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/************************************************************************/
/* */
/* A package of routines to read and write masks (bitmaps) */
/* These are used by MIRIAD for data flagging and blanking. */
/* */
/* Masks are implemented as integer data items. The 32nd */
/* bit in the integer is not used, as this could cause */
/* portability problems. As it is, this software assumes that */
/* the host integer is at least 32 bits long. */
/* */
/* History: */
/* rjs Dark-ages Original version. */
/* rjs 6nov89 Does not abort if the mask file is missing. */
/* rjs 3mar93 Make mkflush a user-callable routine. */
/* rjs 23dec93 Do not open in read/write mode unless necessary. */
/* rjs 6nov94 Change item handle to an integer. */
/* rjs 19apr97 Handle FORTRAN LOGICALs better. Some tidying. */
/* rjs 03jan05 Tidying. */
/************************************************************************/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "miriad.h"
#include "io.h"
#define BUG(sev,a) bug_c(sev,a)
#define ERROR(sev,a) bug_c(sev,((void)sprintf a,message))
#define CHECK(x) if(x) bugno_c('f',x)
static char message[128];
#define BITS_PER_INT 31
static int bits[BITS_PER_INT] = {
0x00000001,0x00000002,0x00000004,0x00000008,
0x00000010,0x00000020,0x00000040,0x00000080,
0x00000100,0x00000200,0x00000400,0x00000800,
0x00001000,0x00002000,0x00004000,0x00008000,
0x00010000,0x00020000,0x00040000,0x00080000,
0x00100000,0x00200000,0x00400000,0x00800000,
0x01000000,0x02000000,0x04000000,0x08000000,
0x10000000,0x20000000,0x40000000};
static int masks[BITS_PER_INT+1]={
0x00000000,0x00000001,0x00000003,0x00000007,0x0000000F,
0x0000001F,0x0000003F,0x0000007F,0x000000FF,
0x000001FF,0x000003FF,0x000007FF,0x00000FFF,
0x00001FFF,0x00003FFF,0x00007FFF,0x0000FFFF,
0x0001FFFF,0x0003FFFF,0x0007FFFF,0x000FFFFF,
0x001FFFFF,0x003FFFFF,0x007FFFFF,0x00FFFFFF,
0x01FFFFFF,0x03FFFFFF,0x07FFFFFF,0x0FFFFFFF,
0x1FFFFFFF,0x3FFFFFFF,0x7FFFFFFF};
#include "io.h"
#define MK_FLAGS 1
#define MK_RUNS 2
#define BUFFERSIZE 128
#define OFFSET (((ITEM_HDR_SIZE-1)/H_INT_SIZE + 1)*BITS_PER_INT)
/* off_t is used for size and length as well because mixed arithmetic with */
/* size_t and off_t gives no end of trouble */
typedef struct {
int item;
int buf[BUFFERSIZE];
off_t offset,length,size;
int modified,rdonly,tno;
char name[32];
} MASK_INFO;
private void mkfill(MASK_INFO *mask,off_t offset);
/************************************************************************/
char *mkopen_c(int tno,char *name,char *status)
/*
This opens a mask item, and readies it for access.
Inputs:
tno The handle of the data set containing the item.
name Name of the item (something like "mask" or "flags").
status "old" or "new".
Output:
mkopen_c This is a handle used in subsequent calls to the maskio
routines. A NULL indicates that an error was encountered.
------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
{
MASK_INFO *mask;
int iostat;
char s[ITEM_HDR_SIZE];
mask = (MASK_INFO *)malloc((unsigned int)sizeof(MASK_INFO));
/* The case of an old mask file. Perform a number of checks to make sure
the file looks OK. */
if(!strcmp("old",status)) {
haccess_c(tno,&(mask->item),name,"read",&iostat);
if(iostat) { free((char *)mask); return(NULL); }
mask->size = hsize_c(mask->item);
if(mask->size <= H_INT_SIZE * (OFFSET/BITS_PER_INT))
ERROR('f',(message,"Mask file %s appears bad",name));
hreadb_c(mask->item,s,0,ITEM_HDR_SIZE,&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
if(memcmp(s,int_item,ITEM_HDR_SIZE))
ERROR('f',(message,"Mask file %s is not integer valued",name));
mask->rdonly = TRUE;
/* The case of a new masl file. Create it and make it look nice. */
} else if(!strcmp("new",status)) {
haccess_c(tno,&(mask->item),name,"write",&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
hwriteb_c(mask->item,int_item,0,ITEM_HDR_SIZE,&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
mask->size = OFFSET/BITS_PER_INT * H_INT_SIZE;
mask->rdonly = FALSE;
} else ERROR('f',(message,"Unrecognised status %s in MKOPEN",status));
/* Common to both old and new mask files. Initialise the structure
describing the file. */
mask->size = (mask->size/H_INT_SIZE) * BITS_PER_INT;
mask->offset = -BUFFERSIZE*BITS_PER_INT;
mask->length = 0;
mask->modified = FALSE;
mask->tno = tno;
strcpy(mask->name,name);
return((char *)mask);
}
/************************************************************************/
void mkclose_c(char *handle)
/*
This writes out any stuff that we have buffered up, and then closes
the mask file.
