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node-amqp is an AMQP client for nodejs

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Merge pull request #328 from bernardmo/patch-1

Enable confirm mode on "noDeclare" exchange
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Octocat-spinner-32 lib Enable confirm mode on "noDeclare" exchange April 15, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 test connectionTimeout option March 12, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 test2 update firehose for consistency June 29, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 test2src update firehose for consistency June 29, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 util Remove references to sys, replace with console or util where appropriate November 09, 2011
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore Fixed an issue with arity (added to prototype, forgot to remove conne… August 23, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 .jshintrc Refactor project. At the moment it is losing connection on start, inv… August 23, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 .travis.yml more complete travis config March 12, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 CONTRIBUTING.md add CONTRIBUTING.md December 27, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 History.md cleaner and more manageable handling of server channel closes September 19, 2011
Octocat-spinner-32 LICENSE-MIT version bump before upload to npmjs December 29, 2010
Octocat-spinner-32 Makefile Add Travis CI config. November 27, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 README.md Mark connection.queue params as optional April 07, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 amqp-0-9-1-rabbit.xml added rabbitmq specific confirm ability to exchanges and emits ack fr… August 08, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 amqp-0-9-1.xml initial changes to implement version 0.9.1 of the AMQP specification December 24, 2010
Octocat-spinner-32 amqp.js manual merge of pull 231 (unbind_headers function) March 12, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 index.js Symlink index.js to amqp.js March 01, 2010
Octocat-spinner-32 jspack.js data-type support from Vasili Sviridov's patches June 01, 2011
Octocat-spinner-32 package.json Set No Delay March 28, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 qparser.rb Update README February 03, 2010
Octocat-spinner-32 runTests.sh Add Travis CI config. November 27, 2013
README.md

build status

node-amqp

This is a client for RabbitMQ (and maybe other servers?). It partially implements the 0.9.1 version of the AMQP protocol.

Table of Contents

Installation

npm install amqp

Synopsis

IMPORTANT: This module only works with node v0.4.0 and later.

An example of connecting to a server and listening on a queue.

var amqp = require('amqp');

var connection = amqp.createConnection({ host: 'dev.rabbitmq.com' });

// Wait for connection to become established.
connection.on('ready', function () {
  // Use the default 'amq.topic' exchange
  connection.queue('my-queue', function (q) {
      // Catch all messages
      q.bind('#');

      // Receive messages
      q.subscribe(function (message) {
        // Print messages to stdout
        console.log(message);
      });
  });
});

Connection

new amqp.Connection() Instantiates a new connection. Use connection.connect() to connect to a server.

amqp.createConnection() returns an instance of amqp.Connection, which contains an instance of net.Socket at its socket property. All events and methods which work on net.Socket can also be used on an amqp.Connection instance. (e.g., the events 'connect' and 'close'.)

Connection options and URL

amqp.createConnection([options, [implOptions]]) takes two options objects as parameters. The first options object has these defaults:

{ host: 'localhost'
, port: 5672
, login: 'guest'
, password: 'guest'
, connectionTimeout: 0,
, authMechanism: 'AMQPLAIN'
, vhost: '/'
, noDelay: true
, ssl: { enabled : false
       }
}

An example options object for creating an SSL connection has these properties:

{ host: 'localhost'
, port: 5671
, login: 'guest'
, password: 'guest'
, authMechanism: 'AMQPLAIN'
, vhost: '/'
, ssl: { enabled : true
       , keyFile : '/path/to/key/file'
       , certFile : '/path/to/cert/file'
       , caFile : '/path/to/cacert/file'
       , rejectUnauthorized : true
       }
}

The key, certificate, and certificate authority files must be in pem format. If port is not specified, the default AMQPS port 5671 is used. If rejectUnauthorized is not specified, it defaults to true.

Options can also be passed in a single URL of the form

amqp[s]://[user:password@]hostname[:port][/vhost]

AMQPLAIN is assumed for the auth mechanism.

Note that the vhost must be URL-encoded and appear as the only segment of the path, i.e., the only unencoded slash is that leading; leaving the path entirely empty indicates that the vhost /, as above, should be used (it could also be supplied as the path /%2f).

The heartbeat setting sets the heartbeat interval (in seconds) for the connection. There is no default for this option meaning no heartbeating is taking place.

This URL is supplied as the field url in the options; for example

var conn =
  amqp.createConnection({url: "amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672"});

Options provided as individual fields will override values given in the URL.

