Puppet module for managing PostgreSQL
Ruby Puppet Other
Latest commit c259e10 Sep 16, 2016 @eputnam eputnam committed on GitHub Merge pull request #788 from thunderkeys/3858-fix_grant_role_membersh…
…ip_test

(#3858) Fix unless check in grant_role to work with roles as well as users

README.md

postgresql

Table of Contents

  1. Module Description - What does the module do?
  2. Setup - The basics of getting started with postgresql module
  3. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  4. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  5. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  6. Development - Guide for contributing to the module
  7. Tests
  8. Contributors - List of module contributors

Module description

The postgresql module allows you to manage PostgreSQL databases with Puppet.

PostgreSQL is a high-performance, free, open-source relational database server. The postgresql module allows you to manage packages, services, databases, users, and common security settings in PostgreSQL.

Setup

What postgresql affects

  • Package, service, and configuration files for PostgreSQL
  • Listened-to ports
  • IP and mask (optional)

Getting started with postgresql

To configure a basic default PostgreSQL server, declare the postgresql::server class.

class { 'postgresql::server': }

Usage

Configure a server

For default settings, declare the postgresql::server class as above. To customize PostgreSQL server settings, specify the parameters you want to change:

class { 'postgresql::server':
  ip_mask_deny_postgres_user => '0.0.0.0/32',
  ip_mask_allow_all_users    => '0.0.0.0/0',
  listen_addresses           => '*',
  ipv4acls                   => ['hostssl all johndoe 192.168.0.0/24 cert'],
  postgres_password          => 'TPSrep0rt!',
}

After configuration, test your settings from the command line:

psql -h localhost -U postgres
psql -h my.postgres.server -U

If you get an error message from these commands, your permission settings restrict access from the location you're trying to connect from. Depending on whether you want to allow connections from that location, you might need to adjust your permissions.

For more details about server configuration parameters, consult the PostgreSQL Runtime Configuration documentation.

Create a database

You can set up a variety of PostgreSQL databases with the postgresql::server::db defined type. For instance, to set up a database for PuppetDB:

class { 'postgresql::server': }

postgresql::server::db { 'mydatabasename':
  user     => 'mydatabaseuser',
  password => postgresql_password('mydatabaseuser', 'mypassword'),
}

Manage users, roles, and permissions

To manage users, roles, and permissions:

class { 'postgresql::server': }

postgresql::server::role { 'marmot':
password_hash => postgresql_password('marmot', 'mypasswd'),
}

postgresql::server::database_grant { 'test1':
  privilege => 'ALL',
  db        => 'test1',
  role      => 'marmot',
}

postgresql::server::table_grant { 'my_table of test2':
  privilege => 'ALL',
  table     => 'my_table',
  db        => 'test2',
  role      => 'marmot',
}

This example grants all privileges on the test1 database and on the my_table table of the test2 database to the specified user or group. After the values are added into the PuppetDB config file, this database would be ready for use.

Override defaults

The postgresql::globals class allows you to configure the main settings for this module globally, so that other classes and defined resources can use them. By itself, it does nothing.

For example, to overwrite the default locale and encoding for all classes, use the following:

class { 'postgresql::globals':
  encoding => 'UTF-8',
  locale   => 'en_US.UTF-8',
}->
class { 'postgresql::server':
}

To use a specific version of the PostgreSQL package:

class { 'postgresql::globals':
  manage_package_repo => true,
  version             => '9.2',
}->
class { 'postgresql::server': }

Manage remote users, roles, and permissions

Remote SQL objects are managed using the same Puppet resources as local SQL objects, along with a connect_settings hash. This provides control over how Puppet connects to the remote Postgres instances and which version is used for generating SQL commands.

The connect_settings hash can contain environment variables to control Postgres client connections, such as 'PGHOST', 'PGPORT', 'PGPASSWORD', and 'PGSSLKEY'. See the PostgreSQL Environment Variables documentation for a complete list of variables.

Additionally, you can specify the target database version with the special value of 'DBVERSION'. If the connect_settings hash is omitted or empty, then Puppet connects to the local PostgreSQL instance.

You can provide a connect_settings hash for each of the Puppet resources, or you can set a default connect_settings hash in postgresql::globals. Configuring connect_settings per resource allows SQL objects to be created on multiple databases by multiple users.

