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// Copyright 2018 The Prometheus Authors
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
package prometheus
import (
"fmt"
"runtime"
"runtime/debug"
"time"
)
type goCollector struct {
goroutinesDesc *Desc
threadsDesc *Desc
gcDesc *Desc
goInfoDesc *Desc
// metrics to describe and collect
metrics memStatsMetrics
}
// NewGoCollector returns a collector which exports metrics about the current Go
// process. This includes memory stats. To collect those, runtime.ReadMemStats
// is called. This causes a stop-the-world, which is very short with Go1.9+
// (~25µs). However, with older Go versions, the stop-the-world duration depends
// on the heap size and can be quite significant (~1.7 ms/GiB as per
// https://go-review.googlesource.com/c/go/+/34937).
func NewGoCollector() Collector {
return &goCollector{
goroutinesDesc: NewDesc(
"go_goroutines",
"Number of goroutines that currently exist.",
nil, nil),
threadsDesc: NewDesc(
"go_threads",
"Number of OS threads created.",
nil, nil),
gcDesc: NewDesc(
"go_gc_duration_seconds",
"A summary of the GC invocation durations.",
nil, nil),
goInfoDesc: NewDesc(
"go_info",
"Information about the Go environment.",
nil, Labels{"version": runtime.Version()}),
metrics: memStatsMetrics{
{
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("alloc_bytes"),
"Number of bytes allocated and still in use.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.Alloc) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("alloc_bytes_total"),
"Total number of bytes allocated, even if freed.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.TotalAlloc) },
valType: CounterValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("sys_bytes"),
"Number of bytes obtained from system.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.Sys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("lookups_total"),
"Total number of pointer lookups.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.Lookups) },
valType: CounterValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("mallocs_total"),
"Total number of mallocs.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.Mallocs) },
valType: CounterValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("frees_total"),
"Total number of frees.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.Frees) },
valType: CounterValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("heap_alloc_bytes"),
"Number of heap bytes allocated and still in use.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.HeapAlloc) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("heap_sys_bytes"),
"Number of heap bytes obtained from system.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.HeapSys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("heap_idle_bytes"),
"Number of heap bytes waiting to be used.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.HeapIdle) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("heap_inuse_bytes"),
"Number of heap bytes that are in use.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.HeapInuse) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("heap_released_bytes"),
"Number of heap bytes released to OS.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.HeapReleased) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("heap_objects"),
"Number of allocated objects.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.HeapObjects) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("stack_inuse_bytes"),
"Number of bytes in use by the stack allocator.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.StackInuse) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("stack_sys_bytes"),
"Number of bytes obtained from system for stack allocator.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.StackSys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("mspan_inuse_bytes"),
"Number of bytes in use by mspan structures.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.MSpanInuse) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("mspan_sys_bytes"),
"Number of bytes used for mspan structures obtained from system.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.MSpanSys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("mcache_inuse_bytes"),
"Number of bytes in use by mcache structures.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.MCacheInuse) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("mcache_sys_bytes"),
"Number of bytes used for mcache structures obtained from system.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.MCacheSys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("buck_hash_sys_bytes"),
"Number of bytes used by the profiling bucket hash table.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.BuckHashSys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("gc_sys_bytes"),
"Number of bytes used for garbage collection system metadata.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.GCSys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("other_sys_bytes"),
"Number of bytes used for other system allocations.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.OtherSys) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("next_gc_bytes"),
"Number of heap bytes when next garbage collection will take place.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.NextGC) },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("last_gc_time_seconds"),
"Number of seconds since 1970 of last garbage collection.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return float64(ms.LastGC) / 1e9 },
valType: GaugeValue,
}, {
desc: NewDesc(
memstatNamespace("gc_cpu_fraction"),
"The fraction of this program's available CPU time used by the GC since the program started.",
nil, nil,
),
eval: func(ms *runtime.MemStats) float64 { return ms.GCCPUFraction },
valType: GaugeValue,
},
},
}
}
func memstatNamespace(s string) string {
return fmt.Sprintf("go_memstats_%s", s)
}
// Describe returns all descriptions of the collector.
func (c *goCollector) Describe(ch chan<- *Desc) {
ch <- c.goroutinesDesc
ch <- c.threadsDesc
ch <- c.gcDesc
ch <- c.goInfoDesc
for _, i := range c.metrics {
ch <- i.desc
}
}
// Collect returns the current state of all metrics of the collector.
func (c *goCollector) Collect(ch chan<- Metric) {
ch <- MustNewConstMetric(c.goroutinesDesc, GaugeValue, float64(runtime.NumGoroutine()))
n, _ := runtime.ThreadCreateProfile(nil)
ch <- MustNewConstMetric(c.threadsDesc, GaugeValue, float64(n))
var stats debug.GCStats
stats.PauseQuantiles = make([]time.Duration, 5)
debug.ReadGCStats(&stats)
quantiles := make(map[float64]float64)
for idx, pq := range stats.PauseQuantiles[1:] {
quantiles[float64(idx+1)/float64(len(stats.PauseQuantiles)-1)] = pq.Seconds()
}
quantiles[0.0] = stats.PauseQuantiles[0].Seconds()
ch <- MustNewConstSummary(c.gcDesc, uint64(stats.NumGC), stats.PauseTotal.Seconds(), quantiles)
ch <- MustNewConstMetric(c.goInfoDesc, GaugeValue, 1)
ms := &runtime.MemStats{}
runtime.ReadMemStats(ms)
for _, i := range c.metrics {
ch <- MustNewConstMetric(i.desc, i.valType, i.eval(ms))
}
}
// memStatsMetrics provide description, value, and value type for memstat metrics.
type memStatsMetrics []struct {
desc *Desc
eval func(*runtime.MemStats) float64
valType ValueType
}