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clstokes Remove bucket policy. (#209)
* Revert "Deny s3:ListBucket (#203)"

This reverts commit 71225e5.
Latest commit 742def6 Jan 14, 2019


Static Website using AWS and TypeScript

This example serves a static website using TypeScript and AWS.

This sample uses the following AWS products:

Getting Started

Install prerequisites with:

npm install

Configure the Pulumi program. There are several configuration settings that need to be set:

  • certificateArn - ACM certificate to serve content from. ACM certificate creation needs to be done manually. Also, any certificate used to secure a CloudFront distribution must be created in the us-east-1 region.
  • targetDomain - The domain to serve the website at (e.g. It is assumed that the parent domain ( is a Route53 Hosted Zone in the AWS account you are running the Pulumi program in.
  • pathToWebsiteContents - Directory of the website's contents. e.g. the ./www folder.

How it works

The Pulumi program constructs the S3 bucket, and constructs an aws.s3.BucketObject object for every file in config.pathToWebsiteContents. This is essentially tracks every file on your static website as a Pulumi-managed resource. So a subsequent pulumi up where the file's contents have changed will result in an update to the aws.s3.BucketObject resource.

Note how the contentType property is set by calling the NPM package mime.

const contentFile = new aws.s3.BucketObject(
        key: relativeFilePath,

        acl: "public-read",
        bucket: contentBucket,
        contentType: mime.getType(filePath) || undefined,
        source: new pulumi.asset.FileAsset(filePath),

The Pulumi program then creates an aws.cloudfront.Distribution resource, which will serve the contents of the S3 bucket. The CloudFront distribution can be configured to handle things like custom error pages, cache TTLs, and so on.

Finally, an aws.route53.Record is created to associate the domain name ( with the CloudFront distribution (which would be something like

return new aws.route53.Record(
            name: domainParts.subdomain,
            zoneId: hostedZone.zoneId,
            type: "A",
            aliases: [
                    name: distribution.domainName,
                    zoneId: distribution.hostedZoneId,
                    evaluateTargetHealth: true,


Scary HTTPS Warning

When you create an S3 bucket and CloudFront distribution shortly after one another, you'll see what looks to be HTTPS configuration issues. This has to do with the replication delay between S3, CloudFront, and the world-wide DNS system.

Just wait 15 minutes or so, and the error will go away. Be sure to refresh in an incognito window, which will avoid any local caches your browser might have.

"PreconditionFailed: The request failed because it didn't meet the preconditions"

Sometimes updating the CloudFront distribution will fail with:

"PreconditionFailed: The request failed because it didn't meet the preconditions in one or more
request-header fields."

This is caused by CloudFront confirming the ETag of the resource before applying any updates. ETag is essentially a "version", and AWS is rejecting any requests that are trying to update any version but the "latest".

This error will occurr when the state of the ETag get out of sync between the Pulumi Service and AWS. (Which can happen when inspecting the CloudFront distribution in the AWS console.)

This will get fixed in Pulumi soon, but for the time being you can find workaround steps in the issue on GitHub.

Deployment Speed

This example creates a aws.S3.BucketObject for every file served from the website. When deploying large websites, that can lead to very long updates as every individual file is checked for any changes.

It may be more efficient to not manage individual files using Pulumi and and instead just use the AWS CLI to sync local files with the S3 bucket directly.

Remove the call to crawlDirectory and run pulumi up. Pulumi will then delete the contents of the S3 bucket, and no longer manage their contents. Then do a bulk upload outside of Pulumi using the AWS CLI.

aws s3 sync ./www/ s3://example-bucket/