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OAuth integration for the Grails Shiro plugin
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Shiro OAuth Grails Plugin

Shiro is a flexible authentication and authorisation framework for Java that has a corresponding Grails plugin for simplifying access control in Grails applications. This plugin extends the base Shiro plugin with support for authentication via OAuth using the Scribe OAuth plugin.

To use the plugin check out its documentation.

How it works

Most of the work is done by the other two plugins. The Scribe OAuth plugin provides the actual OAuth authentication, while the Shiro plugin does the access control and account management. The two are linked through four main classes provided by this plugin:

  • OAuthToken
  • OAuthRealm
  • ShiroOAuthIdentity
  • ShiroOAuthController

Shiro works on the basis of authentication tokens that contain the information that identifies a user. For example, there is a UsernamePasswordToken that contains a username and password. This is probably the most common one. The OAuthToken class is another type of Shiro authentication token, although one without any credentials. It wraps a Scribe access token from a successful OAuth authentication attempt. That's it.

The OAuthToken isn't much use by itself because the standard OAuth response doesn't contain any form of identity for the user that just logged in. That's why the class is abstract. So the plugin also bundles provider-specific authentication tokens that extract the relevant information from the access token, such as a Twitter screen name in the case of TwitterOAuthToken.

Some OAuth providers (Google and Facebook to name but two) don't include the credentials in the access token. Instead, you have to request the credentials from one of their APIs. This logic has been encapsulated in a set of <provider>ShiroOAuthService classes that get the user's credentials from the relevant URL and initialise the appropriate OAuthToken.

The realm, OAuthRealm, accepts instances of OAuthToken and checks whether the user has been linked to an internal Shiro user account (typically a User domain instance). The linking is done via the ShiroOAuthIdentity domain class, which contains the OAuth username, provider name, and a reference to the user account domain class.

Finally, we have the ShiroOAuthController which can be used as a URL for successful OAuth authentication. It wraps the Scribe access token in the appropriate OAuthToken and attempts to log the user in. If that's successful, i.e. the OAuthRealm finds a corresponding user account, the user is redirected back to whatever targetUri is set to. Otherwise, the user is redirected to an application-provided URL that will allow the user to link the OAuth account to an existing Shiro one or to a new Shiro account.

ShiroOAuthController also has a linkAccount action that will create the ShiroOAuthIdentity record given an ID for the corresponding user domain instance. This has to be passed in as a userId parameter. If the user isn't already logged in, then this action will use the Shiro auth token in the session to log the user in and then redirect to whatever URL is specified by the targetUri parameter or session variable. Typically, users of the plugin should do an internal forward to this action once they have created or found the internal Shiro account.

Left to do

  • Allow multiple OAuth providers in a single application (requires changes in Scribe OAuth plugin).
  • Add more OAuth tokens (Facebook, Google, GitHub, LinkedIn, etc.).
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