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RSpec matchers for testing Sunspot searches

Bump version to 2.1.1.0

latest commit 317497b6bf
Joseph Palermo authored
README.markdown

Sunspot Matchers

Sunspot is a great Ruby library for constructing searches against Solr. However, because of the way the Sunspot DSL is constructed, it can be difficult to do simple assertions about your searches without doing full integration tests.

The goal of these matchers are to make it easier to unit test search logic without having to construct the individual fixture scenarios inside of Solr and then actually perform a search against Solr.

Installation for RSpec

You will need to replace the Sunspot Session object with the spy provided. You can do this globally by putting the following in your spec_helper.

config.before do
  Sunspot.session = SunspotMatchers::SunspotSessionSpy.new(Sunspot.session)
end

Keep in mind, this will prevent any test from actually hitting Solr, so if you have integration tests, you'll either need to be more careful which tests you replace the session for, or you'll need to restore the original session before those tests

Sunspot.session = Sunspot.session.original_session

You will also need to include the matchers in your specs. Again, this can be done globally in your spec_helper.

config.include SunspotMatchers

Alternately, you could include them into individual tests if needed.

Installation for Test::Unit

You will need to replace the Sunspot Session object with the spy provided. You can do this by requiring the sunspot test helper

require 'sunspot_matchers/test_helper'

and then in the test case that you wish to override, including the SunspotMatchers::TestHelper class and set the sunspot session in your setup.

include SunspotMatchers::TestHelper
def setup
  Sunspot.session = SunspotMatchers::SunspotSessionSpy.new(Sunspot.session)
end

Matchers

be_a_search_for

If you perform a search against your Post model, you could write this expectation:

Sunspot.session.should be_a_search_for(Post)

Individual searches are stored in an array, so if you perform multiple, you'll have to match against them manually. Without an explicit search specified, it will use the last one.

Sunspot.session.searches.first.should be_a_search_for(Post)

have_searchable_field

If you want to verify that a model has a searchable field, you can use this matcher:

Post.should have_searchable_field(:name)

You can also use the shorthand syntax:

describe User do
  it { should have_searchable_field(:name) }
end

have_search_params

This is where the bulk of the functionality lies. There are seven types of search matches you can perform: keywords or fulltext, with, without, paginate, order_by, facet, and boost.

In all of the examples below, the expectation fully matches the search terms. This is not expected or required. You can have a dozen with restrictions on a search and still write an expectation on a single one of them.

Negative expectations also work correctly. should_not will fail if the search actually includes the expectation.

With all matchers, you can pass a block and perform multi statement expectations inside the block. Keep in mind, that only the expectation type specified as the argument will actually be checked. So if you specify keywords and with restrictions in the same block, but you said have_search_params(:keywords, ... the with restrictions are simply ignored.

Without creative usage of parentheses you can not use do...end blocks to pass multi statement expectations to the matcher though. Because do...end have such a low binding precedent, the block is passed to the wrong method. Curly syntax blocks will work though {...}, or you can pass a Proc as the last argument.

wildcard matching

keywords, with, without, and order_by support wildcard expectations using the any_param parameter:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  with :blog_id, 4
  order_by :blog_id, :desc
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:with, :blog_id, any_param)
Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:order_by, :blog_id, any_param)
Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:order_by, any_param)
Sunspot.session.should_not have_search_params(:order_by, :category_ids, any_param)

:keywords

You can match against a keyword search:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  keywords 'great pizza'
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:keywords, 'great pizza')

:with

You can match against a with restriction:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  with :author_name, 'Mark Twain'
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:with, :author_name, 'Mark Twain')

Complex conditions can be matched by using a block instead of a value. Be aware that order does matter, not for the actual results that would come out of Solr, but the matcher will fail of the order of with restrictions is different.

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  any_of do
    with :category_ids, 1
    with :category_ids, 2
  end
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:with) {
  any_of do
    with :category_ids, 1
    with :category_ids, 2
  end
}

:without

Without is nearly identical to with:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  without :author_name, 'Mark Twain'
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:without, :author_name, 'Mark Twain')

:paginate

You can also specify only page or per_page, both are not required.

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  paginate :page => 3, :per_page => 15
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:paginate, :page => 3, :per_page => 15)

:order_by

Expectations on multiple orderings are supported using using the block format mentioned above.

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  order_by :published_at, :desc
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:order_by, :published_at, :desc)

:facet

Standard faceting expectation:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  facet :category_ids
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:facet, :category_ids)

Faceting where a query is excluded:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  category_filter = with(:category_ids, 2)
  facet(:category_ids, :exclude => category_filter)
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:facet) {
  category_filter = with(:category_ids, 2)
  facet(:category_ids, :exclude => category_filter)
}

Query faceting:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  facet(:average_rating) do
    row(1.0..2.0) do
      with(:average_rating, 1.0..2.0)
    end
    row(2.0..3.0) do
      with(:average_rating, 2.0..3.0)
    end
  end
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:facet) {
  facet(:average_rating) do
    row(1.0..2.0) do
      with(:average_rating, 1.0..2.0)
    end
    row(2.0..3.0) do
      with(:average_rating, 2.0..3.0)
    end
  end
}

:boost

Field boost matching:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  keywords 'great pizza' do
    boost_fields :body => 2.0
  end
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:boost) {
  keywords 'great pizza' do
    boost_fields :body => 2.0
  end
}

Boost query matching:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  keywords 'great pizza' do
    boost(2.0) do
      with :blog_id, 4
    end
  end
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:boost) {
  keywords 'great pizza' do
    boost(2.0) do
      with :blog_id, 4
    end
  end
}

Boost function matching:

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  keywords 'great pizza' do
    boost(function { sum(:average_rating, product(:popularity, 10)) })
  end
end

Sunspot.session.should have_search_params(:boost) {
  keywords 'great pizza' do
    boost(function { sum(:average_rating, product(:popularity, 10)) })
  end
}

Assertions

If you are using Test::Unit, the format is similar, but we use

assert_has_search_params assert_has_no_search_params assert_is_search_for assert_is_not_search_for

These are used like:

Sunspot.search([ Post, Blog ]) do
  keywords 'great pizza'
end
assert_has_search_params Sunspot.session, :keywords, 'great pizza'

Sunspot.search(Post) do
  with :category_ids, 1..3
end
assert_has_search_params Sunspot.session, :with {
  with :category_ids, 1..3
}

Sunspot.search(Post) { keywords 'great pizza' }
Sunspot.search([ Post, Blog ]) do
  keywords 'great pizza'
end

assert_is_search_for Sunspot.session, Post
assert_is_search_for Sunspot.session, Blog
assert_is_not_search_for Sunspot.session, Person

Check out the test/sunspot_matchers_test.rb for more examples

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