You can also specify additional client properties for your connection by setting the clientProperties field on the options object.

{ clientProperties: { applicationName: 'myApplication'
                    , capabilities: { consumer_cancel_notify: true
                                    }
                    }
}

If the consumer_cancel_notify capability is set to true (as above), then RabbitMQ's Consumer Cancel Notification feature will be enabled.

By default the following client properties are set

{ product: 'node-amqp'
, platform: 'node-' + process.version
, version: nodeAMQPVersion
}

The second options are specific to the node AMQP implementation. It has the default values:

{ defaultExchangeName: ''
, reconnect: true
, reconnectBackoffStrategy: 'linear'
, reconnectExponentialLimit: 120000
, reconnectBackoffTime: 1000
}

The defaultExchangeName is the default exchange to which connection.publish will publish. In the past, the default exchange was amq.topic, which is not ideal. To emulate this behaviour, one can create a connection like:

var conn =
  amqp.createConnection({url: "amqp://guest:guest@localhost:5672"},
                        {defaultExchangeName: "amq.topic"});

If the reconnect option is true, then the driver will attempt to reconnect using the configured strategy any time the connection becomes unavailable. If this is not appropriate for your application, set this option to false.

If you would like this option, you can set parameters controlling how aggressively the reconnections will be attempted. Valid strategies are "linear" and "exponential".

Backoff times are in milliseconds. Under the "linear" strategy, the driver will pause reconnectBackoffTime ms before the first attempt, and between each subsequent attempt. Under the "exponential" strategy, the driver will pause reconnectBackoffTime ms before the first attempt, and will double the previous pause between each subsequent attempt until a connection is reestablished.

After a connection is established the 'connect' event is fired as it is with any net.Connection instance. AMQP requires a 7-way handshake which must be completed before any communication can begin. net.Connection does the handshake automatically and emits the 'ready' event when the handshaking is complete.

For backward compatibility, two additional options are available. Older versions of this library placed the routingKey and deliveryTag for incoming messages into the JSON payload received. This module was changed to leave inbound JSON payloads pristine. Some applications may need the old behaviour. If the key routingKeyInPayload is set to true in the connection options, the messages resulting from a subscribe call will include a 'routingKey' key in the JSON payload. If the key deliveryTagInPayload is set to true in the connection options, the deliveryTag of the incoming message will be placed in the JSON payload.

connection.publish(routingKey, body, options, callback)

Publishes a message to the default exchange; if the defaultExchange is left as '', this effectively publishes the message on the routing key named.

This method proxies to the default exchange's publish method and parameters are passed through untouched.

connection.disconnect()

Cleanly disconnect from the server, the socket will not be closed until the server responds to the disconnection request.

Queue

Events: A queue will call the callback given to the connection.queue() method once it is usable. For example:

var q = connection.queue('my-queue', function (queue) {
  console.log('Queue ' + queue.name + ' is open');
});

Declaring a queue with an empty name will make the server generate a random name.

connection.queue(name[, options][, openCallback])

Returns a reference to a queue. The name parameter is required, unlike pika which defaults the name to ''. The options are

  • passive: boolean, default false. If set, the server will not create the queue. The client can use this to check whether a queue exists without modifying the server state.
  • durable: boolean, default false. Durable queues remain active when a server restarts. Non-durable queues (transient queues) are purged if/when a server restarts. Note that durable queues do not necessarily hold persistent messages, although it does not make sense to send persistent messages to a transient queue.
  • exclusive: boolean, default false. Exclusive queues may only be consumed from by the current connection. Setting the 'exclusive' flag always implies 'autoDelete'.
  • autoDelete: boolean, default true. If set, the queue is deleted when all consumers have finished using it. Last consumer can be cancelled either explicitly or because its channel is closed. If there was no consumer ever on the queue, it won't be deleted.
  • noDeclare: boolean, default false. If set, the queue will not be declared, this will allow a queue to be deleted if you don't know its previous options.
  • arguments: a map of additional arguments to pass in when creating a queue.
  • closeChannelOnUnsubscribe : a boolean when true the channel will close on unsubscribe, default false.

queue.subscribe([options,] listener)

An easy subscription command. It works like this

q.subscribe(function (message, headers, deliveryInfo, messageObject) {
  console.log('Got a message with routing key ' + deliveryInfo.routingKey);
});

It will automatically acknowledge receipt of each message.

