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README.md

rtl_433

rtl_433 (despite the name) is a generic data receiver, mainly for the 433.92 MHz, 868 MHz (SRD), 315 MHz, and 915 MHz ISM bands.

It works with RTL-SDR and/or SoapySDR. Activly tested and supported are Realtek RTL2832 based DVB dongles (using RTL-SDR) and LimeSDR (LimeSDR USB and LimeSDR mini engineering samples kindly provided by MyriadRf), PlutoSDR, HackRF One (using SoapySDR drivers), as well as SoapyRemote.

rtl_433 screenshot

Building/installation:

See BUILDING.md

How to add support for unsupported sensors

Read the Test Data section at the bottom.

Running:

rtl_433 -h
Usage:	= General options =
	[-V] Output the version string and exit
	[-v] Increase verbosity (can be used multiple times).
		 -v : verbose, -vv : verbose decoders, -vvv : debug decoders, -vvvv : trace decoding).
	[-c <path>] Read config options from a file
	= Tuner options =
	[-d <RTL-SDR USB device index> | :<RTL-SDR USB device serial> | <SoapySDR device query> | rtl_tcp]
	[-g <gain>] (default: auto)
	[-f <frequency>] [-f...] Receive frequency(s) (default: 433920000 Hz)
	[-H <seconds>] Hop interval for polling of multiple frequencies (default: 600 seconds)
	[-p <ppm_error] Correct rtl-sdr tuner frequency offset error (default: 0)
	[-s <sample rate>] Set sample rate (default: 250000 Hz)
	= Demodulator options =
	[-R <device>] Enable only the specified device decoding protocol (can be used multiple times)
		 Specify a negative number to disable a device decoding protocol (can be used multiple times)
	[-G] Enable all device protocols, included those disabled by default
	[-X <spec> | help] Add a general purpose decoder (-R 0 to disable all other decoders)
	[-l <level>] Change detection level used to determine pulses [0-16384] (0 = auto) (default: 0)
	[-z <value>] Override short value in data decoder
	[-x <value>] Override long value in data decoder
	[-n <value>] Specify number of samples to take (each sample is 2 bytes: 1 each of I & Q)
	= Analyze/Debug options =
	[-a] Analyze mode. Print a textual description of the signal.
	[-A] Pulse Analyzer. Enable pulse analysis and decode attempt.
		 Disable all decoders with -R 0 if you want analyzer output only.
	[-y <code>] Verify decoding of demodulated test data (e.g. "{25}fb2dd58") with enabled devices
	= File I/O options =
	[-S none|all|unknown|known] Signal auto save. Creates one file per signal.
		 Note: Saves raw I/Q samples (uint8 pcm, 2 channel). Preferred mode for generating test files.
	[-r <filename>] Read data from input file instead of a receiver
	[-w <filename>] Save data stream to output file (a '-' dumps samples to stdout)
	[-W <filename>] Save data stream to output file, overwrite existing file
	= Data output options =
	[-F kv|json|csv|syslog|null] Produce decoded output in given format.
		 Append output to file with :<filename> (e.g. -F csv:log.csv), defaults to stdout.
		 Specify host/port for syslog with e.g. -F syslog:127.0.0.1:1514
	[-M time|reltime|notime|hires|utc|protocol|level|bits] Add various meta data to every output line.
	[-K FILE|PATH|<tag>] Add an expanded token or fixed tag to every output line.
	[-C native|si|customary] Convert units in decoded output.
	[-T <seconds>] Specify number of seconds to run
	[-E] Stop after outputting successful event(s)
	[-h] Output this usage help and exit
		 Use -d, -g, -R, -X, -F, -M, -r, or -w without argument for more help