$connection_settings_super2 = {
                                 'PGUSER'     => "super2",
                                 'PGPASSWORD' => "foobar2",
                                 'PGHOST'     => "127.0.0.1",
                                 'PGPORT'     => "5432",
                                 'PGDATABASE' => "postgres",
                                }

include postgresql::server

# Connect with no special settings, i.e domain sockets, user postgres
postgresql::server::role{'super2':
  password_hash => "foobar2",
  superuser     => true,

  connect_settings => {},
  require          => [
                       Class['postgresql::globals'],
                       Class['postgresql::server::service'],
                      ],
}

# Now using this new user connect via TCP
postgresql::server::database { 'db1':
  connect_settings => $connection_settings_super2,

require => Postgresql::Server::Role['super2'],
}

Create an access rule for pg_hba.conf

To create an access rule for pg_hba.conf:

postgresql::server::pg_hba_rule { 'allow application network to access app database':
  description => "Open up PostgreSQL for access from 200.1.2.0/24",
  type        => 'host',
  database    => 'app',
  user        => 'app',
  address     => '200.1.2.0/24',
  auth_method => 'md5',
}

This would create a ruleset in pg_hba.conf similar to:

# Rule Name: allow application network to access app database
# Description: Open up PostgreSQL for access from 200.1.2.0/24
# Order: 150
host  app  app  200.1.2.0/24  md5

By default, pg_hba_rule requires that you include postgresql::server. However, you can override that behavior by setting target and postgresql_version when declaring your rule. That might look like the following:

postgresql::server::pg_hba_rule { 'allow application network to access app database':
  description        => "Open up postgresql for access from 200.1.2.0/24",
  type               => 'host',
  database           => 'app',
  user               => 'app',
  address            => '200.1.2.0/24',
  auth_method        => 'md5',
  target             => '/path/to/pg_hba.conf',
  postgresql_version => '9.4',
}

Create user name maps for pg_ident.conf

To create a user name map for the pg_ident.conf:

postgresql::server::pg_ident_rule{ 'Map the SSL certificate of the backup server as a replication user':
  map_name          => 'sslrepli',
  system_username   => 'repli1.example.com',
  database_username => 'replication',
}

This would create a user name map in pg_ident.conf similar to:

#Rule Name: Map the SSL certificate of the backup server as a replication user
#Description: none
#Order: 150
sslrepli  repli1.example.com  replication

Create recovery configuration

To create the recovery configuration file (recovery.conf):

postgresql::server::recovery{ 'Create a recovery.conf file with the following defined parameters':
  restore_command                => 'cp /mnt/server/archivedir/%f %p',
  archive_cleanup_command        => undef,
  recovery_end_command           => undef,
  recovery_target_name           => 'daily backup 2015-01-26',
  recovery_target_time           => '2015-02-08 22:39:00 EST',
  recovery_target_xid            => undef,
  recovery_target_inclusive      => true,
  recovery_target                => 'immediate',
  recovery_target_timeline       => 'latest',
  pause_at_recovery_target       => true,
  standby_mode                   => 'on',
  primary_conninfo               => 'host=localhost port=5432',
  primary_slot_name              => undef,
  trigger_file                   => undef,
 recovery_min_apply_delay        => 0,
}

The above creates this recovery.conf config file:

restore_command = 'cp /mnt/server/archivedir/%f %p'
recovery_target_name = 'daily backup 2015-01-26'
recovery_target_time = '2015-02-08 22:39:00 EST'
recovery_target_inclusive = true
recovery_target = 'immediate'
recovery_target_timeline = 'latest'
pause_at_recovery_target = true
standby_mode = 'on'
primary_conninfo = 'host=localhost port=5432'
recovery_min_apply_delay = 0

Only the specified parameters are recognized in the template. The recovery.conf is only be created if at least one parameter is set and manage_recovery_conf is set to true.

Validate connectivity

To validate client connections to a remote PostgreSQL database before starting dependent tasks, use the postgresql::validate_db_connection resource. You can use this on any node where the PostgreSQL client software is installed. It is often chained to other tasks such as starting an application server or performing a database migration.

Example usage:

postgresql::validate_db_connection { 'validate my postgres connection':
  database_host           => 'my.postgres.host',
  database_username       => 'mydbuser',
  database_password       => 'mydbpassword',
  database_name           => 'mydbname',
}->
exec { 'rake db:migrate':
  cwd => '/opt/myrubyapp',
}

Reference

The postgresql module comes with many options for configuring the server. While you are unlikely to use all of the settings below, they provide a decent amount of control over your security settings.

Classes:

Defined Types:

Types:

Functions:

Classes

postgresql::client

Installs PostgreSQL client software. Set the following parameters if you have a custom version you would like to install.

