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README.md

apache

Table of Contents

  1. Overview - What is the apache module?
  2. Module Description - What does the module do?
  3. Setup - The basics of getting started with apache
  4. Usage - The classes and defined types available for configuration
  5. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  6. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  7. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Overview

The apache module allows you to set up virtual hosts and manage web services with minimal effort.

Module Description

Apache is a widely-used web server, and this module provides a simplified way of creating configurations to manage your infrastructure. This includes the ability to configure and manage a range of different virtual host setups, as well as a streamlined way to install and configure Apache modules.

Setup

What apache affects:

  • configuration files and directories (created and written to)
    • WARNING: Configurations that are not managed by Puppet will be purged.
  • package/service/configuration files for Apache
  • Apache modules
  • virtual hosts
  • listened-to ports
  • /etc/make.conf on FreeBSD and Gentoo
  • depends on module 'gentoo/puppet-portage' for Gentoo

Beginning with Apache

To install Apache with the default parameters

    class { 'apache':  }

The defaults are determined by your operating system (e.g. Debian systems have one set of defaults, and RedHat systems have another, as do FreeBSD and Gentoo systems). These defaults work well in a testing environment, but are not suggested for production. To establish customized parameters

    class { 'apache':
      default_mods        => false,
      default_confd_files => false,
    }

Configure a virtual host

Declaring the apache class creates a default virtual host by setting up a vhost on port 80, listening on all interfaces and serving $apache::docroot.

    class { 'apache': }

To configure a very basic, name-based virtual host

    apache::vhost { 'first.example.com':
      port    => '80',
      docroot => '/var/www/first',
    }

Note: The default priority is 15. If nothing matches this priority, the alphabetically first name-based vhost is used. This is also true if you pass a higher priority and no names match anything else.

A slightly more complicated example, changes the docroot owner/group from the default 'root'

    apache::vhost { 'second.example.com':
      port          => '80',
      docroot       => '/var/www/second',
      docroot_owner => 'third',
      docroot_group => 'third',
    }

To set up a virtual host with SSL and default SSL certificates

    apache::vhost { 'ssl.example.com':
      port    => '443',
      docroot => '/var/www/ssl',
      ssl     => true,
    }

To set up a virtual host with SSL and specific SSL certificates

    apache::vhost { 'fourth.example.com':
      port     => '443',
      docroot  => '/var/www/fourth',
      ssl      => true,
      ssl_cert => '/etc/ssl/fourth.example.com.cert',
      ssl_key  => '/etc/ssl/fourth.example.com.key',
    }

Virtual hosts listen on '*' by default. To listen on a specific IP address

    apache::vhost { 'subdomain.example.com':
      ip      => '127.0.0.1',
      port    => '80',
      docroot => '/var/www/subdomain',
    }

To set up a virtual host with a wildcard alias for the subdomain mapped to a same-named directory, for example: http://example.com.loc to /var/www/example.com

    apache::vhost { 'subdomain.loc':
      vhost_name       => '*',
      port             => '80',
      virtual_docroot  => '/var/www/%-2+',
      docroot          => '/var/www',
      serveraliases    => ['*.loc',],
    }

To set up a virtual host with suPHP

    apache::vhost { 'suphp.example.com':
      port                => '80',
      docroot             => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
      suphp_addhandler    => 'x-httpd-php',
      suphp_engine        => 'on',
      suphp_configpath    => '/etc/php5/apache2',
      directories         => { path => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
        'suphp'           => { user => 'myappuser', group => 'myappgroup' },
      }
    }

To set up a virtual host with WSGI

    apache::vhost { 'wsgi.example.com':
      port                        => '80',
      docroot                     => '/var/www/pythonapp',
      wsgi_application_group      => '%{GLOBAL}',
      wsgi_daemon_process         => 'wsgi',
      wsgi_daemon_process_options => {
        processes    => '2',
        threads      => '15',
        display-name => '%{GROUP}',
       },
      wsgi_import_script          => '/var/www/demo.wsgi',
      wsgi_import_script_options  =>
        { process-group => 'wsgi', application-group => '%{GLOBAL}' },
      wsgi_process_group          => 'wsgi',
      wsgi_script_aliases         => { '/' => '/var/www/demo.wsgi' },
    }

Starting in Apache 2.2.16, HTTPD supports FallbackResource, a simple replacement for common RewriteRules.

    apache::vhost { 'wordpress.example.com':
      port                => '80',
      docroot             => '/var/www/wordpress',
      fallbackresource    => '/index.php',
    }

Please note that the 'disabled' argument to FallbackResource is only supported since Apache 2.2.24.

See a list of all virtual host parameters. See an extensive list of virtual host examples.

Usage

Classes and Defined Types

This module modifies Apache configuration files and directories and purges any configuration not managed by Puppet. Configuration of Apache should be managed by Puppet, as non-Puppet configuration files can cause unexpected failures.

It is possible to temporarily disable full Puppet management by setting the purge_configs parameter within the base apache class to 'false'. This option should only be used as a temporary means of saving and relocating customized configurations. See the purge_configs parameter for more information.

Class: apache

The apache module's primary class, apache, guides the basic setup of Apache on your system.

You can establish a default vhost in this class, the vhost class, or both. You can add additional vhost configurations for specific virtual hosts using a declaration of the vhost type.

Parameters within apache:

allow_encoded_slashes

This sets the server default for the AllowEncodedSlashes declaration which modifies the responses to URLs with \ and / characters. The default is undefined, which omits the declaration from the server configuration and select the Apache default setting of Off. Allowed values are: on, off or nodecode.

apache_version

Configures the behavior of the module templates, package names, and default mods by setting the Apache version. Default is determined by the class apache::version using the OS family and release. It should not be configured manually without special reason.

conf_dir

Changes the location of the configuration directory the main configuration file is placed in. Defaults to '/etc/httpd/conf' on RedHat, '/etc/apache2' on Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22' on FreeBSD, and '/etc/apache2' on Gentoo.

confd_dir

Changes the location of the configuration directory your custom configuration files are placed in. Defaults to '/etc/httpd/conf' on RedHat, '/etc/apache2/conf.d' on Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22' on FreeBSD, and '/etc/apache2/conf.d' on Gentoo.

conf_template

Overrides the template used for the main apache configuration file. Defaults to 'apache/httpd.conf.erb'.

Note: Using this parameter is potentially risky, as the module has been built for a minimal configuration file with the configuration primarily coming from conf.d/ entries.

default_charset

If defined, the value will be set as AddDefaultCharset in the main configuration file. It is undefined by default.

default_confd_files

Generates default set of include-able Apache configuration files under ${apache::confd_dir} directory. These configuration files correspond to what is usually installed with the Apache package on a given platform.

default_mods

Sets up Apache with default settings based on your OS. Valid values are 'true', 'false', or an array of mod names.

Defaults to 'true', which includes the default HTTPD mods.

If false, it only includes the mods required to make HTTPD work, and any other mods can be declared on their own.

If an array, the apache module includes the array of mods listed.

default_ssl_ca

The default certificate authority, which is automatically set to 'undef'. This default works out of the box but must be updated with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

default_ssl_cert

The default SSL certification, which is automatically set based on your operating system ('/etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt' for RedHat, '/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem' for Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22/server.crt' for FreeBSD, and '/etc/ssl/apache2/server.crt' for Gentoo). This default works out of the box but must be updated with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

default_ssl_chain

The default SSL chain, which is automatically set to 'undef'. This default works out of the box but must be updated with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

default_ssl_crl

The default certificate revocation list to use, which is automatically set to 'undef'. This default works out of the box but must be updated with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

default_ssl_crl_path

The default certificate revocation list path, which is automatically set to 'undef'. This default works out of the box but must be updated with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

default_ssl_crl_check

Sets the default certificate revocation check level via the SSLCARevocationCheck directive, which is automatically set to 'undef'. This default works out of the box but must be specified when using CRLs in production. Only applicable to Apache 2.4 or higher, the value is ignored on older versions.

default_ssl_key

The default SSL key, which is automatically set based on your operating system ('/etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key' for RedHat, '/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key' for Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22/server.key' for FreeBSD, and '/etc/ssl/apache2/server.key' for Gentoo). This default works out of the box but must be updated with your specific certificate information before being used in production.

default_ssl_vhost

Sets up a default SSL virtual host. Defaults to 'false'. If set to 'true', sets up the following vhost:

    apache::vhost { 'default-ssl':
      port            => 443,
      ssl             => true,
      docroot         => $docroot,
      scriptalias     => $scriptalias,
      serveradmin     => $serveradmin,
      access_log_file => "ssl_${access_log_file}",
      }

SSL vhosts only respond to HTTPS queries.

default_type

(Apache httpd 2.2 only) MIME content-type that will be sent if the server cannot determine a type in any other way. This directive has been deprecated in Apache httpd 2.4, and only exists there for backwards compatibility of configuration files.

default_vhost

Sets up a default virtual host. Defaults to 'true', set to 'false' to set up customized virtual hosts.

docroot

Changes the location of the default Documentroot. Defaults to '/var/www/html' on RedHat, '/var/www' on Debian, '/usr/local/www/apache22/data' on FreeBSD, and '/var/www/localhost/htdocs' on Gentoo.

error_documents

Enables custom error documents. Defaults to 'false'.

