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Java CFEnv Build Status

Java CFEnv is a library for easily accessing the environment variables set when deploying an application to Cloud Foundry. It is modeled after the design of the node library node-cfenv and other -cfenv libraries in the Cloud Foundry ecosystem.

The class CfEnv is the entry point to the API for accessing Cloud Foundry environment variables. In a Spring application, you can use the Spring Expression Language to invoke methods on bean of type CfEnv to set properties. CFEnv’s Boot support sets common application properties so that Java objects such as the DataSource or the RabbitConnectionFactory are created using Spring Boot autoconfiguration.

The 1.0 M1 blog provides some additional background information.

Dependency Info

You can access the stable release from maven central using the coordinates

<dependency>
  <groupId>io.pivotal.cfenv</groupId>
  <artifactId>java-cfenv-boot</artifactId>
  <version>1.0.0.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>

If you want to use snapshot versions, use the following coordinates

<dependency>
  <groupId>io.pivotal.cfenv</groupId>
  <artifactId>java-cfenv-boot</artifactId>
  <version>1.0.1.BUILD-SNAPSHOT</version>
</dependency>

Also and also add the repository definition until we reach GA and artifacts are hosted in Maven Central.

<repository>
   <id>spring-milestones</id>
   <name>Spring Milestones</name>
   <url>http://repo.spring.io/libs-milestone-local</url>
</repository>

Introduction

The entry point is the class CfEnv which parses Cloud Foundry environment variables such as VCAP_SERVICES. The information in VCAP_SERVICES is a JSON string that contains credential information to access bound services, such as a database. For example, here is the value of VCAP_SERVICES for an application bound to the mysql and redis services.

{
  "p-mysql": [
    {
      "credentials": {
        "hostname": "10.0.4.35",
        "port": 3306,
        "name": "cf_2e23d10a_8738_8c3c_66cf_13e44422698c",
        "username": "8McHri7aKbuTEGCR",
        "password": "J2BNJYkeXAH9idkG",
        "uri": "mysql://8McHri7aKbuTEGCR:J2BNJYkeXAH9idkG@10.0.4.35:3306/cf_2e23d10a_8738_8c3c_66cf_13e44422698c?reconnect=true",
        "jdbcUrl": "jdbc:mysql://10.0.4.35:3306/cf_2e23d10a_8738_8c3c_66cf_13e44422698c?user=8McHri7aKbuTEGCR&password=J2BNJYkeXAH9idkG"
      },
      "syslog_drain_url": null,
      "volume_mounts": [],
      "label": "p-mysql",
      "provider": null,
      "plan": "100mb",
      "name": "mysql",
      "tags": [
        "mysql",
        "relational"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "p-redis": [
    {
      "credentials": {
        "host": "10.0.4.30",
        "password": "291452d8-d4a1-3bec-90d9-g50503138248",
        "port": 45470
      },
      "syslog_drain_url": null,
      "volume_mounts": [],
      "label": "p-redis",
      "provider": null,
      "plan": "shared-vm",
      "name": "redis",
      "tags": [
        "pivotal",
        "redis"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

The keys in the JSON are not always identical across services, for example in the above JSON the mysql service has added the key named hostname to the credentials while the redis service has contributed the key named host. Most relational database services do not expose a key named jdbcUrl so the URL needs to be created by extracting individual fields and building up the URL string. Since this is such a common case, the CfEnv library provides support to retrieve the URL string for several databases.

To get access to a specific service’s credentials, the keys tag, name, or label and be specified as a criteria for selecting one of the services in the array.

Basic usage

Using the JSON from the previous section, here are some simple API calls to extract credential information.

CfEnv cfEnv = new CfEnv();
String redisHost = cfEnv.findCredentialsByTag('redis').getHost();
String redisPort = cfEnv.findCredentialsByTag('redis').getPort();
String redisPassword - cfEnv.findCredentailsByTag('redis').getPassword();

Multiple strings can be passed to match against more than one tag. There are additional finder methods to search by name and label and the finder method support passing a regex string for pattern matching.

The classes CfService and CfCredentials are returned from the following API calls and have methods for accessing common fields in addition to a generic get(String) map API.

CfEnv cfEnv = new CfEnv();
List<CfService> cfService = cfEnv.getServices();

CfService redisService = cfEnv.findServiceByTag("redis");
List<String> redisServiceTags = redisService.getTags();
String redisPlan = redisService.getPlan();
redisPlan = redisService.get("plan")

CfCredentials redisCredentials = cfEnv.findCredentialsByTag("redis");
String redisPort = redisCredentials.getPort();
Integer redisPort = redisCredentials.getMap().get("port");

cfService = cfEnv.findServiceByName("redis");
cfService = cfEnv.findServiceByLabel("p-redis");
cfService = cfEnv.findServiceByLabel(".*-redis");

JDBC Support

There is additional support for getting the JDBC URL contained in the module spring-cfenv-jdbc. The entry point to the API is the class CfJdbcEnv which is a subclass of CfEnv and adds a few methods. The method findJdbcService will heuristically look at all services for known tags, labels and names of common database services to create the URL.

