keys level and serializers.

bindings.serializers (Object) - DEPRECATED

Use options.serializers instead.

options (Object)

Options for child logger. These options will override the parent logger options.

options.level (String)

The level property overrides the log level of the child logger. By default, the parent log level is inherited. After the creation of the child logger, it is also accessible using the logger.level key.

const logger = pino()
logger.debug('nope') // will not log, since default level is info
const child = logger.child({foo: 'bar'}, {level: 'debug'})
child.debug('debug!') // will log as the `level` property set the level to debug
options.msgPrefix (String)

Default: undefined

The msgPrefix property allows you to specify a prefix for every message of the child logger. By default, the parent prefix is inherited. If the parent already has a prefix, the prefix of the parent and then the child will be displayed.

const logger = pino({
  msgPrefix: '[HTTP] '
})'got new request!')
// >  [HTTP] got new request!

const child = logger.child({avengers: 'assemble'}, {msgPrefix: '[Proxy] '})'message proxied!')
// >  [HTTP] [Proxy] message proxied!
options.redact (Array | Object)

Setting options.redact to an array or object will override the parent redact options. To remove redact options inherited from the parent logger set this value as an empty array ([]).

const logger = require('pino')({ redact: ['hello'] }){ hello: 'world' })
// {"level":30,"time":1625794363403,"pid":67930,"hostname":"x","hello":"[Redacted]"}
const child = logger.child({ foo: 'bar' }, { redact: ['foo'] }){ hello: 'world' })
// {"level":30,"time":1625794553558,"pid":67930,"hostname":"x","hello":"world", "foo": "[Redacted]" }
options.serializers (Object)

Child loggers inherit the serializers from the parent logger.

Setting the serializers key of the options object will override any configured parent serializers.

const logger = require('pino')(){test: 'will appear'})
// {"level":30,"time":1531259759482,"pid":67930,"hostname":"x","test":"will appear"}
const child = logger.child({}, {serializers: {test: () => `child-only serializer`}}){test: 'will be overwritten'})
// {"level":30,"time":1531259784008,"pid":67930,"hostname":"x","test":"child-only serializer"}


Returns an object containing all the current bindings, cloned from the ones passed in via logger.child().

const child = logger.child({ foo: 'bar' })
// { foo: 'bar' }
const anotherChild = child.child({ MIX: { IN: 'always' } })
// { foo: 'bar', MIX: { IN: 'always' } }


Adds to the bindings of this logger instance.

Note: Does not overwrite bindings. Can potentially result in duplicate keys in log lines.


Flushes the content of the buffer when using pino.destination({ sync: false }).

This is an asynchronous, best used as fire and forget, operation.

The use case is primarily for asynchronous logging, which may buffer log lines while others are being written. The logger.flush method can be used to flush the logs on a long interval, say ten seconds. Such a strategy can provide an optimum balance between extremely efficient logging at high demand periods and safer logging at low demand periods.

If there is a need to wait for the logs to be flushed, a callback should be used.

logger.level (String) [Getter/Setter]

Set this property to the desired logging level.

The core levels and their values are as follows:

Level: trace debug info warn error fatal silent
Value: 10 20 30 40 50 60 Infinity

The logging level is a minimum level based on the associated value of that level.

For instance if logger.level is info (30) then info (30), warn (40), error (50), and fatal (60) log methods will be enabled but the trace (10) and debug (20) methods, being less than 30, will not.

The silent logging level is a specialized level that will disable all logging, the silent log method is a noop function.


A utility method for determining if a given log level will write to the destination.

level (String)

The given level to check against:

if (logger.isLevelEnabled('debug')) logger.debug('conditional log')

levelLabel (String)

Defines the method name of the new level.

levelValue (Number)

Defines the associated minimum threshold value for the level, and therefore where it sits in order of priority among other levels.

logger.levelVal (Number)

Supplies the integer value for the current logging level.

if (logger.levelVal === 30) {
  console.log('logger level is `info`')

logger.levels (Object)

Levels are mapped to values to determine the minimum threshold that a logging method should be enabled at (see logger.level).

The logger.levels property holds the mappings between levels and values, and vice versa.

$ node -p "require('pino')().levels"
{ labels:
   { '10': 'trace',
     '20': 'debug',
     '30': 'info',
     '40': 'warn',
     '50': 'error',
     '60': 'fatal' },
   { fatal: 60, error: 50, warn: 40, info: 30, debug: 20, trace: 10 } }


Returns the serializers as applied to the current logger instance. If a child logger did not register its own serializer upon instantiation the serializers of the parent will be returned.