httpd_dir

Changes the base location of the configuration directories used for the apache service. This is useful for specially repackaged HTTPD builds, but might have unintended consequences when used in combination with the default distribution packages. Defaults to '/etc/httpd' on RedHat, '/etc/apache2' on Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22' on FreeBSD, and '/etc/apache2' on Gentoo.

keepalive

Enables persistent connections.

keepalive_timeout

Sets the amount of time the server waits for subsequent requests on a persistent connection. Defaults to '15'.

max_keepalive_requests

Sets the limit of the number of requests allowed per connection when KeepAlive is on. Defaults to '100'.

lib_path

Specifies the location where apache module files are stored. It should not be configured manually without special reason.

loadfile_name

Sets the file name for the module loadfile. Should be in the format *.load. This can be used to set the module load order.

log_level

Changes the verbosity level of the error log. Defaults to 'warn'. Valid values are 'emerg', 'alert', 'crit', 'error', 'warn', 'notice', 'info', or 'debug'.

log_formats

Define additional LogFormats. This is done in a Hash:

  $log_formats = { vhost_common => '%v %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b' }
logroot

Changes the directory where Apache log files for the virtual host are placed. Defaults to '/var/log/httpd' on RedHat, '/var/log/apache2' on Debian, '/var/log/apache22' on FreeBSD, and '/var/log/apache2' on Gentoo.

logroot_mode

Overrides the mode the default logroot directory is set to ($::apache::logroot). Defaults to undef. Do NOT give people write access to the directory the logs are stored in without being aware of the consequences; see http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/logs.html#security for details.

manage_group

Setting this to 'false' stops the group resource from being created. This is for when you have a group, created from another Puppet module, you want to use to run Apache. Without this parameter, attempting to use a previously established group would result in a duplicate resource error.

manage_user

Setting this to 'false' stops the user resource from being created. This is for instances when you have a user, created from another Puppet module, you want to use to run Apache. Without this parameter, attempting to use a previously established user would result in a duplicate resource error.

mod_dir

Changes the location of the configuration directory your Apache modules configuration files are placed in. Defaults to '/etc/httpd/conf.d' for RedHat, '/etc/apache2/mods-available' for Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22/Modules' for FreeBSD, and '/etc/apache2/modules.d' on Gentoo.

mpm_module

Determines which MPM is loaded and configured for the HTTPD process. Valid values are 'event', 'itk', 'peruser', 'prefork', 'worker', or 'false'. Defaults to 'prefork' on RedHat, FreeBSD and Gentoo, and 'worker' on Debian. Must be set to 'false' to explicitly declare the following classes with custom parameters:

  • apache::mod::event
  • apache::mod::itk
  • apache::mod::peruser
  • apache::mod::prefork
  • apache::mod::worker

Note: Switching between different MPMs on FreeBSD is possible but quite difficult. Before changing $mpm_module you must uninstall all packages that depend on your currently-installed Apache.

package_ensure

Allows control over the package ensure attribute. Can be 'present','absent', or a version string.

ports_file

Changes the name of the file containing Apache ports configuration. Default is ${conf_dir}/ports.conf.

purge_configs

Removes all other Apache configs and vhosts, defaults to 'true'. Setting this to 'false' is a stopgap measure to allow the apache module to coexist with existing or otherwise-managed configuration. It is recommended that you move your configuration entirely to resources within this module.

purge_vhost_configs

If vhost_dir != confd_dir, this controls the removal of any configurations that are not managed by Puppet within vhost_dir. It defaults to the value of purge_configs. Setting this to false is a stopgap measure to allow the apache module to coexist with existing or otherwise unmanaged configurations within vhost_dir

sendfile

Makes Apache use the Linux kernel sendfile to serve static files. Defaults to 'On'.

serveradmin

Sets the server administrator. Defaults to 'root@localhost'.

servername

Sets the server name. Defaults to fqdn provided by Facter.

server_root

Sets the root directory in which the server resides. Defaults to '/etc/httpd' on RedHat, '/etc/apache2' on Debian, '/usr/local' on FreeBSD, and '/var/www' on Gentoo.

server_signature

Configures a trailing footer line under server-generated documents. More information about ServerSignature. Defaults to 'On'.

server_tokens

Controls how much information Apache sends to the browser about itself and the operating system. More information about ServerTokens. Defaults to 'OS'.

service_enable

Determines whether the HTTPD service is enabled when the machine is booted. Defaults to 'true'.

service_ensure

Determines whether the service should be running. Valid values are 'true', 'false', 'running', or 'stopped' when Puppet should manage the service. Any other value sets ensure to 'false' for the Apache service, which is useful when you want to let the service be managed by some other application like Pacemaker. Defaults to 'running'.

service_name

Name of the Apache service to run. Defaults to: 'httpd' on RedHat, 'apache2' on Debian and Gentoo, and 'apache22' on FreeBSD.

service_manage

Determines whether the HTTPD service state is managed by Puppet . Defaults to 'true'.

service_restart

Determines whether the HTTPD service restart command should be anything other than the default managed by Puppet. Defaults to undef.

trace_enable

Controls how TRACE requests per RFC 2616 are handled. More information about TraceEnable. Defaults to 'On'.

vhost_dir

Changes the location of the configuration directory your virtual host configuration files are placed in. Defaults to 'etc/httpd/conf.d' on RedHat, '/etc/apache2/sites-available' on Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22/Vhosts' on FreeBSD, and '/etc/apache2/vhosts.d' on Gentoo.

apache_name

The name of the Apache package to install. This is automatically detected in ::apache::params. You might need to override this if you are using a non-standard Apache package, such as those from Red Hat's software collections.

Defined Type: apache::custom_config

Allows you to create custom configs for Apache. The configuration files are only added to the Apache confd dir if the file is valid. An error is raised during the Puppet run if the file is invalid and $verify_config is true.

    apache::custom_config { 'test':
        content => '# Test',
    }

Parameters within apache::custom_config:

ensure

Specify whether the configuration file is present or absent. Defaults to 'present'. Valid values are 'present' and 'absent'.

confdir

The directory to place the configuration file in. Defaults to $::apache::confd_dir.

content

The content of the configuration file. Only one of $content and $source can be specified.

priority

The priority of the configuration file, used for ordering. Defaults to '25'.

Pass priority false to omit the priority prefix in file names.

source

The source of the configuration file. Only one of $content and $source can be specified.

verify_command

The command to use to verify the configuration file. It should use a fully qualified command. Defaults to '/usr/sbin/apachectl -t'. The $verify_command is only used if $verify_config is true. If the $verify_command fails, the configuration file is deleted, the Apache service is not notified, and an error is raised during the Puppet run.

verify_config

Boolean to specify whether the configuration file should be validated before the Apache service is notified. Defaults to true.

Class: apache::default_mods

Installs default Apache modules based on what OS you are running.

    class { 'apache::default_mods': }

Defined Type: apache::mod

Used to enable arbitrary Apache HTTPD modules for which there is no specific apache::mod::[name] class. The apache::mod defined type also installs the required packages to enable the module, if any.

    apache::mod { 'rewrite': }
    apache::mod { 'ldap': }

Classes: apache::mod::[name]

There are many apache::mod::[name] classes within this module that can be declared using include:

  • actions
  • alias(see apache::mod::alias below)
  • auth_basic
  • auth_cas* (see apache::mod::auth_cas below)
  • auth_kerb
  • authn_file
  • authnz_ldap*
  • authz_default
  • authz_user
  • autoindex
  • cache
  • cgi
  • cgid
  • dav
  • dav_fs
  • dav_svn*
  • deflate
  • dev
  • dir*
  • disk_cache
  • event(see apache::mod::event below)
  • expires
  • fastcgi
  • fcgid
  • filter
  • headers
  • include
  • info*
  • itk
  • ldap
  • mime
  • mime_magic*
  • negotiation
  • nss*
  • pagespeed (see apache::mod::pagespeed below)
  • passenger*
  • perl
  • peruser
  • php (requires mpm_module set to prefork)
  • prefork*
  • proxy*
  • proxy_ajp
  • proxy_balancer
  • proxy_html
  • proxy_http
  • python
  • reqtimeout
  • remoteip*
  • rewrite
  • rpaf*
  • setenvif
  • security
  • shib* (see apache::mod::shib below)
  • speling
  • ssl* (see apache::mod::ssl below)
  • status* (see apache::mod::status below)
  • suphp
  • userdir*
  • vhost_alias
  • worker*
  • wsgi (see apache::mod::wsgi below)
  • xsendfile

Modules noted with a * indicate that the module has settings and, thus, a template that includes parameters. These parameters control the module's configuration. Most of the time, these parameters do not require any configuration or attention.

The modules mentioned above, and other Apache modules that have templates, cause template files to be dropped along with the mod install. The module will not work without the template. Any module without a template installs the package but drops no files.

Class: apache::mod::alias

Installs and manages the alias module.

Full Documentation for alias is available from Apache.

To disable directory listing for the icons directory:

  class { 'apache::mod::alias':
    icons_options => 'None',
  }

Class: apache::mod::event

Installs and manages mpm_event module.

Full Documentation for mpm_event is available from Apache.

To configure the event thread limit:

  class {'apache::mod::event':
    $threadlimit      => '128',
  }

Class: apache::mod::auth_cas

Installs and manages mod_auth_cas. The parameters cas_login_url and cas_validate_url are required.

Full documentation on mod_auth_cas is available from JASIG.

Class: apache::mod::geoip

Installs and manages mod_geoip.

Full documentation on mod_geoip is available from MaxMind.

