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// Copyright 2014 The Prometheus Authors
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
package prometheus
import (
"bufio"
"compress/gzip"
"io"
"net"
"net/http"
"strconv"
"strings"
"sync"
"time"
"github.com/prometheus/common/expfmt"
)
// TODO(beorn7): Remove this whole file. It is a partial mirror of
// promhttp/http.go (to avoid circular import chains) where everything HTTP
// related should live. The functions here are just for avoiding
// breakage. Everything is deprecated.
const (
contentTypeHeader = "Content-Type"
contentLengthHeader = "Content-Length"
contentEncodingHeader = "Content-Encoding"
acceptEncodingHeader = "Accept-Encoding"
)
var gzipPool = sync.Pool{
New: func() interface{} {
return gzip.NewWriter(nil)
},
}
// Handler returns an HTTP handler for the DefaultGatherer. It is
// already instrumented with InstrumentHandler (using "prometheus" as handler
// name).
//
// Deprecated: Please note the issues described in the doc comment of
// InstrumentHandler. You might want to consider using promhttp.Handler instead.
func Handler() http.Handler {
return InstrumentHandler("prometheus", UninstrumentedHandler())
}
// UninstrumentedHandler returns an HTTP handler for the DefaultGatherer.
//
// Deprecated: Use promhttp.HandlerFor(DefaultGatherer, promhttp.HandlerOpts{})
// instead. See there for further documentation.
func UninstrumentedHandler() http.Handler {
return http.HandlerFunc(func(rsp http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
mfs, err := DefaultGatherer.Gather()
if err != nil {
httpError(rsp, err)
return
}
contentType := expfmt.Negotiate(req.Header)
header := rsp.Header()
header.Set(contentTypeHeader, string(contentType))
w := io.Writer(rsp)
if gzipAccepted(req.Header) {
header.Set(contentEncodingHeader, "gzip")
gz := gzipPool.Get().(*gzip.Writer)
defer gzipPool.Put(gz)
gz.Reset(w)
defer gz.Close()
w = gz
}
enc := expfmt.NewEncoder(w, contentType)
for _, mf := range mfs {
if err := enc.Encode(mf); err != nil {
httpError(rsp, err)
return
}
}
})
}
var instLabels = []string{"method", "code"}
type nower interface {
Now() time.Time
}
type nowFunc func() time.Time
func (n nowFunc) Now() time.Time {
return n()
}
var now nower = nowFunc(func() time.Time {
return time.Now()
})
// InstrumentHandler wraps the given HTTP handler for instrumentation. It
// registers four metric collectors (if not already done) and reports HTTP
// metrics to the (newly or already) registered collectors: http_requests_total
// (CounterVec), http_request_duration_microseconds (Summary),
// http_request_size_bytes (Summary), http_response_size_bytes (Summary). Each
// has a constant label named "handler" with the provided handlerName as
// value. http_requests_total is a metric vector partitioned by HTTP method
// (label name "method") and HTTP status code (label name "code").
//
// Deprecated: InstrumentHandler has several issues. Use the tooling provided in
// package promhttp instead. The issues are the following: (1) It uses Summaries
// rather than Histograms. Summaries are not useful if aggregation across
// multiple instances is required. (2) It uses microseconds as unit, which is
// deprecated and should be replaced by seconds. (3) The size of the request is
// calculated in a separate goroutine. Since this calculator requires access to
// the request header, it creates a race with any writes to the header performed
// during request handling. httputil.ReverseProxy is a prominent example for a
// handler performing such writes. (4) It has additional issues with HTTP/2, cf.
// https://github.com/prometheus/client_golang/issues/272.
func InstrumentHandler(handlerName string, handler http.Handler) http.HandlerFunc {
return InstrumentHandlerFunc(handlerName, handler.ServeHTTP)
}
// InstrumentHandlerFunc wraps the given function for instrumentation. It
// otherwise works in the same way as InstrumentHandler (and shares the same
// issues).
