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/*
* Quasar: lightweight threads and actors for the JVM.
* Copyright (c) 2013-2014, Parallel Universe Software Co. All rights reserved.
*
* This program and the accompanying materials are dual-licensed under
* either the terms of the Eclipse Public License v1.0 as published by
* the Eclipse Foundation
*
* or (per the licensee's choosing)
*
* under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License version 3.0
* as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
package co.paralleluniverse.actors;
import co.paralleluniverse.concurrent.util.MapUtil;
import co.paralleluniverse.fibers.SuspendExecution;
import co.paralleluniverse.strands.Strand;
import co.paralleluniverse.strands.channels.SendPort;
import co.paralleluniverse.strands.queues.QueueCapacityExceededException;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Set;
/**
* An {@link ActorRef} which is not backed by any actual {@link Actor}.
* Instead, this "fake actor" only has a channel that serves as a mailbox, but not no {@link Actor#doRun() doRun} method, or a private strand.
*
* @author pron
*/
public abstract class FakeActor<Message> extends ActorImpl<Message> {
private static final Throwable NATURAL = new Throwable();
private final Set<LifecycleListener> lifecycleListeners = Collections.newSetFromMap(MapUtil.<LifecycleListener, Boolean>newConcurrentHashMap());
private final Set<ActorImpl> observed = Collections.newSetFromMap(MapUtil.<ActorImpl, Boolean>newConcurrentHashMap());
private volatile Throwable deathCause;
public FakeActor(String name, SendPort<Message> mailbox) {
super(name, (SendPort<Object>) mailbox, null);
}
/**
* All messages sent to the mailbox are passed to this method. If this method returns a non-null value, this value will be returned
* from the {@code receive} methods. If it returns {@code null}, then {@code receive} will keep waiting.
* <p/>
* By default, this message passes all {@link LifecycleMessage} messages to {@link #handleLifecycleMessage(LifecycleMessage) handleLifecycleMessage}, while
* other messages are returned (and will be returned by {@code receive}.
*
* @param m the message
*/
protected Message filterMessage(Object m) {
if (m instanceof LifecycleMessage) {
return handleLifecycleMessage((LifecycleMessage) m);
}
return (Message) m;
}
@Override
public boolean trySend(Message message) {
record(1, "ActorRef", "trySend", "Sending %s -> %s", message, this);
Message msg = filterMessage(message);
if (msg == null)
return true;
if (mailbox().trySend(msg))
return true;
record(1, "ActorRef", "trySend", "Message not sent. Mailbox is not ready.");
return false;
}
/**
* For internal use
*
* @param message
*/
@Override
protected void internalSend(Object message) throws SuspendExecution {
record(1, "ActorRef", "send", "Sending %s -> %s", message, this);
Message msg = filterMessage(message);
if (msg == null)
return;
try {
mailbox().send(message);
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
Strand.currentStrand().interrupt();
}
}
@Override
protected void internalSendNonSuspendable(Object message) {
record(1, "ActorRef", "internalSendNonSuspendable", "Sending %s -> %s", message, this);
Message msg = filterMessage(message);
if (msg == null)
return;
if (!mailbox().trySend(msg))
throw new QueueCapacityExceededException();
}
@Override
protected void addLifecycleListener(LifecycleListener listener) {
final Throwable cause = getDeathCause();
if (isDone()) {
listener.dead(ref(), cause);
return;
}
lifecycleListeners.add(listener);
if (isDone())
listener.dead(ref(), cause);
}
/**
* Returns this actor's cause of death
*
* @return the {@link Throwable} that caused this actor's death, or {@code null} if it died by natural causes, or if it not dead.
*/
protected final Throwable getDeathCause() {
return deathCause == NATURAL ? null : deathCause;
}
/**
* Tests whether this fake actor has terminated.
*/
protected final boolean isDone() {
return deathCause != null;
}
@Override
protected void removeLifecycleListener(LifecycleListener listener) {
lifecycleListeners.remove(listener);
}
@Override
protected void removeObserverListeners(ActorRef actor) {
for (Iterator<LifecycleListener> it = lifecycleListeners.iterator(); it.hasNext();) {
LifecycleListener lifecycleListener = it.next();
if (lifecycleListener instanceof ActorLifecycleListener)
if (((ActorLifecycleListener) lifecycleListener).getObserver().equals(actor))
it.remove();
}
}
/**
* Makes this fake actor watch another actor.
*
* When the other actor dies, this actor receives an {@link ExitMessage}, that is
* handled by {@link #handleLifecycleMessage(LifecycleMessage) handleLifecycleMessage}. This message does not cause an exception to be thrown,
* unlike the case where it is received as a result of a linked actor's death.
* <p/>
* Unlike a link, a watch is asymmetric, and it is also composable, namely, calling this method twice with the same argument would result in two different values
* returned, and in an {@link ExitMessage} to be received twice.
*
* @param other the other actor
* @return a {@code watchId} object that identifies this watch in messages, and used to remove the watch by the {@link #unwatch(ActorRef, Object) unwatch} method.
* @see #unwatch(ActorRef, Object)
*/
public final Object watch(ActorRef other) {
final Object id = ActorUtil.randtag();
final ActorImpl other1 = getActorRefImpl(other);
final LifecycleListener listener = new ActorLifecycleListener(ref(), id);
record(1, "Actor", "watch", "Actor %s to watch %s (listener: %s)", this, other1, listener);
other1.addLifecycleListener(listener);
observed.add(other1);
return id;
}
/**
* Un-watches another actor.
*
* @param other the other actor
* @param watchId the object returned from the call to {@link #watch(ActorRef) watch(other)}
* @see #watch(ActorRef)
*/
public final void unwatch(ActorRef other, Object watchId) {
final ActorImpl other1 = getActorRefImpl(other);
final LifecycleListener listener = new ActorLifecycleListener(ref(), watchId);
record(1, "Actor", "unwatch", "Actor %s to stop watching %s (listener: %s)", this, other1, listener);
other1.removeLifecycleListener(listener);
observed.remove(getActorRefImpl(other));
}
protected abstract Message handleLifecycleMessage(LifecycleMessage m);
protected void die(Throwable cause) {
record(1, "Actor", "die", "Actor %s is dying of cause %s", this, cause);
this.deathCause = (cause == null ? NATURAL : cause);
for (LifecycleListener listener : lifecycleListeners) {
record(1, "Actor", "die", "Actor %s notifying listener %s of death.", this, listener);
try {
listener.dead(ref(), cause);
} catch (Exception e) {
record(1, "Actor", "die", "Actor %s notifying listener %s of death failed with excetpion %s", this, listener, e);
}
}
// avoid memory leaks:
lifecycleListeners.clear();
observed.clear();
}
/////////// Serialization ///////////////////////////////////
protected final Object writeReplace() throws java.io.ObjectStreamException {
return RemoteActorProxyFactoryService.create(ref(), null);
}
}