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ActivityStreams
===============
ActivityStreams is a Rails Plug-in providing a customizable framework
for cataloging and publishing user activity and social objects.
Developed and tested on Rails 2.1
Tested on Rails 2.3.10
Example
=======
1) Generate initialization class, migration, controllers, and tests:
./script/generate activity_streams User
The only option is the name of the model that holds your User.
2) Add the Routes, in routes.rb
map.activity_streams
3) Run the migration
rake db:migrate
4) Edit ./config/initializers/activity_streams.rb. Here you
must define your on list of ACTIVITY_STREAM_ACTIVITIES.
ACTIVITY_STREAM_ACTIVITIES are a hash of activities used on the
entire site. ACTIVITY_STREAM_ACTIVITIES are a grouping of activities
so verbs like "now follows" and "no longer follows" can be tracked
as the same activity. Please ensure the keys are unique.
ACTIVITY_STREAM_LOCATIONS relies on a application controller method
"activity_stream_location". If you change or add to
ACTIVITY_STREAM_LOCATIONS you will probably need to override the
activity_stream_location method.
The ACTIVITY_STREAM_USER_MODEL, _CLASS, and _MODEL_ID should not
need changing. However, set ACTIVITY_STREAM_USER_MODEL_NAME to be
the method of your user model the returns a friendly name (like
"firstname lastname").
5) Edit application controller and include the activity logger:
class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
include LogActivityStreams
#...
6) Add logging calls to each controller for all the actions you
want to log activities. For example:
class FeedsController < ApplicationController
#...
log_activity_streams :current_user, :friendly_name, :now_follows,
:@new_creators, :title, :set_my_feeds, :follow_creator, {:total => 1 }
log_activity_streams :current_user, :friendly_name, :now_follows,
:@new_categories, :name, :set_my_feeds, :follow_category,
{:total => 1 }
log_activity_streams :current_user, :friendly_name, :no_longer_follows,
:@destroyed_creators, :title, :set_my_feeds, :follow_creator,
{:total => -1 }
log_activity_streams :current_user, :friendly_name, :no_longer_follows,
:@destroyed_categories, :name, :set_my_feeds, :follow_category,
{:total => -1 }
#...
end
And an example with an indirect object:
class Posts < ApplicationController
log_activity_streams :current_user, :friendly_name, :posted,
:@post, :activity_title, :create, :posted_message,
{:indirect_object => :forum_owner,
:indirect_object_name_method => :title,
:indirect_object_phrase => 'about indirect_object' }
#...
end
The arguments for log activity stream are
actor: a method or instance variable the is a single model or
Array of models. An Array will generate multiple activities
actor_method_name: A method name that returns a display-able
name for the actor model
verb: The verb for the activity.
object: a method or instance variable the is a single model or
Array of models. An Array will generate multiple activities
object_method_name: A method name that returns a display-able
name for the object model
action: The name of the action that triggers this activity.
activity: The activity grouping, the key should be predefined in
ACTIVITY_STREAM_ACTIVITIES.
options: A hash of options. Currently the options can take:
:status for non display-able, debug, or internal activities
:total for keeping total counts across grouped activities in the
activity_stream_totals table. The :total can be either a Fixnum
(positive or negative)or the symbol name of an instance variable
or method.
7) Display a stream in one of your views. For example, from
./app/views/users/show.html.erb:
<h3>Recent Activity</h3>
<div class="hfeed">
<%= render :partial => 'activity_streams/activity_stream', :collection => ActivityStream.recent_actors(@user, activity_stream_location) %>
</div> <!-- hfeed -->
8) Define the required methods. The plug-in needs to know the current logged in user and if that user is an admin. So the following methods must be defined.
a) The User model needs an "admin?" method
b) The controller need a "current_user" controller and helper method
c) The controller needs "logged_in?" controller and helper method
d) Finally, either the generated controllers need to be modified
or a login_required and admin_required methods must be written for
the controllers.
Except for the admin methods above, restful_authentication defines
all these methods for us.
http://agilewebdevelopment.com/plugins/restful_authentication
8) Activities should now be logging. You should be able to generate
and view activities now. A good interactive test is to play with the
preferences and atom feed found here:
http://localhost:3000/activity_stream_preferences
9) Fix the generated tests and add new ones. Activity streams
generator generates unit, controller, and integration tests. These
tests will need to be fixed as your fixtures will be different than
the ones provided.
Finally, you should write some tests for your controllers where you add your
activities. For example:
class FeedsControllerTest < ActionController::TestCase
#...
def test_follow_creator_generates_activity
login_as :fred
assert_difference('ActivityStream.count', +1) do
post :set_my_feeds, :id => 1, :creators => ['1'], :feed_digest_option => 'daily'
end
end
def test_follow_category_generates_activity
login_as :fred
assert_difference('ActivityStream.count', +1) do
post :set_my_feeds, :id => 1, :categories => ['1'], :feed_digest_option => 'daily'
end
end
def test_follow_three_generates_three_activities
login_as :fred
assert_difference('ActivityStream.count', +3) do
post :set_my_feeds, :id => 1, :categories => ['1'], :creators => ['2','3'], :feed_digest_option => 'daily'
end
end
def test_follow_creator_activity_has_correct_data
login_as :fred
post :set_my_feeds, :id => 1, :creators => ['1'], :feed_digest_option => 'daily'
activity = ActivityStream.find(:last)
assert_equal(activity.object_id, 1)
assert_equal(activity.object_type, 'Creator')
assert_equal(activity.actor_id, users(:fred).id)
assert_equal(activity.actor_type, 'User')
assert_equal(activity.verb, 'now_follows')
end
You should be able to modify the views by copying the view directorys from
the plugin into your app/views directory.
Copyright (c) 2008 Matson Systems, Inc.
Released under the BSD license found in the file LICENSE