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Configuration reference

Main configuration


The main configuration file defines some common options that applies to all extensions, as well as some extension-specific options like themes and colorschemes.

Common configuration

Common configuration is a subdictionary that is a value of common key in :file:`powerline/config.json` file.


Defines whether to output cterm indices (8-bit) or RGB colors (24-bit) to the terminal emulator. See the :ref:`term-feature-support-matrix` for information on whether used terminal emulator supports 24-bit colors.

This variable is forced to be false if :ref:`term_escape_style <config-common-term_escape_style>` option is set to "fbterm" or if it is set to "auto" and powerline detected fbterm.


Defines what escapes sequences should be used. Accepts three variants:

Variant Description
auto xterm or fbterm depending on $TERM variable value: TERM=fbterm implies fbterm escaping style, all other values select xterm escaping.
xterm Uses \e[{fb};5;{color}m for colors ({fb} is either 38 (foreground) or 48 (background)). Should be used for most terminals.
fbterm Uses \e[{fb};{color}} for colors ({fb} is either 1 (foreground) or 2 (background)). Should be used for fbterm: framebuffer terminal.
Tells powerline what to do with characters with East Asian Width Class Ambiguous (such as Euro, Registered Sign, Copyright Sign, Greek letters, Cyrillic letters). Valid values: any positive integer; it is suggested that this option is only set it to 1 (default) or 2.

Select filesystem watcher. Variants are

Variant Description
auto Selects most performant watcher.
inotify Select inotify watcher. Linux only.
stat Select stat-based polling watcher.
uv Select libuv-based watcher.

Default is auto.

Valid for shell extensions, makes sense only if :ref:`term_truecolor <config-common-term_truecolor>` is enabled. Is to be set from command-line. Controls additional escaping that is needed for tmux/screen to work with terminal true color escape codes: normally tmux/screen prevent terminal emulator from receiving these control codes thus rendering powerline prompt colorless. Valid values: "tmux", "screen", null (default).
Defines additional paths which will be searched for modules when using :ref:`function segment option <config-themes-seg-function>` or :ref:`Vim local_themes option <config-ext-local_themes>`. Paths defined here have priority when searching for modules.

Defines how logs will be handled. There are three variants here:

  1. Absent. In this case logging will be done to stderr: equivalent to [["logging.StreamHandler", []]] or [null].
  2. Plain string. In this case logging will be done to the given file: "/file/name" is equivalent to [["logging.FileHandler", [["/file/name"]]]] or ["/file/name"]. Leading ~/ is expanded in the file name, so using "~/.log/foo" is permitted. If directory pointed by the option is absent, it will be created, but not its parent.
  3. List of handler definitions. Handler definition may either be null, a string or a list with two or three elements:
    1. Logging class name and module. If module name is absent, it is equivalent to logging.handlers.
    2. Class constructor arguments in a form [[args[, kwargs]]]: accepted variants are [] (no arguments), [args] (e.g. [["/file/name"]]: only positional arguments) or [args, kwargs] (e.g. [[], {"host": "localhost", "port": 6666}]: positional and keyword arguments, but no positional arguments in the example).
    3. Optional logging level. Overrides :ref:`log_level key <config-common-log_level>` and has the same format.
    4. Optional format string. Partially overrides :ref:`log_format key <config-common-log_format>` and has the same format. “Partially” here means that it may only specify more critical level.
String, determines logging level. Defaults to WARNING.
String, determines format of the log messages. Defaults to '%(asctime)s:%(level)s:%(message)s'.
Number, determines time (in seconds) between checks for changed configuration. Checks are done in a separate thread. Use null to check for configuration changes on .render() call in main thread. Defaults to None.
Boolean, determines whether configuration should be reloaded at all. Defaults to True.
String, determines which top-level theme will be used as the default. Defaults to powerline_terminus in unicode locales and ascii in non-unicode locales. See Themes section for more details.

Extension-specific configuration

Common configuration is a subdictionary that is a value of ext key in :file:`powerline/config.json` file.

Defines the colorscheme used for this extension.
Defines the theme used for this extension.
Defines the top-level theme used for this extension. See Themes section for more details.

Defines themes used when certain conditions are met, e.g. for buffer-specific statuslines in vim. Value depends on extension used. For vim it is a dictionary {matcher_name : theme_name}, where matcher_name is either matcher_module.module_attribute or module_attribute (matcher_module defaults to powerline.matchers.vim) and module_attribute should point to a function that returns boolean value indicating that current buffer has (not) matched conditions. There is an exception for matcher_name though: if it is __tabline__ no functions are loaded. This special theme is used for tabline Vim option.

For shell and ipython it is a simple {prompt_type : theme_name}, where prompt_type is a string with no special meaning (specifically it does not refer to any Python function). Shell has continuation, and select prompts with rather self-explanatory names, IPython has in2, out and rewrite prompts (refer to IPython documentation for more details) while in prompt is the default.