There are several options available. Setting the options argument to { ack: true } (which defaults to false) will make it so that the AMQP server only delivers a single message at a time. When you want the next message, call q.shift(). When ack is false then you will receive messages as fast as they come in.

You can also use the prefetchCount option to increase the window of how many messages the server will send you before you need to ack (quality of service). { ack: true, prefetchCount: 1 } is the default and will only send you one message before you ack. Setting prefetchCount to 0 will make that window unlimited. If this option is used q.shift() should not be called. Instead the listener function should take four parameters (message, headers, deliveryInfo, ack) and ack.acknowledge() should be called to ack a single message.

The routingKeyInPayload and deliveryKeyInPayload options determine if the reception process will inject the routingKey and deliveryKey, respectively, into the JSON payload received. These default to unset thus adopting the parent connection's values (which default to false). Setting these to true provide backward compatibility for older applications.

The exclusive option will subscribe to the queue in exclusive mode. Only one subscriber is allowed at a time, and subsequent attempts to subscribe to the same queue will result in an exception. This option differs from the exclusive option passed when creating in a queue in that the queue itself is not exclusive, only the consumers. This means that long lived durable queues can be used as exclusive queues.

The messageObject can be used to acknowledge a given message using:

messageObject.acknowledge(false); // use true if you want to acknowledge all previous messages of the queue

If the consumer_cancel_notify capability was enabled when the connection was created, the queue will emit basicCancel upon receiving a consumer cancel notification from the server. The queue's channel will be automatically closed. In a clustered environment, developers may want to consider automatically re-subscribing to the queue on this event.

This method will emit 'basicQosOk' when ready.

queue.subscribeRaw([options,] listener)

Subscribes to a queue. The listener argument should be a function which receives a message. This is a low-level interface - the message that the listener receives will be a stream of binary data. You probably want to use subscribe instead. For now this low-level interface is left undocumented. Look at the source code if you need to do this.

This method will emit 'basicConsumeOk' when ready.

queue.unsubscribe(consumerTag)

Unsubscribe from a queue, given the consumer tag. The consumer tag is supplied to the promise callback of Queue.subscribeRaw or Queue.subscribe:

connection.queue('foo', function(queue) {
  var ctag;
  queue.subscribe(function(msg) {...})
    .addCallback(function(ok) { ctag = ok.consumerTag; });
  // ... and in some other callback
  queue.unsubscribe(ctag);
});

Note that Queue.unsubscribe will not requeue messages that have not been acknowledged. You need to close the queue or connection for that to happen. You may also receive messages after calling unsubscribe; you will not receive messages from the queue after the unsubscribe promise callback has been invoked, however.

queue.shift([reject[, requeue]])

For use with subscribe({ack: true}, fn). Acknowledges the last message if no arguments are provided or if reject is false. If reject is true then the message will be rejected and put back onto the queue if requeue is true, otherwise it will be discarded.

queue.bind([exchange,] routing[, callback])

This method binds a queue to an exchange. Until a queue is bound it will not receive any messages, unless they are sent through the unnamed exchange (see defaultExchangeName above).

If the exchange argument is left out 'amq.topic' will be used.

This method will emit 'queueBindOk' when complete.

If callback is provided it will also be triggered when complete, note that if you perform multiple bindings, only the last callback will be called.

queue.unbind([exchange,] routing)

This method unbinds a queue from an exchange.

If the exchange argument is left out 'amq.topic' will be used.

Ths method will emit 'queueUnbindOk' when complete.

queue.bind_headers([exchange,] routing)

This method binds a queue to an exchange. Until a queue is bound it will not receive any messages.

This method is to be used on an "headers"-type exchange. The routing argument must contain the routing keys and the x-match value (all or any).

If the exchange argument is left out 'amq.headers' will be used.

queue.unbind_headers([exchange,] routing)

This method unbinds a queue from an exchange. Whilst a queue is bound it will continue receive messages that have matching headers.

This method is to be used on an "headers"-type exchange. The routing argument must contain the routing keys and the x-match value (all or any).

If the exchange argument is left out 'amq.headers' will be used.

queue.destroy(options)

Delete the queue. Without options, the queue will be deleted even if it has pending messages or attached consumers. If +options.ifUnused+ is true, then the queue will only be deleted if there are no consumers. If +options.ifEmpty+ is true, the queue will only be deleted if it has no messages.

