Simple but powerful HTTP request router
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Failed to load latest commit information.


routes-http is a simple HTTP request router for node.js based on routes.

stability 2 - unstable license - Unlicense Flattr this

Build Status Coverage Status Dependencies

NPM status


Simple but powerful

routes-http is just a thin wrapper around routes. This means if you've used routes or routes-based routers before, you can start using routes-http right away:

var routes = require('routes-http')();
routes.addRoute('/foo/:arg/*', function(req, res, opts) {
// … more code …
req.url = '/foo/bar/qux/baz';
routes(req, res);
    params: {arg: 'bar'},
    splats: ['qux/baz']

Chaining API

You can create a router and add all your routes in a single line. No more repeating yourself! The following is perfectly valid:

var routes = require('routes-http')()
    .addRoute('/foo', function(req, res) {/* … */})
    .addRoute('/bar', function(req, res) {/* … */})
    .addRoute('/qux', function(req, res) {/* … */});
// … more code …
routes(req, res);

Or simply:

var routes = require('routes-http')().addRoutes({
    '/foo': function(req, res) {/* … */},
    '/bar': function(req, res) {/* … */},
    '/qux': function(req, res) {/* … */}

Semantic error-handling

routes-http uses httperr for its own errors and allows you to provide an error handler that will be used for all errors, including matching errors:

var routes = require('routes-http')();
routes.addRoute('/foo', function(req, res) {/* … */});
// … more code …
req.url = 'http://localhost/foo';
routes(req, res, function(err) {
{ [NotFound]
    title: 'Not Found',
    name: 'NotFound',
    code: 'NOT_FOUND',
    statusCode: 404

Pain-free nesting

Want to use a separate router for each namespace of your app? No problem. Nesting routes is as simple as defining normal routes. They don't even need to know about each other or that they are nested in order to work:

var router = require('routes-http'),
    routes = router(),
    childRoutes = router();

routes.addRoute('/hello/', childRoutes); // Always use a trailing slash!
childRoutes.addRoute('/world', function(req, res) {
    res.end('Hello from /hello/world !');

HTTP method dispatching

Want to have different views for each HTTP method? Just specify an object instead of a function:

var routes = require('routes-http')();
routes.addRoute('/foo', {
    GET: function(req, res) {res.end('You used GET');},
    POST: function(req, res) {res.end('You used POST')}

/* … more code … */

routes(req, res, function(err) {
    if (err.statusCode === 405) {
        res.writeHead(err.statusCode, err.title, {'Allow': err.allowed.join(', ')});
        res.write('You used ' + req.method + '\n');
        res.write('Allowed methods: ' + err.allowed.join(', ') + '\n');
    } else {
        res.writeHead(err.statusCode, err.title);
    res.end(err.statusCode + ' ' + err.title);
$ curl http://localhost:8000/foo
You used GET
$ curl -X POST http://localhost:8000/foo
You used POST
$ curl -X DELETE http://localhost:8000/foo
You used DELETE
Allowed methods: GET, POST
405 Method Not Allowed

Minimalistic requirements

Want to use the router without passing in request and response objects? You can do that.

var routes = require('routes-http')();
routes.addRoute('/foo', function() {/* … */});
routes({url: 'http://localhost/foo'}); // Works!
routes('/foo'); // Also works!
var routes = require('routes-http')();
routes.addRoute('/foo', function(url, data) {/* … */});
routes('/foo', {proprietary: 'data-structure'}); // Works!

Basic Usage Example

var router = require('routes-http'),
    http = require('http'),
    routes = router();

routes.addRoute('/hello/world', function(req, res) {
    res.end('Hello world!');
routes.addRoute('/throws', function(req, res) {
    throw new Error();

http.createServer(function(req, res) {
    routes(req, res, function(err) {
        if (err.statusCode && err.title) {
            res.writeHead(err.statusCode, err.title);
            res.end(err.statusCode + ' ' + err.title);
        } else {
            res.writeHead(500, 'Internal Server Error');
            res.end('An error occurred');
$ curl http://localhost:8000/hello/world
Hello World!
$ curl http://localhost:8000/does/not/exist
404 Not Found
$ curl Http://localhost:8000/throws
An error occurred


With NPM

npm install routes-http

From source

git clone
cd routes-http
npm install
make test


routes(req, [res], [handleError:Function])

Resolves the given request and invokes the matching view if possible.

If the route can not be resolved, a 404 Not Found error will be raised.

If a handleError function is passed, the function will be called with the Error object if an error is thrown by the view or the route resolution fails.

The matched view will be invoked with the following arguments:


The original request.


The original response.


An object with two properties:


An object containing the matched route params. For child routes, the object will contain params matched by their parent routes as well, but child routes will take precedence over parent routes when params are named identically.


childRoutes.addRoute('/:foo', function(req, res, opts) {/* … */});
routes.addRoute('/:foo/', childRoutes);
routes({url: '/qux/bar'}); // opts.params = {'foo': 'bar'}


An array containing the matched route splats. For child routes, the array will contain splats matched by their parent routes as well, with child routes' splats appearing at the end of the array.


childRoutes.addRoute('/*', function(req, res, opts) {/* … */});
routes.addRoute('/*/foo/', childRoutes);
routes({url: '/qux/foo/bar'}); // opts.splats = ['qux', 'bar']

routes.addRoutes({path: view})

Invokes routes.addRoute for each key/value pair.

Note that because JavaScript object key order can not be guaranteed this is not recommended if you have paths that depend on the resolution order.


The following may produce inconsistent results:

    '/:foo/': function(req, res, opts) {/* … */},
    '/:bar/': function(req, res, opts) {/* … */}

routes.addRoutes([[path:String, view]])

Invokes routes.addRoute for each pair of path and view in the given array.

routes.addRoute(path:String, view:Function)

Adds a route with the given path. The route will resolve to the given function, invoking it when the route is matched.

routes.addRoute(path:String, view:Object)

Adds a route with the given path. The object is expected to have methods named after the HTTP methods supported by the view that will be invoked when the route is matched with the respective HTTP method.

If the route is resolved, but the view object has no matching property for the request's HTTP method, a 405 Method Not Allowed error will be raised with an array containing the names of the supported HTTP methods as its allowed property.


routes.addRoute('/foo/bar', {
    GET: function(req, res) { // Always use uppercase!
        res.end('You have sent a GET request.');
    POST: function(req, res) {
        res.end('You have sent a POST request');

routes.addRoute(path:String, view:routes)

Adds a route with the given path prefix. When the route is matched, the prefix will be replaced by a slash and the resulting URL will be passed to the given routes function.


childRoutes.addRoute('/bar', function(req, res) {
    res.end('You have accessed /foo/bar !');
childRoutes.addRoute('/', function(req, res) {
    res.end('You have accessed /foo/ !');
routes.addRoute('/foo/', childRoutes); // Always use a trailing slash!


This is free and unencumbered public domain software. For more information, see or the accompanying UNLICENSE file.