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/* OpenGL example code - Texture
*
* apply a texture to the fullscreen quad of "Indexed VBO"
*
* Autor: Jakob Progsch
*/

/* index
* line 119: texture access in shader
* line 212: texture creation
* line 257: texture binding
* line 267: draw call
*/

#include <GL3/gl3w.h>
#include <GL/glfw.h>

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

bool running;

// window close callback function
int closedWindow()
{
    running = false;
    return GL_TRUE;
}

// helper to check and display for shader compiler errors
bool check_shader_compile_status(GLuint obj)
{
    GLint status;
    glGetShaderiv(obj, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &status);
    if(status == GL_FALSE)
    {
        GLint length;
        glGetShaderiv(obj, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &length);
        std::vector<char> log(length);
        glGetShaderInfoLog(obj, length, &length, &log[0]);
        std::cerr << &log[0];
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

// helper to check and display for shader linker error
bool check_program_link_status(GLuint obj)
{
    GLint status;
    glGetProgramiv(obj, GL_LINK_STATUS, &status);
    if(status == GL_FALSE)
    {
        GLint length;
        glGetProgramiv(obj, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &length);
        std::vector<char> log(length);
        glGetProgramInfoLog(obj, length, &length, &log[0]);
        std::cerr << &log[0];
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

int main()
{
    int width = 640;
    int height = 480;
    
    if(glfwInit() == GL_FALSE)
    {
        std::cerr << "failed to init GLFW" << std::endl;
        return 1;
    }

    // select opengl version
    glfwOpenWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE);
    glfwOpenWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_VERSION_MAJOR, 3);
    glfwOpenWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_VERSION_MINOR, 3);
 
    // create a window
    if(glfwOpenWindow(width, height, 0, 0, 0, 8, 24, 8, GLFW_WINDOW) == GL_FALSE)
    {
        std::cerr << "failed to open window" << std::endl;
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }
    
    // setup windows close callback
    glfwSetWindowCloseCallback(closedWindow);
    
    
    
    if (gl3wInit())
    {
        std::cerr << "failed to init GL3W" << std::endl;
        glfwCloseWindow();
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }

    // shader source code
    std::string vertex_source =
        "#version 330\n"
        "layout(location = 0) in vec4 vposition;\n"
        "layout(location = 1) in vec2 vtexcoord;\n"
        "out vec2 ftexcoord;\n"
        "void main() {\n"
        " ftexcoord = vtexcoord;\n"
        " gl_Position = vposition;\n"
        "}\n";
        
    std::string fragment_source =
        "#version 330\n"
        "uniform sampler2D tex;\n" // texture uniform
        "in vec2 ftexcoord;\n"
        "layout(location = 0) out vec4 FragColor;\n"
        "void main() {\n"
        " FragColor = texture(tex, ftexcoord);\n"
        "}\n";
   
    // program and shader handles
    GLuint shader_program, vertex_shader, fragment_shader;
    
    // we need these to properly pass the strings
    const char *source;
    int length;

    // create and compiler vertex shader
    vertex_shader = glCreateShader(GL_VERTEX_SHADER);
    source = vertex_source.c_str();
    length = vertex_source.size();
    glShaderSource(vertex_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(vertex_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(vertex_shader))
    {
        return 1;
    }
 
    // create and compiler fragment shader
    fragment_shader = glCreateShader(GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER);
    source = fragment_source.c_str();
    length = fragment_source.size();
    glShaderSource(fragment_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(fragment_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(fragment_shader))
    {
        return 1;
    }
    
    // create program
    shader_program = glCreateProgram();
    
    // attach shaders
    glAttachShader(shader_program, vertex_shader);
    glAttachShader(shader_program, fragment_shader);
    
    // link the program and check for errors
    glLinkProgram(shader_program);
    check_program_link_status(shader_program);
    
    // get texture uniform location
    GLint texture_location = glGetUniformLocation(shader_program, "tex");
    
    // vao and vbo handle
    GLuint vao, vbo, ibo;
 
    // generate and bind the vao
    glGenVertexArrays(1, &vao);
    glBindVertexArray(vao);
    
    // generate and bind the vertex buffer object
    glGenBuffers(1, &vbo);
    glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, vbo);
            
    // data for a fullscreen quad (this time with texture coords)
    GLfloat vertexData[] = {
    // X Y Z U V
       1.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, // vertex 0
      -1.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, // vertex 1
       1.0f,-1.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f, // vertex 2
      -1.0f,-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, // vertex 3
    }; // 4 vertices with 5 components (floats) each

    // fill with data
    glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(GLfloat)*4*5, vertexData, GL_STATIC_DRAW);
                    
           
    // set up generic attrib pointers
    glEnableVertexAttribArray(0);
    glVertexAttribPointer(0, 3, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5*sizeof(GLfloat), (char*)0 + 0*sizeof(GLfloat));
 
    glEnableVertexAttribArray(1);
    glVertexAttribPointer(1, 2, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 5*sizeof(GLfloat), (char*)0 + 3*sizeof(GLfloat));
    
    
    // generate and bind the index buffer object
    glGenBuffers(1, &ibo);
    glBindBuffer(GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, ibo);
            
    GLuint indexData[] = {
        0,1,2, // first triangle
        2,1,3, // second triangle
    };

    // fill with data
    glBufferData(GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(GLuint)*2*3, indexData, GL_STATIC_DRAW);
    
    // "unbind" vao
    glBindVertexArray(0);

    // texture handle
    GLuint texture;
    
    // generate texture
    glGenTextures(1, &texture);

    // bind the texture
    glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture);

    // create some image data
    std::vector<GLubyte> image(4*width*height);
    for(int j = 0;j<height;++j)
        for(int i = 0;i<width;++i)
        {
            size_t index = j*width + i;
            image[4*index + 0] = 0xFF*(j/10%2)*(i/10%2); // R
            image[4*index + 1] = 0xFF*(j/13%2)*(i/13%2); // G
            image[4*index + 2] = 0xFF*(j/17%2)*(i/17%2); // B
            image[4*index + 3] = 0xFF; // A
        }
    
    // set texture parameters
    glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
    glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
    glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
    glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL_CLAMP_TO_EDGE);
    
    // set texture content
    glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGBA8, width, height, 0, GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, &image[0]);
    
    running = true;
    while(running)
    {
        // terminate on escape
        if(glfwGetKey(GLFW_KEY_ESC))
        {
            running = false;
        }
        
        // clear first
        glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);
        
        // use the shader program
        glUseProgram(shader_program);

        // bind texture to texture unit 0
        glActiveTexture(GL_TEXTURE0);
        glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, texture);
        
        // set texture uniform
        glUniform1i(texture_location, 0);
        
        // bind the vao
        glBindVertexArray(vao);
        
        // draw
        glDrawElements(GL_TRIANGLES, 6, GL_UNSIGNED_INT, 0);
       
        // check for errors
        GLenum error = glGetError();
        if(error != GL_NO_ERROR)
        {
            std::cerr << gluErrorString(error);
            running = false;
        }
        
        // finally swap buffers
        glfwSwapBuffers();
    }
    
    // delete the created objects
    
    glDeleteTextures(1, &texture);
    
    glDeleteVertexArrays(1, &vao);
    glDeleteBuffers(1, &vbo);
    glDeleteBuffers(1, &ibo);
    
    glDetachShader(shader_program, vertex_shader);
    glDetachShader(shader_program, fragment_shader);
    glDeleteShader(vertex_shader);
    glDeleteShader(fragment_shader);
    glDeleteProgram(shader_program);

    glfwCloseWindow();
    glfwTerminate();
    return 0;
}

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