RGBA Structural Similarity
This tool computes (dis)similarity between two or more PNG images using an algorithm approximating human vision.
The value returned is 1/SSIM-1, where 0 means identical image, and >0 (unbounded) is amount of difference. Values are not directly comparable with other tools. See below on interpreting the values.
- Comparison is done in in L*a*b* color space (D65 white point, sRGB gamma) with chroma subsampling. Other implementations use "RGB" or grayscale without gamma correction.
- Supports alpha channel.
- Only needs C (C99) and
libpngor Cocoa on OS X. No OpenCV or MATLAB needed.
dssim file-original.png file-modified.png
Will output something like "0.02341" (smaller is better) followed by a filename.
You can supply multiple filenames to compare them all with the first file:
dssim file.png modified1.png modified2.png modified3.png
You can save an image visualising the difference between the files:
dssim -o difference.png file.png file-modified.png
dssim.c file is also usable as a C library.
Interpreting the values
The amount of difference goes from 0 to infinity. It's not a percentage.
If you're comparing two different image compression codecs, then ensure you either:
- compress images to the same file size, and then use DSSIM to compare which one is closests to the original, or
- compress images to the same DSSIM value, and compare file sizes to see how much file size gain each option gives.
Build or Download
You need libpng, zlib, pkg-config and make
Will give you
dssim. On OS X
make USE_COCOA=1 will compile without libpng.
You'll find downloads on GitHub releases page.
Debian packages for i386/amd64 can be installed for ubuntu (14.04 LTS) from ppa:
$ sudo apt-add-repository ppa:lkwg82/dssim $ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install dssim
(other versions on request)
Plain download from here: https://launchpad.net/~lkwg82/+archive/ubuntu/dssim/+packages
Scores for version 1.3 measured against TID2008 database:
|TID2008 Category||Spearman correlation|