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OpenPA v1.0.4

The goal of this project is to provide an open source, highly-portable
library that provides atomic primitives (and related constructs) for
high performance, concurrent software. This project is a collaboration
between the Mathematics and Computer Science (MCS) division at Argonne
National Laboratory (ANL) and the HDF Group. The code was originally
derived from work on the MPICH2 project. 

Project documentation and bug tracking can be found at:

If you would like to email questions or discuss topics related to OpenPA
you can send mail to


If you checked out the project from source control then you will need to
generate configure files and makefiles with

% ./

Otherwise, the build procedure is basically the same as any other
autoconfiscated software:

% ./configure [configure_args]
% make
% make install

OpenPA does support Microsoft Windows but the build system
infrastructure is unfortunately not yet in place for general use.

Supported Platforms

The following header files in the src/primitives directory support the
listed platforms:
opa_gcc_ia64.h        - GCC on Intel's IA64 (Itanium) architecture
opa_gcc_intel_32_64.h - GCC (and some GCC-like compilers) on x86 and
                        x86_64 architectures
opa_gcc_intrinsics.h  - GCC on many other platforms.  These use compiler
                        intrinsics which are not always implemented on
                        every platform
opa_gcc_ppc.h         - GCC and IBM's XLC on PowerPC 4xx and 970 systems.
                        Specifically, this supports the modified-PPC440
                        processor in IBM's Blue Gene/P supercomputers and most
                        64-bit PPC machines such as BG/P login nodes and G5
opa_gcc_sicortex.h    - GCC on SiCortex machines.  This is a MIPS 5K based
                        architecture, so it may work on similar platforms.
opa_gcc_arm.h         - GCC on ARMv7 (and later)
opa_nt_intrinsics.h   - Windows support.  These use compiler intrinsics
                        available in Microsoft's Visual Studio compiler.
opa_sun_atomic_ops.h  - Solaris support.  This uses Solaris' built-in
                        atomic operations library.  Tested on a Niagara
                        (T5240) machine with Solaris (s10s_u4wos_12b).

We also support two pseudo-platforms:

opa_by_lock.h - Used when you specify "--with-atomic-primitives=no" or when
                auto-detecting the primitive implementation and lock-based fall
                back is selected.  This uses pthread mutexes to emulate the
                atomic behavior.  This option typically has dramatically slower
                performance on most platforms where native primitives are
                available.  You should usually only use it for testing or on
                platforms where pthreads are available but no native primitives
                are currently implemented.  The library initialization function
                *must* be called when using this primitives implementation.
opa_unsafe.h  - Used when you specify "--with-atomic-primitives=unsafe".  This
                can be used to improve performance in code that uses OPA already
                and is conditionally compiled to be single-threaded without
                having to modify said code.  It is also potentially useful for
                meta-testing to ensure that any threading tests you might have
                will catch bugs when you have a broken atomics implementation.
                The OPA test suite itself fails spectacularly when compiled this
                way.  This header can also be used by defining the preprocessor
                macro OPA_USE_UNSAFE_PRIMITIVES prior to including

Known Issues

* One known issue is that the gcc atomic intrinsics aren't supported by
  compilers prior to GCC 4.1.  In particular the default Mac OS X compiler is
  gcc 4.0.1 so these result in a linker error when using this set of
  primitives.  The good news is that on OSX/Intel we use native inline
  assembly anyway, so this isn't a big problem.
* The PGI compilers currently are not supported.  There is at least one known
  bug in the PGI compiler's handling of of inline assembly for which we are
  awaiting a fix from PGI.  Once a fixed version of the compiler is available
  this issue should be rectified in an upcoming release.
* As mentioned earlier, Windows is supported but the build system is not
  yet present.
* We've had reports of trouble with older IA64 machines running GCC 3.2.2.
  Unfortunately we don't have access to a machine with this configuration so we
  have been unable to debug and fix the problem.  Patches and detailed bug
  reports on this issue are very welcome.

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