//
// Deprecated: InstrumentHandlerFunc is deprecated for the same reasons as
// InstrumentHandler is. Use the tooling provided in package promhttp instead.
func InstrumentHandlerFunc(handlerName string, handlerFunc func(http.ResponseWriter, *http.Request)) http.HandlerFunc {
return InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts(
SummaryOpts{
Subsystem: "http",
ConstLabels: Labels{"handler": handlerName},
Objectives: map[float64]float64{0.5: 0.05, 0.9: 0.01, 0.99: 0.001},
},
handlerFunc,
)
}
// InstrumentHandlerWithOpts works like InstrumentHandler (and shares the same
// issues) but provides more flexibility (at the cost of a more complex call
// syntax). As InstrumentHandler, this function registers four metric
// collectors, but it uses the provided SummaryOpts to create them. However, the
// fields "Name" and "Help" in the SummaryOpts are ignored. "Name" is replaced
// by "requests_total", "request_duration_microseconds", "request_size_bytes",
// and "response_size_bytes", respectively. "Help" is replaced by an appropriate
// help string. The names of the variable labels of the http_requests_total
// CounterVec are "method" (get, post, etc.), and "code" (HTTP status code).
//
// If InstrumentHandlerWithOpts is called as follows, it mimics exactly the
// behavior of InstrumentHandler:
//
// prometheus.InstrumentHandlerWithOpts(
// prometheus.SummaryOpts{
// Subsystem: "http",
// ConstLabels: prometheus.Labels{"handler": handlerName},
// },
// handler,
// )
//
// Technical detail: "requests_total" is a CounterVec, not a SummaryVec, so it
// cannot use SummaryOpts. Instead, a CounterOpts struct is created internally,
// and all its fields are set to the equally named fields in the provided
// SummaryOpts.
//
// Deprecated: InstrumentHandlerWithOpts is deprecated for the same reasons as
// InstrumentHandler is. Use the tooling provided in package promhttp instead.
func InstrumentHandlerWithOpts(opts SummaryOpts, handler http.Handler) http.HandlerFunc {
return InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts(opts, handler.ServeHTTP)
}
// InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts works like InstrumentHandlerFunc (and shares
// the same issues) but provides more flexibility (at the cost of a more complex
// call syntax). See InstrumentHandlerWithOpts for details how the provided
// SummaryOpts are used.
//
// Deprecated: InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts is deprecated for the same reasons
// as InstrumentHandler is. Use the tooling provided in package promhttp instead.
func InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts(opts SummaryOpts, handlerFunc func(http.ResponseWriter, *http.Request)) http.HandlerFunc {
reqCnt := NewCounterVec(
CounterOpts{
Namespace: opts.Namespace,
Subsystem: opts.Subsystem,
Name: "requests_total",
Help: "Total number of HTTP requests made.",
ConstLabels: opts.ConstLabels,
},
instLabels,
)
if err := Register(reqCnt); err != nil {
if are, ok := err.(AlreadyRegisteredError); ok {
reqCnt = are.ExistingCollector.(*CounterVec)
} else {
panic(err)
}
}
opts.Name = "request_duration_microseconds"
opts.Help = "The HTTP request latencies in microseconds."
reqDur := NewSummary(opts)
if err := Register(reqDur); err != nil {
if are, ok := err.(AlreadyRegisteredError); ok {
reqDur = are.ExistingCollector.(Summary)
} else {
panic(err)
}
}
opts.Name = "request_size_bytes"
opts.Help = "The HTTP request sizes in bytes."
reqSz := NewSummary(opts)
if err := Register(reqSz); err != nil {
if are, ok := err.(AlreadyRegisteredError); ok {
reqSz = are.ExistingCollector.(Summary)
} else {
panic(err)
}
}
opts.Name = "response_size_bytes"
opts.Help = "The HTTP response sizes in bytes."
resSz := NewSummary(opts)
if err := Register(resSz); err != nil {
if are, ok := err.(AlreadyRegisteredError); ok {
resSz = are.ExistingCollector.(Summary)
} else {
panic(err)
}
}
return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
now := time.Now()
delegate := &responseWriterDelegator{ResponseWriter: w}
out := computeApproximateRequestSize(r)
_, cn := w.(http.CloseNotifier)
_, fl := w.(http.Flusher)
_, hj := w.(http.Hijacker)
_, rf := w.(io.ReaderFrom)
var rw http.ResponseWriter
if cn && fl && hj && rf {
rw = &fancyResponseWriterDelegator{delegate}
} else {
rw = delegate
}
handlerFunc(rw, r)
elapsed := float64(time.Since(now)) / float64(time.Microsecond)
method := sanitizeMethod(r.Method)
code := sanitizeCode(delegate.status)
reqCnt.WithLabelValues(method, code).Inc()
reqDur.Observe(elapsed)
resSz.Observe(float64(delegate.written))
reqSz.Observe(float64(<-out))
})
}
func computeApproximateRequestSize(r *http.Request) <-chan int {
// Get URL length in current goroutine for avoiding a race condition.