Note: Make sure to add any necessary yum or apt repositories if specifying a custom version.

package_ensure

Whether the PostgreSQL client package resource should be present. Valid values: 'present', 'absent'. Default: 'present'.

package_name

Sets the name of the PostgreSQL client package. Default: 'file'.

validcon_script_path

Specifies the path to validate the connection script. Default: '/usr/local/bin/validate_postgresql_connection.sh'.

postgresql::lib::docs

Installs PostgreSQL bindings for Postgres-Docs. Set the following parameters if you have a custom version you would like to install.

Note: Make sure to add any necessary yum or apt repositories if specifying a custom version.

package_name

Specifies the name of the PostgreSQL docs package.

package_ensure

Whether the PostgreSQL docs package resource should be present. Valid values: 'present', 'absent'. Default: 'present'.

postgresql::globals

Note: Most server-specific defaults should be overridden in the postgresql::server class. This class should be used only if you are using a non-standard OS, or if you are changing elements that can only be changed here, such as version or manage_package_repo.

bindir

Overrides the default PostgreSQL binaries directory for the target platform. Default: OS dependent.

client_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL client package name. Default: OS dependent.

confdir

Overrides the default PostgreSQL configuration directory for the target platform. Default: OS dependent.

contrib_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL contrib package name. Default: OS dependent.

createdb_path

Deprecated. Path to the createdb command. Default: "${bindir}/createdb".

datadir

Overrides the default PostgreSQL data directory for the target platform. Default: OS dependent.

Note: Changing the datadir after installation causes the server to come to a full stop before making the change. For Red Hat systems, the data directory must be labeled appropriately for SELinux. On Ubuntu, you must explicitly set needs_initdb = true to allow Puppet to initialize the database in the new datadir (needs_initdb defaults to true on other systems).

Warning: If datadir is changed from the default, Puppet does not manage purging of the original data directory, which causes it to fail if the data directory is changed back to the original.

default_database

Specifies the name of the default database to connect with. On most systems, this is 'postgres'.

devel_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL devel package name. Default: OS dependent.

docs_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL docs package name. If not specified, the module uses the default for your OS distro.

encoding

Sets the default encoding for all databases created with this module. On certain operating systems, this is also used during the template1 initialization, so it becomes a default outside of the module as well. Defaults to the operating system's default encoding.

group

Overrides the default postgres user group to be used for related files in the file system. Default: 'postgres'.

initdb_path

Path to the initdb command.

java_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL java package name. Default: OS dependent.

locale

Sets the default database locale for all databases created with this module. On certain operating systems, this is also used during the template1 initialization, so it becomes a default outside of the module as well. Default: undef, which is effectively C. On Debian, you'll need to ensure that the 'locales-all' package is installed for full functionality of PostgreSQL.

logdir

Overrides the default PostgreSQL log directory. Default: initdb's default path.

log_line_prefix

Set a prefix for the server logs. Default: '%t '

manage_package_repo

Sets up official PostgreSQL repositories on your host if set to true. Default: false.

module_workdir

Specifies working directory under which the psql command should be executed. May need to specify if /tmp is on volume mounted with noexec option. Default: /tmp

needs_initdb

Explicitly calls the initdb operation after the server package is installed and before the PostgreSQL service is started. Default: OS dependent.

perl_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL Perl package name. Default: OS dependent.

pg_hba_conf_defaults

Disables the defaults supplied with the module for pg_hba.conf if set to false. This is useful if you want to override the defaults. Be sure that your changes align with the rest of the module, as some access is required to perform some operations, such as basic psql operations. Default: true.

pg_hba_conf_path

Specifies the path to your pg_hba.conf file. Default: '${confdir}/pg_hba.conf'.

pg_ident_conf_path

Specifies the path to your pg_ident.conf file. Default: "${confdir}/pg_ident.conf".

plperl_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL PL/Perl package name. Default: OS dependent.

plpython_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL PL/Python package name. Default: OS dependent.

postgis_version

Defines the version of PostGIS to install, if you install PostGIS. Defaults to the lowest available with the version of PostgreSQL to be installed.

postgresql_conf_path

Sets the path to your postgresql.conf file. Default: "${confdir}/postgresql.conf".

psql_path

Sets the path to the psql command.

python_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL Python package name. Default: OS dependent.

recovery_conf_path

Path to your recovery.conf file.

repo_proxy

Sets the proxy option for the official PostgreSQL yum-repositories only. Debian is currently not supported. This is useful if your server is behind a corporate firewall and needs to use proxy servers for outside connectivity.

server_package_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL server package name. Default: OS dependent.

service_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL service name. Default: OS dependent.

