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Piraeus Operator

The Piraeus Operator manages LINSTOR clusters in Kubernetes.

All components of the LINSTOR software stack can be managed by the operator and associated Helm chart:

  • DRBD
  • LINSTOR CSI driver
  • LINSTOR High Availability Controller
  • Optional: etcd cluster for LINSTOR
  • Optional: Stork scheduler with LINSTOR integration

Deployment with Helm v3 Chart

The operator can be deployed with Helm v3 chart in /charts as follows:

  • Prepare the hosts for DRBD deployment. This depends on your host OS. You can find more information on the available options in the host setup guide.

  • If you are deploying with images from private repositories, create a kubernetes secret to allow obtaining the images. This example will create a secret named drbdiocred:

    kubectl create secret docker-registry drbdiocred --docker-server=<SERVER> --docker-username=<YOUR_LOGIN> --docker-email=<YOUR_EMAIL> --docker-password=<YOUR_PASSWORD>

    The name of this secret must match the one specified in the Helm values, by passing --set drbdRepoCred=drbdiocred to helm.

  • Configure storage for the LINSTOR etcd instance OR use the new LINSTOR k8s backend (experimental) without ETCD.

    There are various options for configuring the etcd instance for LINSTOR:

    • Use an existing storage provisioner with a default StorageClass.
    • Use hostPath volumes.
    • Disable persistence for basic testing. This can be done by adding --set etcd.persistentVolume.enabled=false to the helm install command below.
  • Configure a basic storage setup for LINSTOR:

    • Create storage pools from available devices. Recommended for simple set ups. Guide
    • Create storage pools from existing LVM setup. Guide

    Read the storage guide and configure as needed.

  • Read the guide on securing the deployment and configure as needed.

  • Read up on optional components and configure as needed.

  • Finally, create a Helm deployment named piraeus-op that will set up everything.

    helm install piraeus-op ./charts/piraeus

    You can pick from a number of example settings:

    A full list of all available options to pass to helm can be found here.

LINSTOR etcd hostPath persistence

In general, we recommend using pre-provisioned persistent volumes (PB) when using Etcd as the LINSTOR database. You can use the included pv-hostpath Helm chart to quickly create such PVs.

helm install piraeus-etcd-pv ./charts/pv-hostpath

These PVs are of type hostPath, i.e. a directory on the host is shared with the container. By default, a volume is created on every control-plane node (those labeled with You can manually specify on which nodes PVs should be created by using --set nodes={<nodename1>,<nodename2>}.

The chart defaults to using the /var/lib/linstor-etcd directory on the host. You can override this by using --set path=/new/path.

hostPath volumes and SELinux

Clusters with SELinux enabled hosts (for example: OpenShift clusters) need to relabel the created directory. This can be done automatically by passing --set selinux=true to the above helm install command.

Override the default choice of chown job image

The pv-hostpath chart will create a job for each created PV. The jobs are meant to ensure the host volumes are set up with the correct permission, so that etcd can run as a non-privileged container. To override the default choice of, use --set chownerImage=<my-image>.

Using an existing database

LINSTOR can connect to an existing PostgreSQL, MariaDB or etcd database. For instance, for a PostgresSQL instance with the following configuration:

POSTGRES_DB: postgresdb
POSTGRES_USER: postgresadmin

The Helm chart can be configured to use this database instead of deploying an etcd cluster by adding the following to the Helm install command:

--set etcd.enabled=false --set "operator.controller.dbConnectionURL=jdbc:postgresql://postgres/postgresdb?user=postgresadmin&password=admin123"

Pod resources

You can configure resource requests and limits for all deployed containers. Take a look at this example chart configuration.

Running multiple replicas

Running multiple replicas of pods is recommended for high availability and fast error recovery. The following components can be started with multiple replicas:

Influence pod scheduling

You can influence the assignement of various components to specific nodes. See the scheduling guide.