Note: the successful destruction of a queue will cause a consumer cancel notification to be emitted (for clients who have enabled the consumer_cancel_notify option when creating the connection).

Exchange

Events: An exchange will call the callback given to the connection.exchange() method once it is usable. For example:

var exc = connection.exchange('my-exchange', function (exchange) {
  console.log('Exchange ' + exchange.name + ' is open');
});

exchange.on('open', callback)

The open event is emitted when the exchange is declared and ready to be used. This interface is considered deprecated.

connection.exchange()

connection.exchange(name, options={}, openCallback)

An exchange can be created using connection.exchange(). The method returns an amqp.Exchange object.

Without any arguments, this method returns the default exchange. Otherwise a string, name, is given as the first argument and an options object for the second. The options are

  • type: the type of exchange 'direct', 'fanout', or 'topic' (default).
  • passive: boolean, default false. If set, the server will not create the exchange. The client can use this to check whether an exchange exists without modifying the server state.
  • durable: boolean, default false. If set when creating a new exchange, the exchange will be marked as durable. Durable exchanges remain active when a server restarts. Non-durable exchanges (transient exchanges) are purged if/when a server restarts.
  • autoDelete: boolean, default true. If set, the exchange is deleted when there are no longer queues bound to it.
  • noDeclare: boolean, default false. If set, the exchange will not be declared, this will allow the exchange to be deleted if you dont know its previous options.
  • confirm: boolean, default false. If set, the exchange will be in confirm mode, and you will get a 'ack'|'error' event emitted on a publish, or the callback on the publish will be called.

An exchange will emit the 'open' event when it is finally declared.

exchange.publish(routingKey, message, options, callback)

Publishes a message to the exchange. The routingKey argument is a string which helps routing in topic and direct exchanges. The message can be either a Buffer or Object. A Buffer is used for sending raw bytes; an Object is converted to JSON.

options is an object with any of the following

  • mandatory: boolean, default false. This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue. If this flag is set, the server will return an unroutable message with a Return method. If this flag is false, the server silently drops the message.
  • immediate: boolean, default false. This flag tells the server how to react if the message cannot be routed to a queue consumer immediately. If this flag is set, the server will return an undeliverable message with a Return method. If this flag is false, the server will queue the message, but with no guarantee that it will ever be consumed.
  • contentType: default 'application/octet-stream'
  • contentEncoding: default null.
  • headers: default {}. Arbitrary application-specific message headers.
  • deliveryMode: Non-persistent (1) or persistent (2)
  • priority: The message priority, 0 to 9.
  • correlationId: default null. Application correlation identifier
  • replyTo: Usually used to name a reply queue for a request message.
  • expiration: default null. Message expiration specification
  • messageId: default null. Application message identifier
  • timestamp: default null. Message timestamp
  • type: default null. Message type name
  • userId: default null. Creating user id
  • appId: default null. Creating application id

callback is a function that will get called if the exchange is in confirm mode, the value sent will be true or false, this is the presense of a error so true, means an error occured and false, means the publish was successfull

exchange.destroy(ifUnused = true)

Deletes an exchange. If the optional boolean second argument is set, the server will only delete the exchange if it has no queue bindings. If the exchange has queue bindings the server does not delete it but raises a channel exception instead.

exchange.bind(srcExchange, routingKey [, callback])

Binds the exchange (destination) to the given source exchange (srcExchange). When one exchange is bound to another, the destination (or receiving) exchange will receive all messages published to the source exchange that match the given routingKey.

This method will emit 'exchangeBindOk' when complete.

Please note that Exchange to Exchange Bindings (E2E) are an extension to the AMQP spec introduced by RabbitMQ, and that by using this feature, you will be reliant on RabbitMQ's AMQP implementation. For more information on E2E Bindings with RabbitMQ see:

http://www.rabbitmq.com/e2e.html

exchange.unbind(srcExchange, routingKey [, callback])

Unbinds the exchange (destination) from the given source exchange (srcExchange). This is the reverse of the exchange.bind method above, and will stop messages from srcExchange/routingKey from being sent to the destination exchange.

This method will emit 'exchangeUnbindOk' when complete.

exchange.bind_headers(exchange, routing [, bindCallback])

This method is to be used on an "headers"-type exchange. The routing argument must contain the routing keys and the x-match value (all or any).

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