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%%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%%% File : cyrsasl_digest.erl
%%% Author : Alexey Shchepin <alexey@sevcom.net>
%%% Purpose : DIGEST-MD5 SASL mechanism
%%% Created : 11 Mar 2003 by Alexey Shchepin <alexey@sevcom.net>
%%%
%%%
%%% ejabberd, Copyright (C) 2002-2012 ProcessOne
%%%
%%% This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
%%% modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
%%% published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
%%% License, or (at your option) any later version.
%%%
%%% This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
%%% but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
%%% MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
%%% General Public License for more details.
%%%
%%% You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
%%% along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
%%% Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
%%% 02111-1307 USA
%%%
%%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
-module(cyrsasl_digest).
-author('alexey@sevcom.net').
-export([start/1,
stop/0,
mech_new/4,
mech_step/2]).
-include("ejabberd.hrl").
-behaviour(cyrsasl).
-record(state, {step, nonce, username, authzid, get_password, check_password, auth_module,
host, hostfqdn}).
start(_Opts) ->
Fqdn = get_local_fqdn(),
?INFO_MSG("FQDN used to check DIGEST-MD5 SASL authentication: ~p", [Fqdn]),
cyrsasl:register_mechanism("DIGEST-MD5", ?MODULE, digest).
stop() ->
ok.
mech_new(Host, GetPassword, _CheckPassword, CheckPasswordDigest) ->
{ok, #state{step = 1,
nonce = randoms:get_string(),
host = Host,
hostfqdn = get_local_fqdn(),
get_password = GetPassword,
check_password = CheckPasswordDigest}}.
mech_step(#state{step = 1, nonce = Nonce} = State, _) ->
{continue,
"nonce=\"" ++ Nonce ++
"\",qop=\"auth\",charset=utf-8,algorithm=md5-sess",
State#state{step = 3}};
mech_step(#state{step = 3, nonce = Nonce} = State, ClientIn) ->
case parse(ClientIn) of
bad ->
{error, "bad-protocol"};
KeyVals ->
DigestURI = xml:get_attr_s("digest-uri", KeyVals),
UserName = xml:get_attr_s("username", KeyVals),
case is_digesturi_valid(DigestURI, State#state.host, State#state.hostfqdn) of
false ->
?DEBUG("User login not authorized because digest-uri "
"seems invalid: ~p (checking for Host ~p, FQDN ~p)", [DigestURI,
State#state.host, State#state.hostfqdn]),
{error, "not-authorized", UserName};
true ->
AuthzId = xml:get_attr_s("authzid", KeyVals),
case (State#state.get_password)(UserName) of
{false, _} ->
{error, "not-authorized", UserName};
{Passwd, AuthModule} ->
case (State#state.check_password)(UserName, "",
xml:get_attr_s("response", KeyVals),
fun(PW) -> response(KeyVals, UserName, PW, Nonce, AuthzId,
"AUTHENTICATE") end) of
{true, _} ->
RspAuth = response(KeyVals,
UserName, Passwd,
Nonce, AuthzId, ""),
{continue,
"rspauth=" ++ RspAuth,
State#state{step = 5,
auth_module = AuthModule,
username = UserName,
authzid = AuthzId}};
false ->
{error, "not-authorized", UserName};
{false, _} ->
{error, "not-authorized", UserName}
end
end
end
end;
mech_step(#state{step = 5,
auth_module = AuthModule,
username = UserName,
authzid = AuthzId}, "") ->
{ok, [{username, UserName}, {authzid, AuthzId},
{auth_module, AuthModule}]};
mech_step(A, B) ->
?DEBUG("SASL DIGEST: A ~p B ~p", [A,B]),
{error, "bad-protocol"}.
parse(S) ->
parse1(S, "", []).
parse1([$= | Cs], S, Ts) ->
parse2(Cs, lists:reverse(S), "", Ts);
parse1([$, | Cs], [], Ts) ->
parse1(Cs, [], Ts);
parse1([$\s | Cs], [], Ts) ->
parse1(Cs, [], Ts);
parse1([C | Cs], S, Ts) ->
parse1(Cs, [C | S], Ts);
parse1([], [], T) ->
lists:reverse(T);
parse1([], _S, _T) ->
bad.
