Python Prompt Toolkit
prompt_toolkit is a library for building powerful interactive command line applications in Python.
Read the documentation on readthedocs.
NOTICE: prompt_toolkit 3.0
Please notice that this branch is the
prompt_toolkit 3.0 branch. For most
users, it should be compatible with
prompt_toolkit 2.0, but it requires at
least Python 3.6. On the plus side,
prompt_toolkit 3.0 is completely type
annotated and uses asyncio natively.
ptpython is an interactive
Python Shell, build on top of
prompt_toolkit could be a replacement for GNU readline, but it can be much
more than that.
- Pure Python.
- Syntax highlighting of the input while typing. (For instance, with a Pygments lexer.)
- Multi-line input editing.
- Advanced code completion.
- Both Emacs and Vi key bindings. (Similar to readline.)
- Even some advanced Vi functionality, like named registers and digraphs.
- Reverse and forward incremental search.
- Works well with Unicode double width characters. (Chinese input.)
- Selecting text for copy/paste. (Both Emacs and Vi style.)
- Support for bracketed paste.
- Mouse support for cursor positioning and scrolling.
- Auto suggestions. (Like fish shell.)
- Multiple input buffers.
- No global state.
- Lightweight, the only dependencies are Pygments, six and wcwidth.
- Runs on Linux, OS X, FreeBSD, OpenBSD and Windows systems.
- And much more...
Feel free to create tickets for bugs and feature requests, and create pull requests if you have nice patches that you would like to share with others.
pip install prompt_toolkit
For Conda, do:
conda install -c https://conda.anaconda.org/conda-forge prompt_toolkit
About Windows support
prompt_toolkit is cross platform, and everything that you build on top
should run fine on both Unix and Windows systems. Windows support is best on
recent Windows 10 builds, for which the command line window supports vt100
escape sequences. (If not supported, we fall back to using Win32 APIs for color
and cursor movements).
It's worth noting that the implementation is a "best effort of what is possible". Both Unix and Windows terminals have their limitations. But in general, the Unix experience will still be a little better.
The most simple example of the library would look like this:
from prompt_toolkit import prompt if __name__ == '__main__': answer = prompt('Give me some input: ') print('You said: %s' % answer)
For more complex examples, have a look in the
examples directory. All
examples are chosen to demonstrate only one thing. Also, don't be afraid to
look at the source code. The implementation of the
prompt function could be
a good start.
The source code of
prompt_toolkit should be readable, concise and
efficient. We prefer short functions focusing each on one task and for which
the input and output types are clearly specified. We mostly prefer composition
over inheritance, because inheritance can result in too much functionality in
the same object. We prefer immutable objects where possible (objects don't
change after initialization). Reusability is important. We absolutely refrain
from having a changing global state, it should be possible to have multiple
independent instances of the same code in the same process. The architecture
should be layered: the lower levels operate on primitive operations and data
structures giving -- when correctly combined -- all the possible flexibility;
while at the higher level, there should be a simpler API, ready-to-use and
sufficient for most use cases. Thinking about algorithms and efficiency is
important, but avoid premature optimization.