service_provider

Overrides the default PostgreSQL service provider. Default: OS dependent.

service_status

Overrides the default status check command for your PostgreSQL service. Default: OS dependent.

user

Overrides the default PostgreSQL super user and owner of PostgreSQL related files in the file system. Default: 'postgres'.

version

The version of PostgreSQL to install and manage. Default: OS system default.

xlogdir

Overrides the default PostgreSQL xlog directory. Default: initdb's default path.

postgresql::lib::devel

Installs the packages containing the development libraries for PostgreSQL and symlinks pg_config into /usr/bin (if not in /usr/bin or /usr/local/bin).

link_pg_config

If the bin directory used by the PostgreSQL page is not /usr/bin or /usr/local/bin, symlinks pg_config from the package's bin dir into usr/bin (not applicable to Debian systems). Set to false to disable this behavior. Valid values: true, false. Default: true.

package_ensure

Overrides the ensure parameter during package installation. Defaults to present.

package_name

Overrides the default package name for the distribution you are installing to. Defaults to postgresql-devel or postgresql<version>-devel depending on your distro.

postgresql::lib::java

Installs PostgreSQL bindings for Java (JDBC). Set the following parameters if you have a custom version you would like to install.

Note: Make sure to add any necessary yum or apt repositories if specifying a custom version.

package_ensure

Specifies whether the package is present. Valid values: 'present', 'absent'. Default: 'present'.

package_name

Specifies the name of the PostgreSQL java package.

postgresql::lib::perl

Installs the PostgreSQL Perl libraries.

package_ensure

Specifies whether the package is present. Valid values: 'present', 'absent'. Default: 'present'.

package_name

Specifies the name of the PostgreSQL perl package to install.

postgresql::server::plpython

Installs the PL/Python procedural language for PostgreSQL.

package_name

Specifies the name of the postgresql PL/Python package.

package_ensure

Specifies whether the package is present. Valid values: 'present', 'absent'. Default: 'present'.

postgresql::lib::python

Installs PostgreSQL Python libraries.

package_ensure

Specifies whether the package is present. Valid values: 'present', 'absent'. Default: 'present'.

package_name

The name of the PostgreSQL Python package.

postgresql::server

createdb_path

Deprecated. Specifies the path to the createdb command. Default: "${bindir}/createdb".

default_database

Specifies the name of the default database to connect with. On most systems this is "postgres".

default_connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Becomes the default for other defined-types. i.e. postgresql::server::role

encoding

Sets the default encoding for all databases created with this module. On certain operating systems this is also used during the template1 initialization, so it becomes a default outside of the module as well. Default: undef.

group

Overrides the default postgres user group to be used for related files in the file system. Default: OS dependent default.

initdb_path

Specifies the path to the initdb command. Default: "${bindir}/initdb".

ipv4acls

Lists strings for access control for connection method, users, databases, IPv4 addresses; see PostgreSQL documentation on pg_hba.conf for information.

ipv6acls

Lists strings for access control for connection method, users, databases, IPv6 addresses; see PostgreSQL documentation on pg_hba.conf for information.

ip_mask_allow_all_users

Overrides PostgreSQL defaults for remote connections. By default, PostgreSQL does not allow database user accounts to connect via TCP from remote machines. If you'd like to allow this, you can override this setting.

Set to 0.0.0.0/0 to allow database users to connect from any remote machine, or 192.168.0.0/16 to allow connections from any machine on your local 192.168 subnet. Default: 127.0.0.1/32.

ip_mask_deny_postgres_user

Specifies the IP mask from which remote connections should be denied for the postgres superuser. Defaults to 0.0.0.0/0, which denies any remote connection.

listen_addresses

Specifies the addresses the server accepts connections to. Valid values:

  • 'localhost': Accept connections from local host only.
  • '*': Accept connections from any remote machine.
  • Specified comma-separated list of hostnames or IP addresses.
locale

Sets the default database locale for all databases created with this module. On certain operating systems this is used during the template1 initialization as well, so it becomes a default outside of the module. Default: undef, which is effectively C. On Debian, you must ensure that the 'locales-all' package is installed for full functionality of PostgreSQL.

log_line_prefix

Set a prefix for the server logs. Default: '%t '

manage_pg_hba_conf

Whether to manage the pg_hba.conf. If set to true, Puppet overwrites this file. If set to false, Puppet does not modify the file. Valid values: true, false. Default

manage_pg_ident_conf

Overwrites the pg_ident.conf file. If set to true, Puppet overwrites the file. If set to false, Puppet does not modify the file. Valid values: true, false. Default: true.