Event: 'level-change'

The logger instance is also an EventEmitter β‡—

A listener function can be attached to a logger via the level-change event

The listener is passed five arguments:

  • levelLabel – the new level string, e.g trace
  • levelValue – the new level number, e.g 10
  • previousLevelLabel – the prior level string, e.g info
  • previousLevelValue – the prior level number, e.g 30
  • logger – the logger instance from which the event originated
const logger = require('pino')()
logger.on('level-change', (lvl, val, prevLvl, prevVal) => {
  console.log('%s (%d) was changed to %s (%d)', prevLvl, prevVal, lvl, val)
logger.level = 'trace' // trigger event

Please note that due to a known bug, every logger.child() call will fire a level-change event. These events can be ignored by writing an event handler like:

const logger = require('pino')()
logger.on('level-change', function (lvl, val, prevLvl, prevVal, instance) {
  if (logger !== instance) {
  console.log('%s (%d) was changed to %s (%d)', prevLvl, prevVal, lvl, val)
logger.child({}); // trigger an event by creating a child instance, notice no console.log
logger.level = 'trace' // trigger event using actual value change, notice console.log

logger.version (String)

Exposes the Pino package version. Also available on the exported pino function.


pino.destination([opts]) => SonicBoom

Create a Pino Destination instance: a stream-like object with significantly more throughput than a standard Node.js stream.

const pino = require('pino')
const logger = pino(pino.destination('./my-file'))
const logger2 = pino(pino.destination())
const logger3 = pino(pino.destination({
  dest: './my-file',
  minLength: 4096, // Buffer before writing
  sync: false // Asynchronous logging, the default
const logger4 = pino(pino.destination({
  dest: './my-file2',
  sync: true // Synchronous logging

The pino.destination method may be passed a file path or a numerical file descriptor. By default, pino.destination will use process.stdout.fd (1) as the file descriptor.

pino.destination is implemented on sonic-boom β‡—.

A pino.destination instance can also be used to reopen closed files (for example, for some log rotation scenarios), see Reopening log files.

pino.transport(options) => ThreadStream

Create a stream that routes logs to a worker thread that wraps around a Pino Transport.

const pino = require('pino')
const transport = pino.transport({
  target: 'some-transport',
  options: { some: 'options for', the: 'transport' }

Multiple transports may also be defined, and specific levels can be logged to each transport:

const pino = require('pino')
const transport = pino.transport({
  targets: [{
    level: 'info',
    target: 'pino-pretty' // must be installed separately
  }, {
    level: 'trace',
    target: 'pino/file',
    options: { destination: '/path/to/store/logs' }

A pipeline could also be created to transform log lines before sending them:

const pino = require('pino')
const transport = pino.transport({
  pipeline: [{
    target: 'pino-syslog' // must be installed separately
  }, {
    target: 'pino-socket' // must be installed separately

Multiple transports can now be defined to include pipelines:

const pino = require('pino')
const transport = pino.transport({
  targets: [{
    level: 'info',
    target: 'pino-pretty' // must be installed separately
  }, {
    level: 'trace',
    target: 'pino/file',
    options: { destination: '/path/to/store/logs' }
  }, {
    pipeline: [{
      target: 'pino-syslog' // must be installed separately
    }, {
      target: 'pino-socket' // must be installed separately

If WeakRef, WeakMap, and FinalizationRegistry are available in the current runtime (v14.5.0+), then the thread will be automatically terminated in case the stream or logger goes out of scope. The transport() function adds a listener to process.on('beforeExit') and process.on('exit') to ensure the worker is flushed and all data synced before the process exits.

Note that calling process.exit() on the main thread will stop the event loop on the main thread from turning. As a result, using console.log and process.stdout after the main thread called process.exit() will not produce any output.

If you are embedding/integrating pino within your framework, you will need to make pino aware of the script that is calling it, like so:

const pino = require('pino')
const getCaller = require('get-caller-file')

module.exports = function build () {
  const logger = pino({
    transport: {
      caller: getCaller(),
      target: 'transport',
      options: { destination: './destination' }
  return logger

For more on transports, how they work, and how to create them see the Transports documentation.