Supported device protocols:
    [01]  Silvercrest Remote Control
    [02]  Rubicson Temperature Sensor
    [03]  Prologue Temperature Sensor
    [04]  Waveman Switch Transmitter
    [06]* ELV EM 1000
    [07]* ELV WS 2000
    [08]  LaCrosse TX Temperature / Humidity Sensor
    [10]* Acurite 896 Rain Gauge
    [11]  Acurite 609TXC Temperature and Humidity Sensor
    [12]  Oregon Scientific Weather Sensor
    [13]* Mebus 433
    [14]* Intertechno 433
    [15]  KlikAanKlikUit Wireless Switch
    [16]  AlectoV1 Weather Sensor (Alecto WS3500 WS4500 Ventus W155/W044 Oregon)
    [17]  Cardin S466-TX2
    [18]  Fine Offset Electronics, WH2, WH5, Telldus Temperature/Humidity/Rain Sensor
    [19]  Nexus Temperature & Humidity Sensor
    [20]  Ambient Weather Temperature Sensor
    [21]  Calibeur RF-104 Sensor
    [22]* X10 RF
    [23]  DSC Security Contact
    [24]* Brennenstuhl RCS 2044
    [25]  GT-WT-02 Sensor
    [26]  Danfoss CFR Thermostat
    [29]  Chuango Security Technology
    [30]  Generic Remote SC226x EV1527
    [31]  TFA-Twin-Plus-30.3049, Conrad KW9010, Ea2 BL999
    [32]  Fine Offset Electronics WH1080/WH3080 Weather Station
    [33]  WT450
    [34]  LaCrosse WS-2310 Weather Station
    [35]  Esperanza EWS
    [36]  Efergy e2 classic
    [37]* Inovalley kw9015b, TFA Dostmann 30.3161 (Rain and temperature sensor)
    [38]  Generic temperature sensor 1
    [39]  WG-PB12V1 Temperature Sensor
    [40]  Acurite 592TXR Temp/Humidity, 5n1 Weather Station, 6045 Lightning
    [41]  Acurite 986 Refrigerator / Freezer Thermometer
    [42]  HIDEKI TS04 Temperature, Humidity, Wind and Rain Sensor
    [43]  Watchman Sonic / Apollo Ultrasonic / Beckett Rocket oil tank monitor
    [44]  CurrentCost Current Sensor
    [45]  emonTx OpenEnergyMonitor
    [46]  HT680 Remote control
    [47]  S3318P Temperature & Humidity Sensor
    [48]  Akhan 100F14 remote keyless entry
    [49]  Quhwa
    [50]  OSv1 Temperature Sensor
    [51]  Proove
    [52]  Bresser Thermo-/Hygro-Sensor 3CH
    [53]  Springfield Temperature and Soil Moisture
    [54]  Oregon Scientific SL109H Remote Thermal Hygro Sensor
    [55]  Acurite 606TX Temperature Sensor
    [56]  TFA pool temperature sensor
    [57]  Kedsum Temperature & Humidity Sensor
    [58]  Blyss DC5-UK-WH
    [59]  Steelmate TPMS
    [60]  Schrader TPMS
    [61]* LightwaveRF
    [62]  Elro DB286A Doorbell
    [63]  Efergy Optical
    [64]  Honda Car Key
    [67]  Radiohead ASK
    [68]  Kerui PIR / Contact Sensor
    [69]  Fine Offset WH1050 Weather Station
    [70]  Honeywell Door/Window Sensor
    [71]  Maverick ET-732/733 BBQ Sensor
    [72]* RF-tech
    [73]  LaCrosse TX141-Bv2/TX141TH-Bv2 sensor
    [74]  Acurite 00275rm,00276rm Temp/Humidity with optional probe
    [75]  LaCrosse TX35DTH-IT, TFA Dostmann 30.3155 Temperature/Humidity sensor
    [76]  LaCrosse TX29IT Temperature sensor
    [77]  Vaillant calorMatic 340f Central Heating Control
    [78]  Fine Offset Electronics, WH25, WH24, WH65B, HP1000 Temperature/Humidity/Pressure Sensor
    [79]  Fine Offset Electronics, WH0530 Temperature/Rain Sensor
    [80]  IBIS beacon
    [81]  Oil Ultrasonic STANDARD FSK
    [82]  Citroen TPMS
    [83]  Oil Ultrasonic STANDARD ASK
    [84]  Thermopro TP11 Thermometer
    [85]  Solight TE44
    [86]  Wireless Smoke and Heat Detector GS 558
    [87]  Generic wireless motion sensor
    [88]  Toyota TPMS
    [89]  Ford TPMS
    [90]  Renault TPMS
    [91]  inFactory
    [92]  FT-004-B Temperature Sensor
    [93]  Ford Car Key
    [94]  Philips outdoor temperature sensor
    [95]  Schrader TPMS EG53MA4
    [96]  Nexa
    [97]  Thermopro TP08/TP12 thermometer
    [98]  GE Color Effects
    [99]  X10 Security
    [100]  Interlogix GE UTC Security Devices
    [101]* Dish remote 6.3
    [102]  SimpliSafe Home Security System (May require disabling automatic gain for KeyPad decodes)
    [103]  Sensible Living Mini-Plant Moisture Sensor
    [104]* Wireless M-Bus, Mode C&T, 100kbps (-f 868950000 -s 1200000)
    [105]* Wireless M-Bus, Mode S, 32.768kbps (-f 868300000 -s 1000000)
    [106]* Wireless M-Bus, Mode R, 4.8kbps (-f 868330000)
    [107]* Wireless M-Bus, Mode F, 2.4kbps
    [108]  WS Temperature Sensor
    [109]  WT0124 Pool Thermometer
    [110]  PMV-107J (Toyota) TPMS
    [111]  Emos TTX201 Temperature Sensor
    [112]  Ambient Weather TX-8300 Temperature/Humidity Sensor
    [113]  Ambient Weather WH31E Thermo-Hygrometer Sensor
    [114]  Maverick et73
    [115]  Honeywell Wireless Doorbell
    [116]  Honeywell Wireless Doorbell (FSK)
    [117]* ESA1000 / ESA2000 Energy Monitor
    [118]* Biltema rain gauge
    [119]  Bresser Weather Center 5-in-1
    [120]* Digitech XC-0324 temperature sensor

