Transitive maven dependencies with Bazel.
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README.md

rules_maven Build Status

Rules Maven

Bazel rules for working with transitive maven dependencies.

Rules

Name Description
maven_repositories Load dependencies for this repo.
maven_repository Declare an external workspace that defines transitive dependencies for a set of maven artifacts.

Status: experimental, but actively in use for other internal projects.

Usage

1. Add rules_maven to your WORKSPACE

git_repository(
  name = "org_pubref_rules_maven",
  remote = "https://github.com/pubref/rules_maven",
  commit = HEAD, # replace with latest version
)

load("@org_pubref_rules_maven//maven:rules.bzl", "maven_repositories")
maven_repositories()

2a. Define an initial maven_repository rule naming the root artifact(s)

load("@org_pubref_rules_maven//maven:rules.bzl", "maven_repository")

maven_repository(
  name = "guice",
  deps = [
    'com.google.inject:guice:4.1.0',
  ],
)

Given this initial repository rule defintion, rules_maven will:

  1. write a build.gradle file,

  2. install gradle as it's own internal dependency (first time only; does not interfere with any other gradle you might have installed).

  3. call gradle dependencies and parse the output,

  4. fetch the expected sha1 values for named artifacts,

  5. write a @guice//:rules.bzl file having the requisite maven_jar rules (organized by configuration),

  6. write a @guice//:BUILD file with the requisite java_library that bundle/export dependencies (one per configuration).

  7. print out a formatted maven_repository "hermetic-form" rule with all the transitive dependencies and their sha1 values explicitly named (can be disabled via the hermetic = False attribute)

2b. Copy and paste the closed-form back into your WORKSPACE.

rules_maven will regurgitate a so-called closed-form maven_repository rule enumerating the transitive dependencies and their sha1 values in the transitive_deps attribute. Assuming you trust the data, copy and paste this back into your WORKSPACE.

maven_repository(
  name = 'guice',
  deps = [
    'com.google.inject:guice:4.1.0',
  ],
  transitive_deps = [
    '0235ba8b489512805ac13a8f9ea77a1ca5ebe3e8:aopalliance:aopalliance:1.0',
    '6ce200f6b23222af3d8abb6b6459e6c44f4bb0e9:com.google.guava:guava:19.0',
    'eeb69005da379a10071aa4948c48d89250febb07:com.google.inject:guice:4.1.0',
    '6975da39a7040257bd51d21a231b76c915872d38:javax.inject:javax.inject:1',
  ],
)

Once the transitive_deps is stable (all transitive deps and their correct sha1 values are listed), rules_maven will be silent.

Note: make sure you leave out the artifact ID type, rules_maven will get confused about it. For example, don't say com.google.inject:guice:jar:4.1.0 (leave out the :jar substring).

3. Load the @guice//:rules.bzl file in your WORKSPACE and invoke the desired macro configuration.

The rules.bzl file (a generated file) contains macro definitions that ultimately define native.maven_jar rules. A separate macro is defined for each gradle configuration. The default configurations are: compile, runtime, compileOnly, compileClasspath, testCompile, and testRuntime. (these can be customized via the configurations attribute).

The name of the macros are the gradle configuration name, prefixed with the rule name. In this case there are the following macros (and several others):

  • guice_compile: Provide compile-time dependencies.
  • guice_runtime: Provide runtime-time dependencies.
  • ...
load("@guice//:rules.bzl", "guice_compile")
guice_compile()

In this case, both _compile and _runtime macros provide the same dependencies.

You can inspect the contents of the generated file via:

$ cat $(bazel info output_base)/external/guice/rules.bzl

4. Depend on the java_library rule for the desired configuration.

java_binary(
  name = "app",
  main_class = "example.App",
  deps = ["@guice//:compile"],
)

Final WORKSPACE

To further illustrate steps 1-3 are all in the same file.

git_repository(
  name = "org_pubref_rules_maven",
  remote = "https://github.com/pubref/rules_maven",
  commit = HEAD, # replace with latest version
)
load("@org_pubref_rules_maven//maven:rules.bzl", "maven_repositories", "maven_repository")
maven_repositories()


maven_repository(
  name = 'guice',
  deps = [
    'com.google.inject:guice:4.1.0',
  ],
  transitive_deps = [
    '0235ba8b489512805ac13a8f9ea77a1ca5ebe3e8:aopalliance:aopalliance:1.0',
    '6ce200f6b23222af3d8abb6b6459e6c44f4bb0e9:com.google.guava:guava:19.0',
    'eeb69005da379a10071aa4948c48d89250febb07:com.google.inject:guice:4.1.0',
    '6975da39a7040257bd51d21a231b76c915872d38:javax.inject:javax.inject:1',
  ],
)
load("@guice//:rules.bzl", "guice_compile")
guice_compile()

maven_repository attributes

Name Type Default Description
name string None The rule name.
deps string_list [] List of maven artifacts having the form NAME:GROUP:VERSION
gradle_build_file label None Use the given build.gradle file to name dependencies (rather than generating one based on deps
transitive_deps string_list [] List of maven artifacts in the transitive set reachable from deps. The have the form SHA1:NAME:GROUP:VERSION, and are calculated by rules_maven via a generated build.gradle file.
exclude string_list_dict {} List of artifacts to exclude, in the form { 'NAME:GROUP': ['EXCLUDED_GROUP:EXCLUDED_NAME']
force string_list [] List of artifacts to force, in the form [ 'NAME:GROUP:VERSION']
omit string_list [] List of patterns to skip. The pattern must either be a substring of the coordinate [ 'NAME:GROUP:VERSION'] or equal to the generated workspace name.
hermetic bool True Regurgitate the rule with all transitive deps listed
repositories string_list_dict {} A mapping of artifact-id pattern to url (see below)
configurations string_list ["compile", "default", "runtime", "compileOnly", "compileClasspath"] List of configurations to generate a corresponding rule for.
experimental_disambiguate_maven_jar_workspace_names bool False See Note

experimental_disambiguate_maven_jar_workspace_names: This option changes the name of the generated workspace name for maven_jar rules. For example, consider the artifact com.google.guava:guava:20.0. The corresponding workspace name under default conditions is com_google_guava_guava. If experimental_disambiguate_maven_jar_workspace_names = True, the workspace name includes the version specifier and becomes com_google_guava_guava_20_0.

Example use of the repositories attribute:

# Load commons-imaging from adobe nexus repository.
# Load everything else (junit) from maven central.
maven_repository(
    name = "maven",
    repositories = {
        "https://repo.adobe.com/nexus/content/repositories/public/": [
            "org.apache.commons:commons-imaging",
        ],
    },
    deps = [
        "junit:junit:4.12",
        "org.apache.commons:commons-imaging:1.0-R1534292",
    ],
)

Credits

The anteater image is a reference to the O'Reilly book cover. This image is actually "Peter", the University of California Irvine mascot. ZOT!