For wm (:ref:`lemonbar <lemonbar-usage>` only) it is a dictionary {output : theme_name} that maps the xrandr output names to the local themes to use on that output.


Determines which extension components should be enabled. This key is highly extension-specific, here is the table of extensions and corresponding components:

Extension Component Description
vim statusline Makes Vim use powerline statusline.
tabline Makes Vim use powerline tabline.
shell prompt Makes shell display powerline prompt.
tmux Makes shell report its current working directory and screen width to tmux for tmux powerline bindings.

All components are enabled by default.

Determines how often WM status bars need to be updated, in seconds. Only valid for WM extensions which use powerline-daemon. Defaults to 2 seconds.

Color definitions


Color definitions, consisting of a dict where the key is the name of the color, and the value is one of the following:

  • A cterm color index.
  • A list with a cterm color index and a hex color string (e.g. [123, "aabbcc"]). This is useful for colorschemes that use colors that aren’t available in color terminals.

Gradient definitions, consisting of a dict where the key is the name of the gradient, and the value is a list containing one or two items, second item is optional:

  • A list of cterm color indices.
  • A list of hex color strings.

It is expected that gradients are defined from least alert color to most alert or non-alert colors are used.


Location::file:`powerline/colorschemes/{name}.json`, :file:`powerline/colorschemes/__main__.json`, :file:`powerline/colorschemes/{extension}/{name}.json`

Colorscheme files are processed in order given: definitions from each next file override those from each previous file. It is required that either :file:`powerline/colorschemes/{name}.json`, or :file:`powerline/colorschemes/{extension}/{name}.json` exists.

Name of the colorscheme.

Segment highlighting groups, consisting of a dict where the key is the name of the highlighting group (usually the function name for function segments), and the value is either

  1. a dict that defines the foreground color, background color and attributes:


    Foreground color. Must be defined in :ref:`colors <config-colors-colors>`.


    Background color. Must be defined in :ref:`colors <config-colors-colors>`.


    List of attributes. Valid values are one or more of bold, italic and underline. Note that some attributes may be unavailable in some applications or terminal emulators. If no attributes are needed this list should be left empty.

  2. a string (an alias): a name of existing group. This group’s definition will be used when this color is requested.


Mode-specific highlighting for extensions that support it (e.g. the vim extension). It’s an easy way of changing a color in a specific mode. Consists of a dict where the key is the mode and the value is a dict with the following options:

A dict where the key is the color to be translated in this mode, and the value is the new color. Both the key and the value must be defined in :ref:`colors <config-colors-colors>`.
Segment highlighting groups for this mode. Same syntax as the main :ref:`groups <config-colorschemes-groups>` option.


Location::file:`powerline/themes/{top_theme}.json`, :file:`powerline/themes/{extension}/__main__.json`, :file:`powerline/themes/{extension}/{name}.json`

Theme files are processed in order given: definitions from each next file override those from each previous file. It is required that file :file:`powerline/themes/{extension}/{name}.json` exists.

{top_theme} component of the file name is obtained either from :ref:`top_theme extension-specific key <config-ext-top_theme>` or from :ref:`default_top_theme common configuration key <config-common-default_top_theme>`. Powerline ships with the following top themes:

Theme Description
powerline Default powerline theme with fancy powerline symbols
powerline_unicode7 Theme with powerline dividers and unicode-7 symbols
unicode Theme without any symbols from private use area
unicode_terminus Theme containing only symbols from terminus PCF font
unicode_terminus_condensed Like above, but occupies as less space as possible
powerline_terminus Like unicode_terminus, but with powerline symbols
ascii Theme without any unicode characters at all
Name of the theme.
Python module where segments will be looked by default. Defaults to powerline.segments.{ext}.
Defines number of spaces just before the divider (on the right side) or just after it (on the left side). These spaces will not be added if divider is not drawn.

Determines whether non-breaking spaces should be used in place of the regular ones. This option is needed because regular spaces are not displayed properly when using powerline with some font configuration. Defaults to True.


Unlike all other options this one is only checked once at startup using whatever theme is :ref:`the default <config-ext-theme>`. If this option is set in the local themes it will be ignored. This option may also be ignored in some bindings.

Defines number of spaces at the end of output (on the right side) or at the start of output (on the left side). Defaults to 1.

Defines the dividers used in all Powerline extensions.

The hard dividers are used to divide segments with different background colors, while the soft dividers are used to divide segments with the same background color.

Space reserved for user input in shell bindings. It is measured in per cents.
Space reserved for user input in shell bindings. Unlike :ref:`cursor_space <config-themes-cursor_space>` it is measured in absolute amount of columns.