These are the default settings:

  class {'apache::mod::geoip':
    $enable  => false,
    $db_file => '/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP.dat',
    $flag    => 'Standard',
    $output  => 'All',
  }

The parameter db_file can be a single directory or a hash of directories.

Class: apache::mod::info

Installs and manages mod_info which provides a comprehensive overview of the server configuration.

Full documentation for mod_info is available from Apache.

These are the default settings:

  $allow_from      = ['127.0.0.1','::1'],
  $apache_version  = $::apache::apache_version,
  $restrict_access = true,

To set the addresses that are allowed to access /server-info add the following:

  class {'apache::mod::info':
    allow_from      => [
      '10.10.36',
      '10.10.38',
      '127.0.0.1',
    ],
  }

To disable the access restrictions add the following:

  class {'apache::mod::info':
    restrict_access => false,
  }

It is not recommended to leave this set to false though it can be very useful for testing. For this reason, you can insert this setting in your normal code to temporarily disable the restrictions like so:

  class {'apache::mod::info':
    restrict_access => false, # false disables the block below
    allow_from      => [
      '10.10.36',
      '10.10.38',
      '127.0.0.1',
    ],
  }

Class: apache::mod::pagespeed

Installs and manages mod_pagespeed, which is a Google module that rewrites web pages to reduce latency and bandwidth.

This module does not manage the software repositories needed to automatically install the mod-pagespeed-stable package. The module does however require that the package be installed, or be installable using the system's default package provider. You should ensure that this pre-requisite is met or declaring apache::mod::pagespeed causes the Puppet run to fail.

These are the defaults:

    class { 'apache::mod::pagespeed':
      inherit_vhost_config          => 'on',
      filter_xhtml                  => false,
      cache_path                    => '/var/cache/mod_pagespeed/',
      log_dir                       => '/var/log/pagespeed',
      memcache_servers              => [],
      rewrite_level                 => 'CoreFilters',
      disable_filters               => [],
      enable_filters                => [],
      forbid_filters                => [],
      rewrite_deadline_per_flush_ms => 10,
      additional_domains            => undef,
      file_cache_size_kb            => 102400,
      file_cache_clean_interval_ms  => 3600000,
      lru_cache_per_process         => 1024,
      lru_cache_byte_limit          => 16384,
      css_flatten_max_bytes         => 2048,
      css_inline_max_bytes          => 2048,
      css_image_inline_max_bytes    => 2048,
      image_inline_max_bytes        => 2048,
      js_inline_max_bytes           => 2048,
      css_outline_min_bytes         => 3000,
      js_outline_min_bytes          => 3000,
      inode_limit                   => 500000,
      image_max_rewrites_at_once    => 8,
      num_rewrite_threads           => 4,
      num_expensive_rewrite_threads => 4,
      collect_statistics            => 'on',
      statistics_logging            => 'on',
      allow_view_stats              => [],
      allow_pagespeed_console       => [],
      allow_pagespeed_message       => [],
      message_buffer_size           => 100000,
      additional_configuration      => { }
    }

Full documentation for mod_pagespeed is available from Google.

Class: apache::mod::php

Installs and configures mod_php. The defaults are OS-dependant.

Overriding the package name:

  class {'::apache::mod::php':
    package_name => "php54-php",
    path         => "${::apache::params::lib_path}/libphp54-php5.so",
  }

Overriding the default configuartion:

  class {'::apache::mod::php':
    source => 'puppet:///modules/apache/my_php.conf',
  }

or

  class {'::apache::mod::php':
    template => 'apache/php.conf.erb',
  }

or

  class {'::apache::mod::php':
    content => '
AddHandler php5-script .php
AddType text/html .php',
  }

Class: apache::mod::shib

Installs the Shibboleth module for Apache which allows the use of SAML2 Single-Sign-On (SSO) authentication by Shibboleth Identity Providers and Shibboleth Federations. This class only installs and configures the Apache components of a Shibboleth Service Provider (a web application that consumes Shibboleth SSO identities). The Shibboleth configuration can be managed manually, with Puppet, or using a Shibboleth Puppet Module.

Defining this class enables the Shibboleth specific parameters in apache::vhost instances.

Class: apache::mod::ssl

Installs Apache SSL capabilities and uses the ssl.conf.erb template. These are the defaults:

    class { 'apache::mod::ssl':
      ssl_compression         => false,
      ssl_cryptodevice        => 'builtin',
      ssl_options             => [ 'StdEnvVars' ],
      ssl_cipher              => 'HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5',
      ssl_honorcipherorder    => 'On',
      ssl_protocol            => [ 'all', '-SSLv2', '-SSLv3' ],
      ssl_pass_phrase_dialog  => 'builtin',
      ssl_random_seed_bytes   => '512',
      ssl_sessioncachetimeout => '300',
    }

To use SSL with a virtual host, you must either set thedefault_ssl_vhost parameter in ::apache to 'true' or set the ssl parameter in apache::vhost to 'true'.

Class: apache::mod::status

Installs Apache mod_status and uses the status.conf.erb template. These are the defaults:

    class { 'apache::mod::status':
      allow_from      => ['127.0.0.1','::1'],
      extended_status => 'On',
      status_path     => '/server-status',
){


  }

Class: apache::mod::expires

Installs Apache mod_expires and uses the expires.conf.erb template. These are the defaults:

    class { 'apache::mod::expires':
      expires_active  => true,
      expires_default => undef,
      expires_by_type => undef,
){


  }

expires_by_type is an array of Hashes, describing a set of types and their expire times:

  class { 'apache::mod::expires':
    expires_by_type => [
      { 'text/json' => 'access plus 1 month' },
      { 'text/html' => 'access plus 1 year' },
    ]
  }

Class: apache::mod::wsgi

Enables Python support in the WSGI module. To use, simply include 'apache::mod::wsgi'.

For customized parameters, which tell Apache how Python is currently configured on the operating system,

    class { 'apache::mod::wsgi':
      wsgi_socket_prefix => "\${APACHE_RUN_DIR}WSGI",
      wsgi_python_home   => '/path/to/venv',
      wsgi_python_path   => '/path/to/venv/site-packages',
    }

To specify an alternate mod_wsgi package name to install and the name of the module .so it provides, (e.g. a "python27-mod_wsgi" package that provides "python27-mod_wsgi.so" in the default module directory):

    class { 'apache::mod::wsgi':
      wsgi_socket_prefix => "\${APACHE_RUN_DIR}WSGI",
      wsgi_python_home   => '/path/to/venv',
      wsgi_python_path   => '/path/to/venv/site-packages',
      package_name       => 'python27-mod_wsgi',
      mod_path           => 'python27-mod_wsgi.so',
    }

If mod_path does not contain "/", it will be prefixed by the default module path for your OS; otherwise, it will be used literally.

More information about WSGI.

Class: apache::mod::fcgid

Installs and configures mod_fcgid.

The class makes no effort to list all available options, but rather uses an options hash to allow for ultimate flexibility:

    class { 'apache::mod::fcgid':
      options => {
        'FcgidIPCDir'  => '/var/run/fcgidsock',
        'SharememPath' => '/var/run/fcgid_shm',
        'AddHandler'   => 'fcgid-script .fcgi',
      },
    }

For a full list op options, see the official mod_fcgid documentation.

It is also possible to set the FcgidWrapper per directory per vhost. You must ensure the fcgid module is loaded because there is no auto loading.

    include apache::mod::fcgid
    apache::vhost { 'example.org':
      docroot     => '/var/www/html',
      directories => {
        path        => '/var/www/html',
        fcgiwrapper => {
          command => '/usr/local/bin/fcgiwrapper',
        }
      },
    }

See FcgidWrapper documentation for more information.

Class: apache::mod::negotiation

Installs and configures mod_negotiation. If there are not provided any parameter, default apache mod_negotiation configuration is done.

  class { '::apache::mod::negotiation':
    force_language_priority => 'Prefer',
    language_priority       => [ 'es', 'en', 'ca', 'cs', 'da', 'de', 'el', 'eo' ],
  }

Parameters within apache::mod::negotiation:

force_language_priority

A string that sets the ForceLanguagePriority option. Defaults to Prefer Fallback.

language_priority

An array of languages to set the LanguagePriority option of the module.

Class: apache::mod::deflate

Installs and configures mod_deflate. If no parameters are provided, a default configuration is applied.

  class { '::apache::mod::deflate':
    types => [ 'text/html', 'text/css' ],
    notes => {
      'Input' => 'instream',
      'Ratio' => 'ratio',
    },
  }
types

An array of mime types to be deflated.

notes

A hash where the key represents the type and the value represents the note name.

Class: apache::mod::reqtimeout

Installs and configures mod_reqtimeout. Defaults to recommended apache mod_reqtimeout configuration.

  class { '::apache::mod::reqtimeout':
    timeouts => ['header=20-40,MinRate=500', 'body=20,MinRate=500'],
  }

Class: apache::mod::version

This wrapper around mod_version warns on Debian and Ubuntu systems with Apache httpd 2.4 about loading mod_version, as on these platforms it's already built-in.

  include '::apache::mod::version'
timeouts

A string or an array that sets the RequestReadTimeout option. Defaults to ['header=20-40,MinRate=500', 'body=20,MinRate=500'].