// HandlerFunc that runs in parallel may modify the URL.
s := 0
if r.URL != nil {
s += len(r.URL.String())
}
out := make(chan int, 1)
go func() {
s += len(r.Method)
s += len(r.Proto)
for name, values := range r.Header {
s += len(name)
for _, value := range values {
s += len(value)
}
}
s += len(r.Host)
// N.B. r.Form and r.MultipartForm are assumed to be included in r.URL.
if r.ContentLength != -1 {
s += int(r.ContentLength)
}
out <- s
close(out)
}()
return out
}
type responseWriterDelegator struct {
http.ResponseWriter
status int
written int64
wroteHeader bool
}
func (r *responseWriterDelegator) WriteHeader(code int) {
r.status = code
r.wroteHeader = true
r.ResponseWriter.WriteHeader(code)
}
func (r *responseWriterDelegator) Write(b []byte) (int, error) {
if !r.wroteHeader {
r.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
}
n, err := r.ResponseWriter.Write(b)
r.written += int64(n)
return n, err
}
type fancyResponseWriterDelegator struct {
*responseWriterDelegator
}
func (f *fancyResponseWriterDelegator) CloseNotify() <-chan bool {
return f.ResponseWriter.(http.CloseNotifier).CloseNotify()
}
func (f *fancyResponseWriterDelegator) Flush() {
f.ResponseWriter.(http.Flusher).Flush()
}
func (f *fancyResponseWriterDelegator) Hijack() (net.Conn, *bufio.ReadWriter, error) {
return f.ResponseWriter.(http.Hijacker).Hijack()
}
func (f *fancyResponseWriterDelegator) ReadFrom(r io.Reader) (int64, error) {
if !f.wroteHeader {
f.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
}
n, err := f.ResponseWriter.(io.ReaderFrom).ReadFrom(r)
f.written += n
return n, err
}
func sanitizeMethod(m string) string {
switch m {
case "GET", "get":
return "get"
case "PUT", "put":
return "put"
case "HEAD", "head":
return "head"
case "POST", "post":
return "post"
case "DELETE", "delete":
return "delete"
case "CONNECT", "connect":
return "connect"
case "OPTIONS", "options":
return "options"
case "NOTIFY", "notify":
return "notify"
default:
return strings.ToLower(m)
}
}
func sanitizeCode(s int) string {
switch s {
case 100:
return "100"
case 101:
return "101"
case 200:
return "200"
case 201:
return "201"
case 202:
return "202"
case 203:
return "203"
case 204:
return "204"
case 205:
return "205"
case 206:
return "206"
case 300:
return "300"
case 301:
return "301"
case 302:
return "302"
case 304:
return "304"
case 305:
return "305"
case 307:
return "307"
case 400:
return "400"
case 401:
return "401"
case 402:
return "402"
case 403:
return "403"
case 404:
return "404"
case 405:
return "405"
case 406:
return "406"
case 407:
return "407"
case 408:
return "408"
case 409:
return "409"
case 410:
return "410"
case 411:
return "411"
case 412:
return "412"
case 413:
return "413"
case 414:
return "414"
case 415:
return "415"
case 416:
return "416"
case 417:
return "417"
case 418:
return "418"
case 500:
return "500"
case 501:
return "501"
case 502:
return "502"
case 503:
return "503"
case 504:
return "504"
case 505:
return "505"
case 428:
return "428"
case 429:
return "429"
case 431:
return "431"
case 511:
return "511"
default:
return strconv.Itoa(s)
}
}
// gzipAccepted returns whether the client will accept gzip-encoded content.
func gzipAccepted(header http.Header) bool {
a := header.Get(acceptEncodingHeader)
parts := strings.Split(a, ",")
for _, part := range parts {
part = strings.TrimSpace(part)
if part == "gzip" || strings.HasPrefix(part, "gzip;") {
return true
}
}
return false
}
// httpError removes any content-encoding header and then calls http.Error with
// the provided error and http.StatusInternalServerErrer. Error contents is
// supposed to be uncompressed plain text. However, same as with a plain
// http.Error, any header settings will be void if the header has already been
// sent. The error message will still be written to the writer, but it will
// probably be of limited use.
func httpError(rsp http.ResponseWriter, err error) {
rsp.Header().Del(contentEncodingHeader)
http.Error(
rsp,
"An error has occurred while serving metrics:\n\n"+err.Error(),
http.StatusInternalServerError,
)
}