  • target: The transport to pass logs through. This may be an installed module name or an absolute path.
  • options: An options object which is serialized (see Structured Clone Algorithm), passed to the worker thread, parsed and then passed to the exported transport function.
  • worker: Worker thread configuration options. Additionally, the worker option supports worker.autoEnd. If this is set to false logs will not be flushed on process exit. It is then up to the developer to call transport.end() to flush logs.
  • targets: May be specified instead of target. Must be an array of transport configurations and/or pipelines. Transport configurations include the aforementioned options and target options plus a level option which will send only logs above a specified level to a transport.
  • pipeline: May be specified instead of target. Must be an array of transport configurations. Transport configurations include the aforementioned options and target options. All intermediate steps in the pipeline must be Transform streams and not Writable.
  • dedupe: See pino.multistream options

pino.multistream(streamsArray, opts) => MultiStreamRes

Create a stream composed by multiple destination streams and returns an object implementing the MultiStreamRes interface.

var fs = require('fs')
var pino = require('pino')
var pretty = require('pino-pretty')
var streams = [
  {stream: fs.createWriteStream('/tmp/')},
  {stream: pretty() },
  {level: 'debug', stream: fs.createWriteStream('/tmp/')},
  {level: 'fatal', stream: fs.createWriteStream('/tmp/')}

var log = pino({
  level: 'debug' // this MUST be set at the lowest level of the
                 // destinations
}, pino.multistream(streams))

log.debug('this will be written to /tmp/')'this will be written to /tmp/ and /tmp/')
log.fatal('this will be written to /tmp/, /tmp/ and /tmp/')

In order for multistream to work, the log level must be set to the lowest level used in the streams array. Default is info.


  • levels: Pass custom log level definitions to the instance as an object.
  • dedupe: Set this to true to send logs only to the stream with the higher level. Default: false

    dedupe flag can be useful for example when using pino.multistream to redirect error logs to process.stderr and others to process.stdout:

    var pino = require('pino')
    var multistream = pino.multistream
    var streams = [
      {level: 'debug', stream: process.stdout},
      {level: 'error', stream: process.stderr},
    var opts = {
        levels: {
            silent: Infinity,
            fatal: 60,
            error: 50,
            warn: 50,
            info: 30,
            debug: 20,
            trace: 10
        dedupe: true,
    var log = pino({
      level: 'debug' // this MUST be set at the lowest level of the
                    // destinations
    }, multistream(streams, opts))
    log.debug('this will be written ONLY to process.stdout')'this will be written ONLY to process.stdout')
    log.error('this will be written ONLY to process.stderr')
    log.fatal('this will be written ONLY to process.stderr')

pino.stdSerializers (Object)

The pino.stdSerializers object provides functions for serializing objects common to many projects. The standard serializers are directly imported from pino-std-serializers.

pino.stdTimeFunctions (Object)

The timestamp option can accept a function that determines the timestamp value in a log line.

The pino.stdTimeFunctions object provides a very small set of common functions for generating the timestamp property. These consist of the following

  • pino.stdTimeFunctions.epochTime: Milliseconds since Unix epoch (Default)

  • pino.stdTimeFunctions.unixTime: Seconds since Unix epoch

  • pino.stdTimeFunctions.nullTime: Clears timestamp property (Used when timestamp: false)

  • pino.stdTimeFunctions.isoTime: ISO 8601-formatted time in UTC

  • See timestamp option

pino.symbols (Object)

For integration purposes with ecosystem and third-party libraries pino.symbols exposes the symbols used to hold non-public state and methods on the logger instance.

Access to the symbols allows logger state to be adjusted, and methods to be overridden or proxied for performant integration where necessary.

The pino.symbols object is intended for library implementers and shouldn't be utilized for general use.

pino.version (String)

Exposes the Pino package version. Also available on the logger instance.




  • write(data)
    • data Object | string
    • Returns: void

Write data onto the streams held by the current instance.

Add dest stream to the array of streams of the current instance.

  • flushSync()
    • Returns: undefined

Call flushSync on each stream held by the current instance.

  • minLevel
    • number

The minimum level amongst all the streams held by the current instance.

The array of streams currently held by the current instance.

Returns a cloned object of the current instance but with the provided level.



  • stream
    • DestinationStream
  • level



  • write(msg)
    • msg string



  • Values: "fatal" | "error" | "warn" | "info" | "debug" | "trace"