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Jakob Progsch
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/* OpenGL example code - Compute Shader N-body
*
* N-body simulation with compute shaders.
*
* Autor: Jakob Progsch
*/
#include <GLXW/glxw.h>
#include <GLFW/glfw3.h>

//glm is used to create perspective and transform matrices
#define GLM_SWIZZLE
#include <glm/glm.hpp>
#include <glm/gtc/matrix_transform.hpp>
#include <glm/gtc/type_ptr.hpp>

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cmath>


// helper to check and display for shader compiler errors
bool check_shader_compile_status(GLuint obj) {
    GLint status;
    glGetShaderiv(obj, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &status);
    if(status == GL_FALSE) {
        GLint length;
        glGetShaderiv(obj, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &length);
        std::vector<char> log(length);
        glGetShaderInfoLog(obj, length, &length, &log[0]);
        std::cerr << &log[0];
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

// helper to check and display for shader linker error
bool check_program_link_status(GLuint obj) {
    GLint status;
    glGetProgramiv(obj, GL_LINK_STATUS, &status);
    if(status == GL_FALSE) {
        GLint length;
        glGetProgramiv(obj, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &length);
        std::vector<char> log(length);
        glGetProgramInfoLog(obj, length, &length, &log[0]);
        std::cerr << &log[0];
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

int main() {
    int width = 640;
    int height = 480;
    
    if(glfwInit() == GL_FALSE) {
        std::cerr << "failed to init GLFW" << std::endl;
        return 1;
    }

    // select opengl version
    glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE);
    glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MAJOR, 4);
    glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MINOR, 3);
 
    // create a window
    GLFWwindow *window;
    if((window = glfwCreateWindow(width, height, "13compute_shader_nbody", 0, 0)) == 0) {
        std::cerr << "failed to open window" << std::endl;
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }
    
    glfwMakeContextCurrent(window);

    if(glxwInit()) {
        std::cerr << "failed to init GL3W" << std::endl;
        glfwDestroyWindow(window);
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }

    // shader source code
    
    // the vertex shader simply passes through data
    std::string vertex_source =
        "#version 430\n"
        "layout(location = 0) in vec4 vposition;\n"
        "void main() {\n"
        " gl_Position = vposition;\n"
        "}\n";
    
    // the geometry shader creates the billboard quads
    std::string geometry_source =
        "#version 430\n"
        "layout(location = 0) uniform mat4 View;\n"
        "layout(location = 1) uniform mat4 Projection;\n"
        "layout (points) in;\n"
        "layout (triangle_strip, max_vertices = 4) out;\n"
        "out vec2 txcoord;\n"
        "void main() {\n"
        " vec4 pos = View*gl_in[0].gl_Position;\n"
        " txcoord = vec2(-1,-1);\n"
        " gl_Position = Projection*(pos+0.2*vec4(txcoord,0,0));\n"
        " EmitVertex();\n"
        " txcoord = vec2( 1,-1);\n"
        " gl_Position = Projection*(pos+0.2*vec4(txcoord,0,0));\n"
        " EmitVertex();\n"
        " txcoord = vec2(-1, 1);\n"
        " gl_Position = Projection*(pos+0.2*vec4(txcoord,0,0));\n"
        " EmitVertex();\n"
        " txcoord = vec2( 1, 1);\n"
        " gl_Position = Projection*(pos+0.2*vec4(txcoord,0,0));\n"
        " EmitVertex();\n"
        "}\n";
    
    // the fragment shader creates a bell like radial color distribution
    std::string fragment_source =
        "#version 330\n"
        "in vec2 txcoord;\n"
        "layout(location = 0) out vec4 FragColor;\n"
        "void main() {\n"
        " float s = (1/(1+15.*dot(txcoord, txcoord))-1/16.);\n"
        " FragColor = s*vec4(0.3,0.3,1.0,1);\n"
        "}\n";
   
    // program and shader handles
    GLuint shader_program, vertex_shader, geometry_shader, fragment_shader;
    
    // we need these to properly pass the strings
    const char *source;
    int length;

    // create and compiler vertex shader
    vertex_shader = glCreateShader(GL_VERTEX_SHADER);
    source = vertex_source.c_str();
    length = vertex_source.size();
    glShaderSource(vertex_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(vertex_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(vertex_shader)) {
        glfwDestroyWindow(window);
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }
    
