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README.md

Pa11y CI Command Line tool in a Docker container

Build Status

This repo contains the build for the Promet maintained docker container promet/docker-pa11y-ci.

Background Information

This container uses the current version of pa11y (version 5.1.0 as of this writing) but downgrades to pa11y-ci version 1.3.1. Versions 2.0.0 and above are failing to load Chromium, and I have not been able to get this resolved other than to downgrade the pa11y command line tool version.

Use

Sample docker-compose entry

A sample docker-compose file for this container is as follows:

version: '3.4'
services:
  pa11y:
    image: prometsource/docker-pa11y-ci:0.10
    volumes:
       - ./config.json:/workspace/config.json

Sample config.json

The pa11y-ci command line tool can take a config.json file that contains basic configuration information, and a list of URLs to test. This repo contains a sample config.json that execute tests against the following URLs:

A config.json example file is as follows (note as of this writing www.google.com fails testing, while the other two URLs pass) that uses Google Chrome for browser testing, and tests the above list of URLs against WCAG 2AA standards:

{
  "defaults": {
    "standard": "WCAG2AA"
  },
  "chromeLaunchConfig": {
    "executablePath": "/usr/bin/google-chrome-stable",
    "ignoreHTTPSErrors": false
  },
  "urls": [
    "http://pa11y.org/",
    "http://pa11y.org/contributing",
    "https://www.google.com"
  ]
}

Command Line execution using Docker Compose

To use this command line tool, execute the following from the command line with docker-compose (assumes this container is set up as a service named "pa11y"):

docker-compose run pa11y /bin/bash -c "pa11y-ci --config /workspace/config.json"

Additional Configuration

The Pa11y-ci command line tool has several configuration options, some of which are discussed here. For more information, visit the Pa11y Tutorials.

Setting a threshold before failing

The number of errors, warnings, or notices to permit before the test is considered to have failed (with exit code 2) when running via the CLI.

{
  "defaults": {
    "standard": "WCAG2AA",
    "threshold": 2
  }
}

Ignoring warnings or notices

You can ignore warnings or notices using the below code. You can use includeNotices: true and includeWarnings: true for on a page by page basis.

{
  "defaults": {
    "standard": "WCAG2AA",
    "ignore": [ "notice", "warning" ]
  },
  "urls": [
    {
      "url": "http://pa11y.org/",
      "includeWarnings": true
    }
  ]
}

Setting a timeout

You can set a length of time before you'll receive a timeout error for the test.

{
  "defaults": {
    "standard": "WCAG2AA",
    "timeout": 500
  }
}

Excluding elements from testing

In some cases, we may not want to scan certain elements, such as third party plugins we cant control. For example, below I'll skip the #ad-server element on the home page.

{
  "urls": [
    {
      "url": "http://pa11y.org/",
      "hideElements": "#ad-server"
    }
  ]
}

Save a screenshot

You can set a file path to save a screen capture of the tested page to. The screen will be captured immediately after the Pa11y tests have run so that you can verify that the expected page was tested.

{
  "urls": [
    {
      "url": "http://pa11y.org/",
      "screenCapture": "/path/to/folder/my-screen-capture.png"
    }
  ]
}

Actions

Actions are additional interactions that you can make Pa11y perform before the tests are run. They allow you to do things like click on a button, enter a value in a form, wait for a redirect, or wait for the URL fragment to change:

{
  "urls": [
    {
      "url": "http://pa11y.org/",
      "actions": [
        'click element #tab-1',
        'wait for element #tab-1-content to be visible',
        'set field #fullname to John Doe',
        'check field #terms-and-conditions',
        'uncheck field #subscribe-to-marketing',
        'screen capture example.png',
        'wait for fragment to be #page-2',
        'wait for path to not be /login',
        'wait for url to be https://example.com/',
        'wait for #my-image to emit load',
        'navigate to https://another-example.com/'
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Resources

*Project Website

*Project Github

*Using Actions in Pa11y

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