A dict where keys are segment names or strings {module}.{function}. Used to specify default values for various keys: :ref:`after <config-themes-seg-after>`, :ref:`before <config-themes-seg-before>`, :ref:`contents <config-themes-seg-contents>` (only for string segments if :ref:`name <config-themes-seg-name>` is defined), :ref:`display <config-themes-seg-display>`.

Key :ref:`args <config-themes-seg-args>` (only for function and segment_list segments) is handled specially: unlike other values it is merged with all other values, except that a single {module}.{function} key if found prevents merging all {function} values.

When using :ref:`local themes <config-ext-local_themes>` values of these keys are first searched in the segment description, then in segment_data key of a local theme, then in segment_data key of a :ref:`default theme <config-ext-theme>`. For the :ref:`default theme <config-ext-theme>` itself step 2 is obviously avoided.


Top-level themes are out of equation here: they are merged before the above merging process happens.


A dict with a left and a right lists, consisting of segment dictionaries. Shell themes may also contain above list of dictionaries. Each item in above list may have left and right keys like this dictionary, but no above key.

above list is used for multiline shell configurations.

left and right lists are used for segments that should be put on the left or right side in the output. Actual mechanizm of putting segments on the left or the right depends on used renderer, but most renderers require one to specify segment with :ref:`width <config-themes-seg-width>` auto on either side to make generated line fill all of the available width.

Each segment dictionary has the following options:


The segment type. Can be one of function (default), string or segment_list:


The segment contents is the return value of the function defined in the :ref:`function option <config-themes-seg-function>`.

List of function segments is available in :ref:`Segment reference <config-segments>` section.

A static string segment where the contents is defined in the :ref:`contents option <config-themes-seg-contents>`, and the highlighting group is defined in the :ref:`highlight_groups option <config-themes-seg-highlight_groups>`.

Sub-list of segments. This list only allows :ref:`function <config-themes-seg-function>`, :ref:`segments <config-themes-seg-segments>` and :ref:`args <config-themes-seg-args>` options.

List of lister segments is available in :ref:`Lister reference <config-listers>` section.


Segment name. If present allows referring to this segment in :ref:`segment_data <config-themes-segment_data>` dictionary by this name. If not string segments may not be referred there at all and function and segment_list segments may be referred there using either {module}.{function_name} or {function_name}, whichever will be found first. Function name is taken from :ref:`function key <config-themes-seg-function>`.


If present prevents function key from acting as a segment name.

Function used to get segment contents, in format {module}.{function} or {function}. If {module} is omitted :ref:`default_module option <config-themes-default_module>` is used.

Highlighting group for this segment. Consists of a prioritized list of highlighting groups, where the first highlighting group that is available in the colorscheme is used.

Ignored for segments that have function type.

A string which will be prepended to the segment contents.
A string which will be appended to the segment contents.
Segment contents, only required for string segments.
A dict of arguments to be passed to a function segment.
Aligns the segments contents to the left (l), center (c) or right (r). Has no sense if width key was not specified or if segment provides its own function for auto width handling and does not care about this option.

Enforces a specific width for this segment.

This segment will work as a spacer if the width is set to auto. Several spacers may be used, and the space will be distributed equally among all the spacer segments. Spacers may have contents, either returned by a function or a static string, and the contents can be aligned with the align property.


Optional segment priority. Segments with priority None (the default priority, represented by null in json) will always be included, regardless of the width of the prompt/statusline.

If the priority is any number, the segment may be removed if the prompt/statusline width is too small for all the segments to be rendered. A lower number means that the segment has a higher priority.

Segments are removed according to their priority, with low priority segments (i.e. with a greater priority number) being removed first.

draw_hard_divider, draw_soft_divider
Whether to draw a divider between this and the adjacent segment. The adjacent segment is to the right for segments on the left side, and vice versa. Hard dividers are used between segments with different background colors, soft ones are used between segments with same background. Both options default to True.
Determines whether inner soft dividers are to be drawn for function segments. Only applicable for functions returning multiple segments. Defaults to False.
exclude_modes, include_modes
A list of modes where this segment will be excluded: the segment is not included or is included in all modes, except for the modes in one of these lists respectively. If exclude_modes is not present then it acts like an empty list (segment is not excluded from any modes). Without include_modes it acts like a list with all possible modes (segment is included in all modes). When there are both exclude_modes overrides include_modes.
exclude_function, include_function

Function name in a form {name} or {module}.{name} (in the first form {module} defaults to powerline.selectors.{ext}). Determines under which condition specific segment will be included or excluded. By default segment is always included and never excluded. exclude_function overrides include_function.


Options :ref:`exclude_/include_modes <config-themes-seg-exclude_modes>` complement exclude_/include_functions: segment will be included if it is included by either include_mode or include_function and will be excluded if it is excluded by either exclude_mode or exclude_function.

Boolean. If false disables displaying of the segment. Defaults to True.
A list of subsegments.