CfEnvJdbc cfEnvJdbc = new CfEnvJdbc()
CfJdbcService cfJdbcService = cfEnvJdbc.findJdbcService();

String url = cfJdbcService.getUrl();
String username = cfJdbcService.getUsername();
String password = cfJdbcService.getPassword();
String driverClassName = cfJdbcService.getDriverClassName();

If there is more than one database bound to the application, an exception will be thrown and you should use the findJdbcServiceByName method to locate a unique database service.

String jdbcUrl1 = cfEnvJdbc.findJdbcServiceByName('mysqlA').getUrl();
String jdbcUrl2 = cfEnvJdbc.findJdbcServiceByName('mysqlB').getUrl();

Use with Spring

If you register a the CfEnv class as a bean, then you can use the Spring Expression Language to set properties.

@Bean
public CfJdbcEnv cfJdbcEnv() {
  return new CfJdbcEnv();
}

Then in a property file imported by Spring, refer to the CfEnvJdbc bean using the following syntax.

myDatasourceUrl=#{ cfJdbcEnv.findJdbcService().getUrl() }

Or say for cassandra, you can use the CfEnv class registered as a bean.

@Bean
public CfEnv cfEnv() {
  return new CfEnv();
}
cassandra.contact-points=#{ cfEnv.findCredentialsByTag('cassandra').get('node_ips') }
cassandra.username=#{ cfEnv.findCredentialsByTag('cassandra').getUserName() }
cassandra.password=#{ cfEnv.findCredentialsByTag('cassandra').getPassword() }
cassandra.port=#{ cfEnv.findCredentialsByTag('cassandra').get('cqlsh_port') }

Using Spring Boot

The module java-cfenv-boot provides several EnvironmentPostProcessor implementations that set well known Boot properties so that Boot’s auto-configuration can kick in. For example, the CfDataSourceEnvironmentPostProcessor sets the Boot property spring.datasource.url. Just add a dependency on java-cfenv-boot.

The list of supported services are:

  • Databases - DB2, MySQL, Oracle, Postgresl, SqlServer

  • RabbitMQ

  • Cassandara

  • MongnoDB

  • Redis

There are two other modules that contain support for Pivotal’s Spring Cloud Service and Single Sign on tiles. The java-cfenv-boot-pivotal-scs module provides support for Config Server and java-cfenv-boot-pivotal-sso module provides support for single sign on. Note that the scs module is not working correctly in the 1.0.0.RELEASE, use snapshot builds until the next point release is made.

Pushing your application to Cloud Foundry

You must disable the java buildpack’s auto-reconfiguration so that you always delegate to Boot to create beans.

cf set-env <APP> JBP_CONFIG_SPRING_AUTO_RECONFIGURATION '{enabled: false}'

Since the auto-reconfiguration also set the cloud profile, you will have to do that explicitly

cf set-env <APP> SPRING_PROFILES_ACTIVE cloud

Supporting other Services

The interface CfEnvProcesor simplifies what you need to write in most cases. The environment post processor, CfEnvPostProcessor delegates to all CfEnvProcessors that are discovered using Spring’s SpringFactoriesLoader. Here is the implementation for MongoDB

public class MongoCfEnvProcessor implements CfEnvProcessor {

  private static String mongoScheme = "mongodb";

  @Override
  public boolean accept(CfService service) {  (1)
    return service.existsByTagIgnoreCase("mongodb") ||
	        service.existsByLabelStartsWith("mongolab") ||
			service.existsByUriSchemeStartsWith(mongoScheme) ||
			service.existsByCredentialsContainsUriField(mongoScheme);
  }

  @Override
  public void process(CfCredentials cfCredentials, Map<String, Object> properties) { (2)
     properties.put("spring.data.mongodb.uri", cfCredentials.getUri(mongoScheme));
  }

  @Override
  public CfEnvProcessorProperties getProperties() { (3)
    return CfEnvProcessorProperties.builder()
	        .propertyPrefixes("spring.data.mongodb")
			.serviceName("MongoDB")
			.build();
  }
}
  1. In the accept method is where you put determine how to identify your service type. The CfService class has several methods to help make this as easy as possible.

  2. Copy over necessary values from the CfCredentails object to Spring Boot auto-configuration keys.

  3. Create a CfEnvProcessorProperties instance so that logging which is done in CfEnvPostProcessor reflects your specific service.

Remember to add an entry in spring.factories so that your processor can be discovered.

io.pivotal.cfenv.spring.boot.CfEnvProcessor=com.example.MyCoolServiceCfEnvProcessor

Building

Clone the repo and type

$ ./mvnw clean install

which will run the tests as well.

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