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package Plack::Util;
use strict;
use Carp ();
use Scalar::Util;
use IO::Handle;
use overload ();
sub TRUE() { 1==1 }
sub FALSE() { !TRUE }
sub load_class {
my($class, $prefix) = @_;
if ($prefix) {
unless ($class =~ s/^\+// || $class =~ /^$prefix/) {
$class = "$prefix\::$class";
}
}
my $file = $class;
$file =~ s!::!/!g;
require "$file.pm"; ## no critic
return $class;
}
sub is_real_fh ($) {
my $fh = shift;
{
no warnings 'uninitialized';
return FALSE if -p $fh or -c _ or -b _;
}
my $reftype = Scalar::Util::reftype($fh) or return;
if ( $reftype eq 'IO'
or $reftype eq 'GLOB' && *{$fh}{IO}
) {
# if it's a blessed glob make sure to not break encapsulation with
# fileno($fh) (e.g. if you are filtering output then file descriptor
# based operations might no longer be valid).
# then ensure that the fileno *opcode* agrees too, that there is a
# valid IO object inside $fh either directly or indirectly and that it
# corresponds to a real file descriptor.
my $m_fileno = $fh->fileno;
return FALSE unless defined $m_fileno;
return FALSE unless $m_fileno >= 0;
my $f_fileno = fileno($fh);
return FALSE unless defined $f_fileno;
return FALSE unless $f_fileno >= 0;
return TRUE;
} else {
# anything else, including GLOBS without IO (even if they are blessed)
# and non GLOB objects that look like filehandle objects cannot have a
# valid file descriptor in fileno($fh) context so may break.
return FALSE;
}
}
sub set_io_path {
my($fh, $path) = @_;
bless $fh, 'Plack::Util::IOWithPath';
$fh->path($path);
}
sub content_length {
my $body = shift;
return unless defined $body;
if (ref $body eq 'ARRAY') {
my $cl = 0;
for my $chunk (@$body) {
$cl += length $chunk;
}
return $cl;
} elsif ( is_real_fh($body) ) {
return (-s $body) - tell($body);
}
return;
}
sub foreach {
my($body, $cb) = @_;
if (ref $body eq 'ARRAY') {
for my $line (@$body) {
$cb->($line) if length $line;
}
} else {
local $/ = \65536 unless ref $/;
while (defined(my $line = $body->getline)) {
$cb->($line) if length $line;
}
$body->close;
}
}
sub class_to_file {
my $class = shift;
$class =~ s!::!/!g;
$class . ".pm";
}
sub _load_sandbox {
my $_file = shift;
my $_package = $_file;
$_package =~ s/([^A-Za-z0-9_])/sprintf("_%2x", unpack("C", $1))/eg;
local $0 = $_file; # so FindBin etc. works
local @ARGV = (); # Some frameworks might try to parse @ARGV
return eval sprintf <<'END_EVAL', $_package;
package Plack::Sandbox::%s;
{
my $app = do $_file;
if ( !$app && ( my $error = $@ || $! )) { die $error; }
$app;
}
END_EVAL
}
sub load_psgi {
my $stuff = shift;
local $ENV{PLACK_ENV} = $ENV{PLACK_ENV} || 'development';
my $file = $stuff =~ /^[a-zA-Z0-9\_\:]+$/ ? class_to_file($stuff) : $stuff;
my $app = _load_sandbox($file);
die "Error while loading $file: $@" if $@;
return $app->to_app if $app and Scalar::Util::blessed($app) and $app->can('to_app');
return $app;
}
sub run_app($$) {
my($app, $env) = @_;
return eval { $app->($env) } || do {
my $body = "Internal Server Error";
$env->{'psgi.errors'}->print($@);
[ 500, [ 'Content-Type' => 'text/plain', 'Content-Length' => length($body) ], [ $body ] ];
};
}
sub headers {
my $headers = shift;
inline_object(
iter => sub { header_iter($headers, @_) },
get => sub { header_get($headers, @_) },
set => sub { header_set($headers, @_) },
push => sub { header_push($headers, @_) },
exists => sub { header_exists($headers, @_) },
remove => sub { header_remove($headers, @_) },
headers => sub { $headers },
);
}
sub header_iter {
my($headers, $code) = @_;
my @headers = @$headers; # copy
while (my($key, $val) = splice @headers, 0, 2) {
$code->($key, $val);
}
}
sub header_get {
my($headers, $key) = (shift, lc shift);
my @val;
header_iter $headers, sub {
push @val, $_[1] if lc $_[0] eq $key;
};
return wantarray ? @val : $val[0];
}
sub header_set {
my($headers, $key, $val) = @_;
my($set, @new_headers);
header_iter $headers, sub {
if (lc $key eq lc $_[0]) {
return if $set;
$_[1] = $val;