* Disabled by default, use -R n or -G

Some examples:

Command Description
rtl_433 Default receive mode, use the first device found, listen at 433.92 MHz at 250k sample rate.
rtl_433 -C si Default receive mode, also convert units to metric system.
rtl_433 -f 868M -s 1024k Listen at 868 MHz and 1024k sample rate.
rtl_433 -M hires -M level Report microsecond accurate timestamps and add reception levels (depending on gain).
rtl_433 -R 1 -R 8 -R 43 Enable only specific decoders for desired devices.
rtl_433 -A Enable pulse analyzer. Summarizes the timings of pulses, gaps, and periods. Can be used with -R 0 to disable decoders.
rtl_433 -S all -T 120 Save all detected signals (g###_###M_###k.cu8). Run for 2 minutes.
rtl_433 -K FILE -r file_name Read a saved data file instead of receiving live data. Tag output with filenames.
rtl_433 -F json -M utc | mosquitto_pub -t home/rtl_433 -l Will pipe the output to network as JSON formatted MQTT messages. A test MQTT client can be found in tests/mqtt_rtl_433_test.py.
rtl_433 -f 433.53M -f 434.02M -H 15 Will poll two frequencies with 15 seconds hop interval.

Supporting Additional Devices and Test Data

Some device protocol decoders are disabled by default. When testing to see if your device is decoded by rtl_433, use -G to enable all device protocols. This will likely produce false positives, use with caution.

The first step in decoding new devices is to record the signals using -S all. The signals will be stored individually in files named gNNN_FFFM_RRRk.cu8 :

Parameter Description
NNN signal grabbed number
FFF frequency
RRR sample rate

This file can be played back with rtl_433 -r gNNN_FFFM_RRRk.cu8.

These files are vital for understanding the signal format as well as the message data. Use both analyzers -a and -A to look at the recorded signal and determine the pulse characteristics, e.g. rtl_433 -r gNNN_FFFM_RRRk.cu8 -a -A.

Make sure you have recorded a proper set of test signals representing different conditions together with any and all information about the values that the signal should represent. For example, make a note of what temperature and/or humidity is the signal encoding. Ideally, capture a range of data values, such a different temperatures, to make it easy to spot what part of the message is changing.

Add the data files, a text file describing the captured signals, pictures of the device and/or a link the manufacturer's page (ideally with specifications) to the rtl_433_tests github repository. Follow the existing structure as best as possible and send a pull request.

https://github.com/merbanan/rtl_433_tests

Please don't open a new github issue for device support or request decoding help from others until you've added test signals and the description to the repository.

The rtl_433_test repository is also used to help test that changes to rtl_433 haven't caused any regressions.

Google Group

Join the Google group, rtl_433, for more information about rtl_433: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/rtl_433

Troubleshooting

If you see this error:

Kernel driver is active, or device is claimed by second instance of librtlsdr.
In the first case, please either detach or blacklist the kernel module
(dvb_usb_rtl28xxu), or enable automatic detaching at compile time.

then

sudo rmmod dvb_usb_rtl28xxu rtl2832
You can’t perform that action at this time.