Class: apache::mod::security

Installs and configures mod_security. Defaults to enabled and running on all vhosts.

  include '::apache::mod::security'
crs_package

Name of package to install containing crs rules

modsec_dir

Directory to install the modsec configuration and activated rules links into

activated_rules

Array of rules from the modsec_crs_path to activate by symlinking to ${modsec_dir}/activated_rules.

allowed_methods

HTTP methods allowed by mod_security

content_types

Content-types allowed by mod_security

restricted_extensions

Extensions prohibited by mod_security

restricted_headers

Headers restricted by mod_security

Defined Type: apache::vhost

The Apache module allows a lot of flexibility in the setup and configuration of virtual hosts. This flexibility is due, in part, to vhost being a defined resource type, which allows it to be evaluated multiple times with different parameters.

The vhost defined type allows you to have specialized configurations for virtual hosts that have requirements outside the defaults. You can set up a default vhost within the base ::apache class, as well as set a customized vhost as default. Your customized vhost (priority 10) will be privileged over the base class vhost (15).

The vhost defined type uses concat::fragment to build the configuration file, so if you want to inject custom fragments for pieces of the configuration not supported by default by the defined type, you can add a custom fragment. For the order parameter for the custom fragment, the vhost defined type uses multiples of 10, so any order that isn't a multiple of 10 should work.

    apache::vhost { "example.com":
      docroot  => '/var/www/html',
      priority => '25',
    }
    concat::fragment { "example.com-my_custom_fragment":
      target  => '25-example.com.conf',
      order   => 11,
      content => '# my custom comment',
    }

If you have a series of specific configurations and do not want a base ::apache class default vhost, make sure to set the base class default_vhost to 'false'.

    class { 'apache':
      default_vhost => false,
    }

Parameters within apache::vhost:

access_log

Specifies whether *_access.log directives (*_file,*_pipe, or *_syslog) should be configured. Setting the value to 'false' chooses none. Defaults to 'true'.

access_log_file

Sets the *_access.log filename that is placed in $logroot. Given a vhost, example.com, it defaults to 'example.com_ssl.log' for SSL vhosts and 'example.com_access.log' for non-SSL vhosts.

access_log_pipe

Specifies a pipe to send access log messages to. Defaults to 'undef'.

access_log_syslog

Sends all access log messages to syslog. Defaults to 'undef'.

access_log_format

Specifies the use of either a LogFormat nickname or a custom format string for the access log. Defaults to 'combined'. See these examples.

access_log_env_var

Specifies that only requests with particular environment variables be logged. Defaults to 'undef'.

add_default_charset

Sets AddDefaultCharset, a default value for the media charset, which is added to text/plain and text/html responses.

add_listen

Determines whether the vhost creates a Listen statement. The default value is 'true'.

Setting add_listen to 'false' stops the vhost from creating a Listen statement, and this is important when you combine vhosts that are not passed an ip parameter with vhosts that are passed the ip parameter.

use_optional_includes

Specifies if for apache > 2.4 it should use IncludeOptional instead of Include for additional_includes. Defaults to 'false'.

additional_includes

Specifies paths to additional static, vhost-specific Apache configuration files. Useful for implementing a unique, custom configuration not supported by this module. Can be an array. Defaults to '[]'.

aliases

Passes a list of hashes to the vhost to create Alias, AliasMatch, ScriptAlias or ScriptAliasMatch directives as per the mod_alias documentation. These hashes are formatted as follows:

aliases => [
  { aliasmatch       => '^/image/(.*)\.jpg$',
    path             => '/files/jpg.images/$1.jpg',
  },
  { alias            => '/image',
    path             => '/ftp/pub/image',
  },
  { scriptaliasmatch => '^/cgi-bin(.*)',
    path             => '/usr/local/share/cgi-bin$1',
  },
  { scriptalias      => '/nagios/cgi-bin/',
    path             => '/usr/lib/nagios/cgi-bin/',
  },
  { alias            => '/nagios',
    path             => '/usr/share/nagios/html',
  },
],

For alias, aliasmatch, scriptalias and scriptaliasmatch to work, each needs a corresponding context, such as <Directory /path/to/directory> or <Location /some/location/here>. The directives are created in the order specified in the aliases parameter. As described in the mod_alias documentation, more specific alias, aliasmatch, scriptalias or scriptaliasmatch parameters should come before the more general ones to avoid shadowing.

Note: Using the aliases parameter is preferred over the scriptaliases parameter since here the order of the various alias directives among each other can be controlled precisely. Defining ScriptAliases using the scriptaliases parameter means all ScriptAlias directives will come after all Alias directives, which can lead to Alias directives shadowing ScriptAlias directives. This is often problematic, for example in case of Nagios.

Note: If apache::mod::passenger is loaded and PassengerHighPerformance => true is set, then Alias might have issues honoring the PassengerEnabled => off statement. See this article for details.

allow_encoded_slashes

This sets the AllowEncodedSlashes declaration for the vhost, overriding the server default. This modifies the vhost responses to URLs with \ and / characters. The default is undefined, which omits the declaration from the server configuration and select the Apache default setting of Off. Allowed values are: on, off or nodecode.

block

Specifies the list of things Apache blocks access to. The default is an empty set, '[]'. Currently, the only option is 'scm', which blocks web access to .svn, .git and .bzr directories.

custom_fragment

Passes a string of custom configuration directives to be placed at the end of the vhost configuration. Defaults to 'undef'.

default_vhost

Sets a given apache::vhost as the default to serve requests that do not match any other apache::vhost definitions. The default value is 'false'.

directories

See the directories section.

directoryindex

Sets the list of resources to look for when a client requests an index of the directory by specifying a '/' at the end of the directory name. DirectoryIndex has more information. Defaults to 'undef'.

docroot

Provides the DocumentRoot directive, which identifies the directory Apache serves files from. Required.

docroot_group

Sets group access to the docroot directory. Defaults to 'root'.

docroot_owner

Sets individual user access to the docroot directory. Defaults to 'root'.

docroot_mode

Sets access permissions of the docroot directory. Defaults to 'undef'.

manage_docroot

Whether to manage to docroot directory at all. Defaults to 'true'.

error_log

Specifies whether *_error.log directives should be configured. Defaults to 'true'.

error_log_file

Points to the *_error.log file. Given a vhost, example.com, it defaults to 'example.com_ssl_error.log' for SSL vhosts and 'example.com_access_error.log' for non-SSL vhosts.

error_log_pipe

Specifies a pipe to send error log messages to. Defaults to 'undef'.

error_log_syslog

Sends all error log messages to syslog. Defaults to 'undef'.

error_documents

A list of hashes which can be used to override the ErrorDocument settings for this vhost. Defaults to '[]'. Example:

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      error_documents => [
        { 'error_code' => '503', 'document' => '/service-unavail' },
        { 'error_code' => '407', 'document' => 'https://example.com/proxy/login' },
      ],
    }
ensure

Specifies if the vhost file is present or absent. Defaults to 'present'.

fallbackresource

Sets the FallbackResource directive, which specifies an action to take for any URL that doesn't map to anything in your filesystem and would otherwise return 'HTTP 404 (Not Found)'. Valid values must either begin with a / or be 'disabled'. Defaults to 'undef'.

headers

Adds lines to replace, merge, or remove response headers. See Header for more information. Can be an array. Defaults to 'undef'.

ip

Sets the IP address the vhost listens on. Defaults to listen on all IPs.

ip_based

Enables an IP-based vhost. This parameter inhibits the creation of a NameVirtualHost directive, since those are used to funnel requests to name-based vhosts. Defaults to 'false'.

itk

Configures ITK in a hash. Keys can be:

  • user + group
  • assignuseridexpr
  • assigngroupidexpr
  • maxclientvhost
  • nice
  • limituidrange (Linux 3.5.0 or newer)
  • limitgidrange (Linux 3.5.0 or newer)

Usage typically looks like:

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot => '/path/to/directory',
      itk     => {
        user  => 'someuser',
        group => 'somegroup',
      },
    }
logroot

Specifies the location of the virtual host's logfiles. Defaults to '/var/log//'.

$logroot_ensure

Determines whether or not to remove the logroot directory for a virtual host. Valid values are 'directory', or 'absent'.

logroot_mode

Overrides the mode the logroot directory is set to. Defaults to undef. Do NOT give people write access to the directory the logs are stored in without being aware of the consequences; see http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/logs.html#security for details.

log_level

Specifies the verbosity of the error log. Defaults to 'warn' for the global server configuration and can be overridden on a per-vhost basis. Valid values are 'emerg', 'alert', 'crit', 'error', 'warn', 'notice', 'info' or 'debug'.

modsec_body_limit

Configures the maximum request body size (in bytes) ModSecurity will accept for buffering

modsec_disable_vhost

Boolean. Only valid if apache::mod::security is included. Used to disable mod_security on an individual vhost. Only relevant if apache::mod::security is included.

modsec_disable_ids

Array of mod_security IDs to remove from the vhost. Also takes a hash allowing removal of an ID from a specific location.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      modsec_disable_ids => [ 90015, 90016 ],
    }
    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      modsec_disable_ids => { '/location1' => [ 90015, 90016 ] },
    }
modsec_disable_ips

Array of IPs to exclude from mod_security rule matching

no_proxy_uris

Specifies URLs you do not want to proxy. This parameter is meant to be used in combination with proxy_dest.

no_proxy_uris_match

This directive is equivalent to no_proxy_uris, but takes regular expressions.

proxy_preserve_host

Sets the ProxyPreserveHost Directive. true Enables the Host: line from an incoming request to be proxied to the host instead of hostname . false sets this option to off (default).

