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README.md

Veritas

Veritas is a CLI for getting at Diego's truth.

Downloading on a BOSH VM

For a Linux build on a BOSH VM (the Cells are best):

pushd $HOME
  wget https://github.com/pivotal-cf-experimental/veritas/releases/download/latest/veritas -O ./veritas
  chmod +x ./veritas

  echo "export PATH=$PATH:$PWD" > veritas.bash
  echo "export DROPSONDE_ORIGIN=veritas" >> veritas.bash
  echo "export DROPSONDE_DESTINATION=localhost:3457" >> veritas.bash
  ./veritas autodetect >> veritas.bash
  ./veritas completions >> veritas.bash

  source veritas.bash
popd

Once this is done, you simply need to source ~/veritas.bash when you log in again.

Downloading on an OS X Workstation

For an OS X build (mainly useful for chugging logs locally, or connecting to the BBS on a local BOSH-Lite):

mkdir -p $HOME/bin
pushd $HOME/bin
  wget https://github.com/pivotal-cf-experimental/veritas/releases/download/latest/veritas-osx
  mv veritas-osx veritas
  chmod +x ./veritas
popd

Connecting to the BBS

veritas commands must include the location of the Diego BBS server. The BBS is not typically publically routable, so run veritas from a VM in the same subnet. On the private network the BBS can be found at https://bbs.service.cf.internal:8889. When testing locally against Bosh Lite, you can run veritas locally and use the IP address of the database_z1 job, https://10.244.16.130:8889.

Environment Variables

The URL for the BBS server is specified with the BBS_ENDPOINT environment variable. When SSL is disabled on the BBS, specify the URL scheme as http:

BBS_ENDPOINT=http://bbs.service.cf.internal:8889 veritas dump-store

BBS support for SSL uses mutual authentication, meaning the client must also provide a certificate. When SSL is enabled for the BBS, create files containing the client certificate and client private key and reference them using environment variables BBS_CERT_FILE and BBS_KEY_FILE. Also, use https in the scheme for BBS_ENDPOINT. For the purposes of testing with BOSH Lite, the client certificate and key can be found in diego-release/manifest-generation/bosh-lite-stubs/bbs-certs/.

BBS_ENDPOINT=https://10.244.16.130:8889 \
BBS_CERT_FILE=~/workspace/diego-release/manifest-generation/bosh-lite-stubs/bbs-certs/client.crt \
BBS_KEY_FILE=~/workspace/diego-release/manifest-generation/bosh-lite-stubs/bbs-certs/client.key \
veritas dump-store

You can also export these environment variables to avoid having to specify them on every command invocation. For example, the following values configure these environment variables correctly on a BOSH-deployed Diego Cell VM:

export BBS_ENDPOINT=https://bbs.service.cf.internal:8889; \
export BBS_CERT_FILE=/var/vcap/jobs/rep/config/certs/bbs/client.crt; \
export BBS_KEY_FILE=/var/vcap/jobs/rep/config/certs/bbs/client.key

Command-Line Arguments

Instead of environment variables, BBS configuration parameters may be supplied with the flags --bbsEndpoint, --bbsCertFile, and --bbsKeyFile. For commands with positional arguments, such as desire-lrp or remove-lrp, the flags must be given after the command but before the positional arguments. For example:

veritas remove-lrp \
  --bbsEndpoint=https://bbs.service.cf.internal:8889 \
  --bbsCertFile=path/to/client/cert \
  --bbsKeyFile=path/to/client/key \
  my-process-guid

Common Errors

$ veritas distribution
Failed to print distribution
Post https://bbs.service.cf.internal:8889/v1/desired_lrps/list: tls: oversized record received with length 20527
  • This error means that veritas was configured with an https URL for its BBS endpoint when the BBS expected plain HTTP.
$ veritas distribution
Failed to print distribution
Post http://bbs.service.cf.internal:8889/v1/desired_lrps/list: http: ContentLength=2 with Body length 0
  • This error means that veritas was configured with an http URL for its BBS endpoint when the BBS expected HTTPS.

Creating, Updating, and Removing LRPs

Veritas can submit, update, and remove DesiredLRPs with the veritas desire-lrp, veritas update-lrp and veritas remove-lrp commands.

Desiring an LRP

veritas desire-lrp <path-to-json-file> takes the path to a file. This file should contain a JSON representation of the DesiredLRP.

Two examples:

{
    "process_guid":"grace-1",
    "domain":"test",
    "rootfs":"docker:///onsi/grace-busybox",
    "instances":1,
    "ports":[
        8080
    ],
    "action":{
        "run":{
            "path":"/grace",
            "args":[
                "-chatty"
            ],
            "dir":"/tmp",
            "user":"root"
        }
    },
    "routes":{
        "cf-router":[
            {
                "hostnames": [
                  "grace.app-domain.com"
                ],
                "port": 8080
            }
        ]
    }
}
{
    "process_guid": "redis-1",
    "domain": "redis-example",
    "rootfs": "docker:///redis",
    "instances": 1,
    "ports": [
        6379
    ],
    "action": {
        "run": {
            "path": "/entrypoint.sh",
            "args": [
                "redis-server"
            ],
            "dir": "/data",
            "user": "root"
        }
    },
    "routes": {
        "tcp-router": [
            {
                "external_port": 50000,
                "container_port": 6379,
                "router_group_guid": "bad25cff-9332-48a6-8603-b619858e7992"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Updating an LRP

veritas update-lrp <process-guid> <path-to-json-file> take a process guid and a path to a file. This file should contain a JSON representation of a DesiredLRPUpdate. For example:

{
    "instances": 3,
    "routes": {
        "tcp-router": [
            {
                "external_port": 50001,
                "container_port": 6379
            }
        ]
    },
    "annotation": "Hey, don't forget to delete me when you're done!"
}

Removing an LRP

veritas remove-lrp <process-guid> will remove the LRP with the specified process guid. As long as the domain on the LRP is fresh, this action will also stop and destroy any containers associated to the LRP.

Updating a domain

veritas set-domain <domain-name> <duration> will mark the specified domain as fresh for the given duration. This allows Diego to take destructive actions on instances of LRPs in this domain.

Example:

$ veritas set-domain redis-example 120s

Setting the duration to 0 will keep the domain fresh indefinitely. To delete a domain, set it to have a very short duration (say, 1s), and wait.

Fetching data

  • veritas get-task <task-guid> fetches and outputs the Task with the associated task guid.
  • veritas get-desired-lrp <process-guid> fetches and outputs the DesiredLRP with the associated process guid.
  • veritas get-actual-lrp <process-guid> fetches all ActualLRPs associated with the process guid.
  • veritas get-actual-lrp <process-guid> <index> fetches the ActualLRP with index <index> associated with the process guid.
  • veritas dump-store emits a formatted representation of the contents of the cluster.

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