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// Copyright 2014 The Prometheus Authors
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
package prometheus
import (
type expvarCollector struct {
exports map[string]*Desc
// NewExpvarCollector returns a newly allocated expvar Collector that still has
// to be registered with a Prometheus registry.
// An expvar Collector collects metrics from the expvar interface. It provides a
// quick way to expose numeric values that are already exported via expvar as
// Prometheus metrics. Note that the data models of expvar and Prometheus are
// fundamentally different, and that the expvar Collector is inherently slower
// than native Prometheus metrics. Thus, the expvar Collector is probably great
// for experiments and prototying, but you should seriously consider a more
// direct implementation of Prometheus metrics for monitoring production
// systems.
// The exports map has the following meaning:
// The keys in the map correspond to expvar keys, i.e. for every expvar key you
// want to export as Prometheus metric, you need an entry in the exports
// map. The descriptor mapped to each key describes how to export the expvar
// value. It defines the name and the help string of the Prometheus metric
// proxying the expvar value. The type will always be Untyped.
// For descriptors without variable labels, the expvar value must be a number or
// a bool. The number is then directly exported as the Prometheus sample
// value. (For a bool, 'false' translates to 0 and 'true' to 1). Expvar values
// that are not numbers or bools are silently ignored.
// If the descriptor has one variable label, the expvar value must be an expvar
// map. The keys in the expvar map become the various values of the one
// Prometheus label. The values in the expvar map must be numbers or bools again
// as above.
// For descriptors with more than one variable label, the expvar must be a
// nested expvar map, i.e. where the values of the topmost map are maps again
// etc. until a depth is reached that corresponds to the number of labels. The
// leaves of that structure must be numbers or bools as above to serve as the
// sample values.
// Anything that does not fit into the scheme above is silently ignored.
func NewExpvarCollector(exports map[string]*Desc) Collector {
return &expvarCollector{
exports: exports,
// Describe implements Collector.
func (e *expvarCollector) Describe(ch chan<- *Desc) {
for _, desc := range e.exports {
ch <- desc
// Collect implements Collector.
func (e *expvarCollector) Collect(ch chan<- Metric) {
for name, desc := range e.exports {
var m Metric
expVar := expvar.Get(name)
if expVar == nil {
var v interface{}
labels := make([]string, len(desc.variableLabels))
if err := json.Unmarshal([]byte(expVar.String()), &v); err != nil {
ch <- NewInvalidMetric(desc, err)
var processValue func(v interface{}, i int)
processValue = func(v interface{}, i int) {
if i >= len(labels) {
copiedLabels := append(make([]string, 0, len(labels)), labels...)
switch v := v.(type) {
case float64:
m = MustNewConstMetric(desc, UntypedValue, v, copiedLabels...)
case bool:
if v {
m = MustNewConstMetric(desc, UntypedValue, 1, copiedLabels...)
} else {
m = MustNewConstMetric(desc, UntypedValue, 0, copiedLabels...)
ch <- m
vm, ok := v.(map[string]interface{})
if !ok {
for lv, val := range vm {
labels[i] = lv
processValue(val, i+1)
processValue(v, 0)