proxy_error_override

Sets the ProxyErrorOverride Directive. This directive controls whether apache should override error pages for proxied content. This option is off by default.

options

Sets the Options for the specified virtual host. Defaults to '['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews']', as demonstrated below:

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      options => ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],
    }

Note: If you use directories, 'Options', 'Override', and 'DirectoryIndex' are ignored because they are parameters within directories.

override

Sets the overrides for the specified virtual host. Accepts an array of AllowOverride arguments. Defaults to '[none]'.

passenger_app_root

Sets PassengerRoot, the location of the Passenger application root if different from the DocumentRoot.

passenger_app_env

Sets PassengerAppEnv, the environment for the Passenger application. If not specifies, defaults to the global setting or 'production'.

passenger_ruby

Sets PassengerRuby on this virtual host, the Ruby interpreter to use for the application.

passenger_min_instances

Sets PassengerMinInstances, the minimum number of application processes to run.

passenger_start_timeout

Sets PassengerStartTimeout, the timeout for the application startup.

passenger_pre_start

Sets PassengerPreStart, the URL of the application if pre-starting is required.

php_flags & values

Allows per-vhost setting php_values or php_flags. These flags or values can be overwritten by a user or an application. Defaults to '[]'.

php_admin_flags & values

Allows per-vhost setting php_admin_values or php_admin_flags. These flags or values cannot be overwritten by a user or an application. Defaults to '[]'.

port

Sets the port the host is configured on. The module's defaults ensure the host listens on port 80 for non-SSL vhosts and port 443 for SSL vhosts. The host only listens on the port set in this parameter.

priority

Sets the relative load-order for Apache HTTPD VirtualHost configuration files. Defaults to '25'.

If nothing matches the priority, the first name-based vhost is used. Likewise, passing a higher priority causes the alphabetically first name-based vhost to be used if no other names match.

Note: You should not need to use this parameter. However, if you do use it, be aware that the default_vhost parameter for apache::vhost passes a priority of '15'.

Pass priority false to omit the priority prefix in file names.

proxy_dest

Specifies the destination address of a ProxyPass configuration. Defaults to 'undef'.

proxy_pass

Specifies an array of path => URI for a ProxyPass configuration. Defaults to 'undef'. Optionally parameters can be added as an array.

apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
  …
  proxy_pass => [
    { 'path' => '/a', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/' },
    { 'path' => '/b', 'url' => 'http://backend-b/' },
    { 'path' => '/c', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/c', 'params' => {'max'=>20, 'ttl'=>120, 'retry'=>300}},
    { 'path' => '/l', 'url' => 'http://backend-xy',
      'reverse_urls' => ['http://backend-x', 'http://backend-y'] },
    { 'path' => '/d', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/d',
      'params' => { 'retry' => '0', 'timeout' => '5' }, },
    { 'path' => '/e', 'url' => 'http://backend-a/e',
      'keywords' => ['nocanon', 'interpolate'] },
    { 'path' => '/f', 'url' => 'http://backend-f/',
      'setenv' => ['proxy-nokeepalive 1','force-proxy-request-1.0 1']},
  ],
}

reverse_urls is optional and can be an array or a string. It is useful when used with mod_proxy_balancer. params is an optional parameter. It allows to provide the ProxyPass key=value parameters (Connection settings). setenv is optional and is an array to set environment variables for the proxy directive, for details see http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/mod_proxy.html#envsettings

proxy_dest_match

This directive is equivalent to proxy_dest, but takes regular expressions, see ProxyPassMatch for details.

proxy_dest_reverse_match

Allows you to pass a ProxyPassReverse if proxy_dest_match is specified. See ProxyPassReverse for details.

proxy_pass_match

This directive is equivalent to proxy_pass, but takes regular expressions, see ProxyPassMatch for details.

rack_base_uris

Specifies the resource identifiers for a rack configuration. The file paths specified are listed as rack application roots for Phusion Passenger in the _rack.erb template. Defaults to 'undef'.

redirect_dest

Specifies the address to redirect to. Defaults to 'undef'.

redirect_source

Specifies the source URIs that redirect to the destination specified in redirect_dest. If more than one item for redirect is supplied, the source and destination must be the same length, and the items are order-dependent.

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      redirect_source => ['/images','/downloads'],
      redirect_dest   => ['http://img.example.com/','http://downloads.example.com/'],
    }
redirect_status

Specifies the status to append to the redirect. Defaults to 'undef'.

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      redirect_status => ['temp','permanent'],
    }
redirectmatch_regexp & redirectmatch_status & redirectmatch_dest

Determines which server status should be raised for a given regular expression and where to forward the user to. Entered as arrays. Defaults to 'undef'.

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      redirectmatch_status => ['404','404'],
      redirectmatch_regexp => ['\.git(/.*|$)/','\.svn(/.*|$)'],
      redirectmatch_dest => ['http://www.example.com/1','http://www.example.com/2'],
    }
request_headers

Modifies collected request headers in various ways, including adding additional request headers, removing request headers, etc. Defaults to 'undef'.

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      request_headers => [
        'append MirrorID "mirror 12"',
        'unset MirrorID',
      ],
    }
rewrites

Creates URL rewrite rules. Expects an array of hashes, and the hash keys can be any of 'comment', 'rewrite_base', 'rewrite_cond', 'rewrite_rule' or 'rewrite_map'. Defaults to 'undef'.

For example, you can specify that anyone trying to access index.html is served welcome.html

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      rewrites => [ { rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'] } ]
    }

The parameter allows rewrite conditions that, when true, execute the associated rule. For instance, if you wanted to rewrite URLs only if the visitor is using IE

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      rewrites => [
        {
          comment      => 'redirect IE',
          rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^MSIE'],
          rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'],
        },
      ],
    }

You can also apply multiple conditions. For instance, rewrite index.html to welcome.html only when the browser is Lynx or Mozilla (version 1 or 2)

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      rewrites => [
        {
          comment      => 'Lynx or Mozilla v1/2',
          rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Lynx/ [OR]', '%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/[12]'],
          rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'],
        },
      ],
    }

Multiple rewrites and conditions are also possible

    apache::vhost { 'site.name.fdqn':
      …
      rewrites => [
        {
          comment      => 'Lynx or Mozilla v1/2',
          rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Lynx/ [OR]', '%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Mozilla/[12]'],
          rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ welcome.html'],
        },
        {
          comment      => 'Internet Explorer',
          rewrite_cond => ['%{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^MSIE'],
          rewrite_rule => ['^index\.html$ /index.IE.html [L]'],
        },
        {
          rewrite_base => /apps/,
          rewrite_rule => ['^index\.cgi$ index.php', '^index\.html$ index.php', '^index\.asp$ index.html'],
        },
        { comment      => 'Rewrite to lower case',
          rewrite_cond => ['%{REQUEST_URI} [A-Z]'],
          rewrite_map  => ['lc int:tolower'],
          rewrite_rule => ['(.*) ${lc:$1} [R=301,L]'],
        },
     ],
    }

Refer to the mod_rewrite documentation for more details on what is possible with rewrite rules and conditions.

scriptalias

Defines a directory of CGI scripts to be aliased to the path '/cgi-bin', for example: '/usr/scripts'. Defaults to 'undef'.

scriptaliases

Note: This parameter is deprecated in favour of the aliases parameter.

Passes an array of hashes to the vhost to create either ScriptAlias or ScriptAliasMatch statements as per the mod_alias documentation. These hashes are formatted as follows:

    scriptaliases => [
      {
        alias => '/myscript',
        path  => '/usr/share/myscript',
      },
      {
        aliasmatch => '^/foo(.*)',
        path       => '/usr/share/fooscripts$1',
      },
      {
        aliasmatch => '^/bar/(.*)',
        path       => '/usr/share/bar/wrapper.sh/$1',
      },
      {
        alias => '/neatscript',
        path  => '/usr/share/neatscript',
      },
    ]

The ScriptAlias and ScriptAliasMatch directives are created in the order specified. As with Alias and AliasMatch directives, more specific aliases should come before more general ones to avoid shadowing.

serveradmin

Specifies the email address Apache displays when it renders one of its error pages. Defaults to 'undef'.

serveraliases

Sets the ServerAliases of the site. Defaults to '[]'.

servername

Sets the servername corresponding to the hostname you connect to the virtual host at. Defaults to the title of the resource.

setenv

Used by HTTPD to set environment variables for vhosts. Defaults to '[]'.

