OpenPA v1.0.4 ------------- The goal of this project is to provide an open source, highly-portable library that provides atomic primitives (and related constructs) for high performance, concurrent software. This project is a collaboration between the Mathematics and Computer Science (MCS) division at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the HDF Group. The code was originally derived from work on the MPICH2 project. Project documentation and bug tracking can be found at: https://trac.mpich.org/projects/openpa/ If you would like to email questions or discuss topics related to OpenPA you can send mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Building -------- If you checked out the project from source control then you will need to generate configure files and makefiles with autogen.sh: % ./autogen.sh Otherwise, the build procedure is basically the same as any other autoconfiscated software: % ./configure [configure_args] % make % make install OpenPA does support Microsoft Windows but the build system infrastructure is unfortunately not yet in place for general use. Supported Platforms ------------------- The following header files in the src/primitives directory support the listed platforms: opa_gcc_ia64.h - GCC on Intel's IA64 (Itanium) architecture opa_gcc_intel_32_64.h - GCC (and some GCC-like compilers) on x86 and x86_64 architectures opa_gcc_intrinsics.h - GCC on many other platforms. These use compiler intrinsics which are not always implemented on every platform opa_gcc_ppc.h - GCC and IBM's XLC on PowerPC 4xx and 970 systems. Specifically, this supports the modified-PPC440 processor in IBM's Blue Gene/P supercomputers and most 64-bit PPC machines such as BG/P login nodes and G5 Macs. opa_gcc_sicortex.h - GCC on SiCortex machines. This is a MIPS 5K based architecture, so it may work on similar platforms. opa_gcc_arm.h - GCC on ARMv7 (and later) opa_nt_intrinsics.h - Windows support. These use compiler intrinsics available in Microsoft's Visual Studio compiler. opa_sun_atomic_ops.h - Solaris support. This uses Solaris' built-in atomic operations library. Tested on a Niagara (T5240) machine with Solaris (s10s_u4wos_12b). We also support two pseudo-platforms: opa_by_lock.h - Used when you specify "--with-atomic-primitives=no" or when auto-detecting the primitive implementation and lock-based fall back is selected. This uses pthread mutexes to emulate the atomic behavior. This option typically has dramatically slower performance on most platforms where native primitives are available. You should usually only use it for testing or on platforms where pthreads are available but no native primitives are currently implemented. The library initialization function *must* be called when using this primitives implementation. opa_unsafe.h - Used when you specify "--with-atomic-primitives=unsafe". This can be used to improve performance in code that uses OPA already and is conditionally compiled to be single-threaded without having to modify said code. It is also potentially useful for meta-testing to ensure that any threading tests you might have will catch bugs when you have a broken atomics implementation. The OPA test suite itself fails spectacularly when compiled this way. This header can also be used by defining the preprocessor macro OPA_USE_UNSAFE_PRIMITIVES prior to including opa_primitives.h. Known Issues ------------ * One known issue is that the gcc atomic intrinsics aren't supported by compilers prior to GCC 4.1. In particular the default Mac OS X compiler is gcc 4.0.1 so these result in a linker error when using this set of primitives. The good news is that on OSX/Intel we use native inline assembly anyway, so this isn't a big problem. * The PGI compilers currently are not supported. There is at least one known bug in the PGI compiler's handling of of inline assembly for which we are awaiting a fix from PGI. Once a fixed version of the compiler is available this issue should be rectified in an upcoming release. * As mentioned earlier, Windows is supported but the build system is not yet present. * We've had reports of trouble with older IA64 machines running GCC 3.2.2. Unfortunately we don't have access to a machine with this configuration so we have been unable to debug and fix the problem. Patches and detailed bug reports on this issue are very welcome.