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Prometheus SNMP Exporter

This exporter is the recommended way to expose SNMP data in a format which Prometheus can ingest.

To simply get started, it's recommended to use the if_mib module with switches, access points, or routers using the public_v2 auth module, which should be a read-only access community on the target device.

Note, community strings in SNMP are not considered secrets, as they are sent unencrypted in SNMP v1 and v2c. For secure access, SNMP v3 is required.


While SNMP uses a hierarchical data structure and Prometheus uses an n-dimnensional matrix, the two systems map perfectly, and without the need to walk through data by hand. snmp_exporter maps the data for you.


Prometheus is able to map SNMP index instances to labels. For example, the ifEntry specifies an INDEX of ifIndex. This becomes the ifIndex label in Prometheus.

If an SNMP entry has multiple index values, each value is mapped to a separate Prometheus label.


SNMP is structured in OID trees, described by MIBs. OID subtrees have the same order across different locations in the tree. The order under (ifIndex) is the same as in (ifDescr), (ifHCOutOctets), etc. The numbers are OIDs, the names in parentheses are the names from a MIB, in this case IF-MIB.


Given a device with an interface at number 2, a partial snmpwalk return looks like: = INTEGER: 2         # ifIndex for '2' is literally just '2' = STRING: "eth0"     # ifDescr = STRING: "eth0"    # IfName = INTEGER: 1000  # ifHCOutOctets, 1000 bytes = STRING: ""     # ifAlias

snmp_exporter combines all of this data into:

ifHCOutOctets{ifAlias="",ifDescr="eth0",ifIndex="2",ifName="eth0"} 1000


A single instance of snmp_exporter can be run for thousands of devices.



Binaries can be downloaded from the Github releases page and need no special installation.

We also provide a sample systemd unit file.


Start snmp_exporter as a daemon or from CLI:


Visit http://localhost:9116/snmp?target= where is the IP or FQDN of the SNMP device to get metrics from. Note that this will use the default transport (udp), default port (161), default auth (public_v2) and default module (if_mib). The auth and module must be defined in the snmp.yml file.

For example, if you have an auth named my_secure_v3 for walking ddwrt, the URL would look like http://localhost:9116/snmp?auth=my_secure_v3&module=ddwrt&target=

To configure a different transport and/or port, use the syntax [transport://]host[:port].

For example, to scrape a device using tcp on port 1161, the URL would look like http://localhost:9116/snmp?auth=my_secure_v3&module=ddwrt&target=tcp%3A%2F%2F192.0.0.8%3A1161.

Note that URL encoding should be used for target due to the : and / characters. Prometheus encodes query parameters automatically and manual encoding is not necessary within the Prometheus configuration file.

Metrics concerning the operation of the exporter itself are available at the endpoint http://localhost:9116/metrics.

It is possible to supply an optional snmp_context parameter in the URL, like this: http://localhost:9116/snmp?auth=my_secure_v3&module=ddwrt&target= The snmp_context parameter in the URL would override the context_name parameter in the snmp.yml file.

Multi-Module Handling

The multi-module functionality allows you to specify multiple modules, enabling the retrieval of information from several modules in a single scrape. The concurrency can be specified using the snmp-exporter option --snmp.module-concurrency (the default is 1).

Note: This implementation does not perform any de-duplication of walks between different modules.

There are two ways to specify multiple modules. You can either separate them with a comma or define multiple params_module. The URLs would look like this:

For comma separation:


For multiple params_module:



The default configuration file name is snmp.yml and should not be edited by hand. If you need to change it, see Generating configuration.

The default snmp.yml file covers a variety of common hardware walking them using SNMP v2 GETBULK.

The --config.file parameter can be used multiple times to load more than one file. It also supports glob filename matching, e.g. snmp*.yml.

The --config.expand-environment-variables parameter allows passing environment variables into some fields of the configuration file. The username, password & priv_password fields in the auths section are supported. Defaults to disabled.

Duplicate module or auth entries are treated as invalid and can not be loaded.

Prometheus Configuration

The URL params target, auth, and module can be controlled through relabelling.

Example config:

  - job_name: 'snmp'
      - targets:
        -  # SNMP device.
        - switch.local # SNMP device.
        - tcp://  # SNMP device using TCP transport and custom port.
    metrics_path: /snmp
      auth: [public_v2]
      module: [if_mib]
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement:  # The SNMP exporter's real hostname:port.

  # Global exporter-level metrics
  - job_name: 'snmp_exporter'
      - targets: ['localhost:9116']

You could pass username, password & priv_password via environment variables of your choice in below format. If the variables exist in the environment, they are resolved on the fly otherwise the string in the config file is passed as-is.

This requires the --config.expand-environment-variables flag be set.

    community: mysecret
    security_level: SomethingReadOnly
    username: ${ARISTA_USERNAME}
    password: ${ARISTA_PASSWORD}
    auth_protocol: SHA256
    priv_protocol: AES
    priv_password: ${ARISTA_PRIV_PASSWORD}

Similarly to blackbox_exporter, snmp_exporter is meant to run on a few central machines and can be thought of like a "Prometheus proxy".

TLS and basic authentication

The SNMP Exporter supports TLS and basic authentication. This enables better control of the various HTTP endpoints.

To use TLS and/or basic authentication, you need to pass a configuration file using the --web.config.file parameter. The format of the file is described in the exporter-toolkit repository.

Note that the TLS and basic authentication settings affect all HTTP endpoints: /metrics for scraping, /snmp for scraping SNMP devices, and the web UI.

Generating configuration

Most use cases should be covered by our default configuration. If you need to generate your own configuration from MIBs, you can use the generator.

Use the generator if you need to customize which objects are walked or use non-public MIBs.

Large counter value handling

In order to provide accurate counters for large Counter64 values, the exporter will automatically wrap the value every 2^53 to avoid 64-bit float rounding. Prometheus handles this gracefully for you and you will not notice any negative effects.

If you need to disable this feature for non-Prometheus systems, use the command line flag --no-snmp.wrap-large-counters.

Once you have it running

It can be opaque to get started with all this, but in our own experience, snmp_exporter is honestly the best way to interact with SNMP. To make it easier for others, please consider contributing back your configurations to us. snmp.yml config should be accompanied by generator config. For your dashboard, alerts, and recording rules, please consider contributing them to