Inputs:
handle Pointer to the structure describing the massk file.
------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
{
MASK_INFO *mask;
int iostat;
mask = (MASK_INFO *)handle;
if(mask->modified) mkflush_c(handle);
hdaccess_c(mask->item,&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
free((char *)mask);
}
/************************************************************************/
int mkread_c(char *handle,int mode,int *flags,off_t offset,int n,int nsize)
/*
------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
{
#define SWITCH_STATE *flags++ = runs + (state ? 0 : 1 ); \
t = state; state = otherstate; otherstate = t
MASK_INFO *mask;
off_t i,boff,t,len,blen;
int bitmask,*buf,iostat,state,otherstate,runs;
int *flags0;
flags0 = flags;
mask = (MASK_INFO *)handle;
offset += OFFSET;
state = 0;
otherstate = 0x7FFFFFFF;
runs = 0;
/* Get a buffer full of information if we need it. */
while(n > 0){
if(offset < mask->offset || offset >= mask->offset + mask->length) {
if(mask->modified)mkflush_c(handle);
mask->offset = (offset/BITS_PER_INT)*BITS_PER_INT;
mask->length = min(mask->size - mask->offset,BUFFERSIZE*BITS_PER_INT);
mask->modified = FALSE;
if(mask->length == 0) BUG('f',"Read past end of mask file");
hreadi_c(mask->item,mask->buf,
(mask->offset/BITS_PER_INT)*H_INT_SIZE,
(mask->length/BITS_PER_INT)*H_INT_SIZE,
&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
}
/* Copy the flags to the output buffer. Use special sections of code
to deal with all bits being set of clear. */
boff = offset - mask->offset;
t = boff/BITS_PER_INT;
buf = mask->buf + t;
len = min(mask->length - boff,n);
boff -= t*BITS_PER_INT;
n -= len;
offset += len;
/* Copy to the output, in "flags" format. */
if(mode == MK_FLAGS){
while( len > 0){
blen = min( BITS_PER_INT - boff,len);
bitmask = *buf++;
if(bitmask == 0x7FFFFFFF) for(i=0; i<blen; i++) *flags++ = FORT_TRUE;
else if(bitmask == 0) for(i=0; i<blen; i++) *flags++ = FORT_FALSE;
else{
for(i=boff; i<boff+blen; i++)
*flags++ = ( bits[i] & bitmask ? FORT_TRUE : FORT_FALSE );
}
len -= blen;
boff = 0;
}
/* Copy to the output, in "runs" format. */
} else {
while( len > 0){
blen = min( BITS_PER_INT - boff,len);
bitmask = *buf++;
if(bitmask == state ) runs += blen;
else if(bitmask == otherstate ) { SWITCH_STATE; runs += blen; }
else {
for(i=boff; i<boff+blen; i++){
if((bits[i] & bitmask) != (bits[i] & state)) { SWITCH_STATE; }
runs++;
}
}
len -= blen;
boff = 0;
}
}
}
if(state) *flags++ = runs;
nsize -= (flags - flags0);
if(nsize < 0) bug_c('f',"Buffer overflow in MKREAD");
return(flags - flags0);
}
/************************************************************************/
void mkwrite_c(char *handle,int mode,Const int *flags,off_t offset,
int n,int nsize)
/*
------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
{
MASK_INFO *mask;
off_t i,boff,t,len,blen;
int bitmask,*buf;
int run,curr,state,iostat;
curr = 0;
state = 1;
run = 0;
mask = (MASK_INFO *)handle;
offset += OFFSET;
/* If the mask is currently read-only, close it and reopen it as read/write. */
if(mask->rdonly){
hdaccess_c(mask->item,&iostat);
haccess_c(mask->tno,&(mask->item),mask->name,"append",&iostat);
if(iostat){
bug_c('w',"Error opening mask/flagging file in read/write mode\n");
bugno_c('f',iostat);
}
mask->rdonly = FALSE;
}
/* Check if we have the right buffer. Flush if not. */
while(n > 0){
if(offset < mask->offset || offset >= mask->offset + BUFFERSIZE*BITS_PER_INT) {
if(mask->modified)mkflush_c(handle);
mask->offset = (offset/BITS_PER_INT)*BITS_PER_INT;
mask->length = 0;
mask->modified = FALSE;
}
/* See if we have to read in any stuff to fill in between the last write
