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#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""http://code.activestate.com/recipes/131499-observer-pattern/"""
class Subject(object):
def __init__(self):
self._observers = []
def attach(self, observer):
if observer not in self._observers:
self._observers.append(observer)
def detach(self, observer):
try:
self._observers.remove(observer)
except ValueError:
pass
def notify(self, modifier=None):
for observer in self._observers:
if modifier != observer:
observer.update(self)
# Example usage
class Data(Subject):
def __init__(self, name=''):
Subject.__init__(self)
self.name = name
self._data = 0
@property
def data(self):
return self._data
@data.setter
def data(self, value):
self._data = value
self.notify()
class HexViewer:
def update(self, subject):
print('HexViewer: Subject %s has data 0x%x' %
(subject.name, subject.data))
class DecimalViewer:
def update(self, subject):
print('DecimalViewer: Subject %s has data %d' %
(subject.name, subject.data))
# Example usage...
def main():
data1 = Data('Data 1')
data2 = Data('Data 2')
view1 = DecimalViewer()
view2 = HexViewer()
data1.attach(view1)
data1.attach(view2)
data2.attach(view2)
data2.attach(view1)
print("Setting Data 1 = 10")
data1.data = 10
print("Setting Data 2 = 15")
data2.data = 15
print("Setting Data 1 = 3")
data1.data = 3
print("Setting Data 2 = 5")
data2.data = 5
print("Detach HexViewer from data1 and data2.")
data1.detach(view2)
data2.detach(view2)
print("Setting Data 1 = 10")
data1.data = 10
print("Setting Data 2 = 15")
data2.data = 15
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
### OUTPUT ###
# Setting Data 1 = 10
# DecimalViewer: Subject Data 1 has data 10
# HexViewer: Subject Data 1 has data 0xa
# Setting Data 2 = 15
# HexViewer: Subject Data 2 has data 0xf
# DecimalViewer: Subject Data 2 has data 15
# Setting Data 1 = 3
# DecimalViewer: Subject Data 1 has data 3
# HexViewer: Subject Data 1 has data 0x3
# Setting Data 2 = 5
# HexViewer: Subject Data 2 has data 0x5
# DecimalViewer: Subject Data 2 has data 5
# Detach HexViewer from data1 and data2.
# Setting Data 1 = 10
# DecimalViewer: Subject Data 1 has data 10
# Setting Data 2 = 15
# DecimalViewer: Subject Data 2 has data 15
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