Example:

    apache::vhost { 'setenv.example.com':
      setenv => ['SPECIAL_PATH /foo/bin'],
    }
setenvif

Used by HTTPD to conditionally set environment variables for vhosts. Defaults to '[]'.

suphp_addhandler, suphp_configpath, & suphp_engine

Set up a virtual host with suPHP.

suphp_addhandler defaults to 'php5-script' on RedHat and FreeBSD, and 'x-httpd-php' on Debian and Gentoo.

suphp_configpath defaults to 'undef' on RedHat and FreeBSD, and '/etc/php5/apache2' on Debian and Gentoo.

suphp_engine allows values 'on' or 'off'. Defaults to 'off'

To set up a virtual host with suPHP

    apache::vhost { 'suphp.example.com':
      port                => '80',
      docroot             => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
      suphp_addhandler    => 'x-httpd-php',
      suphp_engine        => 'on',
      suphp_configpath    => '/etc/php5/apache2',
      directories         => { path => '/home/appuser/myphpapp',
        'suphp'           => { user => 'myappuser', group => 'myappgroup' },
      }
    }
vhost_name

Enables name-based virtual hosting. If no IP is passed to the virtual host, but the vhost is assigned a port, then the vhost name is 'vhost_name:port'. If the virtual host has no assigned IP or port, the vhost name is set to the title of the resource. Defaults to '*'.

virtual_docroot

Sets up a virtual host with a wildcard alias subdomain mapped to a directory with the same name. For example, 'http://example.com' would map to '/var/www/example.com'. Defaults to 'false'.

    apache::vhost { 'subdomain.loc':
      vhost_name       => '*',
      port             => '80',
      virtual_docroot' => '/var/www/%-2+',
      docroot          => '/var/www',
      serveraliases    => ['*.loc',],
    }
wsgi_daemon_process, wsgi_daemon_process_options, wsgi_process_group, wsgi_script_aliases, & wsgi_pass_authorization

Set up a virtual host with WSGI.

wsgi_daemon_process sets the name of the WSGI daemon. It is a hash, accepting these keys, and it defaults to 'undef'.

wsgi_daemon_process_options is optional and defaults to 'undef'.

wsgi_process_group sets the group ID the virtual host runs under. Defaults to 'undef'.

wsgi_script_aliases requires a hash of web paths to filesystem .wsgi paths. Defaults to 'undef'.

wsgi_pass_authorization the WSGI application handles authorisation instead of Apache when set to 'On'. For more information see here. Defaults to 'undef' where apache sets the defaults setting to 'Off'.

wsgi_chunked_request enables support for chunked requests. Defaults to 'undef'.

To set up a virtual host with WSGI

    apache::vhost { 'wsgi.example.com':
      port                        => '80',
      docroot                     => '/var/www/pythonapp',
      wsgi_daemon_process         => 'wsgi',
      wsgi_daemon_process_options =>
        { processes    => '2',
          threads      => '15',
          display-name => '%{GROUP}',
         },
      wsgi_process_group          => 'wsgi',
      wsgi_script_aliases         => { '/' => '/var/www/demo.wsgi' },
      wsgi_chunked_request        => 'On',
    }

Parameter directories for apache::vhost

The directories parameter within the apache::vhost class passes an array of hashes to the vhost to create Directory, File, and Location directive blocks. These blocks take the form, '< Directory /path/to/directory>...< /Directory>'.

The path key sets the path for the directory, files, and location blocks. Its value must be a path for the 'directory', 'files', and 'location' providers, or a regex for the 'directorymatch', 'filesmatch', or 'locationmatch' providers. Each hash passed to directories must contain path as one of the keys.

The provider key is optional. If missing, this key defaults to 'directory'. Valid values for provider are 'directory', 'files', 'location', 'directorymatch', 'filesmatch', or 'locationmatch'. If you set provider to 'directorymatch', it uses the keyword 'DirectoryMatch' in the Apache config file.

General directories usage looks something like

    apache::vhost { 'files.example.net':
      docroot     => '/var/www/files',
      directories => [
        { 'path'     => '/var/www/files',
          'provider' => 'files',
          'deny'     => 'from all'
         },
      ],
    }

Note: At least one directory should match the docroot parameter. After you start declaring directories, apache::vhost assumes that all required Directory blocks will be declared. If not defined, a single default Directory block is created that matches the docroot parameter.

Available handlers, represented as keys, should be placed within the directory, files, or location hashes. This looks like

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [ { path => '/path/to/directory', handler => value } ],
}

Any handlers you do not set in these hashes are considered 'undefined' within Puppet and are not added to the virtual host, resulting in the module using their default values. Supported handlers are:

addhandlers

Sets AddHandler directives, which map filename extensions to the specified handler. Accepts a list of hashes, with extensions serving to list the extensions being managed by the handler, and takes the form: { handler => 'handler-name', extensions => ['extension']}.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path        => '/path/to/directory',
          addhandlers => [{ handler => 'cgi-script', extensions => ['.cgi']}],
        },
      ],
    }
allow

Sets an Allow directive, which groups authorizations based on hostnames or IPs. Deprecated: This parameter is being deprecated due to a change in Apache. It only works with Apache 2.2 and lower. You can use it as a single string for one rule or as an array for more than one.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path  => '/path/to/directory',
          allow => 'from example.org',
        },
      ],
    }
allow_override

Sets the types of directives allowed in .htaccess files. Accepts an array.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot      => '/path/to/directory',
      directories  => [
        { path           => '/path/to/directory',
          allow_override => ['AuthConfig', 'Indexes'],
        },
      ],
    }
auth_basic_authoritative

Sets the value for AuthBasicAuthoritative, which determines whether authorization and authentication are passed to lower level Apache modules.

auth_basic_fake

Sets the value for AuthBasicFake, which statically configures authorization credentials for a given directive block.

auth_basic_provider

Sets the value for AuthBasicProvider, which sets the authentication provider for a given location.

auth_digest_algorithm

Sets the value for AuthDigestAlgorithm, which selects the algorithm used to calculate the challenge and response hashes.

auth_digest_domain

Sets the value for AuthDigestDomain, which allows you to specify one or more URIs in the same protection space for digest authentication.

auth_digest_nonce_lifetime

Sets the value for AuthDigestNonceLifetime, which controls how long the server nonce is valid.

auth_digest_provider

Sets the value for AuthDigestProvider, which sets the authentication provider for a given location.

auth_digest_qop

Sets the value for AuthDigestQop, which determines the quality-of-protection to use in digest authentication.

auth_digest_shmem_size

Sets the value for AuthAuthDigestShmemSize, which defines the amount of shared memory allocated to the server for keeping track of clients.

auth_group_file

Sets the value for AuthGroupFile, which sets the name of the text file containing the list of user groups for authorization.

auth_name

Sets the value for AuthName, which sets the name of the authorization realm.

auth_require

Sets the entity name you're requiring to allow access. Read more about Require.

auth_type

Sets the value for AuthType, which guides the type of user authentication.

auth_user_file

Sets the value for AuthUserFile, which sets the name of the text file containing the users/passwords for authentication.

custom_fragment

Pass a string of custom configuration directives to be placed at the end of the directory configuration.

  apache::vhost { 'monitor':
    …
    directories => [
      {
        path => '/path/to/directory',
        custom_fragment => '
  <Location /balancer-manager>
    SetHandler balancer-manager
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
  </Location>
  <Location /server-status>
    SetHandler server-status
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
  </Location>
  ProxyStatus On',
      },
    ]
  }
deny

Sets a Deny directive, specifying which hosts are denied access to the server. Deprecated: This parameter is being deprecated due to a change in Apache. It only works with Apache 2.2 and lower. You can use it as a single string for one rule or as an array for more than one.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path => '/path/to/directory',
          deny => 'from example.org',
        },
      ],
    }
error_documents

An array of hashes used to override the ErrorDocument settings for the directory.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      directories => [
        { path            => '/srv/www',
          error_documents => [
            { 'error_code' => '503',
              'document'   => '/service-unavail',
            },
          ],
        },
      ],
    }
geoip_enable

Sets the GeoIPEnable directive. Note that you must declare class {'apache::mod::geoip': } before using this directive.

    apache::vhost { 'first.example.com':
      docroot     => '/var/www/first',
      directories => [
        { path         => '/var/www/first',
          geoip_enable => true,
        },
      ],
    }
headers

Adds lines for Header directives.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => {
        path    => '/path/to/directory',
        headers => 'Set X-Robots-Tag "noindex, noarchive, nosnippet"',
      },
    }
index_options

Allows configuration settings for directory indexing.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path          => '/path/to/directory',
          options       => ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],
          index_options => ['IgnoreCase', 'FancyIndexing', 'FoldersFirst', 'NameWidth=*', 'DescriptionWidth=*', 'SuppressHTMLPreamble'],
        },
      ],
    }
index_order_default

Sets the default ordering of the directory index.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path                => '/path/to/directory',
          order               => 'Allow,Deny',
          index_order_default => ['Descending', 'Date'],
        },
      ],
    }
options

Lists the Options for the given Directory block.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path    => '/path/to/directory',
          options => ['Indexes','FollowSymLinks','MultiViews'],
        },
      ],
    }
order

Sets the order of processing Allow and Deny statements as per Apache core documentation. Deprecated: This parameter is being deprecated due to a change in Apache. It only works with Apache 2.2 and lower.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path  => '/path/to/directory',
          order => 'Allow,Deny',
        },
      ],
    }
passenger_enabled

Sets the value for the PassengerEnabled directory to 'on' or 'off'. Requires apache::mod::passenger to be included.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path              => '/path/to/directory',
          passenger_enabled => 'on',
        },
      ],
    }

Note: Be aware that there is an issue using the PassengerEnabled directive with the PassengerHighPerformance directive.

php_value and php_flag

php_value sets the value of the directory, and php_flag uses a boolean to configure the directory. Further information can be found here.

php_admin_value and php_admin_flag

php_admin_value sets the value of the directory, and php_admin_flag uses a boolean to configure the directory. Further information can be found here.

satisfy

Sets a Satisfy directive as per the Apache Core documentation. Deprecated: This parameter is being deprecated due to a change in Apache. It only works with Apache 2.2 and lower.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path    => '/path/to/directory',
          satisfy => 'Any',
        }
      ],
    }
sethandler

Sets a SetHandler directive as per the Apache Core documentation. An example:

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path       => '/path/to/directory',
          sethandler => 'None',
        }
      ],
    }
rewrites

