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PostageApp Ruby Gem Build Status

This gem is used to integrate Ruby apps with PostageApp service. Personalized high-volume email sending can be offloaded to PostageApp via a simple JSON-based API.

Installation

Rails 5.2 and newer

Add the postageapp gem to your Gemfile:

gem 'postageapp'

Then from the Rails project's root run:

bundle install

For authentication, add your project's PostageApp credentials to the Rails Encrypted Credentials:

rails credentials:edit

The format of this entry should be:

postageapp:
  api_key: __PROJECT_API_KEY__

Where that will be picked up by the plugin when Rails starts.

Rails 4.x and newer

Add the postageapp gem to your Gemfile:

gem 'postageapp'

Then from the Rails project's root run:

bundle install
bin/rails generate postageapp --api-key PROJECT_API_KEY

Legacy Versions of Rails

Sinatra / Rack / Others

Add the postageapp gem to your Gemfile:

gem 'postageapp'

Then from the project's root run:

bundle install

The configuration will need to be loaded before executing any API calls:

require 'postageapp'

PostageApp.configure do |config|
  config.api_key = 'PROJECT_API_KEY'
end

If it's more convenient, setting the POSTAGEAPP_API_KEY environment variable with the appropriate API key will also work.

Usage

Here's an example of sending a message using the send_message API call:

request = PostageApp::Request.new(
  :send_message,
  {
    headers: {
      from: 'sender@example.com',
      subject: 'Email Subject'
    },
    recipients: 'recipient@example.com',
    content: {
      'text/plain' => 'text email content',
      'text/html' => 'html email content'
    },
    attachments: {
      'document.pdf' => {
        content_type: 'application/pdf',
        content: Base64.encode64(File.open('/path/to/document.pdf', 'rb').read)
      }
    }
  }
)

response = request.send

PostageApp::Response object allows you to check the status:

>> response.status
=> 'ok'

Alternatively you may use:

>> response.fail?
=> false
>> response.ok?
=> true

Response usually comes back with data:

>> response.data
=> { 'message' => { 'id' => '12345' }}

Recipient Override

Sometimes you don't want to send emails to real people in your application. For that there's an ability to override to what address all emails will be delivered. All you need to do is modify configuration block like this (in Rails projects it's usually found in RAILS_ROOT/config/initializers/postageapp.rb):

PostageApp.configure do |config|
  config.api_key = 'PROJECT_API_KEY'

  unless (Rails.env.production?)
    config.recipient_override = 'you@example.com'
  end
end

ActionMailer Integration

You can quickly convert your existing mailers to use PostageApp service by simply changing class MyMailer < ActionMailer::Base to class MyMailer < PostageApp::Mailer. When using ActionMailer from outside of Rails, this will have to be loaded manually:

require 'postageapp/mailer'

There are custom methods that allow setting of template and variables parts of the API call. They are postageapp_template and postageapp_variables. Examples how they are used are below. For details what they do please see documentation

Please note that deliver method will return PostageApp::Response object. This way you can immediately check the status of the delivery. For example:

response = UserMailer.welcome_email(@user).deliver
response.ok?
# => true

Mailer Base Class

Here's an example of a mailer using the PostageApp::Mailer base class:

require 'postageapp/mailer'

class Notifier < PostageApp::Mailer
  def signup_notification
    attachments['example.zip'] = File.read('/path/to/example.zip')

    headers['Special-Header'] = 'SpecialValue'

    # PostageApp specific elements:
    postageapp_template 'example_template'
    postageapp_variables 'global_variable' => 'value'

    # You may set api key for a specific mailers
    postageapp_api_key '123456abcde'

    # You can manually specify uid for the message payload.
    # Make sure it's sufficiently unique.
    postageapp_uid Digest::SHA1.hexdigest([ @user.id, Time.now ].to_s)

    mail(
      from: 'test@test.test',
      subject: 'Test Message',
      to: {
        'recipient_1@example.com' => { 'variable' => 'value' },
        'recipient_2@example.com' => { 'variable' => 'value' }
      }
    )
  end
end

API of previous ActionMailer is partially supported under Rails 3 environment. Please note that it's not 100% integrated, some methods/syntax will not work. You may still define you mailers in this way (but really shouldn't):

require 'postageapp/mailer'

class Notifier < PostageApp::Mailer
  def signup_notification
    from 'sender@example.com'
    subject 'Test Email'

    mail(to: 'recipient@example.com')
  end
end

Interceptors

Here's an example of using an interceptor:

class DevelopmentPostageappInterceptor
  def self.delivering_email(postageapp_msg)
    postageapp_msg.arguments["headers"][:subject] =
      "[#{postageapp_msg.arguments["recipients"]}] #{postageapp_msg.arguments["headers"][:subject]}"

    postageapp_msg.arguments["recipients"] = "test@example.com"

    # Deliveries can be disabled if required
    # postageapp_msg.perform_deliveries = false
  end
end

Automatic resending in case of failure

For those rare occasions when the API is not reachable or unresponsive, this gem will temporarily store requests and then will attempt to resend them with the next successful connection. In Rails environment it will create a folder: RAILS_ROOT/tmp/postageapp_failed_requests and save all failed requests there. On successful resend file for that request will be deleted.

