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This is the official implementation of Propel in Symfony2.


public function registerBundles()
    $bundles = array(

        // PropelBundle
        new Propel\PropelBundle\PropelBundle(),
        // register your bundles
        new Sensio\HelloBundle\HelloBundle(),

  • Don't forget to register the PropelBundle namespace in app/autoload.php if you are not using Composer:

    'Propel' => __DIR__.'/../vendor/bundles',

    'Phing'  => __DIR__.'/../vendor/phing/classes/phing',

Sample Configuration

Project configuration

# in app/config/config.yml
    path:       "%kernel.root_dir%/../vendor/propel"
    phing_path: "%kernel.root_dir%/../vendor/phing"
#    logging:   %kernel.debug%
#    build_properties:
#        xxxxx.xxxxx: xxxxxx
#        xxxxx.xxxxx: xxxxxx

# in app/config/config*.yml
        driver:               mysql
        user:                 root
        password:             null
        dsn:                  mysql:host=localhost;dbname=test;charset=UTF8
        options:              {}
        attributes:           {}
#        default_connection:       default
#        connections:
#            default:
#                driver:             mysql
#                user:               root
#                password:           null
#                dsn:                mysql:host=localhost;dbname=test
#                slaves:
#                    slave_server_1:
#                        user:       root
#                        password:   null
#                        dsn:        mysql:host=localhost;dbname=test_slave_1
#               options:
#                   ATTR_PERSISTENT: false
#               attributes:
#                   ATTR_EMULATE_PREPARES: true
#               settings:
#                   charset:        { value: UTF8 }
#                   queries:        { query: 'INSERT INTO BAR ('hey', 'there')' }

options, attributes and settings are parts of the runtime configuration. See Runtime Configuration File documentation for more explanation.

Build properties

You can define build properties by creating a propel.ini file in app/config and put build properties (see Build properties Reference).

# in app/config/propel.ini
xxxx.xxxx.xxxx = XXXX

But you can follow the Symfony2 way by adding build properties in app/config/config.yml:

# in app/config/config.yml
        xxxxx.xxxx.xxxxx:   XXXX
        xxxxx.xxxx.xxxxx:   XXXX

Sample Schema

Place the following schema in src/Sensio/HelloBundle/Resources/config/schema.xml :

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<database name="default" namespace="Sensio\HelloBundle\Model" defaultIdMethod="native">

    <table name="book">
        <column name="id" type="integer" required="true" primaryKey="true" autoIncrement="true" />
        <column name="title" type="varchar" primaryString="1" size="100" />
        <column name="ISBN" type="varchar" size="20" />
        <column name="author_id" type="integer" />
        <foreign-key foreignTable="author">
            <reference local="author_id" foreign="id" />

    <table name="author">
        <column name="id" type="integer" required="true" primaryKey="true" autoIncrement="true" />
        <column name="first_name" type="varchar" size="100" />
        <column name="last_name" type="varchar" size="100" />



Build Process

Call the application console with the propel:build command:

> php app/console propel:build [--classes] [--sql] [--insert-sql]

Insert SQL

Call the application console with the propel:sql:insert command:

> php app/console propel:sql:insert [--force]

Note that the --force option is needed to actually execute the SQL statements.

Use The Model Classes

Use the Model classes as any other class in Symfony2. Just use the correct namespace, and Symfony2 will autoload them:

class HelloController extends Controller
    public function indexAction($name)
        $author = new \Sensio\HelloBundle\Model\Author();

        return $this->render('HelloBundle:Hello:index.html.twig', array('name' => $name, 'author' => $author));


Generates SQL diff between the XML schemas and the current database structure:

> php app/console propel:migration:generate-diff

Executes the migrations:

> php app/console propel:migration:migrate

Executes the next migration up:

> php app/console propel:migration:migrate --up

Executes the previous migration down:

> php app/console propel:migration:migrate --down

Lists the migrations yet to be executed:

> php app/console propel:migration:status

Working with existing databases

Run the following command to generate an XML schema from your default database:

> php app/console propel:reverse

You can define which connection to use:

> php app/console propel:reverse --connection=default


You can load your own fixtures by using the following command:

> php app/console propel:fixtures:load [-d|--dir[="..."]] [--xml] [--sql] [--yml] [--connection[="..."]] [bundle]

As usual, --connection allows to specify a connection.

The --dir option allows to specify a directory containing the fixtures (default is: app/propel/fixtures/). Note that the --dir expects a relative path from the root dir (which is app/).

