Lobot: Your Chief Administrative Aide on Cloud City
Lando Calrissian relies on Lobot to keep Cloud City afloat, and now you can rely on Lobot to get your continuous integration server running in the cloud. Lobot is a gem that will help you spin-up, bootstrap, and install Jenkins or TeamCity for CI for your Rails app on Amazon EC2.
What do I get?
- Rake tasks for creating, starting, stopping, or destroying your CI srever on EC2
- Capistrano tasks for bootstrapping the Centos EC2 instance
- Chef recipes for configuring the instance to run Jenkins and build Rails projects
After you add lobot to your Gemfile, all you'll need to do is run the following commands:
rails g lobot:install [jenkins|teamcity] rails g lobot:config rake ci:create_server cap ci bootstrap cap ci chef
Read on for an explanation of what each one of these steps does.
Add lobot to your Gemfile, in the development group:
gem "lobot", :group => :development
Lobot is a Rails 3 generator. Rails 2 can be made to work, but you will need to copy the template files into your project.
rails g lobot:install jenkins
Lobot only creates your EC2 instance and installs the build server. Configuration for TeamCity still needs to be done manually.
rails g lobot:install teamcity
You can use a generator to interactively generate the config/ci.yml that includes some reasonable defaults and explanations.
rails g lobot:config
Alternatively, manually edit config/ci.yml
--- app_name: # a short name for your application app_user: # the user created to run your CI process git_location: # The location of your remote git repository which Jenkins will poll and pull from on changes. basic_auth: - username: # The username you will use to access the Jenkins web interface password: # The password you will use to access the Jenkins web interface credentials: aws_access_key_id: # The Access Key for your Amazon AWS account aws_secret_access_key: The Secret Access Key for your Amazon AWS account provider: AWS # leave this one alone server: name: run 'rake ci:create_server to populate' instance_id: run 'rake ci:create_server to populate' build_command: ./script/ci_build.sh ec2_server_access: key_pair_name: myapp_ci id_rsa_path: ~/.ssh/id_rsa github_private_ssh_key_path: ~/.ssh/id_rsa
Adjust Defaults (Optional)
In your ci.yml, there are defaults set for values that have the recommened value. For example, the instance size used for EC2 is set to "m1.large", which costs $230/month. If you don't need to increase your memory size for Jenkins or TeamCity, you could elect to use "c1.medium" instead which costs about half that. You can also save on EC2 costs by using a tool like projectmonitor or ylastic to schedule when your instances are online.
For security, the lobot:install task added config/ci.yml to the .gitignore file since it includes sensitive AWS credentials and your CI users password. Keep in mind that the default build script ci_build.sh uses the headless gem and jasmine. You'll want to add those to your Gemfile or change your build command.
Commit and push your changes
At this point you will need to create a commit of the files generated or modified and push those changes to your remote git repository so Jenkins can execute your build command.
Modify the soloistrc if necessary
Switch postgres to mysql, or add your own recipes for your own dependencies.
Starting your lobot instance
Launch an instance, allocate and associates an elastic IP and updates ci.yml:
Bootstrap the instance using the boostrap_server.sh script generated by Lobot. The script instals ruby prerequisites, creates the app_user account, and installs RVM for that user:
cap ci bootstrap
Upload the contents of your chef/cookbooks/ directory, upload the soloistrc, and run chef:
cap ci chef
Your lobot instance should now be up and running. You will be able to access your CI server at: http://<your instance address>/ with the username and password you chose during configuration. For more information about Jenkins CI, see http://jenkins-ci.org/
Shell access for your instance
Terminating your instance and deallocating the elastic IP
Suspending your instance
Rstarting a server
projectmonitor and CCMenuAdd your new CI instance to
Lobot can generate the config for you, just run:
Lobot installs the ansicolor plugin, however you need to configure rspec to generate colorful output. One way is to include
--color in your .rspec and update your spec_helper.rb to include
RSpec.configure do |config| config.tty = true end
- rvm (the gem - it configures capistrano to use RVM on the server)
Lobot is tested using rspec, generator_spec and cucumber. Cucumber provides a full integration test which can generate a rails application, push it to github, start a server and bring up CI for the generated project. You'll need a git repository (which should not have any code you care about) and an AWS account to run the whole test suite. It costs about $0.50 and takes about half an hour. It will attempt to terminate the server however you should verify this so you do not get charged additional money. Use the secrets.yml.example to create a secrets.yml file with your account information.
Lobot is in its infancy and we welcome pull requests. Pull requests should have test coverage for quick consideration.
Lobot is MIT Licensed and © Pivotal Labs. See LICENSE.txt for details.