Puppet Code Validation as a service
Puppet Validator is a simple web service that accepts arbitrary code submissions
and validates it the way
puppet parser validate and
puppet-lint would. For
simple and self-contained manifests, it can also show you a relationship graph.
Puppet Validator is completely themeable, albeit rather primitively.
See an example running on https://validate.puppet.com
Running the service directly
puppet-validator [-p <port>] [-l [logfile]] [-t <themedir>] [-d] ↳ Runs the Puppet Validator code validation service.
This is the simplest way to run Puppet Validator. It has no external dependencies, other
than the handful of gems it uses. This command will start the service. It will
not daemonize itself, though a
systemd init script is provided
that will take care of that for you. It will default to running on port 9000,
and will serve content directly out of its installation directory. You can
override and customize the web content by passing the
command-line argument. See Creating your own theme below.
This can load code from several popular paste services and can gist validated
code to https://gist.github.com. These gists include a
referer link back so
the gisted code can be re-validated at any time. If you'd like the
check to work properly, make sure to run this with a valid SSL certificate.
-d, --debug Display or log debugging messages --disable DISABLED_CHECKS Lint checks to disable. Either comma-separated list or filename. -l, --logfile [LOGFILE] Path to logfile. Defaults to no logging, or /var/log/puppet-validator if no filename is passed. -p, --port PORT Port to listen on. Defaults to 9000. -t, --theme THEMEDIR Path to the theme directory. -x, --csrf Protect from cross site request forgery. Requires code to be submitted for validation via the webpage. -g, --graph Generate relationship graphs from validated code. Requires `graphviz` to be installed. --ssl Run with SSL support. Autogenerates a self-signed certificates by default. --ssl-cert FILE Specify the SSL certificate you'd like use use. Pair with --ssl-key. --ssl-key FILE Specify the SSL key file you'd like use use. Pair with --ssl-cert. -h, --help Displays this help
Integrating with Middleware
If you plan to run this as a public service, then you may want to run it under middleware (such as Phusion Passenger, Puma, or Unicorn) for performance and scalability. The specific implementation will depend on your choice of webserver and middleware.
To configure Puppet Validator on Apache and Passenger, you'll need to install and configure the appropriate packages. Then you'll need to configure a virtual host to contain the application.
# /etc/httpd/conf.d/puppet-validator.conf Listen 9090 <VirtualHost *:9090> ServerName 184.108.40.206 DocumentRoot /etc/puppet-validator/public <Directory /etc/puppet-validator/public> Require all granted Allow from all Options -MultiViews </Directory> </VirtualHost>
Directory directives can point directly to the
directory within the gem installation directory, or it can point to the
directory of a custom theme you've created. See
Creating your own theme below. The two directives
should point to the same directory.
In the directory directly above the
public directory referenced above, you
should have a
config.ru file. This file will actually bootstrap and start the
application. An example file exists in the root of the gem installation directory.
It looks similar to the file below and may be customized to pass in any options
# /etc/puppet-validator/config.ru require 'rubygems' require 'puppet-validator' logger = Logger.new('/var/log/puppet-validator') logger.level = Logger::WARN PuppetValidator.set :root, File.dirname(__FILE__) PuppetValidator.set :logger, logger # List out the lint checks you want disabled. By default, this will enable # all installed checks. puppet-lint --help will list known checks. # PuppetValidator.set :disabled_lint_checks, ['80chars'] # Protect from cross site request forgery. With this set, code may be # submitted for validation by the website only. # PuppetValidator.set :csrf, false # Provide the option to generate relationship graphs from validated code. # This requires that the `graphviz` package be installed. # PuppetValidator.set :graph, false run PuppetValidator
Creating your own theme
Creating a Puppet Validator theme is as simple as copying the content files to a directory
and customizing them. The
init subcommand will do this for you. Note that the
command will overwrite existing files, but it will warn you before it does so.
root@master:~ # mkdir /etc/puppet-validator root@master:~ # cd /etc/puppet-validator/ root@master:/etc/puppet-validator # puppet-validator init Initializing directory as new Puppet Validator theme... root@master:/etc/puppet-validator # tree -L 2 . ├── LICENSE ├── README.md ├── config.ru ├── public │ ├── font-awesome-4.7.0 │ ├── gist.png │ ├── relationships.html │ ├── scripts.js │ ├── styles.css │ ├── testing.html │ └── validation.js └── views ├── index.erb └── result.erb
Once you've created your theme, you can start the Puppet Validator service using the
--theme command line arguments to tell Puppet Validator where to find your content.
root@master:~ # puppet-validator --theme /etc/puppet-validator/
Alternatively, you can edit your webserver virtual host configuration to point to the public directory within your new theme, as in the example shown above.
Puppet-lint is an incredibly valuable tool. That said, some of the checks it runs
may not apply to your environment. It's easy to disable these checks, either on
the command-line, or in the
config.ru file. By default, Puppet Validator will just run
all available checks.
Checks can be disabled either as a comma-separated list of checks:
root@master:~ # puppet-validator --disable 80chars,double_quoted_strings
Or in a file with one check per line.
root@master:~ # puppet-validator --disable /etc/puppet-validator/disabled_checks root@master:~ # cat /etc/puppet-validator/disabled_checks 80chars double_quoted_strings
This can also be done in your
config.ru. Specifying a list would look like this:
PuppetValidator.set :disabled_lint_checks, ['80chars', 'double_quoted_strings']
And loading the disabled checks from a file would look like:
PuppetValidator.set :disabled_lint_checks, '/etc/puppet-validator/disabled_checks'
Validating code against multiple Puppet versions
Puppet Validator runs a new process to validate each submission. This means that
it can lazy-load the requested Puppet version on demand. Simply
gem install all
the versions you want and they'll be visible in the drop-down selector.
# Installing a specific version root@master:~ # gem install puppet -v 5.3.3 # Installing several versions at once root@master:~ # gem install puppet:3.8.8 puppet:4.10.0 puppet:5.3.3
If you use the
puppet_validator module, simply specify the versions you want
as an array,
Running standalone with
systemd init script might look something like:
# /usr/lib/systemd/system/puppet-validator.service [Unit] Description=Puppet Validator After=network.target [Service] ExecStart=puppet-validator Restart=on-failure KillSignal=SIGINT [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Customize the command line as needed. You might include a
argument, or you might provide the full path to an
rvm installed gem.
If you just want to validate Puppet code you see on a website, follow the instructions on http://binford2k.com/content/2016/06/puppetlinter-dot-com