This directory contains the Ruby extension that implements Protocol Buffers functionality in Ruby.
The Ruby extension makes use of generated Ruby code that defines message and enum types in a Ruby DSL. You may write definitions in this DSL directly, but we recommend using protoc's Ruby generation support with .proto files. The build process in this directory only installs the extension; you need to install protoc as well to have Ruby code generation functionality.
Installation from Gem
When we release a version of Protocol Buffers, we will upload a Gem to RubyGems. To use this pre-packaged gem, simply install it as you would any other gem:
$ gem install [--prerelease] google-protobuf
Once the gem is installed, you may or may not need
protoc. If you write your
message type descriptions directly in the Ruby DSL, you do not need it.
However, if you wish to generate the Ruby DSL from a
.proto file, you will
also want to install Protocol Buffers itself, as described in this repository's
README file. The version of
protoc included in the latest release
--ruby_out option to generate Ruby code.
A simple example of using the Ruby extension follows. More extensive
documentation may be found in the RubyDoc comments (
call-seq tags) in the
source, and we plan to release separate, more detailed, documentation at a
require 'google/protobuf' # generated from my_proto_types.proto with protoc: # $ protoc --ruby_out=. my_proto_types.proto require 'my_proto_types' mymessage = MyTestMessage.new(:field1 => 42, :field2 => ["a", "b", "c"]) mymessage.field1 = 43 mymessage.field2.push("d") mymessage.field3 = SubMessage.new(:foo => 100) encoded_data = MyTestMessage.encode(mymessage) decoded = MyTestMessage.decode(encoded_data) assert decoded == mymessage puts "JSON:" puts MyTestMessage.encode_json(mymessage)
Installation from Source (Building Gem)
To build this Ruby extension, you will need:
- Ruby development headers
- a C compiler
To Build the JRuby extension, you will need:
- The latest version of the protobuf java library (see ../java/README.md)
- Install JRuby via rbenv or RVM
First switch to the desired platform with rbenv or RVM.
Then install the required Ruby gems:
$ gem install bundler $ bundle
Then build the Gem:
$ rake $ rake clobber_package gem $ gem install `ls pkg/google-protobuf-*.gem`
To run the specs:
$ rake test
This gem includes the upb parsing and serialization library as a single-file
amalgamation. It is up-to-date with upb git commit
Version Number Scheme
We are using a version number scheme that is a hybrid of Protocol Buffers' overall version number and some Ruby-specific rules. Gem does not allow re-uploads of a gem with the same version number, so we add a sequence number ("upload version") to the version. We also format alphabetical tags (alpha, pre, ...) slightly differently, and we avoid hyphens. In more detail:
- First, we determine the prefix: a Protocol Buffers version "3.0.0-alpha-2" becomes "3.0.0.alpha.2". When we release 3.0.0, this prefix will be simply "3.0.0".
- We then append the upload version: "3.0.0.alpha.2.0" or "188.8.131.52". If we need to upload a new version of the gem to fix an issue, the version becomes "3.0.0.alpha.2.1" or "184.108.40.206".
- If we are working on a prerelease version, we append a prerelease tag: "3.0.0.alpha.3.0.pre". The prerelease tag comes at the end so that when version numbers are sorted, any prerelease builds are ordered between the prior version and current version.
These rules are designed to work with the sorting rules for Gem::Version: release numbers should sort in actual release order.