$set++;
}
push @new_headers, $_[0], $_[1];
};
push @new_headers, $key, $val unless $set;
@$headers = @new_headers;
}
sub header_push {
my($headers, $key, $val) = @_;
push @$headers, $key, $val;
}
sub header_exists {
my($headers, $key) = (shift, lc shift);
my $exists;
header_iter $headers, sub {
$exists = 1 if lc $_[0] eq $key;
};
return $exists;
}
sub header_remove {
my($headers, $key) = (shift, lc shift);
my @new_headers;
header_iter $headers, sub {
push @new_headers, $_[0], $_[1]
unless lc $_[0] eq $key;
};
@$headers = @new_headers;
}
sub status_with_no_entity_body {
my $status = shift;
return $status < 200 || $status == 204 || $status == 304;
}
sub encode_html {
my $str = shift;
$str =~ s/&/&amp;/g;
$str =~ s/>/&gt;/g;
$str =~ s/</&lt;/g;
$str =~ s/"/&quot;/g;
$str =~ s/'/&#39;/g;
return $str;
}
sub inline_object {
my %args = @_;
bless \%args, 'Plack::Util::Prototype';
}
sub response_cb {
my($res, $cb) = @_;
my $body_filter = sub {
my($cb, $res) = @_;
my $filter_cb = $cb->($res);
# If response_cb returns a callback, treat it as a $body filter
if (defined $filter_cb && ref $filter_cb eq 'CODE') {
Plack::Util::header_remove($res->[1], 'Content-Length');
if (defined $res->[2]) {
if (ref $res->[2] eq 'ARRAY') {
for my $line (@{$res->[2]}) {
$line = $filter_cb->($line);
}
# Send EOF.
my $eof = $filter_cb->( undef );
push @{ $res->[2] }, $eof if defined $eof;
} else {
my $body = $res->[2];
my $getline = sub { $body->getline };
$res->[2] = Plack::Util::inline_object
getline => sub { $filter_cb->($getline->()) },
close => sub { $body->close };
}
} else {
return $filter_cb;
}
}
};
if (ref $res eq 'ARRAY') {
$body_filter->($cb, $res);
return $res;
} elsif (ref $res eq 'CODE') {
return sub {
my $respond = shift;
my $cb = $cb; # To avoid the nested closure leak for 5.8.x
$res->(sub {
my $res = shift;
my $filter_cb = $body_filter->($cb, $res);
if ($filter_cb) {
my $writer = $respond->($res);
if ($writer) {
return Plack::Util::inline_object
write => sub { $writer->write($filter_cb->(@_)) },
close => sub {
my $chunk = $filter_cb->(undef);
$writer->write($chunk) if defined $chunk;
$writer->close;
};
}
} else {
return $respond->($res);
}
});
};
}
return $res;
}
package Plack::Util::Prototype;
our $AUTOLOAD;
sub can {
$_[0]->{$_[1]};
}
sub AUTOLOAD {
my $self = shift;
my $attr = $AUTOLOAD;
$attr =~ s/.*://;
if (ref($self->{$attr}) eq 'CODE') {
$self->{$attr}->(@_);
} else {
Carp::croak(qq/Can't locate object method "$attr" via package "Plack::Util::Prototype"/);
}
}
sub DESTROY { }
package Plack::Util::IOWithPath;
use parent qw(IO::Handle);
sub path {
my $self = shift;
if (@_) {
${*$self}{+__PACKAGE__} = shift;
}
${*$self}{+__PACKAGE__};
}
package Plack::Util;
1;
__END__
=head1 NAME
Plack::Util - Utility subroutines for Plack server and framework developers
=head1 FUNCTIONS
=over 4
=item TRUE, FALSE
my $true = Plack::Util::TRUE;
my $false = Plack::Util::FALSE;
Utility constants to include when you specify boolean variables in C<$env> hash (e.g. C<psgi.multithread>).
=item load_class
my $class = Plack::Util::load_class($class [, $prefix ]);
Constructs a class name and C<require> the class. Throws an exception
if the .pm file for the class is not found, just with the built-in
C<require>.
If C<$prefix> is set, the class name is prepended to the C<$class>
unless C<$class> begins with C<+> sign, which means the class name is
already fully qualified.
my $class = Plack::Util::load_class("Foo"); # Foo
my $class = Plack::Util::load_class("Baz", "Foo::Bar"); # Foo::Bar::Baz
my $class = Plack::Util::load_class("+XYZ::ZZZ", "Foo::Bar"); # XYZ::ZZZ
Note that this function doesn't validate (or "sanitize") the passed
string, hence if you pass a user input to this function (which is an
insecure thing to do in the first place) it might lead to unexpected
behavior of loading files outside your C<@INC> path. If you want a
generic module loading function, you should check out CPAN modules
such as L<Module::Runtime>.