and the current write. */
if(offset > mask->offset + mask->length)mkfill(mask,offset);
/* Copy the flags to the output buffer. */
boff = offset - mask->offset;
t = boff/BITS_PER_INT;
buf = mask->buf + t;
len = min(BITS_PER_INT*BUFFERSIZE - boff,n);
boff -= t*BITS_PER_INT;
mask->length = max(mask->length,offset - mask->offset + len);
mask->modified = TRUE;
n -= len;
offset += len;
/* Write to the file, assuming the input is in FLAGS format. */
if(mode == MK_FLAGS){
while( len > 0){
blen = min( BITS_PER_INT - boff,len);
bitmask = *buf;
for(i=boff; i<boff+blen; i++){
if(FORT_LOGICAL(*flags)) bitmask |= bits[i];
else bitmask &= ~bits[i];
flags++;
}
*buf++ = bitmask;
len -= blen;
boff = 0;
}
/* Write to the file, assuming the input is in RUNS format. */
} else {
while( len > 0 ){
while(run == 0){
if(nsize == 0) run = n + len;
else{
t = *flags++ - (state ? 1 : 0);
run = t - curr;
curr = t;
nsize --;
}
state ^= 1;
}
blen = min(run, min( BITS_PER_INT - boff, len));
bitmask = masks[boff+blen] ^ masks[boff];
if(state) *buf |= bitmask; /* Set the bits. */
else *buf &= ~bitmask; /* Clear the bits. */
run -= blen;
len -= blen;
boff = (boff + blen) % BITS_PER_INT;
if(!boff) buf++;
}
}
}
}
/************************************************************************/
void mkflush_c(char *handle)
/*
Flush out the data in the buffer. A complication is that the last
integer in the buffer may not be completely filled. In this case we
have to read in the value of this integer, and copy the old bits to
the output.
Input:
mask Pointer to the mask structure.
------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
{
MASK_INFO *mask;
off_t offset;
int i;
int t,*buf,iostat;
mask = (MASK_INFO *)handle;
/* If we are writing at the end of the file, make sure the number we
write is a multiple of BITS_PER_INT. Also update the size of the
file. */
if( mask->offset + mask->length >= mask->size) {
mask->length = ((mask->length-1)/BITS_PER_INT + 1)*BITS_PER_INT;
mask->size = mask->offset + mask->length;
/* If the last word is only partially filled, read in the rest of the
word and transfer the bits. */
} else if((mask->length % BITS_PER_INT) != 0) {
offset = (mask->offset + mask->length) / BITS_PER_INT * H_INT_SIZE;
hreadi_c(mask->item,&t,offset,H_INT_SIZE,&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
buf = mask->buf + mask->length/BITS_PER_INT;
i = mask->length % BITS_PER_INT;
*buf = ( t & ~masks[i] ) | (*buf & masks[i]);
mask->length = ((mask->length-1)/BITS_PER_INT + 1)*BITS_PER_INT;
}
/* Write out the stuff at last. */
hwritei_c(mask->item,mask->buf,
mask->offset/BITS_PER_INT*H_INT_SIZE,
mask->length/BITS_PER_INT*H_INT_SIZE,&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
mask->modified = FALSE;
}
/************************************************************************/
private void mkfill(MASK_INFO *mask, off_t offset)
/*
We have to fill in some bits in the current buffer.
Inputs:
mask Pointer to the mask structure.
offset The first location that we want to write at.
------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
{
off_t off,len;
int i,t,*buf,iostat;
if(mask->offset+mask->length < mask->size) {
buf = mask->buf + mask->length/BITS_PER_INT;
t = *buf;
off = (mask->offset + mask->length)/BITS_PER_INT;
len = min(offset/BITS_PER_INT + 1,mask->size/BITS_PER_INT) - off;
hreadi_c(mask->item,buf,
off*H_INT_SIZE,len*H_INT_SIZE,&iostat); CHECK(iostat);
i = mask->length % BITS_PER_INT;
*buf = ( t & masks[i] ) | (*buf & ~masks[i]);
mask->length = (off + len)*BITS_PER_INT - mask->offset;
}
}
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