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Pg_buffercache - Real time queries on the shared buffer cache.

  This module consists of a C function 'pg_buffercache_pages()' that returns 
  a set of records, plus a view 'pg_buffercache' to wrapper the function.

  The intent is to do for the buffercache what pg_locks does for locks, i.e -
  ability to examine what is happening at any given time without having to 
  restart or rebuild the server with debugging code added.

  By default public access is REVOKED from both of these, just in case there
  are security issues lurking.


  Build and install the main Postgresql source, then this contrib module:

  $ cd contrib/pg_buffercache
  $ gmake
  $ gmake install

  To register the functions:

  $ psql -d <database> -f pg_buffercache.sql


  The definition of the columns exposed in the view is:

       Column     |  references          | Description
   bufferid       |                      | Id, 1..shared_buffers.
   relfilenode    | pg_class.relfilenode | Refilenode of the relation.
   reltablespace  | pg_tablespace.oid    | Tablespace oid of the relation.
   reldatabase    | pg_database.oid      | Database for the relation.
   relblocknumber |                      | Offset of the page in the relation.
   isdirty        |                      | Is the page dirty?

  There is one row for each buffer in the shared cache. Unused buffers are
  shown with all fields null except bufferid.

  Because the cache is shared by all the databases, there are pages from
  relations not belonging to the current database.

  When the pg_buffercache view is accessed, internal buffer manager locks are 
  taken, and a copy of the buffer cache data is made for the view to display. 
  This ensures that the view produces a consistent set of results, while not 
  blocking normal buffer activity longer than necessary.  Nonetheless there 
  could be some impact on database performance if this view is read often.

Sample output

  regression=# \d pg_buffercache;
       View "public.pg_buffercache"
       Column     |  Type   | Modifiers
   bufferid       | integer |
   relfilenode    | oid     |
   reltablespace  | oid     |
   reldatabase    | oid     |
   relblocknumber | bigint  |
   isdirty        | boolean |
  View definition:
   SELECT p.bufferid, p.relfilenode, p.reltablespace, p.reldatabase, 
          p.relblocknumber, p.isdirty
     FROM pg_buffercache_pages() p(bufferid integer, relfilenode oid, 
     reltablespace oid, reldatabase oid, relblocknumber bigint, 
     isdirty boolean);

  regression=# SELECT c.relname, count(*) AS buffers
               FROM pg_class c, pg_buffercache b
               WHERE b.relfilenode = c.relfilenode
               GROUP BY c.relname
               ORDER BY 2 DESC LIMIT 10;
               relname             | buffers
   tenk2                           |     345
   tenk1                           |     141
   pg_proc                         |      46
   pg_class                        |      45
   pg_attribute                    |      43
   pg_class_relname_nsp_index      |      30
   pg_proc_proname_args_nsp_index  |      28
   pg_attribute_relid_attnam_index |      26
   pg_depend                       |      22
   pg_depend_reference_index       |      20
  (10 rows)



  * Mark Kirkwood <>


  * Design suggestions : Neil Conway <>
  * Debugging advice : Tom Lane <>

  Thanks guys!
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