=item is_real_fh
if ( Plack::Util::is_real_fh($fh) ) { }
returns true if a given C<$fh> is a real file handle that has a file
descriptor. It returns false if C<$fh> is PerlIO handle that is not
really related to the underlying file etc.
=item content_length
my $cl = Plack::Util::content_length($body);
Returns the length of content from body if it can be calculated. If
C<$body> is an array ref it's a sum of length of each chunk, if
C<$body> is a real filehandle it's a remaining size of the filehandle,
otherwise returns undef.
=item set_io_path
Plack::Util::set_io_path($fh, "/path/to/foobar.txt");
Sets the (absolute) file path to C<$fh> filehandle object, so you can
call C<< $fh->path >> on it. As a side effect C<$fh> is blessed to an
internal package but it can still be treated as a normal file
handle.
This module doesn't normalize or absolutize the given path, and is
intended to be used from Server or Middleware implementations. See
also L<IO::File::WithPath>.
=item foreach
Plack::Util::foreach($body, $cb);
Iterate through I<$body> which is an array reference or
IO::Handle-like object and pass each line (which is NOT really
guaranteed to be a I<line>) to the callback function.
It internally sets the buffer length C<$/> to 65536 in case it reads
the binary file, unless otherwise set in the caller's code.
=item load_psgi
my $app = Plack::Util::load_psgi $psgi_file_or_class;
Load C<app.psgi> file or a class name (like C<MyApp::PSGI>) and
require the file to get PSGI application handler. If the file can't be
loaded (e.g. file doesn't exist or has a perl syntax error), it will
throw an exception.
B<Security>: If you give this function a class name or module name
that is loadable from your system, it will load the module. This could
lead to a security hole:
my $psgi = ...; # user-input: consider "Moose.pm"
$app = Plack::Util::load_psgi($psgi); # this does 'require "Moose.pm"'!
Generally speaking, passing an external input to this function is
considered very insecure. But if you really want to do that, be sure
to validate the argument passed to this function. Also, if you do not
want to accept an arbitrary class name but only load from a file path,
make sure that the argument C<$psgi_file_or_class> begins with C</> so
that Perl's built-in do function won't search the include path.
=item run_app
my $res = Plack::Util::run_app $app, $env;
Runs the I<$app> by wrapping errors with I<eval> and if an error is
found, logs it to C<< $env->{'psgi.errors'} >> and returns the
template 500 Error response.
=item header_get, header_exists, header_set, header_push, header_remove
my $hdrs = [ 'Content-Type' => 'text/plain' ];
my $v = Plack::Util::header_get($hdrs, $key); # First found only
my @v = Plack::Util::header_get($hdrs, $key);
my $bool = Plack::Util::header_exists($hdrs, $key);
Plack::Util::header_set($hdrs, $key, $val); # overwrites existent header
Plack::Util::header_push($hdrs, $key, $val);
Plack::Util::header_remove($hdrs, $key);
Utility functions to manipulate PSGI response headers array
reference. The methods that read existent header value handles header
name as case insensitive.
my $hdrs = [ 'Content-Type' => 'text/plain' ];
my $v = Plack::Util::header_get($hdrs, 'content-type'); # 'text/plain'
=item headers
my $headers = [ 'Content-Type' => 'text/plain' ];
my $h = Plack::Util::headers($headers);
$h->get($key);
if ($h->exists($key)) { ... }
$h->set($key => $val);
$h->push($key => $val);
$h->remove($key);
$h->headers; # same reference as $headers
Given a header array reference, returns a convenient object that has
an instance methods to access C<header_*> functions with an OO
interface. The object holds a reference to the original given
C<$headers> argument and updates the reference accordingly when called
write methods like C<set>, C<push> or C<remove>. It also has C<headers>
method that would return the same reference.
=item status_with_no_entity_body
if (status_with_no_entity_body($res->[0])) { }
Returns true if the given status code doesn't have any Entity body in
HTTP response, i.e. it's 100, 101, 204 or 304.
=item inline_object
my $o = Plack::Util::inline_object(
write => sub { $h->push_write(@_) },
close => sub { $h->push_shutdown },
);
$o->write(@stuff);
$o->close;
Creates an instant object that can react to methods passed in the
constructor. Handy to create when you need to create an IO stream
object for input or errors.
=item encode_html
my $encoded_string = Plack::Util::encode( $string );
Entity encodes C<<>, C<< > >>, C<&>, C<"> and C<'> in the input string
and returns it.
=item response_cb
See L<Plack::Middleware/RESPONSE CALLBACK> for details.
=back
=cut
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