Creates URL rewrites rules in vhost directories. Expects an array of hashes, and the hash keys can be any of 'comment', 'rewrite_base', 'rewrite_cond', or 'rewrite_rule'.

    apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path        => '/path/to/directory',
          rewrites => [ { comment      => 'Permalink Rewrites',
                          rewrite_base => '/'
                        },
                        { rewrite_rule => [ '^index\.php$ - [L]' ]
                        },
                        { rewrite_cond => [ '%{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f',
                                            '%{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d',
                                          ],
                          rewrite_rule => [ '. /index.php [L]' ],
                        }
                      ],
        },
      ],
    }

Note If you include rewrites in your directories make sure you are also including apache::mod::rewrite. You may also want to consider setting the rewrites using the rewrites parameter in apache::vhost rather than setting the rewrites in the vhost directories.

shib_request_setting

Allows an valid content setting to be set or altered for the application request. This command takes two parameters, the name of the content setting, and the value to set it to.Check the Shibboleth content setting documentation for valid settings. This key is disabled if apache::mod::shib is not defined. Check the mod_shib documentation for more details.

    apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path                  => '/path/to/directory',
          shib_require_setting  => 'requiresession 1',
          shib_use_headers      => 'On',
        },
      ],
    }
shib_use_headers

When set to 'On' this turns on the use of request headers to publish attributes to applications. Valid values for this key is 'On' or 'Off', and the default value is 'Off'. This key is disabled if apache::mod::shib is not defined. Check the mod_shib documentation for more details.

ssl_options

String or list of SSLOptions, which configure SSL engine run-time options. This handler takes precedence over SSLOptions set in the parent block of the vhost.

    apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path        => '/path/to/directory',
          ssl_options => '+ExportCertData',
        },
        { path        => '/path/to/different/dir',
          ssl_options => [ '-StdEnvVars', '+ExportCertData'],
        },
      ],
    }
suphp

A hash containing the 'user' and 'group' keys for the suPHP_UserGroup setting. It must be used with suphp_engine => on in the vhost declaration, and can only be passed within directories.

    apache::vhost { 'secure.example.net':
      docroot     => '/path/to/directory',
      directories => [
        { path  => '/path/to/directory',
          suphp =>
            { user  =>  'myappuser',
              group => 'myappgroup',
            },
        },
      ],
    }

SSL parameters for apache::vhost

All of the SSL parameters for ::vhost default to whatever is set in the base apache class. Use the below parameters to tweak individual SSL settings for specific vhosts.

ssl

Enables SSL for the virtual host. SSL vhosts only respond to HTTPS queries. Valid values are 'true' or 'false'. Defaults to 'false'.

ssl_ca

Specifies the SSL certificate authority. Defaults to 'undef'.

ssl_cert

Specifies the SSL certification. Defaults are based on your OS: '/etc/pki/tls/certs/localhost.crt' for RedHat, '/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem' for Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22/server.crt' for FreeBSD, and '/etc/ssl/apache2/server.crt' on Gentoo.

ssl_protocol

Specifies SSLProtocol. Expects an array of accepted protocols. Defaults to 'all', '-SSLv2', '-SSLv3'.

ssl_cipher

Specifies SSLCipherSuite. Defaults to 'HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5'.

ssl_honorcipherorder

Sets SSLHonorCipherOrder, which is used to prefer the server's cipher preference order. Defaults to 'On' in the base apache config.

ssl_certs_dir

Specifies the location of the SSL certification directory. Defaults to '/etc/ssl/certs' on Debian, '/etc/pki/tls/certs' on RedHat, '/usr/local/etc/apache22' on FreeBSD, and '/etc/ssl/apache2' on Gentoo.

ssl_chain

Specifies the SSL chain. Defaults to 'undef'. (This default works out of the box, but it must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.)

ssl_crl

Specifies the certificate revocation list to use. Defaults to 'undef'. (This default works out of the box but must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.)

ssl_crl_path

Specifies the location of the certificate revocation list. Defaults to 'undef'. (This default works out of the box but must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.)

ssl_crl_check

Sets the certificate revocation check level via the SSLCARevocationCheck directive, defaults to 'undef'. This default works out of the box but must be specified when using CRLs in production. Only applicable to Apache 2.4 or higher; the value is ignored on older versions.

ssl_key

Specifies the SSL key. Defaults are based on your operating system: '/etc/pki/tls/private/localhost.key' for RedHat, '/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key' for Debian, '/usr/local/etc/apache22/server.key' for FreeBSD, and '/etc/ssl/apache2/server.key' on Gentoo. (This default works out of the box but must be updated in the base apache class with your specific certificate information before being used in production.)

ssl_verify_client

Sets the SSLVerifyClient directive, which sets the certificate verification level for client authentication. Valid values are: 'none', 'optional', 'require', and 'optional_no_ca'. Defaults to 'undef'.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      …
      ssl_verify_client => 'optional',
    }
ssl_verify_depth

Sets the SSLVerifyDepth directive, which specifies the maximum depth of CA certificates in client certificate verification. Defaults to 'undef'.

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      …
      ssl_verify_depth => 1,
    }
ssl_options

Sets the SSLOptions directive, which configures various SSL engine run-time options. This is the global setting for the given vhost and can be a string or an array. Defaults to 'undef'.

A string:

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      …
      ssl_options => '+ExportCertData',
    }

An array:

    apache::vhost { 'sample.example.net':
      …
      ssl_options => [ '+StrictRequire', '+ExportCertData' ],
    }
ssl_proxyengine

Specifies whether or not to use SSLProxyEngine. Valid values are 'true' and 'false'. Defaults to 'false'.

Defined Type: FastCGI Server

This type is intended for use with mod_fastcgi. It allows you to define one or more external FastCGI servers to handle specific file types.

Ex:

apache::fastcgi::server { 'php':
  host       => '127.0.0.1:9000',
  timeout    => 15,
  flush      => false,
  faux_path  => '/var/www/php.fcgi',
  fcgi_alias => '/php.fcgi',
  file_type  => 'application/x-httpd-php'
}

Within your virtual host, you can then configure the specified file type to be handled by the fastcgi server specified above.

apache::vhost { 'www':
  ...
  custom_fragment => 'AddType application/x-httpd-php .php'
  ...
}
host

The hostname or IP address and TCP port number (1-65535) of the FastCGI server.

timeout

The number of seconds of FastCGI application inactivity allowed before the request is aborted and the event is logged (at the error LogLevel). The inactivity timer applies only as long as a connection is pending with the FastCGI application. If a request is queued to an application, but the application doesn't respond (by writing and flushing) within this period, the request is aborted. If communication is complete with the application but incomplete with the client (the response is buffered), the timeout does not apply.

flush

Force a write to the client as data is received from the application. By default, mod_fastcgi buffers data in order to free the application as quickly as possible.

faux_path

faux_path does not have to exist in the local filesystem. URIs that Apache resolves to this filename are handled by this external FastCGI application.

alias

A unique alias. This is used internally to link the action with the FastCGI server.

file_type

The MIME-type of the file to be processed by the FastCGI server.

Virtual Host Examples

The apache module allows you to set up pretty much any configuration of virtual host you might need. This section addresses some common configurations, but look at the Tests section for even more examples.

Configure a vhost with a server administrator

    apache::vhost { 'third.example.com':
      port        => '80',
      docroot     => '/var/www/third',
      serveradmin => 'admin@example.com',
    }

Set up a vhost with aliased servers

    apache::vhost { 'sixth.example.com':
      serveraliases => [
        'sixth.example.org',
        'sixth.example.net',
      ],
      port          => '80',
      docroot       => '/var/www/fifth',
    }

Configure a vhost with a cgi-bin

    apache::vhost { 'eleventh.example.com':
      port        => '80',
      docroot     => '/var/www/eleventh',
      scriptalias => '/usr/lib/cgi-bin',
    }

Set up a vhost with a rack configuration

    apache::vhost { 'fifteenth.example.com':
      port           => '80',
      docroot        => '/var/www/fifteenth',
      rack_base_uris => ['/rackapp1', '/rackapp2'],
    }

Set up a mix of SSL and non-SSL vhosts at the same domain

    #The non-ssl vhost
    apache::vhost { 'first.example.com non-ssl':
      servername => 'first.example.com',
      port       => '80',
      docroot    => '/var/www/first',
    }

    #The SSL vhost at the same domain
    apache::vhost { 'first.example.com ssl':
      servername => 'first.example.com',
      port       => '443',
      docroot    => '/var/www/first',
      ssl        => true,
    }

Configure a vhost to redirect non-SSL connections to SSL

    apache::vhost { 'sixteenth.example.com non-ssl':
      servername      => 'sixteenth.example.com',
      port            => '80',
      docroot         => '/var/www/sixteenth',
      redirect_status => 'permanent',
      redirect_dest   => 'https://sixteenth.example.com/'
    }
    apache::vhost { 'sixteenth.example.com ssl':
      servername => 'sixteenth.example.com',
      port       => '443',
      docroot    => '/var/www/sixteenth',
      ssl        => true,
    }

Set up IP-based vhosts on any listen port and have them respond to requests on specific IP addresses. In this example, we set listening on ports 80 and 81. This is required because the example vhosts are not declared with a port parameter.