parse2([$\" | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse3(Cs, Key, Val, Ts);
parse2([C | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse4(Cs, Key, [C | Val], Ts);
parse2([], _, _, _) ->
bad.
parse3([$\" | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse4(Cs, Key, Val, Ts);
parse3([$\\, C | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse3(Cs, Key, [C | Val], Ts);
parse3([C | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse3(Cs, Key, [C | Val], Ts);
parse3([], _, _, _) ->
bad.
parse4([$, | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse1(Cs, "", [{Key, lists:reverse(Val)} | Ts]);
parse4([$\s | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse4(Cs, Key, Val, Ts);
parse4([C | Cs], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse4(Cs, Key, [C | Val], Ts);
parse4([], Key, Val, Ts) ->
parse1([], "", [{Key, lists:reverse(Val)} | Ts]).
%% @doc Check if the digest-uri is valid.
%% RFC-2831 allows to provide the IP address in Host,
%% however ejabberd doesn't allow that.
%% If the service (for example jabber.example.org)
%% is provided by several hosts (being one of them server3.example.org),
%% then acceptable digest-uris would be:
%% xmpp/server3.example.org/jabber.example.org, xmpp/server3.example.org and
%% xmpp/jabber.example.org
%% The last version is not actually allowed by the RFC, but implemented by popular clients
is_digesturi_valid(DigestURICase, JabberDomain, JabberFQDN) ->
DigestURI = stringprep:tolower(DigestURICase),
case catch string:tokens(DigestURI, "/") of
["xmpp", Host] when (Host == JabberDomain) or (Host == JabberFQDN) ->
true;
["xmpp", Host, ServName] when (ServName == JabberDomain) and (Host == JabberFQDN) ->
true;
_ ->
false
end.
get_local_fqdn() ->
case (catch get_local_fqdn2()) of
Str when is_list(Str) -> Str;
_ -> "unknown-fqdn, please configure fqdn option in ejabberd.cfg!"
end.
get_local_fqdn2() ->
case ejabberd_config:get_local_option(fqdn) of
ConfiguredFqdn when is_list(ConfiguredFqdn) ->
ConfiguredFqdn;
_undefined ->
{ok, Hostname} = inet:gethostname(),
{ok, {hostent, Fqdn, _, _, _, _}} = inet:gethostbyname(Hostname),
Fqdn
end.
digit_to_xchar(D) when (D >= 0) and (D < 10) ->
D + 48;
digit_to_xchar(D) ->
D + 87.
hex(S) ->
hex(S, []).
hex([], Res) ->
lists:reverse(Res);
hex([N | Ns], Res) ->
hex(Ns, [digit_to_xchar(N rem 16),
digit_to_xchar(N div 16) | Res]).
response(KeyVals, User, Passwd, Nonce, AuthzId, A2Prefix) ->
Realm = xml:get_attr_s("realm", KeyVals),
CNonce = xml:get_attr_s("cnonce", KeyVals),
DigestURI = xml:get_attr_s("digest-uri", KeyVals),
NC = xml:get_attr_s("nc", KeyVals),
QOP = xml:get_attr_s("qop", KeyVals),
A1 = case AuthzId of
"" ->
binary_to_list(
crypto:md5(User ++ ":" ++ Realm ++ ":" ++ Passwd)) ++
":" ++ Nonce ++ ":" ++ CNonce;
_ ->
binary_to_list(
crypto:md5(User ++ ":" ++ Realm ++ ":" ++ Passwd)) ++
":" ++ Nonce ++ ":" ++ CNonce ++ ":" ++ AuthzId
end,
A2 = case QOP of
"auth" ->
A2Prefix ++ ":" ++ DigestURI;
_ ->
A2Prefix ++ ":" ++ DigestURI ++
":00000000000000000000000000000000"
end,
T = hex(binary_to_list(crypto:md5(A1))) ++ ":" ++ Nonce ++ ":" ++
NC ++ ":" ++ CNonce ++ ":" ++ QOP ++ ":" ++
hex(binary_to_list(crypto:md5(A2))),
hex(binary_to_list(crypto:md5(T))).
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