manage_recovery_conf

Specifies whether or not manage the recovery.conf. If set to true, Puppet overwrites this file. Valid values: true, false. Default: false.

needs_initdb

Explicitly calls the initdb operation after server package is installed, and before the PostgreSQL service is started. Default: OS dependent.

package_ensure

Passes a value through to the package resource when creating the server instance. Default: undef.

package_name

Specifies the name of the package to use for installing the server software. Default: OS dependent.

pg_hba_conf_defaults

If false, disables the defaults supplied with the module for pg_hba.conf. This is useful if you disagree with the defaults and wish to override them yourself. Be sure that your changes of course align with the rest of the module, as some access is required to perform basic psql operations for example.

pg_hba_conf_path

Specifies the path to your pg_hba.conf file.

pg_ident_conf_path

Specifies the path to your pg_ident.conf file. Default: "${confdir}/pg_ident.conf".

plperl_package_name

Sets the default package name for the PL/Perl extension. Default: OS dependent.

plpython_package_name

Sets the default package name for the PL/Python extension. Default: OS dependent.

port

Specifies the port for the PostgreSQL server to listen on. Note: The same port number is used for all IP addresses the server listens on. Also, for Red Hat systems and early Debian systems, changing the port causes the server to come to a full stop before being able to make the change. Default: 5432, meaning the Postgres server listens on TCP port 5432.

postgres_password

Sets the password for the postgres user to your specified value. Default: undef, meaning the superuser account in the Postgres database is a user called postgres and this account does not have a password.

postgresql_conf_path

Specifies the path to your postgresql.conf file. Default: "${confdir}/postgresql.conf".

psql_path

Specifies the path to the psql command. Default: OS dependent.

service_manage

Defines whether or not Puppet should manage the service. Default: true.

service_name

Overrides the default PostgreSQL service name. Default: OS dependent.

service_provider

Overrides the default PostgreSQL service provider. Default: undef.

service_reload

Overrides the default reload command for your PostgreSQL service. Default: OS dependent.

service_restart_on_change

Overrides the default behavior to restart your PostgreSQL service when a config entry has been changed that requires a service restart to become active. Default: true.

service_status

Overrides the default status check command for your PostgreSQL service. Default: OS dependent.

user

Overrides the default PostgreSQL super user and owner of PostgreSQL related files in the file system. Default: 'postgres'.

postgresql::server::contrib

Installs the PostgreSQL contrib package.

package_ensure

Sets the ensure parameter passed on to PostgreSQL contrib package resource.

package_name

The name of the PostgreSQL contrib package.

postgresql::server::plperl

Installs the PL/Perl procedural language for postgresql.

package_ensure

The ensure parameter passed on to PostgreSQL PL/Perl package resource.

package_name

The name of the PostgreSQL PL/Perl package.

postgresql::server::postgis

Installs the PostgreSQL postgis packages.

Defined Types

postgresql::server::config_entry

Modifies your postgresql.conf configuration file.

Each resource maps to a line inside the file, for example:

postgresql::server::config_entry { 'check_function_bodies':
  value => 'off',
}
ensure

Removes an entry if set to 'absent'. Valid values: 'present', 'absent'.

value

Defines the value for the setting.

postgresql::server::db

Creates or modifies a local database, user, and assigns necessary permissions.

comment

Defines a comment to be stored about the database using the PostgreSQL COMMENT command.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Default: Connects to the local Postgres instance.

dbname

Sets the name of the database to be created. Defaults to the namevar.

encoding

Overrides the character set during creation of the database. Defaults to the default defined during installation.

grant

Specifies the permissions to grant during creation. Default: ALL.

istemplate

Specifies that the database is a template, if set to true. Default: false.

locale

Overrides the locale during creation of the database. Defaults to the default defined during installation.

owner

Sets a user as the owner of the database. Default: $user variable set in postgresql::server or postgresql::globals.

password

Required Sets the password for the created user.

tablespace

Defines the name of the tablespace to allocate the created database to. Default: PostgreSQL default.

template

Specifies the name of the template database from which to build this database. Defaults to template0.

user

User to create and assign access to the database upon creation. Mandatory.

change_ownership

Specifies whether to create a new database or change the owner of an existing one. Default: false.

postgresql::server::database

Creates or modifies a database with no users and no permissions.

dbname

Sets the name of the database. Defaults to the namevar.

encoding

Overrides the character set during creation of the database. Default: The default defined during installation.

istemplate

Defines the database as a template if set to true. Default: false.

locale

Overrides the locale during creation of the database. The default defined during installation.