    // create and compiler geometry shader
    geometry_shader = glCreateShader(GL_GEOMETRY_SHADER);
    source = geometry_source.c_str();
    length = geometry_source.size();
    glShaderSource(geometry_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(geometry_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(geometry_shader)) {
        glfwDestroyWindow(window);
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }
 
    // create and compiler fragment shader
    fragment_shader = glCreateShader(GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER);
    source = fragment_source.c_str();
    length = fragment_source.size();
    glShaderSource(fragment_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(fragment_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(fragment_shader)) {
        glfwDestroyWindow(window);
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }
    
    // create program
    shader_program = glCreateProgram();
    
    // attach shaders
    glAttachShader(shader_program, vertex_shader);
    glAttachShader(shader_program, geometry_shader);
    glAttachShader(shader_program, fragment_shader);
    
    // link the program and check for errors
    glLinkProgram(shader_program);
    check_program_link_status(shader_program);
    
    // straight forward implementation of the nbody kernel
    std::string acceleration_source =
        "#version 430\n"
        "layout(local_size_x=256) in;\n"
        
        "layout(location = 0) uniform float dt;\n"
        "layout(rgba32f, location = 1) uniform imageBuffer positions;\n"
        "layout(rgba32f, location = 2) uniform imageBuffer velocities;\n"
        
        "void main() {\n"
        " int N = int(gl_NumWorkGroups.x*gl_WorkGroupSize.x);\n"
        " int index = int(gl_GlobalInvocationID);\n"
        
        " vec3 position = imageLoad(positions, index).xyz;\n"
        " vec3 velocity = imageLoad(velocities, index).xyz;\n"
        " vec3 acceleration = vec3(0,0,0);\n"
        " for(int i = 0;i<N;++i) {\n"
        " vec3 other = imageLoad(positions, i).xyz;\n"
        " vec3 diff = position - other;\n"
        " float dist = length(diff)+0.01;\n"
        " acceleration -= 0.1*diff/(dist*dist*dist);\n"
        " }\n"
        " imageStore(velocities, index, vec4(velocity+dt*acceleration,0));\n"
        "}\n";
   
    // program and shader handles
    GLuint acceleration_program, acceleration_shader;

    // create and compiler vertex shader
    acceleration_shader = glCreateShader(GL_COMPUTE_SHADER);
    source = acceleration_source.c_str();
    length = acceleration_source.size();
    glShaderSource(acceleration_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(acceleration_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(acceleration_shader)) {
        glfwDestroyWindow(window);
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }

    // create program
    acceleration_program = glCreateProgram();
    
    // attach shaders
    glAttachShader(acceleration_program, acceleration_shader);
   
    // link the program and check for errors
    glLinkProgram(acceleration_program);
    check_program_link_status(acceleration_program);

    // tiled version of the nbody shader that makes use of shared memory
    // to reduce global memory transactions
    std::string tiled_acceleration_source =
        "#version 430\n"
        "layout(local_size_x=256) in;\n"
        
        "layout(location = 0) uniform float dt;\n"
        "layout(rgba32f, location = 1) uniform imageBuffer positions;\n"
        "layout(rgba32f, location = 2) uniform imageBuffer velocities;\n"
        
        "shared vec4 tmp[gl_WorkGroupSize.x];\n"
        "void main() {\n"
        " int N = int(gl_NumWorkGroups.x*gl_WorkGroupSize.x);\n"
        " int index = int(gl_GlobalInvocationID);\n"
        " vec3 position = imageLoad(positions, index).xyz;\n"
        " vec3 velocity = imageLoad(velocities, index).xyz;\n"
        " vec3 acceleration = vec3(0,0,0);\n"
        " for(int tile = 0;tile<N;tile+=int(gl_WorkGroupSize.x)) {\n"
        " tmp[gl_LocalInvocationIndex] = imageLoad(positions, tile + int(gl_LocalInvocationIndex));\n"
        " groupMemoryBarrier();\n"
        " barrier();\n"
        " for(int i = 0;i<gl_WorkGroupSize.x;++i) {\n"
        " vec3 other = tmp[i].xyz;\n"
        " vec3 diff = position - other;\n"
        " float invdist = 1.0/(length(diff)+0.01);\n"
        " acceleration -= diff*0.1*invdist*invdist*invdist;\n"
        " }\n"
        " groupMemoryBarrier();\n"
        " barrier();\n"
        " }\n"
        " imageStore(velocities, index, vec4(velocity+dt*acceleration,0));\n"
        "}\n";
   
