Code repository for "Spatiotemporal Traffic Matrix Synthesis", Paul Tune and Matthew Roughan, ACM SIGCOMM 2015, London, UK, August 2015.
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GAmaxent_minimax.m
README
abilene_traffic_matrix_example.m
calc_link_load.c Release code Jul 25, 2015
case_study_topology.m
clustcoeff.m
compute_model_PCA.m
cvnd.m
diameter.m
floyd_apsp.c
fourier_nmdl.m
freq_sparsify.m
link_length.m
maxent_pca.m Release code Jul 25, 2015
modulated_gravity.m
ncim.m
node_degree.m
peak_mean_cycle.m
simple_dijkstra.m
simple_traffic_matrix_generator.m Release code Jul 25, 2015
tm_real.mat
topo.mat

README

Tools for generating Traffic Matrices
=====================================

The code provided allows the user to generate two spatiotemporal
traffic matrix models: the Modulated Gravity Model (MGM) and the
Non-stationary Conditionally Independent Model (NCIM).

The scripts for generating the models are as follows:
1. modulated_gravity_model.m: MGM
2. ncim.m: NCIM
Note that both requires the generation of truncated normal random
variables. We use the Hamiltonian Markov Chain implementation by
Ari Pakman. This can be downloaded from 

https://github.com/aripakman/hmc-tmg

The scripts have been commented, so for usage, please use 
"help <script-name>"

Simple Example Script
=====================
An example generation of the traffic matrices is given by running
simple_traffic_matrix_generator.m. This will produce a series of
traffic matrices generated from the MGM, with the parameters 
specified by the user in the script. See more detailed documentation
in the script.

These traffic matrices are modulated by a simple sinusoidal with
a prescribed mean and peak-to-mean ratio. The script that
generates this is called peak_mean_cycle.m. See the help for the
script for more details.

Abilene Example Script
======================
Another example generation of the traffic matrices is given by running
abilene_traffic_matrix_generator.m. This will produce a series of
traffic matrices generated from the MGM, with the parameters 
specified by the user in the script. 

This time, however, the total traffic is specified from a model fit
based on the frequency model (Fourier-based) given by

y = Dx + z,

where y is Abilene's traffic, D is the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT)
dictionary, and z is a mean zero Gaussian distributed noise. 12 
frequencies (including Abilene's mean traffic) were selected from D using an information criterion, the normalised Minimum Description Length (nMDL) criterion.  

Abilene's traffic starts the 1st of March 2004. Each measurement interval is 5 minutes, and there are a total of 2016 data points (corresponding to one week).

Analysis Script
===============
Principle Component Analysis (PCA) of the MGM and NCIM is performed
in maxent_pca.m. This script generates the results as seen in 
Section 4.3 of [1]. Detailed documentation is found within the 
script. The user can adjust the variation parameter \sigma^2.

This script requires the Abilene traffic contained in 
tm_real.mat.

Also provided are a script to construct sparse versions
of a signal based on the nMDL information criterion. 

1. fourier_nmdl.m: constructs a frequency sparse version of
the original signal by selecting the optimal number of 
frequencies, based on the nMDL criterion, and


Case Study Script 
=================
Also provided is the script to generate PoP topologies as seen
in Section 5 of [1]. This is performed by running the script

GAmaxent_minimax.m

The script can generate arbitrary locations within a prescribed
region by setting preload_locations = 0 (found on line 50). 
Otherwise, setting to 1 will use the topology featured in [1].

The script requires the Combined Optimized Layered Design (COLD)
algorithm, which can be obtained from 

https://github.com/rhysbowden/COLD/

The version we require is the minimax version of COLD for traffic 
matrices, found in the branch COLD_minimax.

The script requires computation of the link loads and the Floyd-
Warshall algorithm. The implementations provided here were written
by Yin Zhang at the University of Texas at Austin. Be sure to 
compile the files by running

mex calc_link_load.c
mex floyd_apsp.c

before running GAmaxent_minimax.m

The default number of PoPs is 12, located in a 10 unit by 10 unit 
square. The user can change the parameters within the script on 
lines 53 to 57. Parameters for COLD are varied by modifying the
parameters on line 71 to 74. 

Associated scripts are:
1. clustcoeff.m: Computes the Global Clustering Coefficient,
2. cvnd.m: Computes the Coefficient of Variation of the node degree,
3. diameter.m: Computes the network topology's diameter,
4. link_length.m: Computes the link length,
5. node_degree.m: Computes the node degree of a node, and
6. simple_dijkstra.m: Runs a simple form of Dijkstra's algorithm.

Citation
========
[1] Paul Tune and Matthew Roughan, "Spatiotemporal Traffic Matrix
Synthesis", ACM SIGCOMM 2015, 17th to 21st August, 2015, London,
United Kingdom.