owner

Sets name of the database owner. Default: The $user variable set in postgresql::server or postgresql::globals.

tablespace

Sets tablespace for where to create this database. Default: The defaults defined during PostgreSQL installation.

template

Specifies the name of the template database from which to build this database. Default: template0.

change_ownership

Specifies whether to create a new database or change the owner of an existing one. Default: false.

postgresql::server::database_grant

Manages grant-based access privileges for users, wrapping the postgresql::server::database_grant for database specific permissions. Consult the PostgreSQL documentation for grant for more information.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Default: Connects to the local Postgres instance.

db

Specifies the database to which you are granting access.

privilege

Specifies which privileges to grant. Valid options: SELECT, TEMPORARY, TEMP, CONNECT. ALL is used as a synonym for CREATE, so if you need to add multiple privileges, you can use a space delimited string.

psql_db

Defines the database to execute the grant against. This should not ordinarily be changed from the default, which is postgres.

psql_user

Specifies the OS user for running psql. Default: The default user for the module, usually postgres.

role

Specifies the role or user whom you are granting access to.

postgresql::server::extension

Manages a PostgreSQL extension.

database

Specifies the database on which to activate the extension.

ensure

Specifies whether to activate ('present') or deactivate (absent') the extension.

extension

Specifies the extension to activate. If left blank, uses the name of the resource.

package_name

Specifies a package to install prior to activating the extension.

package_ensure

Overrides default package deletion behavior. By default, the package specified with package_name is installed when the extension is activated and removed when the extension is deactivated. To override this behavior, set the ensure value for the package.

postgresql::server::grant

Manages grant-based access privileges for roles. See PostgreSQL documentation for grant for more information.

db

Specifies the database to which you are granting access.

object_type

Specifies the type of object to which you are granting privileges. Valid options: DATABASE, SCHEMA, SEQUENCE, ALL SEQUENCES IN SCHEMA, TABLE or ALL TABLES IN SCHEMA.

object_name

Specifies name of object_type to which to grant access.

port

Port to use when connecting. Default: undef, which generally defaults to port 5432 depending on your PostgreSQL packaging.

privilege

Specifies the privilege to grant. Valid options: ALL, ALL PRIVILEGES or object_type dependent string.

psql_db

Specifies the database to execute the grant against. This should not ordinarily be changed from the default, which is postgres.

psql_user

Sets the OS user to run psql. Default: the default user for the module, usually postgres.

role

Specifies the role or user whom you are granting access to.

postgresql::server::grant_role

Allows you to assign a role to a (group) role. See PostgreSQL documentation for Role Membership for more information.

group

Specifies the group role to which you are assigning a role.

role

Specifies the role you want to assign to a group.

ensure

Specifies whether to grant ('present') or revoke ('absent') the membership. Default: 'present'.

port

Port to use when connecting. Default: undef, which generally defaults to port 5432 depending on your PostgreSQL packaging.

psql_db

Specifies the database to execute the grant against. This should not ordinarily be changed from the default, which is postgres.

psql_user

Sets the OS user to run psql. Default: the default user for the module, usually postgres.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Default: Connects to the local Postgres instance.

postgresql::server::pg_hba_rule

Allows you to create an access rule for pg_hba.conf. For more details see the usage example and the PostgreSQL documentation.

address

Sets a CIDR based address for this rule matching when the type is not 'local'.

auth_method

Provides the method that is used for authentication for the connection that this rule matches. Described further in the PostgreSQL pg_hba.conf documentation.

auth_option

For certain auth_method settings there are extra options that can be passed. Consult the PostgreSQL pg_hba.conf documentation for further details.

database

Sets a comma separated list of databases that this rule matches.

description

Defines a longer description for this rule, if required. This description is placed in the comments above the rule in pg_hba.conf. Defaults: none. Specifies a way to uniquely identify this resource, but functionally does nothing.

order

Sets an order for placing the rule in pg_hba.conf. Default: 150.

postgresql_version

Manages pg_hba.conf without managing the entire PostgreSQL instance. Default: the version set in postgresql::server.

target

Provides the target for the rule, and is generally an internal only property. Use with caution.

type

Sets the type of rule. Valid options: local, host, hostssl or hostnossl.

user

Sets a comma-separated list of users that this rule matches.

postgresql::server::pg_ident_rule

Allows you to create user name maps for pg_ident.conf. For more details see the usage example above and the PostgreSQL documentation.

database_username

Specifies the user name of the database user. The system_username is mapped to this user name.

description

Sets a longer description for this rule if required. This description is placed in the comments above the rule in pg_ident.conf. Default: none.

map_name

Sets the name of the user map that is used to refer to this mapping in pg_hba.conf.

order

Defines an order for placing the mapping in pg_ident.conf. Default: 150.

system_username

Specifies the operating system user name (the user name used to connect to the database).

target

Provides the target for the rule and is generally an internal only property. Use with caution.

postgresql::server::recovery

Allows you to create the content for recovery.conf. For more details see the usage example and the PostgreSQL documentation.