    apache::listen { '80': }
    apache::listen { '81': }

Then we set up the IP-based vhosts

    apache::vhost { 'first.example.com':
      ip       => '10.0.0.10',
      docroot  => '/var/www/first',
      ip_based => true,
    }
    apache::vhost { 'second.example.com':
      ip       => '10.0.0.11',
      docroot  => '/var/www/second',
      ip_based => true,
    }

Configure a mix of name-based and IP-based vhosts. First, we add two IP-based vhosts on 10.0.0.10, one SSL and one non-SSL

    apache::vhost { 'The first IP-based vhost, non-ssl':
      servername => 'first.example.com',
      ip         => '10.0.0.10',
      port       => '80',
      ip_based   => true,
      docroot    => '/var/www/first',
    }
    apache::vhost { 'The first IP-based vhost, ssl':
      servername => 'first.example.com',
      ip         => '10.0.0.10',
      port       => '443',
      ip_based   => true,
      docroot    => '/var/www/first-ssl',
      ssl        => true,
    }

Then, we add two name-based vhosts listening on 10.0.0.20

    apache::vhost { 'second.example.com':
      ip      => '10.0.0.20',
      port    => '80',
      docroot => '/var/www/second',
    }
    apache::vhost { 'third.example.com':
      ip      => '10.0.0.20',
      port    => '80',
      docroot => '/var/www/third',
    }

If you want to add two name-based vhosts so that they answer on either 10.0.0.10 or 10.0.0.20, you MUST declare add_listen => 'false' to disable the otherwise automatic 'Listen 80', as it conflicts with the preceding IP-based vhosts.

    apache::vhost { 'fourth.example.com':
      port       => '80',
      docroot    => '/var/www/fourth',
      add_listen => false,
    }
    apache::vhost { 'fifth.example.com':
      port       => '80',
      docroot    => '/var/www/fifth',
      add_listen => false,
    }

Load Balancing

Defined Type: apache::balancer

apache::balancer creates an Apache balancer cluster. Each balancer cluster needs one or more balancer members, which are declared with apache::balancermember.

One apache::balancer defined resource should be defined for each Apache load balanced set of servers. The apache::balancermember resources for all balancer members can be exported and collected on a single Apache load balancer server using exported resources.

Parameters within apache::balancer:

name

Sets the balancer cluster's title. This parameter also sets the title of the conf.d file.

proxy_set

Configures key-value pairs as ProxySet lines. Accepts a hash, and defaults to '{}'.

collect_exported

Determines whether or not to use exported resources. Valid values 'true' and 'false', defaults to 'true'.

If you statically declare all of your backend servers, you should set this to 'false' to rely on existing declared balancer member resources. Also make sure to use apache::balancermember with array arguments.

If you wish to dynamically declare your backend servers via exported resources collected on a central node, you must set this parameter to 'true' in order to collect the exported balancer member resources that were exported by the balancer member nodes.

If you choose not to use exported resources, all balancer members will be configured in a single Puppet run. If you are using exported resources, Puppet has to run on the balanced nodes, then run on the balancer.

Defined Type: apache::balancermember

Defines members of mod_proxy_balancer, which sets up a balancer member inside a listening service configuration block in etc/apache/apache.cfg on the load balancer.

Parameters within apache::balancermember:

name

Sets the title of the resource. This name also sets the name of the concat fragment.

balancer_cluster

Sets the Apache service's instance name. This must match the name of a declared apache::balancer resource. Required.

url

Specifies the URL used to contact the balancer member server. Defaults to 'http://${::fqdn}/'.

options

An array of options to be specified after the URL. Accepts any key-value pairs available to ProxyPass.

Examples

To load balance with exported resources, export the balancermember from the balancer member

      @@apache::balancermember { "${::fqdn}-puppet00":
        balancer_cluster => 'puppet00',
        url              => "ajp://${::fqdn}:8009"
        options          => ['ping=5', 'disablereuse=on', 'retry=5', 'ttl=120'],
      }

Then, on the proxy server, create the balancer cluster

      apache::balancer { 'puppet00': }

To load balance without exported resources, declare the following on the proxy

    apache::balancer { 'puppet00': }
    apache::balancermember { "${::fqdn}-puppet00":
        balancer_cluster => 'puppet00',
        url              => "ajp://${::fqdn}:8009"
        options          => ['ping=5', 'disablereuse=on', 'retry=5', 'ttl=120'],
      }

Then declare apache::balancer and apache::balancermember on the proxy server.

If you need to use ProxySet in the balancer config

      apache::balancer { 'puppet01':
        proxy_set => {'stickysession' => 'JSESSIONID'},
      }

Reference

Classes

Public Classes

  • apache: Guides the basic setup of Apache.
  • apache::dev: Installs Apache development libraries. (Note: On FreeBSD, you must declare apache::package or apache before apache::dev.)
  • apache::mod::[name]: Enables specific Apache HTTPD modules.

Private Classes

  • apache::confd::no_accf: Creates the no-accf.conf configuration file in conf.d, required by FreeBSD's Apache 2.4.
  • apache::default_confd_files: Includes conf.d files for FreeBSD.
  • apache::default_mods: Installs the Apache modules required to run the default configuration.
  • apache::package: Installs and configures basic Apache packages.
  • apache::params: Manages Apache parameters.
  • apache::service: Manages the Apache daemon.

Defined Types

Public Defined Types

  • apache::balancer: Creates an Apache balancer cluster.
  • apache::balancermember: Defines members of mod_proxy_balancer.
  • apache::listen: Based on the title, controls which ports Apache binds to for listening. Adds Listen directives to ports.conf in the Apache HTTPD configuration directory. Titles take the form '', ':', or ':'.
  • apache::mod: Used to enable arbitrary Apache HTTPD modules for which there is no specific apache::mod::[name] class.
  • apache::namevirtualhost: Enables name-based hosting of a virtual host. Adds all NameVirtualHost directives to the ports.conf file in the Apache HTTPD configuration directory. Titles take the form '*', '*:', '_default_:, '', or ':'.
  • apache::vhost: Allows specialized configurations for virtual hosts that have requirements outside the defaults.

Private Defined Types

  • apache::peruser::multiplexer: Enables the Peruser module for FreeBSD only.
  • apache::peruser::processor: Enables the Peruser module for FreeBSD only.
  • apache::security::file_link: Links the activated_rules from apache::mod::security to the respective CRS rules on disk.

Templates

The Apache module relies heavily on templates to enable the vhost and apache::mod defined types. These templates are built based on Facter facts around your operating system. Unless explicitly called out, most templates are not meant for configuration.

Limitations

Ubuntu 10.04

The apache::vhost::WSGIImportScript parameter creates a statement inside the VirtualHost which is unsupported on older versions of Apache, causing this to fail. This will be remedied in a future refactoring.

RHEL/CentOS 5

The apache::mod::passenger and apache::mod::proxy_html classes are untested since repositories are missing compatible packages.

RHEL/CentOS 7

The apache::mod::passenger class is untested as the repository does not have packages for EL7 yet. The fact that passenger packages aren't available also makes us unable to test the rack_base_uri parameter in apache::vhost.

General

This module is CI tested on Centos 5 & 6, Ubuntu 12.04 & 14.04, Debian 7, and RHEL 5, 6 & 7 platforms against both the OSS and Enterprise version of Puppet.

The module contains support for other distributions and operating systems, such as FreeBSD, Gentoo and Amazon Linux, but is not formally tested on those and regressions can occur.

SELinux and Custom Paths

If you are running with SELinux in enforcing mode and want to use custom paths for your logroot, mod_dir, vhost_dir, and docroot, you need to manage the context for the files yourself.

Something along the lines of:

        exec { 'set_apache_defaults':
          command => 'semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t "/custom/path(/.*)?"',
          path    => '/bin:/usr/bin/:/sbin:/usr/sbin',
          require => Package['policycoreutils-python'],
        }
        package { 'policycoreutils-python': ensure => installed }
        exec { 'restorecon_apache':
          command => 'restorecon -Rv /apache_spec',
          path    => '/bin:/usr/bin/:/sbin:/usr/sbin',
          before  => Class['Apache::Service'],
          require => Class['apache'],
        }
        class { 'apache': }
        host { 'test.server': ip => '127.0.0.1' }
        file { '/custom/path': ensure => directory, }
        file { '/custom/path/include': ensure => present, content => '#additional_includes' }
        apache::vhost { 'test.server':
          docroot             => '/custom/path',
          additional_includes => '/custom/path/include',
        }

You need to set the contexts using semanage fcontext not chcon because file {...} resources reset the context to the values in the database if the resource isn't specifying the context.

FreeBSD

In order to use this module on FreeBSD, you must use apache24-2.4.12 (www/apache24) or newer.

Development

Contributing

Puppet Labs modules on the Puppet Forge are open projects, and community contributions are essential for keeping them great. We can’t access the huge number of platforms and myriad of hardware, software, and deployment configurations that Puppet is intended to serve.

We want to keep it as easy as possible to contribute changes so that our modules work in your environment. There are a few guidelines that we need contributors to follow so that we can have a chance of keeping on top of things.

Read the complete module contribution guide

Running tests

This project contains tests for both rspec-puppet and beaker-rspec to verify functionality. For in-depth information please see their respective documentation.

Quickstart:

Ruby > 1.8.7

    gem install bundler
    bundle install
    bundle exec rake spec
    bundle exec rspec spec/acceptance
    RS_DEBUG=yes bundle exec rspec spec/acceptance

Ruby = 1.8.7

    gem install bundler
    bundle install --without system_tests
    bundle exec rake spec
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