For projects other than Rails you'll need to tell where the project_root is:

PostageApp.configure do |config|
  config.api_key = 'PROJECT_API_KEY'
  config.project_root = "/path/to/your/project"
end

Configuration Details

Configuration can be done either via Ruby code directly, by environment variables, or by a combination of both. Where both are supplied, the Ruby setting will take precedence.

Configuration Arguments

These can all be set with PostageApp.config:

  • api_key: Project API key to use (required for project API functions)
  • account_api_key: Account API key to use (required for account API functions)
  • postback_secret: Secret to use for validating ActionMailbox requests (optional)
  • project_root: Project root for logging purposes (default: current working directory)
  • recipient_override: Override sender on send_message calls (optional)
  • logger: Logger instance to use (optional)
  • secure: Enable verifying TLS connections (default: true)
  • verify_tls: Enable TLS certificate verification (default: true)
  • verify_certificate: Alias for verify_tls
  • host: API host to contact (default: api.postageapp.com)
  • port: API port to contact (default: 443)
  • scheme: HTTP scheme to use (default: https)
  • protocol: Alias for scheme
  • proxy_username: SOCKS5 proxy username (optional)
  • proxy_user: Alias for proxy_username
  • proxy_password: SOCKS5 proxy password (optional)
  • proxy_pass: Alias for proxy_password
  • proxy_host: SOCKS5 proxy host (optional)
  • proxy_port: SOCKS5 proxy port (default: 1080)
  • open_timeout: Timeout in seconds when initiating requests (default: 5)
  • http_open_timeout: Alias for open_timeout
  • read_timeout: Timeout in seconds when awaiting responses (default: 10)
  • http_read_timeout: Alias for read_timeout
  • retry_methods: Which API calls to retry, comma and/or space separated (default: send_message)
  • requests_to_resend: Alias for retry_methods
  • framework: Framework used (default: Ruby)
  • environment: Environment to use (default: production)

A typical configuration involves setting the project API key:

PostageApp.config do |config|
  config.api_key = 'PROJECT_API_KEY'
end

Where additional settings can be applied as necessary.

Environment Variables

Most configuration parameters can be set via the environment:

  • POSTAGEAPP_API_KEY: Project API key to use (required for project API functions)
  • POSTAGEAPP_ACCOUNT_API_KEY: Account API key to use (required for account API functions)
  • POSTAGEAPP_POSTBACK_SECRET: Secret to use for validating ActionMailbox requests (optional)
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROJECT_ROOT: Project root for logging purposes (default: current working directory)
  • POSTAGEAPP_RECIPIENT_OVERRIDE: Override sender on send_message calls (optional)
  • POSTAGEAPP_VERIFY_TLS: (default: true)
  • POSTAGEAPP_VERIFY_CERTIFICATE: Alias for POSTAGEAPP_VERIFY_TLS
  • POSTAGEAPP_HOST: API host to contact (default: api.postageapp.com)
  • POSTAGEAPP_PORT: API port to contact (default: 443)
  • POSTAGEAPP_SCHEME: HTTP scheme to use (default: https)
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROTOCOL: Alias for POSTAGEAPP_SCHEME
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_USERNAME: SOCKS5 proxy username (optional)
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_USER: Alias for POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_USERNAME
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_PASSWORD: SOCKS5 proxy password (optional)
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_PASS: Alias for POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_PASSWORD
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_HOST: SOCKS5 proxy host (optional)
  • POSTAGEAPP_PROXY_PORT: SOCKS5 proxy port (default: 1080)
  • POSTAGEAPP_OPEN_TIMEOUT: Timeout in seconds when initiating requests (default: 5)
  • POSTAGEAPP_HTTP_OPEN_TIMEOUT: Alias for POSTAGEAPP_OPEN_TIMEOUT
  • POSTAGEAPP_READ_TIMEOUT: Timeout in seconds when awaiting responses (default: 10)
  • POSTAGEAPP_HTTP_READ_TIMEOUT: Alias for POSTAGEAPP_READ_TIMEOUT
  • POSTAGEAPP_RETRY_METHODS: Which API calls to retry, comma and/or space separated (default: send_message)
  • POSTAGEAPP_REQUESTS_TO_RESEND: Alias for POSTAGEAPP_RETRY_METHODS
  • POSTAGEAPP_FRAMEWORK: Framework used (default: Ruby)
  • POSTAGEAPP_ENVIRONMENT: Environment to use (default: production)

Copyright and Licensing

(C) 2011-2019 Scott Tadman, Oleg Khabarov, PostageApp

This is released under the MIT License.

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PostageApp Ruby gem makes sending transactional email from applications easy

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