Every parameter value is a string set in the template except recovery_target_inclusive, pause_at_recovery_target, standby_mode and recovery_min_apply_delay.

A detailed description of all listed parameters can be found in the PostgreSQL documentation.

The parameters are grouped into these three sections:

Archive Recovery Parameters
  • restore_command
  • archive_cleanup_command
  • recovery_end_command
Recovery Target Settings
  • recovery_target_name
  • recovery_target_time
  • recovery_target_xid
  • recovery_target_inclusive
  • recovery_target
  • recovery_target_timeline
  • pause_at_recovery_target
Standby Server Settings
  • standby_mode: Can be specified with the string ('on'/'off'), or by using a Boolean value (true/false).
  • primary_conninfo
  • primary_slot_name
  • trigger_file
  • recovery_min_apply_delay
target

Provides the target for the rule, and is generally an internal only property. Use with caution.

postgresql::server::role

Creates a role or user in PostgreSQL.

connection_limit

Specifies how many concurrent connections the role can make. Default: -1, meaning no limit.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Default: Connects to the local Postgres instance.

createdb

Specifies whether to grant the ability to create new databases with this role. Default: false.

createrole

Specifies whether to grant the ability to create new roles with this role. Default: false.

inherit

Specifies whether to grant inherit capability for the new role. Default: true.

login

Specifies whether to grant login capability for the new role. Default: true.

password_hash

Sets the hash to use during password creation. If the password is not already pre-encrypted in a format that PostgreSQL supports, use the postgresql_password function to provide an MD5 hash here, for example:

postgresql::server::role { "myusername":
password_hash => postgresql_password('myusername', 'mypassword'),
}
replication

Provides provides replication capabilities for this role if set to true. Default: false.

superuser

Specifies whether to grant super user capability for the new role. Default: false.

username

Defines the username of the role to create. Defaults to the namevar.

postgresql::server::schema

Creates or modifies a schema.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Default: Connects to the local Postgres instance.

db

Required. Sets the name of the database in which to create this schema.

owner

Sets the default owner of the schema.

schema

Sets the name of the schema. Defaults to the namevar.

change_ownership

Specifies whether to create a new schema or change the owner of an existing one. Default: false.

postgresql::server::table_grant

Manages grant-based access privileges for users. Consult the PostgreSQL documentation for grant for more information.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Default: Connects to the local Postgres instance.

db

Specifies which database the table is in.

privilege

Valid options: SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, REFERENCES. ALL is used as a synonym for CREATE, so if you need to add multiple privileges, use a space-delimited string.

psql_db

Specifies the database to execute the grant against. This should not ordinarily be changed from the default, which is postgres.

psql_user

Specifies the OS user for running psql. Defaults to the default user for the module, usually postgres.

role

Specifies the role or user to whom you are granting access.

table

Specifies the table to which you are granting access.

postgresql::server::tablespace

Creates a tablespace. If necessary, also creates the location and assigns the same permissions as the PostgreSQL server.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. Default: Connects to the local Postgres instance.

location

Specifies the path to locate this tablespace.

owner

Specifies the default owner of the tablespace.

spcname

Specifies the name of the tablespace. Defaults to the namevar.

postgresql::validate_db_connection

Validates client connection with a remote PostgreSQL database.

connect_settings

Specifies a hash of environment variables used when connecting to a remote server. This is an alternative to providing individual parameters (database_host, etc.). If provided, the individual parameters take precedence.

create_db_first

Ensures that the database is created before running the test. This only works if your test is local. Default: true.

database_host

Sets the hostname of the database you wish to test. Default: undef, which generally uses the designated local Unix socket.

database_name

Specifies the name of the database you wish to test. Default: 'postgres'.

database_port

Defines the port to use when connecting. Default: undef, which generally defaults to port 5432 depending on your PostgreSQL packaging.

database_password

Specifies the password to connect with. Can be left blank, not recommended.

database_username

Specifies the username to connect with. Default: undef. When using a Unix socket and ident auth, this is the user you are running as. If the host is remote you must provide a username.

run_as

Specifies the user to run the psql command as. This is important when trying to connect to a database locally using Unix sockets and ident authentication. Not needed for remote testing.

sleep

Sets the number of seconds to sleep for before trying again after a failure.

tries

Sets the number of attempts after failure before giving up and failing the resource.

