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Bob Pan edited this page Nov 3, 2014 · 1 revision


Dex2jar have the ability to modify the code of an apk.

  1. It first translate the code from dex to jar.
  2. modify .class files in the jar.
  3. It translate jar back to dex and put into apk
  4. sign the apk, and we done the modification.

for demo, we will modify a apk to let it showing a message when it start.

and you need following components in you PATH. android-sdk,ant,dex2jar,jdk6


got an apk

you need an apk, which you didn't have the source. Just for demo, we build a simple hello-world apk by running the following command

android create project --name test_apk --path test_apk --package a.b --activity Main --target 1
cd test_apk
ant debug
cd bin

now we got test_apk/bin/test_apk-debug.apk. we can check it by running the apk inside an emulator.

work with dex-tools

Now we got the apk, and It's time to modify it.

Convert the code to a modifiable format.

we can't modify dex or jar(.class) file directly. dex2jar support to assemble/disassemble .class file from/to jasmin file. so we convert the apk to jar and disassemble it.

# convert classes.dex in test_apk-debug.apk to test_apk-debug_dex2jar.jar -f -o test_apk-debug_dex2jar.jar test_apk-debug.apk
# verify jar test_apk-debug_dex2jar.jar
# convert to jasmin format -f -o test_apk_jasmin test_apk-debug_dex2jar.jar

edit test_apk_jasmin/a/b/Main.j to show a toast

.method public onCreate(Landroid/os/Bundle;)V
aload 0
aload 1
invokespecial android/app/Activity/onCreate(Landroid/os/Bundle;)V
aload 0
ldc_w 2130837504
invokevirtual a/b/Main/setContentView(I)V

; Toast.makeText(this.getApplicationContext(), "hi", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
aload 0
invokevirtual android/app/Activity/getApplicationContext()Landroid/content/Context;
ldc "hi"
ldc_w 1
invokestatic android/widget/Toast/makeText(Landroid/content/Context;Ljava/lang/CharSequence;I)Landroid/widget/Toast;
invokevirtual android/widget/Toast/show()V

.limit locals 2
.limit stack 3
.end method

repack apk

# build jar -f  -o test_apk_jasmin.jar  test_apk_jasmin/ 
# verify jar test_apk_jasmin.jar
# convert to dex  -f -o classes.dex test_apk_jasmin.jar
# make a copy
cp test_apk-debug.apk test_apk-debug-toast.apk
# replace classes.dex in test_apk-debug-toast.apk
zip -r test_apk-debug-toast.apk classes.dex
# sign the apk -f -o test_apk-debug-toast-signed.apk test_apk-debug-toast.apk

run the apk

# uninstall previously apk
adb uninstall a.b
# install
adb install test_apk-debug-toast-signed.apk
# start main activity
adb shell am start -n a.b/.Main


all the above command is for *unix, for windows users, please replace the suffix from .sh to .bat.

and for the zip command, just open the test_apk-debug-toast.apk with winRAR,winZIP or 7z, then drag the classes.dex into it.

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