    // program and shader handles
    GLuint tiled_acceleration_program, tiled_acceleration_shader;

    // create and compiler vertex shader
    tiled_acceleration_shader = glCreateShader(GL_COMPUTE_SHADER);
    source = tiled_acceleration_source.c_str();
    length = tiled_acceleration_source.size();
    glShaderSource(tiled_acceleration_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(tiled_acceleration_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(tiled_acceleration_shader)) {
        glfwDestroyWindow(window);
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }

    // create program
    tiled_acceleration_program = glCreateProgram();
    
    // attach shaders
    glAttachShader(tiled_acceleration_program, tiled_acceleration_shader);
   
    // link the program and check for errors
    glLinkProgram(tiled_acceleration_program);
    check_program_link_status(tiled_acceleration_program);

    // the integrate shader does the second part of the euler integration
    std::string integrate_source =
        "#version 430\n"
        "layout(local_size_x=256) in;\n"
        
        "layout(location = 0) uniform float dt;\n"
        "layout(rgba32f, location = 1) uniform imageBuffer positions;\n"
        "layout(rgba32f, location = 2) uniform imageBuffer velocities;\n"
        
        "void main() {\n"
        " int index = int(gl_GlobalInvocationID);\n"
        " vec4 position = imageLoad(positions, index);\n"
        " vec4 velocity = imageLoad(velocities, index);\n"
        " position.xyz += dt*velocity.xyz;\n"
        " imageStore(positions, index, position);\n"
        "}\n";
   
    // program and shader handles
    GLuint integrate_program, integrate_shader;

    // create and compiler vertex shader
    integrate_shader = glCreateShader(GL_COMPUTE_SHADER);
    source = integrate_source.c_str();
    length = integrate_source.size();
    glShaderSource(integrate_shader, 1, &source, &length);
    glCompileShader(integrate_shader);
    if(!check_shader_compile_status(integrate_shader)) {
        glfwDestroyWindow(window);
        glfwTerminate();
        return 1;
    }

    // create program
    integrate_program = glCreateProgram();
    
    // attach shaders
    glAttachShader(integrate_program, integrate_shader);
   
    // link the program and check for errors
    glLinkProgram(integrate_program);
    check_program_link_status(integrate_program);
   
   
    const int particles = 8*1024;

    // randomly place particles in a cube
    std::vector<glm::vec4> positionData(particles);
    std::vector<glm::vec4> velocityData(particles);
    for(int i = 0;i<particles;++i) {
        // initial position
        positionData[i] = glm::vec4(
                                1.5f-(float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX+float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX+float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX),
                                1.5f-(float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX+float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX+float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX),
                                1.5f-(float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX+float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX+float(std::rand())/RAND_MAX),
                                0
                            );
        positionData[i] = glm::vec4(0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,1) + glm::vec4(4.0f,1.0f,4.0f,1)*positionData[i];
        velocityData[i] = 28.0f*glm::vec4(glm::cross(glm::vec3(positionData[i].xyz()), glm::vec3(0,1,0)), 0)/glm::dot(glm::vec3(positionData[i].xyz()),glm::vec3(positionData[i].xyz()));
    }
    
    // generate positions_vbos and vaos
    GLuint vao, positions_vbo, velocities_vbo;
    glGenVertexArrays(1, &vao);
    glGenBuffers(1, &positions_vbo);
    
    glBindVertexArray(vao);
        
    glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, positions_vbo);

    // fill with initial data
    glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(glm::vec4)*particles, &positionData[0], GL_STATIC_DRAW);
                        
    // set up generic attrib pointers
    glEnableVertexAttribArray(0);
    glVertexAttribPointer(0, 4, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 4*sizeof(GLfloat), (char*)0 + 0*sizeof(GLfloat));
    
    glm::vec4 zero(0,0,0,0);
    
    glGenBuffers(1, &velocities_vbo);
    glBindBuffer(GL_TEXTURE_BUFFER, velocities_vbo);
    glBufferData(GL_TEXTURE_BUFFER, sizeof(glm::vec4)*particles, &velocityData[0], GL_STATIC_DRAW);
 
