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API client: make http reads more efficient #976

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merged 1 commit into from Jan 25, 2022

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bboreham
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@bboreham bboreham commented Jan 24, 2022

Replace io.ReadAll with bytes.Buffer.ReadFrom.
Both need to resize a buffer until they have finished reading; the former increases by 1.25x each time while the latter uses 2x.

(I considered using ContentLength to size the buffer, but empirically Prometheus does not set it on larger responses.)

Also added a benchmark to demonstrate the benefit:

name             old time/op    new time/op    delta
Client/4KB-8       35.9µs ± 4%    35.3µs ± 3%     ~     (p=0.310 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8      83.1µs ± 8%    69.5µs ± 1%  -16.37%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/1000KB-8     891µs ± 6%     750µs ± 0%  -15.83%  (p=0.016 n=5+4)
Client/2000KB-8    1.74ms ± 2%    1.35ms ± 1%  -22.72%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

name             old alloc/op   new alloc/op   delta
Client/4KB-8       20.2kB ± 0%    20.4kB ± 0%   +1.26%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8       218kB ± 0%     136kB ± 0%  -37.65%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/1000KB-8    5.88MB ± 0%    2.11MB ± 0%  -64.10%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/2000KB-8    11.7MB ± 0%     4.2MB ± 0%  -63.93%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

name             old allocs/op  new allocs/op  delta
Client/4KB-8         75.0 ± 0%      72.0 ± 0%   -4.00%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8         109 ± 0%        98 ± 0%  -10.09%  (p=0.079 n=4+5)
Client/1000KB-8       617 ± 0%       593 ± 0%   -3.89%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/2000KB-8     1.13k ± 0%     1.09k ± 0%   -3.27%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

Replace `io.ReadAll` with `bytes.Buffer.ReadFrom`.
Both need to resize a buffer until they have finished reading;
the former increases by 1.25x each time while the latter uses 2x.

Also added a benchmark to demonstrate the benefit:
name             old time/op    new time/op    delta
Client/4KB-8       35.9µs ± 4%    35.3µs ± 3%     ~     (p=0.310 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8      83.1µs ± 8%    69.5µs ± 1%  -16.37%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/1000KB-8     891µs ± 6%     750µs ± 0%  -15.83%  (p=0.016 n=5+4)
Client/2000KB-8    1.74ms ± 2%    1.35ms ± 1%  -22.72%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

name             old alloc/op   new alloc/op   delta
Client/4KB-8       20.2kB ± 0%    20.4kB ± 0%   +1.26%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8       218kB ± 0%     136kB ± 0%  -37.65%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/1000KB-8    5.88MB ± 0%    2.11MB ± 0%  -64.10%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/2000KB-8    11.7MB ± 0%     4.2MB ± 0%  -63.93%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

name             old allocs/op  new allocs/op  delta
Client/4KB-8         75.0 ± 0%      72.0 ± 0%   -4.00%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8         109 ± 0%        98 ± 0%  -10.09%  (p=0.079 n=4+5)
Client/1000KB-8       617 ± 0%       593 ± 0%   -3.89%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/2000KB-8     1.13k ± 0%     1.09k ± 0%   -3.27%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

Signed-off-by: Bryan Boreham <bjboreham@gmail.com>
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@kakkoyun kakkoyun left a comment

LGTM. Thanks for the clear, detailed explanation and benchmarks.

@kakkoyun kakkoyun merged commit 4dd3cbb into prometheus:main Jan 25, 2022
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kakkoyun pushed a commit that referenced this issue May 13, 2022
Replace `io.ReadAll` with `bytes.Buffer.ReadFrom`.
Both need to resize a buffer until they have finished reading;
the former increases by 1.25x each time while the latter uses 2x.

Also added a benchmark to demonstrate the benefit:
name             old time/op    new time/op    delta
Client/4KB-8       35.9µs ± 4%    35.3µs ± 3%     ~     (p=0.310 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8      83.1µs ± 8%    69.5µs ± 1%  -16.37%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/1000KB-8     891µs ± 6%     750µs ± 0%  -15.83%  (p=0.016 n=5+4)
Client/2000KB-8    1.74ms ± 2%    1.35ms ± 1%  -22.72%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

name             old alloc/op   new alloc/op   delta
Client/4KB-8       20.2kB ± 0%    20.4kB ± 0%   +1.26%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8       218kB ± 0%     136kB ± 0%  -37.65%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/1000KB-8    5.88MB ± 0%    2.11MB ± 0%  -64.10%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/2000KB-8    11.7MB ± 0%     4.2MB ± 0%  -63.93%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

name             old allocs/op  new allocs/op  delta
Client/4KB-8         75.0 ± 0%      72.0 ± 0%   -4.00%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/50KB-8         109 ± 0%        98 ± 0%  -10.09%  (p=0.079 n=4+5)
Client/1000KB-8       617 ± 0%       593 ± 0%   -3.89%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)
Client/2000KB-8     1.13k ± 0%     1.09k ± 0%   -3.27%  (p=0.008 n=5+5)

Signed-off-by: Bryan Boreham <bjboreham@gmail.com>
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2 participants