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@dvarrazzo @fogzot @jdufresne
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"""Connection pooling for psycopg2
This module implements thread-safe (and not) connection pools.
"""
# psycopg/pool.py - pooling code for psycopg
#
# Copyright (C) 2003-2019 Federico Di Gregorio <fog@debian.org>
#
# psycopg2 is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
# by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# In addition, as a special exception, the copyright holders give
# permission to link this program with the OpenSSL library (or with
# modified versions of OpenSSL that use the same license as OpenSSL),
# and distribute linked combinations including the two.
#
# You must obey the GNU Lesser General Public License in all respects for
# all of the code used other than OpenSSL.
#
# psycopg2 is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
# ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public
# License for more details.
import psycopg2
from psycopg2 import extensions as _ext
class PoolError(psycopg2.Error):
pass
class AbstractConnectionPool(object):
"""Generic key-based pooling code."""
def __init__(self, minconn, maxconn, *args, **kwargs):
"""Initialize the connection pool.
New 'minconn' connections are created immediately calling 'connfunc'
with given parameters. The connection pool will support a maximum of
about 'maxconn' connections.
"""
self.minconn = int(minconn)
self.maxconn = int(maxconn)
self.closed = False
self._args = args
self._kwargs = kwargs
self._pool = []
self._used = {}
self._rused = {} # id(conn) -> key map
self._keys = 0
for i in range(self.minconn):
self._connect()
def _connect(self, key=None):
"""Create a new connection and assign it to 'key' if not None."""
conn = psycopg2.connect(*self._args, **self._kwargs)
if key is not None:
self._used[key] = conn
self._rused[id(conn)] = key
else:
self._pool.append(conn)
return conn
def _getkey(self):
"""Return a new unique key."""
self._keys += 1
return self._keys
def _getconn(self, key=None):
"""Get a free connection and assign it to 'key' if not None."""
if self.closed:
raise PoolError("connection pool is closed")
if key is None:
key = self._getkey()
if key in self._used:
return self._used[key]
if self._pool:
self._used[key] = conn = self._pool.pop()
self._rused[id(conn)] = key
return conn
else:
if len(self._used) == self.maxconn:
raise PoolError("connection pool exhausted")
return self._connect(key)
def _putconn(self, conn, key=None, close=False):
"""Put away a connection."""
if self.closed:
raise PoolError("connection pool is closed")
if key is None:
key = self._rused.get(id(conn))
if key is None:
raise PoolError("trying to put unkeyed connection")
if len(self._pool) < self.minconn and not close:
# Return the connection into a consistent state before putting
# it back into the pool
if not conn.closed:
status = conn.info.transaction_status
if status == _ext.TRANSACTION_STATUS_UNKNOWN:
# server connection lost
conn.close()
elif status != _ext.TRANSACTION_STATUS_IDLE:
# connection in error or in transaction
conn.rollback()
self._pool.append(conn)
else:
# regular idle connection
self._pool.append(conn)
# If the connection is closed, we just discard it.
else:
conn.close()
# here we check for the presence of key because it can happen that a
# thread tries to put back a connection after a call to close
if not self.closed or key in self._used:
del self._used[key]
del self._rused[id(conn)]
def _closeall(self):
"""Close all connections.
Note that this can lead to some code fail badly when trying to use
an already closed connection. If you call .closeall() make sure
your code can deal with it.
"""
if self.closed:
raise PoolError("connection pool is closed")
for conn in self._pool + list(self._used.values()):
try:
conn.close()
except Exception:
pass
self.closed = True
class SimpleConnectionPool(AbstractConnectionPool):
"""A connection pool that can't be shared across different threads."""
getconn = AbstractConnectionPool._getconn
putconn = AbstractConnectionPool._putconn
closeall = AbstractConnectionPool._closeall
class ThreadedConnectionPool(AbstractConnectionPool):
"""A connection pool that works with the threading module."""
def __init__(self, minconn, maxconn, *args, **kwargs):
"""Initialize the threading lock."""
import threading
AbstractConnectionPool.__init__(
self, minconn, maxconn, *args, **kwargs)
self._lock = threading.Lock()
def getconn(self, key=None):
"""Get a free connection and assign it to 'key' if not None."""
self._lock.acquire()
try:
return self._getconn(key)
finally:
self._lock.release()
def putconn(self, conn=None, key=None, close=False):
"""Put away an unused connection."""
self._lock.acquire()
try:
self._putconn(conn, key, close)
finally:
self._lock.release()
def closeall(self):
"""Close all connections (even the one currently in use.)"""
self._lock.acquire()
try:
self._closeall()
finally:
self._lock.release()
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