The --xml parameter allows you to load only XML fixtures. The --sql parameter allows you to load only SQL fixtures. The --yml parameter allows you to load only YAML fixtures.

You can mix --xml, --yml and --sql parameters to load XML, YAML and SQL fixtures. If none of this parameter are set all files YAML, XML and SQL in the directory will be load.

A valid XML fixtures file is:

    <Object Namespace="Awesome">
        <o1 Title="My title" MyFoo="bar" />
    <Related Namespace="Awesome">
        <r1 ObjectId="o1" Description="Hello world !" />

A valid YAML fixtures file is:

         Title: My title
         MyFoo: bar

         ObjectId: o1
         Description: Hello world !

You can load all fixtures files from a given bundle:

> php app/console propel:fixtures:load @MySuperBundle

You can dump data into YAML fixtures file by using this command:

> php app/console propel:fixtures:dump [--connection[="..."]]

Dumped files will be written in the fixtures directory: app/propel/fixtures/ with the following name: fixtures_99999.yml where 99999 is a timestamp. Once done, you will be able to load this files by using the propel:fixtures:load command.


You can generate Graphviz file for your project by using the following command line:

> php app/console propel:graphviz

It will write files in app/propel/graph/.


You can create a database:

> php app/console propel:database:create [--connection[=""]]

As usual, --connection allows to specify a connection.

You can drop a database:

> php app/console propel:database:drop [--connection[=""]] [--force]

As usual, --connection allows to specify a connection.

Note that the --force option is needed to actually execute the SQL statements.


You can drop one or several table:

> php app/console propel:table:drop [--force] [--connection[="..."]] [table1] ... [tableN]

As usual, --connection allows to specify a connection.

The table arguments define which table will be delete, by default all table.

Note that the --force option is needed to actually execute the deletion.

Form Types

You can generate stub classes based on your schema.xml in a given bundle:

> php app/console propel:form:generate [-f|--force] bundle [models1] ... [modelsN]

It will write Form Type classes in src/YourVendor/YourBundle/Form/Type.

You can choose which Form Type to build by specifing Model names:

> php app/console propel:form:generate @MySuperBundle Book Author


You can use the Propel ParamConverter with the SensioFrameworkExtraBundle. You just need to put the right Annotation on top of your controller:


 * @ParamConverter("post", class="BlogBundle\Model\Post")
public function myAction(Post $post)

Your request needs to have an id parameter or any field as parameter (slug, title, ...).

The Annotation is optional if your parameter is typed you could only have this:


public function myAction(Post $post)

Exclude some parameters:

You can exclude some attributes from being used by the converter:

If you have a route like /my-route/{slug}/{name}/edit/{id} you can exclude name and slug by setting the option "exclude":


 * @ParamConverter("post", class="BlogBundle\Model\Post", options={"exclude"={"name", "slug"}})
public function myAction(Post $post)


In a form, if you want to validate the unicity of a field in a table you have to use the UniqueObjectValidator. The only way to use it is in a validation.yml file, like this:

    - Propel\PropelBundle\Validator\Constraints\UniqueObject: username

For validate the unicity of more than just one fields:

    - Propel\PropelBundle\Validator\Constraints\UniqueObject: [username, login]

As many validator of this type as you want can be used.

Bundle Inheritance

The PropelBundle makes use of the bundle inheritance. Currently only schema inheritance is provided.

Schema Inheritance

You can override the defined schema of a bundle from within its child bundle. To make use of the inheritance you only need to drop a schema file in the Resources/config folder of the child bundle.

Each file can be overridden without interfering with other schema files. If you want to remove parts of a schema, you only need to add an empty schema file.

ACL implementation

The PropelBundle provides a model-based implementation of the Security components' interfaces. To make us of this AuditableAclProvider you only need to change your security configuration.


This will switch the provider to be the AuditableAclProvider of the PropelBundle.

The auditing of this provider is set to a sensible default. It will audit all ACL failures but no success by default. If you also want to audit successful authorizations, you need to update the auditing of the given ACL accordingly.

After adding the provider, you only need to run the propel:init:acl command in order to get the model generated. If you already got an ACL database, the schema of the PropelBundle is compatible with the default schema of Symfony2.

Separate database connection for ACL

In case you want to use a different database for your ACL than your business model, you only need to configure this service.

        class: PropelPDO
        factory_class: Propel
        factory_method: getConnection
            - "acl"

The PropelBundle looks for this service, and if given uses the provided connection for all ACL related operations. The given argument (acl in the example) is the name of the connection to use, as defined in your runtime configuration.