Types

postgresql_psql

Enables Puppet to run psql statements.

command

Required. Specifies the SQL command to execute via psql.

cwd

Specifies the working directory under which the psql command should be executed. Default: '/tmp'.

db

Specifies the name of the database to execute the SQL command against.

environment

Specifies any additional environment variables you want to set for a SQL command. Multiple environment variables should be specified as an array.

name

Sets an arbitrary tag for your own reference; the name of the message. This is the namevar.

onlyif

Sets an optional SQL command to execute prior to the main command. This is generally intended to be used for idempotency, to check for the existence of an object in the database to determine whether or not the main SQL command needs to be executed at all.

port

Specifies the port of the database server to execute the SQL command against.

psql_group

Specifies the system user group account under which the psql command should be executed. Default: 'postgres'.

psql_path

Specifies the path to psql executable. Default: 'psql'.

psql_user

Specifies the system user account under which the psql command should be executed. Default: 'postgres'.

refreshonly

Specifies whether to execute the SQL only if there is a notify or subscribe event. Valid values: true, false. Default: false.

search_path

Defines the schema search path to use when executing the SQL command.

unless

The inverse of onlyif.

postgresql_conf

Allows Puppet to manage postgresql.conf parameters.

name

Specifies the PostgreSQL parameter name to manage. This is the namevar.

target

Specifies the path to postgresql.conf. Default: '/etc/postgresql.conf'.

value

Specifies the value to set for this parameter.

postgresql_replication_slot

Allows you to create and destroy replication slots to register warm standby replication on a PostgreSQL master server.

name

Specifies the name of the slot to create. Must be a valid replication slot name. This is the namevar.

Functions

postgresql_password

Generates a PostgreSQL encrypted password, use postgresql_password. Call it from the command line and then copy and paste the encrypted password into your manifest:

puppet apply --execute 'notify { "test": message => postgresql_password("username", "password") }'

Alternatively, you can call this from your production manifests, but the manifests will then contain a clear text version of your passwords.

postgresql_acls_to_resources_hash(acl_array, id, order_offset)

This internal function converts a list of pg_hba.conf based ACLs (passed in as an array of strings) to a format compatible with the postgresql::pg_hba_rule resource.

This function should only be used internally by the module.

Limitations

Works with versions of PostgreSQL from 8.1 through 9.5.

Currently, the postgresql module is tested on the following operating systems:

  • Debian 6.x, 7.x, 8.x.
  • CentOS 5.x, 6.x, and 7.x.
  • Ubuntu 10.04 and 12.04, 14.04.

Other systems might be compatible, but are not being actively tested.

Apt module support

While this module supports both 1.x and 2.x versions of the puppetlabs-apt module, it does not support puppetlabs-apt 2.0.0 or 2.0.1.

PostGIS support

PostGIS is currently considered an unsupported feature, as it doesn't work on all platforms correctly.

All versions of RHEL/CentOS

If you have SELinux enabled you must add any custom ports you use to the postgresql_port_t context. You can do this as follows:

semanage port -a -t postgresql_port_t -p tcp $customport

Development

Puppet Labs modules on the Puppet Forge are open projects, and community contributions are essential for keeping them great. We can’t access the huge number of platforms and myriad hardware, software, and deployment configurations that Puppet is intended to serve. We want to keep it as easy as possible to contribute changes so that our modules work in your environment. There are a few guidelines that we need contributors to follow so that we can have a chance of keeping on top of things. For more information, see our module contribution guide.

Tests

There are two types of tests distributed with this module. Unit tests with rspec-puppet and system tests using rspec-system.

For unit testing, make sure you have:

  • rake
  • bundler

Install the necessary gems:

bundle install --path=vendor

And then run the unit tests:

bundle exec rake spec

The unit tests are run in Travis-CI as well. If you want to see the results of your own tests, register the service hook through Travis-CI via the accounts section for your GitHub clone of this project.

To run the system tests, make sure you also have:

  • Vagrant > 1.2.x
  • VirtualBox > 4.2.10

Then run the tests using:

bundle exec rspec spec/acceptance

To run the tests on different operating systems, see the sets available in .nodeset.yml and run the specific set with the following syntax:

RSPEC_SET=debian-607-x64 bundle exec rspec spec/acceptance

Contributors

View the full list of contributors on https://github.com/puppetlabs/puppetlabs-postgresql/graphs/contributors.