    // texture handle
    GLuint positions_texture, velocities_texture;
    
    glGenTextures(1, &positions_texture);
    glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_BUFFER, positions_texture);
    glTexBuffer(GL_TEXTURE_BUFFER, GL_RGBA32F, positions_vbo);
    
    glGenTextures(1, &velocities_texture);
    glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_BUFFER, velocities_texture);
    glTexBuffer(GL_TEXTURE_BUFFER, GL_RGBA32F, velocities_vbo);

    // bind images
    glBindImageTexture(0, positions_texture, 0, GL_FALSE, 0, GL_READ_WRITE, GL_RGBA32F);
    glBindImageTexture(1, velocities_texture, 0, GL_FALSE, 0, GL_READ_WRITE, GL_RGBA32F);
    
    // physical parameters
    float dt = 1.0f/60.0f;
    
    // setup uniforms
    glUseProgram(tiled_acceleration_program);
    glUniform1f(0, dt);
    glUniform1i(1, 0);
    glUniform1i(2, 1);
            
    glUseProgram(acceleration_program);
    glUniform1f(0, dt);
    glUniform1i(1, 0);
    glUniform1i(2, 1);
        
    glUseProgram(integrate_program);
    glUniform1f(0, dt);
    glUniform1i(1, 0);
    glUniform1i(2, 1);
    
    // we are blending so no depth testing
    glDisable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
    
    // enable blending
    glEnable(GL_BLEND);
    // and set the blend function to result = 1*source + 1*destination
    glBlendFunc(GL_ONE, GL_ONE);

    GLuint query;
    glGenQueries(1, &query);

    bool tiled = false;
    bool space_down = false;
        
    while(!glfwWindowShouldClose(window)) {
        glfwPollEvents();
        
        // toggle occlusion culling
        if(glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_SPACE) && !space_down) {
            tiled = !tiled;
        }
        space_down = glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_SPACE);
        
        glBeginQuery(GL_TIME_ELAPSED, query);
        
        if(tiled) {
            glUseProgram(tiled_acceleration_program);
            glDispatchCompute(particles/256, 1, 1);
        } else {
            glUseProgram(acceleration_program);
            glDispatchCompute(particles/256, 1, 1);
        }
        
        glEndQuery(GL_TIME_ELAPSED);
        
        glUseProgram(integrate_program);

        glDispatchCompute(particles/256, 1, 1);
        
        // clear first
        glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
        
        // use the shader program
        glUseProgram(shader_program);
        
        // calculate ViewProjection matrix
        glm::mat4 Projection = glm::perspective(90.0f, 4.0f / 3.0f, 0.1f, 100.f);
        
        // translate the world/view position
        glm::mat4 View = glm::translate(glm::mat4(1.0f), glm::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, -30.0f));
        
        // tilt the camera
        View = glm::rotate(View, 30.0f, glm::vec3(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f));
        
        // set the uniforms
        glUniformMatrix4fv(0, 1, GL_FALSE, glm::value_ptr(View));
        glUniformMatrix4fv(1, 1, GL_FALSE, glm::value_ptr(Projection));
        
        // bind the current vao
        glBindVertexArray(vao);

        // draw
        glDrawArrays(GL_POINTS, 0, particles);
       
        // check for errors
        GLenum error = glGetError();
        if(error != GL_NO_ERROR) {
            std::cerr << error << std::endl;
            break;
        }
        
        // finally swap buffers
        glfwSwapBuffers(window);
        
        {
            GLuint64 result;
            glGetQueryObjectui64v(query, GL_QUERY_RESULT, &result);
            std::cout << result*1.e-6 << " ms/frame" << std::endl;
        }
    }
    
    // delete the created objects
        
    glDeleteVertexArrays(1, &vao);
    glDeleteBuffers(1, &positions_vbo);
    glDeleteBuffers(1, &velocities_vbo);
    glDeleteTextures(1, &positions_texture);
    glDeleteTextures(1, &velocities_texture);
    
    glDetachShader(shader_program, vertex_shader);
    glDetachShader(shader_program, geometry_shader);
    glDetachShader(shader_program, fragment_shader);
    glDeleteShader(vertex_shader);
    glDeleteShader(geometry_shader);
    glDeleteShader(fragment_shader);
    glDeleteProgram(shader_program);

    glDetachShader(acceleration_program, acceleration_shader);
    glDeleteShader(acceleration_shader);
    glDeleteProgram(acceleration_program);
    
    glfwDestroyWindow(window);
    glfwTerminate();
    return 0;
}
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