Terminating Helm deployment

To protect the storage infrastructure of the cluster from accidentally deleting vital components, it is necessary to perform some manual steps before deleting a Helm deployment.

  1. Delete all volume claims managed by piraeus components. You can use the following command to get a list of volume claims managed by Piraeus. After checking that non of the listed volumes still hold needed data, you can delete them using the generated kubectl delete command.

    $ kubectl get pvc --all-namespaces -o=jsonpath='{range .items[?(@.metadata.annotations.volume\.beta\.kubernetes\.io/storage-provisioner=="")]}kubectl delete pvc --namespace {.metadata.namespace} {}{"\n"}{end}'
    kubectl delete pvc --namespace default data-mysql-0
    kubectl delete pvc --namespace default data-mysql-1
    kubectl delete pvc --namespace default data-mysql-2

    WARNING These volumes, once deleted, cannot be recovered.

  2. Delete the LINSTOR controller and satellite resources.

    Deployment of LINSTOR satellite and controller is controlled by the linstorsatelliteset and linstorcontroller resources. You can delete the resources associated with your deployment using kubectl

    kubectl delete linstorsatelliteset <helm-deploy-name>-ns
    kubectl delete linstorcontroller <helm-deploy-name>-cs

    After a short wait, the controller and satellite pods should terminate. If they continue to run, you can check the above resources for errors (they are only removed after all associated pods terminate)

  3. Delete the Helm deployment.

    If you removed all PVCs and all LINSTOR pods have terminated, you can uninstall the helm deployment

    helm uninstall piraeus-op

    However, due to the Helm's current policy, the Custom Resource Definitions named linstorcontroller and linstorsatelliteset will not be deleted by the command.

    More information regarding Helm's current position on CRD's can be found here.

  4. Delete the LINSTOR passphrase.

    If you removed all PVCs, and you are certain you won't need any of the current LINSTOR state (resources, snapshots, backups) again, you can delete the LINSTOR passphrase secret. The secret is protected by a finalizer: accidental removal would make the cluster inoperable. You should back up the passphrase to local storage.

    # Create a local backup of the passphrase
    kubectl get secret piraeus-op-passphrase -o 'go-template={{ .data.MASTER_PASSPHRASE | base64decode}}' > secret-passphrase
    # Remove the finalizer blocking deletion
    kubectl patch -p '{"metadata": {"$deleteFromPrimitiveList/finalizers": [""]}}' secret piraeus-op-passphrase
    # Remove the secret
    kubectl delete secret piraeus-op-passphrase
  5. Delete LINSTOR database resources when using the K8s backend. Guide

Deployment without using Helm v3 chart


The operator must be deployed within the cluster in order for it to have access to the controller endpoint, which is a kubernetes service.

Kubernetes Secret for Repo Access

If you are deploying with images from a private repository, create a kubernetes secret to allow obtaining the images. Create a secret named drbdiocred like this:

kubectl create secret docker-registry drbdiocred --docker-server=<SERVER> --docker-username=<YOUR LOGIN> --docker-email=<YOUR EMAIL> --docker-password=<YOUR PASSWORD>

Deploy Operator

First you need to create the resource definitions

kubectl apply -Rf charts/piraeus/crds/

Then, take a look at the files in deploy/piraeus and make changes as you see fit. For example, you can edit the storage pool configuration by editing operator-satelliteset.yaml like shown in the storage guide.

Now you can finally deploy the LINSTOR cluster with:

kubectl apply -Rf deploy/piraeus/

Or using Kustomize:

kubectl apply -k deploy


Please see the dedicated UPGRADE document


If you'd like to contribute, please visit and look through the issues to see if there is something you'd like to work on. If you'd like to contribute something not in an existing issue, please open a new issue beforehand.

If you'd like to report an issue, please use the issues interface in this project's github page.

Building and Development

This project is built using the operator-sdk (version 0.19.4). Please refer to the documentation for the sdk.


Apache 2.0